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Bus Service for Disables (BSD) Public Transportation for Disability People In Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Re: Business proposal plan on public transportation for disable people in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Attached is a document of the business proposal plan for public transportation for disable people in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The plan describes detailed description of the initiative, proposed organizational structure, the actual market analysis, proposed marketing plan, financial/ resource requirement plan, financial feasibility proposed requirement plan, financial feasibility analysis including latest method of financial projection, implementation/ proposed operating plan, key performance measures and summary of strengths and weaknesses of the proposed business plan. There is also evaluation of risk in the business and at the last alternative sources of funding to start the business.

I wish that you would review the proposed plan for coming meeting with me. My recommendation is to start the business immediately because there is huge gap in target market and we should exploit the opportunity as soon as possible.

Contents

Executive Summary. 1

Description of the Initiatives. 2

Organizational Structure. 3

Market Analysis. 5

Marketing Plan. 6

Financial/ Resource Requirement Plan: 7

Financial Feasibility Analysis. 9

Assumptions Table I: 9

Depreciation Table II. 10

Cash Flow Analysis Table III. 11

Implementation operating plan: 14

Key Performance Measures: 15

Summary of Strengths and Weaknesses and Risks. 16

An alternative source of funding: 16

Strong Case: 17

References. 18

Executive Summary    

This project is designed for the disable people residing in the city of Jeddah by the government of Saudi Arabia. This concept is devised by the Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority (SAGIA) in Jeddah in the best interest of the people. This project is initiated after the data generated by the independent authority working closely with the transport authority of  Jeddah and conclusive remarks were passed which suggested that a separate facility for Disabale and old was needed to help the aging population in Jeddah.

 It was suggested that disable commuters travelling in other paid bus services have been facing discrimintion and number of complians had increased over the time. This project will be finaced totally by the government. Government can provide the bulk of funds but  government will secure some funds through loans from a local bank. It is epected that this project will cost about 1.8 million Britsh pounds and out of this governmnet of KSA will secure loans of 0.9 million Britsh pounds and rest will be cash funding form government (Peck, 2010).

 The detailed financial anlaysis of the project is conducted and cash flow annlysis and financial statements are constructed to anlayze the  targeted demand with the provision of service (Peng, GLOBAL, 2015). Based on analysis , it was concluded that this project will cost a hefty sum in terms of depreciation and the capital costs it can also be confirmed that the all the proportional changes and the specific trends focus on the point of reducing debt and increasing equity as summed by the five year analysis and government will have to finance the project for life. The revenues figure is an imagunary figure, and shows the total sales which could have generated, if the‘Bus Service for Disables’ (BSD) had been charging for services.

 In addition,  government must have enough resources to fund this project in case of any uneven economic situations or recessionary phases. Because, recessionary phases wipe out the funds and liquidity and such project scould be in danger, so, separate pool of investment is desired, if this project is to be initiated.

Description of the Initiatives

This project is a unique concept device for the disable people residing in the city of Jeddah by the government of Saudi Arabia. This concept is devised by the General Arabian Investment Authority (SAGIA) in Jeddah in the best interest of the people. This is the part of the renewed efforts by the Kingdom to facilitate the lives of it ordinary citizens (ARAB NEWS, 2016). This new development is the initiative has been identified as a royal decree to all the government ministries to use the government endowment to provide incentives to the locals in Saudi Arabia (Planet, et al., 2012).

This is good to serve people, which are disable and cannot contribute in economy success. The most important thing is to try different initiatives to let those disable people to contribute in economy success according to their credibility and potential. This initiative by the Saudi Government is a good initiative to increase role of these disable people and provide a plat form for them to grow and gain success for a long run.

For Instance, this new program can let all people to have effective and lucrative transportation facilities. There is a need of special service for these disable citizens, which has been considered by Saudi Government to provide benefits.  This is necessary for a society to contain different institutes, which can provide benefits to disable people. This is a good initiative to eliminate a society, which hushes up the voice of weak. The purpose is to guide these people towards right path with immense motivation through government assistance.

Since, there have been no adequate systems existing for disable and elderly people in the city therefore this is a welcome move, which will contribute largely towards improving the transportation facilities for the disable people in the city. This project is a testimony of the commitment from the government to improve the welfare of the society and provision of the best first world conditions for its citizens (Al-Jadid, 2013).

This is a new project and currently it is in the pipeline and General Arabian Investment Authority had the meetings with the local transport authority and the contractor who would be building the separate track for the bus service (Gradus, 2012). This concept is unique because it is free and secondly, it will be extended to all the possible bus routes in the city. So, all the citizens residing in the city are expected to get benefit from this new project (Caltenco, Hedvall, & Larsson, 2014). 

Organizational Structure

This new development ‘Bus Service for Disables’ (BSD) will be working under the General Arabian Investment Authority (SAGIA) and will have to report it. But, overall, it will be working autonomously and will have a director of operations (DG) who will head the project. Defining the structure of any start-up is of paramount importance and various roles and duties are documeneted for th company from the beginning (Hull, 2013).  This organization will have folllowing structure:

Figure 1: Self Art

The top level: Managing Director- The job is to develop strategies

The secondary level is Deputy Manager Operations for all kinds of operations being done within organization. The whole dealing of employees is being made under the manager operations effectively. The second level aspect is Deputy Manager Finance with proper aspect through managing investors to support operations in organization.

This is necessary to have a good structure of newly developed bust services for disable people in Saudi Arabia. This is vital for the government to consider effective management with different professionals. The most important thing is to develop this organization with a strong structure and culture, which can bring a real change in society. The change should be seen in this society and these initiatives will be justified in future.

It was believed that carefully crafted structure will ensure that project remain transparent and is fully audited every quarter by the independent body selected by the General Arabian Investment Authority (SAGIA). This will be expected to gravitate the management towards the clearly defined ideas and  direction for the project and BSD will have total 60 buses and there will be bus service running from 6 A.M to 12 P.M. and there will be 250 employees working under this project.

This is a fact that a good structure of any organization will lead all stakeholders towards success. For Instance, the bus services for disabled people in the Saudi Arabia is a good initiative, but needs to be pertinent with its strategy, which is to build diable people to contribute to economic success and improve living standard. It will be based on its organizational structure, as it can carry all stakeholders with same strategies and goals.

The deputy manager, operations are expected to formulate the operational activities and will work closely with finance manager to ensure that project works smoothly. Finance managers have a great track record as he headed many projects prior to this as finance managers. DG has working experience on similar projects in Qatar and Dubai Metro. Deputy Operation Manager worked as a deputy manhngers in Chandigarh metro India, and has extensive experience of running such projects.

Market Analysis

This service will not have any other competeitors, since it is a free service, therefore, unless the company decides to not use all the possibel routes, it can fcae decline in number of users as it wont be possible for comuters to first pay through once bus and reach BSD netowrk and use it. BSD is expected to be highly successful as there have been data generated related to number of disable commuters travelling in other paid bus services every day and have been facing discrimintion and number if complians have increased over the time. This data was generated by the independent authority working closely with the transport authority of  Jeddah and conclusibve remarks were passed which suggested that a separate facility forDisabale and old was needed to help the aging population in Jeddah (Caltenco, Hedvall, & Larsson, 2014).

Therefore, based on this information it is expected that service will be highly beneficial for the needy and it is needed in the city. In addition, as number of  foreign tourist all vsisit the city and number  of them are usually in very old age, therefore, it is believed that commuters numbers will definitly will be high and  will help them in commuting across the city.This servie is free, so there will be no charge for the disables and old people. People over 60 will be considered old and all they have to do is to show the card to the bus driver to prove their age to use the service. In short, government will be responsible for all the expenditure and funds will be allocated to the suthorities for capital expenditure, salaries and other maintenance services (Gradus, 2012).

Marketing Plan

 It is expected that Jeddah tarnsport authority will comnduct extensive publicity for the project. Since, Suadi governmment has been facing acute problem to balance their books after the continuous decline in the oil prices which have forced the government to cuts the spending and apply the auterity measures. Since, the government runs a welfare states and after announcing the enormous budget cuts, governmnet has faced great crtiticim. Therefore, it is expected that government will run extensive media compaign to tell the Suadi public regarding this new project for the disables in Jeddah to promote its soft image (Loyn, 2011).

Marketing Mix

Product/services

In a marketing plan, this is an imporant aspect. the service for diable people in Saudi SArabia is to provide quality and effective transportation for doable people. This is a key services along with different cards, to be issued to deserved people. This is to mention that quality is not to be compromised regarding this service to depict change for a long run. The service is to be initiated to serve people and avioid frustration from socoiety, which has to be justigfied. It will be elaborated in marketing plan, as it is a key aspect to consider for the management.

Price

As mentioned, this service is regarding disable people in the Saudi Arabia. This is planned by marketing management that the management with come up with penetration pricing staegy for customers. This is true that these people are not able to deal with high rates of transpiration in a county. The purpose will be justified with effective and efficient procingb with low cost services.

Place                                                                                                                   

The placement has significance in this project, as the management has a plan to expand in all cities of this country to serve disable people. Obviously, the disable people can be seen everywhere and the purpose is to provide services with any trouble.

Promotion

The advertising will come into the life when the management will look forward to consider different traditional and social media channels. The purpose is to attract the customers and let them know that the governet is cvaring for them. the promotion iwill include free services on different national events ie well. This will be a perfect combination of traditional and modern media chanels to atttract aand convinec diable people to aqquire these services.

There will be separate allocation for the adverstising for the project:

Electronic Media campaign: Goevernment will show the short ads on local Jeddah TV for advertising.

Newspaper Ads: Ads will be given in the newspapers to make awareness among the public regarding routes and facilites provided onbaord.

In addition, the diasble people residing in the city will be informed regarding the bus service to inform them about this service.As this is a free bus service, therefore, agenda is not to take market share but to get credit for this free service started for the disable services.

Financial/ Resource Requirement Plan:

            Depending on the business proposal and feasibility study conducted, a new business can find number of sources to finance its business operations. Bus services come under the service industry category and there are three different types of capital, which are required, form managing its operations.

Fixed Capital: The BSD must have adequate funding to buy the fixed capital such as building, Buses, Maintenance center and Bus Depot.

Working Capital:BSD will also require a working capital to manage its operations and must possess enough liquid funds to balance its budget and annual planning.

Funds generated through multiple sources could be categorized into two main forms:

Equity

Equity capital can be generated by issuing shares. It totally depends on the investors that how much he trusts the venture and risks associated with and provides equity capital based on risk analysis. Equity holder has right to owner ship of the business. Some sources of equity funding are:

  • Personal Savings
  • Partners
  • Family and Friends (F&F’s)
  • Venture capital companies
  • Public stock sale
  • Corporations

Debt

Debt is another source of funding which requires the borrower to repay the funds with interest. By securing the debt, business creates a liability that has to pay being considered expensive as compared to equity financing. Some of the sources of debt capital are:

  • Trade Credit
  • Commercial banks
  • Equipment Suppliers
  • Saving and loan associations
  • Commercial finance companies

Based on the requirements and risk associated with the business and availability of the finds from different sources, a business can secure loan from any of these sources. The lender must be satisfied with the viability of business plan to grant funding (Loyn, 2011).

However, for this project all the money is generated from government. Therefore, it is government’s discretion that from which resource, it wants to fund the project. It is assumed here that government is allocating major chunk of the investment form its own resources and rest of the funds are generated from a bank as loan (Peck, 2010).

Financial Feasibility Analysis

This section reflects the financial feasibility of the project. For this purpose, some assumptions are taken into considerations that are given below:

Assumptions Table I:

Assumptions
   
Depreciation Straight-Line method is used  
  salvage values for building and equipment is 750000 and 650000 respectively  
   
  Useful life for building is 20 years  
  Useful life for Buses is 15years  
Cost of capital 12%  
Interest  on loan 0.02  Only interest will be paid in first 5 years, After years, 2% of the principal amount will start getting repaid
 
Total Bank loan $900,000.00  
Interest payment $18,000.00 per month  
Yearly payment 240000  
Inflation rate 2%        

Depreciation Table II

Depreciation          
Buses and Equipment -$ 2,000,000.00  $        12,500.00  $        12,500.00  $        12,500.00  $        12,500.00
Building & Depot -$     100,000.00  $        23,333.33  $        23,333.33  $        23,333.33  $        23,333.33
Total    $        35,833.33  $        35,833.33  $        35,833.33  $        35,833.33
Net PPE    $  1,764,166.67  $  1,728,333.33  $  1,692,500.00  $  1,656,666.67

Cash Flow Analysis Table III

Bus Service for Disables (BSD) Cashflow Analysis
  Year 0 Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Buses and Equipment -$  1,000,000.00  
Building & Depot -$     800,000.00  
Revenues  $  1,200,000.00  $  1,500,000.00  $  1,600,000.00  $  1,650,000.00 1,680,000.00
Less:  
Bus Auto Serves -$     520,000.00 -$     550,000.00 -$     580,000.00 -$     610,000.00 -640000
Gas Cost -$        30,000.00 -$        35,000.00 -$        40,000.00 -$        45,000.00 -50000
Supplies -$     500,000.00 -$     550,000.00 -$     600,000.00 -$     650,000.00 -700,000.00
License Fees -$        15,000.00 -$        16,000.00 -$        17,000.00 -$        18,000.00 -19000
Total -$  1,065,000.00 -$  1,151,000.00 -$  1,237,000.00 -$  1,323,000.00 -1409000
Depreciation  
Cost (Building)  $        12,500.00  $        12,500.00  $        12,500.00  $        12,500.00 12500
Equipment  $        23,333.33  $        23,333.33  $        23,333.33  $        23,333.33 23333.33333
Add back:  $        35,833.33  $        35,833.33  $        35,833.33  $        35,833.33 35833.33333
Net Income  $      170,833.33  $      384,833.33  $      398,833.33  $      362,833.33 306,833.33
Plus: Building Salvage Value 750,000.00
Plus: Equipment Salvage value         650,000.00
 Cash Flow’s -$  1,800,000.00  $      170,833.33  $      384,833.33  $      398,833.33  $      362,833.33  $  306,833.33
Interest payment on bank loan -$     240,000.00 -$     240,000.00 -$     240,000.00 -$     240,000.00 -$ 240,000.00
Net CF’s -$  1,800,000.00 -$        69,166.67  $      144,833.33  $      158,833.33  $      122,833.33  $    66,833.33
NPV ($1,354,692.36)  
IRR 73%  
Payback period 1.6 Years
  Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Current ratio 8.65 8.26 8.36 8.65 8.75
Return on Equity 0.09 0.22 0.23 0.21 0.76
Return on Assets 0.04 0.1 0.1 0.09 0.08
Cash ratio -0.34028 0.551389 0.609722 0.459722 6.059722

            Based on the detailed anlaysis conducted the revenue shown is basically  will be the ticket issued but not money will be received but it will be helpful in generting the total revenue as BSD is determined to know the total cost paid by the BSD in financing the service (Walker & Butler, 2010).

Implementation operating plan:

            Once, the initial plan is crafted, it will require a road map to implement the plan devised. For this purpose, a committte wil be formed which will be headed by the General Arabian Investment Authority (SAGIA) officer reviewing the proposal (ARAB NEWS, 2016). He will first appoint the key people on the important posts such as

  • Director operations
  • Deputy director operations
  • Finance Manager
  • Procurement Manger
  • Service Quality Assurance Manager

This process will require at least a month. First, advertisment will be published for these key posts, interviewes will be conducted and final hiring will take place atleast a month or so. Once, key posts are sorted, drivers for buses will be hired. This process wil take minimum 2-3 months in completeion because it is a lengthy process for recruting the right people to drive disable people and their assistant who will assist in loading and unloading of the passengers However, meanwhile, the procurment manager will consult the different companies across the world forbuying 60 buses. This will constitute key negotiations, because this process deals with the capital spending in this project (Peng, Global Strategy, 2013).

In addition, the the place for building the Bus depo will be selected and new building will be buil, which will require minimum of 6 months time duration. Finally and most importantly,  the work related with the making a sperate lanes for buses in areas where they are missing will take atleast a year. So, most of the proceess will be completed with in a year (Walker & Butler, 2010).

Key Performance Measures:

It has been seen in the past that no doubt that it takes a lot of effort to start a project and successfully complete it and impement it but what is more important in this aspect is themeasurment of its success factors and ensuring that expected quality is not only maintained but also enahnced. This requires that adequate systems are created which are good enough tomaintain the quality of service. Therefore, to ensure quality, a Quality Assurnace department  will be established and some parameters will be designed to check the quality of the bus service. This will include

  • The feedbacks from disables passengers,
  •  A reviewal through cameras installed in buses.
  • The timings of busses will be monitored
  •  Punctuality of driver
  • Conditions of the buses will be monitored to ensure that disable people get the best facilities possible.

In case of any deviations form usual procedures, a corrective actions will be adviced and new proposals will be given to avoid any such issues in the future.In case, if BSD lacks in this department, it will miff the disable people and will kill the objective of the bus service, therefore, it is crucial that key performance measure procedure are followed and quality servie officers work colsely with the bus drivers and assistanst to improve the services in BSD.

Summary of Strengths and Weaknesses and Risks

            This project is designed to facilate the elderly and disable people of Jeddah, though, the project is supported the government but the source of funding from governmnet are the funding from governmnet endownments and debt issued form bank. This is the biggest negativity of the program because it is dependent on debt and debt must be paid back and ultimate payer of debt is government itself because government is not funding entirly with cash from its own pocket. So, the biggets concern is:

  • What if oil prices go further down and government struggles to balance its budgets, it will put extra pressure on governmnet to deal with its finances and pay debt on loan every month.
  • Secondly, if governmnet fails to diversify its investments and cannot create enough alternate sources to fund its operations, it will struggle to cope with the payment of the project. It will have to pay salaries and all administative and other expenses of running thi sproject and it could be a heft sum.

An alternative source of funding:

       Therefore, there must be a complete agreement on provision of funds even in case of the any macroeconomic problem to deal with issues, so, there should be a sperate pool of funds which can help the government in financing its operations. Otherwise, this projet will fail to continue in long term. In addition, government could decide that there is a specific investment abroad or specific source from which the expenses for this project are paid from.

Consideration of Implementation, Operations, Marketing and Financial Issues:

at lowest level whenever business have pre thinking about managing business with only available resources only. The available resources as well best one is determining business needs and The first things that should be enough for making a successful business plan is about the way of managing the responsibilities. The consideration towards implementation of business plan means there should be proper ways of implementation and it is possible through allocating responsibilities with best way.

 The proper organized way of operation within organization is best one to successful implementation of business plan activities. The production process should have relevant hires and suppliers should have proper way fo selection. The proper consideration about the marketing aspect is to evaulate functsions that show either business plan would be beneficial for strategic advanatge marketplace or not. The marketing aspect should be supportive towards day to day operations as well. Thee financial issues would be costs in proper way.

Strong Case:

Finally, the business would be successful if business harness afore said plan in detail. One can say that it is not possible to be a market leader from one day but it is inability to do not develop in 100 days. The organization consider as successful whenever it created a new things in timeline to access in best way. The approach of business is realistic one because it can assure through specific way while dealing with specific function related to organization. The strong case would develop when there is no communication gap between different departments to ensure accountability.

References

Al-Jadid, M. S. (2013). Disability in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J, 34(5), 453-460.

ARAB NEWS. (2016). SAGIA introduces new licensing program for innovators. Retrieved April 23, 2016, from http://www.arabnews.com/corporate-news/news/913431

Caltenco, H., Hedvall, P.-O., & Larsson, A. (2014). Universal Design 2014: Three Days of Creativity and Diversity: Proceedings of the International Conference on Universal Design, UD 2014 Lund, Sweden, June 16-18, 2014. IOS Press.

Gradus, Y. (2012). Desert Development: Man and Technology in Sparselands. Springer Science & Business Media.

Hull, P. (2013, February 6). Retrieved November 06, 2015, from Forbes: http://www.forbes.com/sites/patrickhull/2013/02/06/why-defining-a-corporate-structure-for-startups-matters/

Loyn, D. (2011). Frontline: Reporting from the World’s Deadliest Places. Summersdale Publishers LTD .

Peck, M. C. (2010). The A to Z of the Gulf Arab States. Scarecrow Press.

Peng, M. W. (2015). GLOBAL. Cengage Learning.

Peng, M. W. (2013). Global Strategy. Cengage Learning.

Planet, L., Ham, A., Butler, S., O’Neill, Z., Pozzan, O., Robinson, D., et al. (2012). Lonely Planet Middle East. Lonely Planet.

Saptco.com.sa. (2016). VIP Service. Retrieved April 23, 2016, from https://www.saptco.com.sa/Buses/vip.aspx?lang=en-US

Walker, J., & Butler, S. (2010). Oman, UAE & Arabian Peninsula. Lonely Planet.

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custom dissertation writing

Family structure of the United States

  1. How do the 1950s represent an anomaly in family structure of the United States ? It may be helpful to describe the trends of the period s before and after the 1950s in order to illustrate the contrast.

The variations of racial ethnic and note of class associated with the portrait of American marriage. A half-century ago poor as well as non-poor children are same towards the family structure, where most of the children lived with the twp parent families. On the other hand, single parent families are increasing among the poor and non-poor families. The differences in family structure specifically associated with the demonstrations of social class pronounced more than fifty year ago.  The representation of anomaly in family structure provides the detailed illustrations of contacts in essential and adequate away.  Before 1950, the relative age of median is high and their family structure based on the typical marriages, after 1950, the anomaly adult’s marriage earlier, where the Media age of marriage goes to climb. (Sawhill, 2013)

2- Describe the life-style of working-class Americans in both the early and later stages of marriage. Discuss the forces acting behind these patterns.

The formation of differences in family not only concerned with the family values, but also concerned with the upward mobility in the society. Such upward mobility in the society indicates the equal values of opportunity for the children. Towards the breakdown of traditional family, the working class of American reveals the major consolidations of their life styles of all races. Such trends are overwhelming the threatening to US, which is more than the class, based society.   The well educated middle and upper class parents forming the two parent families with the working class of single mother.   The striking families between black American at the earliest stage in the history, on the other hand the working class Americans demonstrates cultural versus structural explanations of poverty.  (Sawhill, 2013)

3- List the ingredients of social ritual and explain how love can be analyzed as a ritual. What is the result if an element is missing?

               Bodily co-presence, shared mood and mutual focus of attention arte the main ingredients of the interaction of rituals.   The rituals are the set of activities specifically involve the objects, words and gestures that are performed in the sequestered art place. The tradition of community is link with the social rituals with the community of religious.  If an element is missing that provides to demolish the social rituals of the society that are unable to meet their traditional essentially.   The processes are outcomes are the main ingredients towards the rituals.  Certain activities are arranged for attention in the one participant at one time.  While the mutual focus of attention link with the social musical ways.  The establishment of shared mood indicates the interaction ritual with the formations of emotional transformers for the demonstrations of negative emotions into positive ones in essential and adequate manner. (Edwards, 2016)

 References:

  Edwards, J. (2016). Oxford Handbook of Music Therapy. Oxford University Press.

Sawhill, I. V. (2013). Family Structure: The Growing Importance of Class. Retrieved May 2, 2016, from http://www.brookings.edu/research/articles/2013/01/family-structure-class-sawhill

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1 Mass Communication, Culture, and Media Literacy

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Learning Objectives Mass communication, mass media, and the culture that shapes us (and that we shape) are inseparable. After studying this chapter, you should be able to

Our experiences of the world are increasingly mass mediated. © Sean Gallup/Getty Images

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YOUR SMARTPHONE’S RADIO ALARM SINGS YOU AWAKE. It’s Sam Smith, the last few bars of “Stay With Me.” The laughing deejay shouts at you that it’s 7:41 and you’d better get going. But before you do, he adds, listen to a few words from your friends at Best Buy electronics, home of fast, friendly, courteous service—“Buyer be happy!”

In the living room, you find your roommate has left the television on. You stop for a moment and listen: The economy is showing stronger signs of rebounding, brightening the employment picture for new college grads; several states are considering providing free high-speed Internet to all students to improve their access to the digital world; democratic chaos continues to sweep across the Middle East; and you deserve a break today at McDonald’s. As you head toward the bathroom, your bare feet slip on some magazines littering the floor—Wired, Rolling Stone, People. You need to talk to your roommate about picking up!

After showering, you quickly pull on your Levi’s, lace up your Nike cross-trainers, and throw on an Under Armour jacket. No time for breakfast; you grab a Nature Valley granola bar and your tablet and head for the bus stop. As the bus rolls up, you can’t help but notice the giant ad on its side: Transformers: Turning Toys Into Gold. Rejecting that as a movie choice for the weekend, you sit down next to a teenager listening to music on his headphones and playing a video game. You bury yourself in your favorite news app on your tablet, scanning the lead stories and the local news and then checking out Doonesbury and Dilbert.

Hopping off the bus at the campus stop, you run into Chris from your computer lab. You walk to class together, talking about last night’s Family Guy episode. It’s not yet 9:00, and already you’re involved in mass communication.

In this chapter we define communication, interpersonal communication, mass communication, media, and culture and explore the relationships among them and how they define us and our world. We investigate how communication works, how it changes when technology is introduced into the process, and how differing views of communication and mass communication can lead to different interpretations of their power. We also discuss the opportunities mass communication and culture offer us and the responsibilities that come with those opportunities. Always crucial, these issues are of particular importance now, when we find ourselves in a period of remarkable development in new communication technologies. This discussion inevitably leads to an examination of media literacy, its importance, and its practice.

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What Is Mass Communication? “Does a fish know it’s wet?” influential cultural and media critic Marshall McLuhan would often ask. The answer, he would say, is “No.” The fish’s existence is so dominated by water that only when water is absent is the fish aware of its condition.

So it is with people and mass media. The media so fully saturate our everyday lives that we are often unconscious of their presence, not to mention their influence. Media inform us, entertain us, delight us, annoy us. They move our emotions, challenge our intellects, insult our intelligence. Media often reduce us to mere commodities for sale to the highest bidder. Media help define us; they shape our realities.

A fundamental theme of this book is that media do none of this alone. They do it with us as well as to us through mass communication, and they do it as a central—many critics and scholars say the central—cultural force in our society.

Communication Defined In its simplest form, communication is the transmission of a message from a source to a receiver. For nearly 70 years now, this view of communication has been identified with the writing of political scientist Harold Lasswell (1948). He said that a convenient way to describe communication is to answer these questions:

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Expressed in terms of the basic elements of the communication process, communication occurs when

Straightforward enough, but what if the source is a professor who insists on speaking in a technical language far beyond the receiving students’ level of skill? Obviously, communication does not occur. Unlike mere message-sending, communication requires the response of others. Therefore, there must be a sharing (or correspondence) of meaning for communication to take place.

A second problem with this simple model is that it suggests that the receiver passively accepts the source’s message. However, if our imaginary students do not comprehend the professor’s words, they respond with “Huh?” or look confused or yawn. This response, or feedback, is also a message. The receivers (the students) now become a source, sending their own message to the source (the offending professor), who is now a receiver. Hence, communication is a reciprocal and ongoing process with all involved parties more or less engaged in creating shared meaning. Communication, then, is better defined as the process of creating shared meaning.

Communication researcher Wilbur Schramm, using ideas originally developed by psychologist Charles E. Osgood, developed a graphic way to represent the reciprocal nature of communication (Figure 1). This depiction of interpersonal communication— communication between two or a few people—shows that there is no clearly identifiable source or receiver. Rather, because communication is an ongoing and reciprocal process, all the participants, or “interpreters,” are working to create meaning by encoding and decoding messages. A message is first encoded, that is, transformed into an understandable sign and symbol system. Speaking is encoding, as are writing, printing, and filming a television program. Once received, the message is decoded; that is, the signs and symbols are interpreted. Decoding occurs through listening, reading, or watching that television show.

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Through which channel?

To whom? With what effect?https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-feedbackhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/chapter01/chapter01.xhtml#figure0101https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-interpersonal-communicationhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-encodinghttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-decoding

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Figure 1 Osgood and Schramm’s Model of Communication. Source: From The Process and Effects of Mass Communication by Wilbur Lang Schramm, 1954. Reprinted by permission of Mary Schramm Coberly.

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The Osgood–Schramm model demonstrates the ongoing and reciprocal nature of the communication process. There is, therefore, no source, no receiver, and no feedback. The reason is that, as communication is happening, both interpreters are simultaneously source and receiver. There is no feedback because all messages are presumed to be in reciprocation of other messages. Even when your friend starts a conversation with you, for example, it can be argued that it was your look of interest and willingness that communicated to her that she should speak. In this example, it is improper to label either you or your friend as the source—Who really initiated this chat?—and, therefore, it is impossible to identify who is providing feedback to whom.

Not every model can show all aspects of a process as complex as communication. Missing from this representation is noise—anything that interferes with successful communication. Noise is more than screeching or loud music when you are trying to work online. Biases that lead to incorrect decoding, for example, are noise, as is a page torn out of a magazine story you want to read.

Encoded messages are carried by a medium, that is, the means of sending information. Sound waves are the medium that carries our voice to friends across the table; the telephone is the medium that carries our voice to friends across town. When the medium is a technology that carries messages to a large number of people—as newspapers carry the printed word and radio conveys the sound of music and news—we call it a mass medium (the plural of medium is media). The mass media we use regularly include radio, television, books, magazines, newspapers, movies, sound recordings, cell phones, and computer networks. Each medium is the basis of a giant industry, but other related and supporting industries also serve them and us —advertising and public relations, for example. In our culture we use the words media and mass media interchangeably to refer to the communication industries themselves. We say, “The media entertain” or “The mass media are too conservative (or too liberal).”

Mass Communication Defined We speak, too, of mass communication. Mass communication is the process of creating shared meaning between the mass media and their audiences. Schramm recast his and Osgood’s general model of communication to help us visualize the particular aspects of the mass communication process (Figure 2). This model and the original Osgood—Schramm model have much in common—interpreters, encoding, decoding, and messages—but it is their differences that are most significant for our understanding of how mass communication differs from other forms of communication. For example, whereas the original model includes “message,” the mass communication model offers “many identical messages.” In addition, the mass communication model specifies “feedback,” whereas the interpersonal communication model does not. When two or a few people communicate face-to-face, the participants can immediately and clearly recognize the feedback residing in the reciprocal messages (our boring professor can see and hear the students’ disenchantment as they listen to the lecture). Things are not nearly as simple in mass communication.https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-noisehttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-medium-pl-mediahttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-mass-mediumhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-mass-communicationhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/chapter01/chapter01.xhtml#figure0102

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In Schramm’s mass communication model, feedback is represented by a dotted line labeled delayed inferential feedback. This feedback is indirect rather than direct. Television executives, for example, must wait a day, at the very minimum, and sometimes a week or a month, to discover the ratings for new programs. Even then, the ratings measure only how many sets are tuned in, not whether people liked or disliked the programs. As a result, these executives can only infer what they must do to improve programming; hence the term inferential feedback. Mass communicators are also subject to additional feedback, usually in the form of criticism in other media, such as a television critic writing a column in a newspaper.

The differences between the individual elements of interpersonal and mass communication change the very nature of the communication process. How those alterations influence

Figure 2 Schramm’s Model of Mass Communication. Source: From The Process and Effects of Mass Communication by Wilbur Lang Schramm, 1954. Reprinted by permission of Mary Schramm Coberly.https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-inferential-feedback

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the message itself and how the likelihood of successfully sharing meaning varies are shown in Figure 3. For example, the immediacy and directness of feedback in interpersonal communication free communicators to gamble, to experiment with different approaches. Their knowledge of one another enables them to tailor their messages as narrowly as they wish. As a result, interpersonal communication is often personally relevant and possibly even adventurous and challenging. In contrast, the distance between participants in the mass communication process, imposed by the technology, creates a sort of “communication conservatism.” Feedback comes too late to enable corrections or alterations in communication that fails. The sheer number of people in many mass communication audiences makes personalization and specificity difficult. As a result, mass communication tends to be more constrained, less free. This does not mean, however, that it is less potent than interpersonal communication in shaping our understanding of ourselves and our world.https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/chapter01/chapter01.xhtml#figure0103

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Figure 3 Elements of Interpersonal Communication and Mass Communication Compared.

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Media theorist James W. Carey (1975) recognized this and offered a cultural definition of communication that has had a profound impact on the way communication scientists and others have viewed the relationship between communication and culture. Carey wrote, “Communication is a symbolic process whereby reality is produced, maintained, repaired and transformed” (p. 10).

Carey’s (1989) definition asserts that communication and reality are linked. Communication is a process embedded in our everyday lives that informs the way we perceive, understand, and construct our view of reality and the world. Communication is the foundation of our culture. Its truest purpose is to maintain ever-evolving, “fragile” cultures; communication is that “sacred ceremony that draws persons together in fellowship and commonality” (p. 43).

What Is Culture?

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Culture is the learned behavior of members of a given social group. Many writers and thinkers have offered interesting expansions of this definition. Here are four examples, all from anthropologists. These definitions highlight not only what culture is but also what culture does:

Culture is the learned, socially acquired traditions and lifestyles of the members of a society, including their patterned, repetitive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting. (Harris, 1983, p. 5)https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-culture

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Culture lends significance to human experience by selecting from and organizing it. It refers broadly to the forms through which people make sense of their lives, rather than more narrowly to the opera or art of museums. (Rosaldo, 1989, p. 26)

Culture is the medium evolved by humans to survive. Nothing is free from cultural influences. It is the keystone in civilization’s arch and is the medium through which all of life’s events must flow. We are culture. (Hall, 1976, p. 14)

Culture is an historically transmitted pattern of meanings embodied in symbolic forms by means of which [people] communicate, perpetuate, and develop their knowledge about and attitudes toward life. (Geertz, as cited in Taylor, 1991, p. 91)

Culture as Socially Constructed Shared Meaning Virtually all definitions of culture recognize that culture is learned. Recall the opening vignette. Even if this scenario does not exactly match your early mornings, you probably recognize its elements. Moreover, all of us are familiar with most, if not every, cultural reference in it. Family Guy, Rolling Stone, McDonald’s, Under Armour, Dilbert—all are points of reference, things that have some meaning for all of us. How did this come to be?

Creation and maintenance of a more or less common culture occurs through communication, including mass communication. When we talk to our friends; when a parent raises a child; when religious leaders instruct their followers; when teachers teach; when grandparents pass on recipes; when politicians campaign; when media professionals produce content that we read, listen to, or watch, meaning is being shared and culture is being constructed and maintained.

Functions and Effects of Culture Culture serves a purpose. It helps us categorize and classify our experiences; it helps define us, our world, and our place in it. In doing so, culture can have a number of sometimes conflicting effects.

LIMITING AND LIBERATING EFFECTS OF CULTURE A culture’s learned traditions and values can be seen as patterned, repetitive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting. Culture limits our options and provides useful guidelines for behavior. For example, when conversing, you do not consciously consider, “Now, how far away should I stand? Am I too close?” You simply stand where you stand. After a hearty meal with a friend’s family, you do not engage in mental self-debate, “Should I burp? Yes! No! Arghhhh….” Culture provides information that helps us make meaningful distinctions about right and wrong, appropriate and inappropriate, good and bad, attractive and unattractive, and so on. How does it do this?

Obviously, through communication. Through a lifetime of communication, we have learned just what our culture expects of us. The two examples given here are positive results of culture’s limiting effects. But culture’s limiting effects can be negative, such as when we are unwilling or unable to move past patterned, repetitive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting or when we

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entrust our “learning” to teachers whose interests are selfish, narrow, or otherwise not consistent with our own.

U.S. culture, for example, values thinness and beauty in women. How many women endure weeks of unhealthy diets and succumb to potentially dangerous surgical procedures in search of a body that for most is physically unattainable? How many women are judged by the men and other women around them for not conforming to our culture’s standards of thinness and beauty? Why are 40% to 60% of girls aged 6 to 12 concerned about their weight or about becoming too fat? Why do 42% of girls in first, second, and third grade want to be thinner, and why are 81% of 10-year-olds—girls and boys—afraid of being fat? Why do 57% of adolescent girls go on crash diets, fasts, or engage in self-induced vomiting (National Eating Disorders Association, 2015)? Why did the number of hospitalizations for eating disorders among children under the age of 12 spike 119% between 1999 and 2006, and why do almost 1.3 million adolescent girls in the United States have anorexia (Pai & Schryver, 2015)?

Now consider how this situation may have come about. Our mothers did not bounce us on their knees when we were babies, telling us that thin was good and fat was bad. Think back, though, to the stories you were told and the television shows and movies you watched

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growing up. The heroines (or, more often, the beautiful love interests of the heroes) were invariably tall, beautiful, and thin. The bad guys were usually mean and fat. From Disney’s depictions of Snow White, Cinderella, Belle, Tinker Bell, and Pocahontas to the impossible dimensions of most video-game and comic-book heroines, the message is embedded in the conscious (and unconscious) mind of every girl and boy: You can’t be too thin or too beautiful! Or as one 10-year-old girl explained to Courtney Martin (2007), author of Perfect Girls, Starving Daughters, “It is better to be pretty, which means thin and mean, than to be ugly, which means fat and nice. That’s just how it is.” And it does not help that these messages are reinforced in much advertising, for example Abercrombie & Fitch Kids’ promotions for its Ashley bikinis with padded “push up triangle” tops for girls as young as 8 years old (Williams, 2011).

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These images have meaning for all of us, meaning that is socially constructed through communication in our culture. How many can you recognize? What specific meaning or meanings does each have for you? How did you develop each meaning? How closely do you think your meanings match those of your friends? Of your parents? What value is there—if any—in having shared meaning for these things in our everyday lives? (clockwise from top left) © Fox/Photofest; © McGraw-Hill Education/John Flournoy, photographer; © Gavin Rodgers/Alamy; © Joe Drivas/Getty Images

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This message and millions of others come to us primarily through the media, and although the people who produce these media images are not necessarily selfish or mean, their motives are undeniably financial. Their contribution to our culture’s repetitive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting is most certainly not primary among their concerns when preparing their communication.

Culture need not only limit. That media representations of female beauty often meet with debate and disagreement points up the fact that culture can be liberating as well. This is so because cultural values can be contested.

Especially in a pluralistic, democratic society such as ours, the dominant culture (or mai nstream culture)—the one that seems to hold sway with the majority of people—is often openly challenged. People do meet, find attractive, like, and even love people who do not fit the standard image of beauty. In addition, media sometimes present images that suggest different ideals of beauty and success. Actresses Sofia Vergara, Kat Dennings, and Christina Hendricks; singers, actresses Beyoncé and Jennifer Lopez; and supermodel Kate Upton all represent alternatives to our culture’s idealized standards of beauty, and all have undeniable appeal (and power) on the big and small screens. Liberation from the limitations imposed by culture resides in our ability and willingness to learn and use new patterned, repetitive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting; to challenge existing patterns; and to create our own.

DEFINING, DIFFERENTIATING, DIVIDING, AND UNITING EFFECTS OF CULTURE Have you ever made the mistake of calling a dolphin, porpoise, or even a whale a fish? Maybe you have heard others do it. This error occurs because when we think of fish, we think “lives in the water” and “swims.” Fish are defined by their “aquatic culture.” Because water-residing, swimming dolphins and porpoises share that culture, we sometimes forget that they are mammals, not fish.

We, too, are defined by our culture. We are citizens of the United States; we are Americans. If we travel to other countries, we will hear ourselves labeled “American,” and this label will conjure up stereotypes and expectations in the minds of those who use and hear it. The stereotype, whatever it may be, will probably fit us only incompletely, or perhaps hardly at all— perhaps we are dolphins in a sea full of fish. Nevertheless, being American defines us in innumerable important ways, both to others (more obviously) and to ourselves (less obviously).https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-dominant-culture-mainstream-culture

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What is our culture’s definition of beauty? Adolescence researchers argue that media offer young girls few examples of healthy beauty (Daniels, 2009). They point to the fact that female sports and athletes are woefully underrepresented in American media, appearing in only 1.6% of network television sports coverage (down from 5.6% in 2004; Kelly, 2010). Pictured here is California teen Abby Sunderland, who at 16 years old almost finished an around-the-world sail that would have made her the youngest person ever to complete a nonstop solo circumnavigation. Training from the time she was 13, she was thwarted by a dismasting in an Indian Ocean gale. Have you heard of her? Also pictured is Anna Kournikova, a Russian athlete. This famous tennis player has never won a singles tournament but has been named one of People’s 50 most beautiful, was voted “hottest female athlete” on ESPN, placed first in FHM’s 100 Sexiest Women in the World, and was named one of the “100 hottest women of all time” by Men’s Health. Have you heard of her? Which woman has attracted more attention from our culture? Why? (left) © Richard Hartog/AP Photo; (right) © Jeremy Bembaron/Sygma/Corbis

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Within this large, national culture, however, there are many smaller, bounded cultures (o r co-cultures). For example, we speak comfortably of Italian neighborhoods, fraternity row, the South, and the suburbs. Because of our cultural understanding of these categories, each expression communicates something about our expectations of these places. We think we can predict with a good deal of certainty the types of restaurants and shops we will find in the Italian neighborhood, even the kind of music we will hear escaping from open windows. We can predict the kinds of clothes and cars we will see on fraternity row, the likely behavior of shop

Culture can be contested. The makers of Dove soap challenge the culture’s narrow image of beauty with its “Real Women Have Curves” campaign, placing images like this on billboards and bus stops across the country, running it in national magazines, and making it the focus of its TV commercials. In 2015, the editors of Advertising Age magazine awarded Dove’s Campaign for Real Beauty its prize as the Number 1 ad campaign of the 21st century for being “brave, bold, insightful, transparent, and authentic.” Not only was it successful, they noted, in advocating that women themselves are in control of their own definitions of beauty, but sales of Dove’s products increased from $2.5 to $4 billion over the span of the campaign (“Top Ad,” 2015, p. 16). © Ruby Washington/The New York Times/Reduxhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-bounded-cultures-co-cultures

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clerks in the South, and the political orientation of the suburb’s residents. Moreover, the people within these cultures usually identify themselves as members of those bounded cultures. An individual may say, for example, “I am Italian American” or “I’m from the South.” These smaller cultures unite groups of people and enable them to see themselves as different from other groups around them. Thus culture also serves to differentiate us from others.

In the United States, we generally consider this a good thing. We pride ourselves on our pluralism, on our diversity, and on the richness of the cultural heritages represented within our borders. We enjoy moving from one bounded culture to another or from a bounded culture to the dominant national culture and back again.

Problems arise, however, when differentiation leads to division. All Americans are traumatized by horrific events such as the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 and 2013’s Boston Marathon bombing, but those tragedies are compounded for the millions of Muslim Americans whose patriotism is challenged simply because they belong to a particular bounded culture. Not only does the number of cases of violence against Muslims in America remain high, but the Department of Homeland Security reports that Muslim American terrorism continues to be “a miniscule threat to public safety” and cooperation from the Muslim American community has been essential in its efforts to investigate domestic threats (Shane, 2012); still we continue to see examples of overt discrimination. For example, in the wake of a serious increase in hateful online and public commentary following the release of its 2015 film American Sniper, movie studio Warner Bros. felt compelled to issue a statement declaring that it “denounces any violent, anti-Muslim rhetoric, including that which has been attributed to viewers of American Sniper. Hate and bigotry have no place in the important dialogue that this picture has generated about the veteran experience”(Mandell, 2015). For Muslim Americans, their religion, skin color, and maybe even their clothing “communicate” disloyalty to the United States to many other Americans. Just as culture is constructed and maintained through communication, it is also communication (or miscommunication) that turns differentiation into division.

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Pretty Little Liars, Grey’s Anatomy, and The Vampire Diaries—these three television programs are aimed at

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different audiences, yet in each the characters share certain traits that mark them as attractive. Must people in real life look like these performers to be considered attractive? Successful? Good? The people shown are all slender, tall, and young. Yes, they are just make-believe television characters, but the producers of the shows on which they appear chose these people—as opposed to others—for a reason. What do you think it was? How well do you measure up to the cultural standard of beauty and attractiveness represented here? Do you ever wish that you could be just a bit more like these people? Why or why not? (top) © ABC Family/Photofest; (bottom left) © Photos 12/Alamy; (bottom right) © AF archive/Alamy

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Yet, U.S. citizens of all colors, ethnicities, genders and gender preferences, nationalities, places of birth, economic strata, and intelligences often get along; in fact, we can communicate, can prosper, can respect one another’s differences. Culture can divide us, but culture also unites us. Our culture represents our collective experience. We converse easily with strangers because we share the same culture. We speak the same language, automatically understand how far apart to stand, appropriately use titles or first or last names, know how much to say, and know how much to leave unsaid. Through communication with people in our culture, we internalize cultural norms and values—those things that bind our many diverse bounded cultures into a functioning, cohesive society.

DEFINING CULTURE From this discussion of culture comes the definition of culture on which the remainder of this book is based:

Culture is the world made meaningful; it is socially constructed and maintained through communication. It limits as well as liberates us; it differentiates as well as unites us. It defines our realities and thereby shapes the ways we think, feel, and act.

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What is it about Muslim Americans that “communicates disloyalty” to the United States? © lm Otero/AP Photo

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Mass Communication and Culture Because culture can limit and divide or liberate and unite, it offers us infinite opportunities to use communication for good—if we choose to do so. James Carey (1975) wrote,

Because we have looked at each new advance in communication technology as opportunities for politics and economics, we have devoted them, almost exclusively, to government and trade. We have rarely seen them as opportunities to expand [our] powers to learn and exchange ideas and experience. (pp. 20–21)

Who are “we” in this quote? We are everyone involved in creating and maintaining the culture that defines us. We are the people involved in mass media industries and the people who compose their audiences. Together we allow mass communication not only to occur but also to contribute to the creation and maintenance of culture.

Everyone involved has an obligation to participate responsibly. For people working in the media industries, this means professionally and ethically creating and transmitting content. For audience members, it means behaving as critical and thoughtful consumers of that content. Two ways to understand our opportunities and our responsibilities in the mass communication process are to view the mass media as our cultural storytellers and to conceptualize mass communication as a cultural forum.

Mass Media as Cultural Storytellers A culture’s values and beliefs reside in the stories it tells. Who are the good guys? Who are the bad guys? How many of your childhood heroines were chubby? How many good guys dressed

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in black? How many heroines lived happily ever after without marrying Prince Charming? Probably not very many. Our stories help define our realities, shaping the ways we think, feel, and act. “Stories are sites of observations about self and society,” explains media theorist Hanno Hardt (2007). “These fictional accounts are the constitutive material signs of a shared conversation” (p. 476). Therefore, the “storytellers” have a responsibility to tell their stories in as professional and ethical a way as possible.

At the same time, we, the audience for these stories, also have opportunities and responsibilities. We use these stories not only to be entertained but to learn about the world around us, to understand the values, the way things work, and how the pieces fit together. We have a responsibility to question the tellers and their stories, to interpret the stories in ways

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consistent with larger or more important cultural values and truths, to be thoughtful, to reflect on the stories’ meanings and what they say about us and our culture. To do less is to miss an opportunity to construct our own meaning and, thereby, culture.

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In 2013, Procter & Gamble introduced its new floor steamer, the Swiffer, using an ad campaign based on the iconic World War II symbol of female empowerment, Rosie, and her shout of female strength, “We can do it!,” even Tweeting “We can do it! Because cleaning kitchens is women’s work.” Angered by the use of a symbol of female workplace success to sell cleaning products and the sexism inherent in claiming that cleaning kitchens is for women only, people immediately took up the cause and in a cultural conversation on social media, blogs, and traditional media, rejected Procter & Gamble’s simplistic telling of gender in today’s America. New Rosie went into immediate retirement.

Mass Communication as Cultural Forum Imagine a giant courtroom in which we discuss and debate our culture—what it is, and what we want it to be. What do we think about welfare? Single motherhood? Labor unions? Nursing homes? What is the meaning of “successful,” “good,” “loyal,” “moral,” “honest,” “beautiful,” “patriotic”? We have cultural definitions or understandings of all these things and more. Where do they come from? How do they develop, take shape, and mature?

Mass communication has become a primary forum for the debate about our culture. Logically, then, the most powerful voices in the forum have the most power to shape our definitions and understandings. Where should that power reside—with the media industries or with their audiences? If you answer “media industries,” you will want members of these industries to act professionally and ethically. If you answer “audiences,” you will want individual audience members to be thoughtful and critical of the media messages they consume. The forum is only as good, fair, and honest as those who participate in it.

The iconic Rosie. When Procter & Gamble wanted to advertise its dust mop, the Swiffer, it could have chosen from among an infinite number of characters to tell its story. It chose a female hero from World War II, Rosie the Riveter, who, with millions of other American women, helped win the war by taking on jobs long reserved for men. People complained. “We hear you,” answered Procter & Gamble. National Archives and Records Administration

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Scope and Nature of Mass Media No matter how we choose to view the process of mass communication, it is impossible to deny that an enormous portion of our lives is spent interacting with mass media. On a typical Sunday night, about 40 million people in the United States will tune in to a prime-time television show. Television viewing is at an all-time high and accounts for more than half of all the leisure-time activity of Americans 15 years old and over (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2014). Counting traditional television and online and mobile viewing, Americans spend 159 hours watching video of some sort every month (Seth & Morgan, 2014). Ninety-seven percent of all U. S. homes have at least one set, and 42 million connect their TVs directly to the Internet (Walsh, 2014). Seventy percent admit to binge viewing, watching three or more episodes of a series in one sitting (Verini, 2014). And on Facebook alone folks watch 3 billion videos a day (Lunden, 2015). We listen to more than four hours of music every day (Stutz, 2014), and we spend more than $10 billion a year at the movies, buying just under 1.3 billion tickets (“Domestic Movie,” 2015). If Facebook were its own country, its 1.4 billion monthly active users would make it the largest in the world. Facebook alone accounts for 6% of all the time the world’s Internet users spend online (Smith, 2015). Fifty-nine percent of Americans regularly play video games, and over half of all U. S. homes have a game console, averaging two per home (Entertainment Software Association, 2014).

Three billion people across the globe are connected to the Internet, 35% of the planet’s population and a 566% increase since 2000. Eighty-eight percent of North Americans use the Internet, a 39% increase since 2000 (“Internet users,” 2015). Annual global Internethttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-binge-viewing

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traffic will pass the zettabyte (that’s 1,000 exabytes, which is 1 billion gigabytes) threshold by the end of 2016, and will reach 1.6 zettabytes per year by 2018. Worldwide Internet traffic has increased fivefold over the past five years, and will increase threefold over the next five years. Traffic on the Internet in 2018 will be 64 times greater than it was in 2005. By 2018 nearly a million minutes of video content will cross the Internet every second, and it would take you more than 5 million years to watch all the video that will travel the Net each month (Cisco Systems, 2014). You can see Americans’ media preferences in Figur e 4 and how those preferences have changed over the last several years.

Despite the pervasiveness of mass media in our lives, many of us are dissatisfied with or critical of the media industries’ performance and much of the content provided. For example,

Figure 4 Average Number of Minutes per Day a Typical Adult Spends with Selected Media, 2008 vs. 2014. Source: eMarketer, 2014. Photo Source: © Jim Wehtje/Getty Images RFhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/chapter01/chapter01.xhtml#figure0104

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only 17% of adults feel that entertainment media provide “very good” or “excellent” value (Smith, 2011). People’s evaluations of the news media have become more negative over the last decade. Only 38% of the public holds a positive view of the publishing industry (down 9% from 2011); only 32% think highly of the public relations industry (down 6%); and only 39% have positive views of radio and television (down 3%; Newport, 2011). Their trust in each of the three major news sources—television, newspapers, and the Internet—has fallen to its lowest level since 1994, continuing a “decades-long decline in the share of Americans saying they have ‘a great deal’ or ‘quite a lot’ of confidence” in their media (Dugan, 2014). Their faith in the “media’s ability to report the news fully, accurately, and fairly” has also returned to an historic low of 40% of all Americans (McCarthy, 2014).

Our ambivalence—we criticize, yet we consume—comes in part from our uncertainties about the relationships among the elements of mass communication. What is the role of technology? What is the role of money? And what is our role in the mass communication process?

The Role of Technology To some thinkers, it is machines and their development that drive economic and cultural change. This idea is referred to as technological determinism. Certainly there can be no doubt that movable type contributed to the Protestant Reformation and the decline of the Catholic Church’s power in Europe or that television changed the way members of American families interact. Those who believe in technological determinism would argue that these changes in the cultural landscape were the inevitable result of new technology.https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-technological-determinism

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But others see technology as more neutral and claim that the way people use technology is what gives it significance. This perspective accepts technology as one of many factors that shape economic and cultural change; technology’s influence is ultimately determined by how much power it is given by the people and cultures that use it.

This disagreement about the power of technology is at the heart of the controversy surrounding the new communication technologies. Are we more or less powerless in the wake of advances such as the Internet, the World Wide Web, and instant global audio and visual communication? If we are at the mercy of technology, the culture that surrounds us will not be of our making, and the best we can hope to do is make our way reasonably well in a world outside our control. But if these technologies are indeed neutral and their power resides in how we choose to use them, we can utilize them responsibly and thoughtfully to construct and maintain whatever kind of culture we want. As film director and technophile Steven Spielberg explained, “Technology can be our best friend, and technology can also be the biggest party pooper of our lives. It interrupts our own story, interrupts our ability to have a thought or daydream, to imagine something wonderful because we’re too busy bridging the walk from the cafeteria back to the office on the cell phone” (quoted in Kennedy, 2002, p. 109). Or, as Dr. Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) said in Spielberg’s 1997 The Lost World: Jurassic Park, “Oooh! Ahhh! That’s how it always starts. Then later there’s running and screaming.”

Technology does have an impact on communication. At the very least it changes the basic elements of communication (see Figure 3). What technology does not do is relieve us of our obligation to use mass communication responsibly and wisely.

The Role of Money Money, too, alters communication. It shifts the balance of power; it tends to make audiences products rather than consumers.

The first newspapers were financially supported by their readers; the money they paid for the paper covered its production and distribution. But in the 1830s a new form of newspaper financing emerged. Publishers began selling their papers for a penny—much less than it cost to produce and distribute them. Because so many more papers were sold at this bargain price, publishers could “sell” advertising space based on their readership. What they were actually selling to advertisers was not space on the page—it was readers. How much they could charge advertisers was directly related to how much product (how many readers) they could produce for them.

This new type of publication changed the nature of mass communication. The goal of the process was no longer for audience and media to create meaning together. Rather, it was to sell those readers to a third participant—advertisers.

Some observers think this was a devastatingly bad development, not only in the history of mass communication but in the history of democracy. It robbed people of their voice, or at least made the voices of the advertisers more powerful. Others think it was a huge advance for both mass communication and democracy because it vastly expanded the media, broadening and deepening communication. Models showing these two different ways of viewing masshttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/chapter01/chapter01.xhtml#figure0103

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communication are presented in the box “Audience as Consumer or Audience as Produc t?” Which model makes more sense to you? Which do you think is more accurate? ABC journalist Ted Koppel told the Washington Post, “[Television] is an industry. It’s a business. We exist to make money. We exist to put commercials on the air. The programming that is put on between those commercials is simply the bait we put in the mousetrap” (in “Soundbites,” 2005, p. 2). Do you think Koppel is unnecessarily cynical or is he correct in his analysis of television?

The goals of media professionals will be questioned repeatedly throughout this book. For now, keep in mind that ours is a capitalist economic system and that media industries are businesses. Movie producers must sell tickets, book publishers must sell books, and even public broadcasting has bills to pay.

This does not mean, however, that the media are or must be slaves to profit. Our task is to understand the constraints placed on these industries by their economics and then demand that, within those limits, they perform ethically and responsibly. We can do this only by being thoughtful, critical consumers of the media.

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CULTURAL FORUM Audience as Consumer or Audience as Product?

People base their judgments of media performance and content on the way they see themselves fitting into the economics of the media industry. Businesses operate to serve their consumers and make a profit. The consumer comes first, then, but who is the consumer in our mass media system? This is a much-debated issue among media practitioners and media critics. Consider the following models.

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PRODUCER PRODUCT

Basic U.S. Business Model

A manufacturer . . . produces a product . . .

Basic U.S. Business Model for Cereal: Rice Krispies as Product, Public as Consumer

Kellogg’s . . . produces Rice Krispies . . .

Basic U.S. Business Model for Television (A): Audience as Product, Advertisers as Consumer

NBC . . . produces audiences (using its programming) . .

Basic U.S. Business Model for Television (B): Programming as Product, Audience as Consumer

NBC . . . produces (or distributes) programming . . .

The first three models assume that the consumer buys the product; that is, the consumer is the one with the money and therefore the one who must be satisfied. The last model makes a different assumption. It sees the audience, even though it does not buy anything, as sufficiently important to NBC’s profit- making ability to force NBC to consider its interests above others’ (even those of advertisers). Which model do you think best represents the economics of U.S. mass media?

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Mass Communication, Culture, and Media Literacy Culture and communication are inseparable, and mass communication, as we’ve seen, is a particularly powerful, pervasive, and complex form of communication. Our level of skill in the mass communication process is therefore of utmost importance. This skill is not necessarily a simple one to master (it is much more than booting up the computer, turning on the television set, or flipping the pages of your favorite magazine). But it is, indeed, a learnable skill, one that can be practiced. This skill is media literacy—the ability to effectively and efficiently comprehend and use any form of mediated communication. But let’s start with the first mass medium, books, and the technology that enabled their spread, the printing press.

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As it is impossible to overstate the importance of writing, so too is it impossible to overstate the significance of Johannes Gutenberg’s development of movable metal type. Historian S. H. Steinberg (1959) wrote in Five Hundred Years of Printing:

Neither political, constitutional, ecclesiastical, and economic, nor sociological, philosophical, and literary movements can be fully understood without taking into account the influence the printing press has exerted upon them. (p. 11)

Marshall McLuhan expressed his admiration for Gutenberg’s innovation by calling his 1962 book The Gutenberg Galaxy. In it he argued that the advent of print is the key to our modern consciousness, because although literacy—the ability to effectively and efficiently comprehend and use written symbols—had existed since the development of the first alphabets more than 5,000 years ago, it was reserved for very few, the elites. Gutenberg’s invention was world- changing because it opened literacy to all; that is, it allowed mass communication.

THE PRINTING PRESS Printing and the printing press existed long before Gutenberg perfected his process in or around 1446. The Chinese were using wooden block presses as early as 600 C.E. and had movable clay type by 1000 C.E. A simple movable metal type was even in use in Korea in the 13th century. Gutenberg’s printing press was a significant leap forward, however, for two important reasons.

Gutenberg was a goldsmith and a metallurgist. He hit on the idea of using metal type crafted from lead molds in place of type made from wood or clay. This was an important advance. Not only was movable metal type durable enough to print page after page, but letters could be arranged and rearranged to make any message possible. And Gutenberg was able to produce virtually identical copies.

In addition, Gutenberg’s advance over Korean metal mold printing was one of scope. The Korean press was used to produce books for a very small, royal readership. Gutenberg saw his invention as a way to produce many books for profit. He was, however, a poor businessman. He stressed quality over quantity, in part because of his reverence for the book he was printing, the Bible. He used the highest-quality paper and ink and turned out far fewer volumes than he otherwise could have.

Other printers, however, quickly saw the true economic potential of Gutenberg’s invention. The first Gutenberg Bible appeared in 1456. By the end of that century, 44 years later, printing operations existed in 12 European countries, and the continent was flooded with 20 million volumes of 7,000 titles in 35,000 different editions (Drucker, 1999).

THE IMPACT OF PRINT Although Gutenberg developed his printing press with a limited use in mind, printing Bibles, the cultural effects of mass printing have been profound.

Handwritten or hand-copied materials were expensive to produce, and the cost of an education, in time and money, had made reading an expensive luxury. However, with the spread of printing, written communication was available to a much larger portion of the population, and the need for literacy among the lower and middle classes grew. The ability to read became less of a luxury and more of a necessity; eventually literacy spread, as didhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-literacy

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education. Soldiers at the front needed to be able to read the emperor’s orders. Butchers needed to understand the king’s shopping list. So the demand for literacy expanded, and more (and more types of) people learned to read.

Tradespeople, soldiers, clergy, bakers, and musicians all now had business at the printer’s shop. They talked. They learned of things, both in conversation and by reading printed material. As more people learned to read, new ideas germinated and spread and cross- pollination of ideas occurred.

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This page from a Gutenberg Bible shows the exquisite care the printer used in creating his works. The artwork in the margins is handpainted, but the text is mechanically printed. © North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy

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More material from various sources was published, and people were freer to read what they wanted when they wanted. Dominant authorities—the Crown and the Church—were now less able to control communication and, therefore, the people. New ideas about the world appeared; new understandings of the existing world flourished.

In addition, duplication permitted standardization and preservation. Myth and superstition began to make way for standard, verifiable bodies of knowledge. History, economics, physics, and chemistry all became part of the culture’s intellectual life. Literate cultures were now on the road to modernization.

Printed materials were the first mass-produced product, speeding the development and entrenchment of capitalism. We live today in a world built on these changes. Use of the printing press helped fuel the establishment and growth of a large middle class. No longer were societies composed of rulers and subjects; printing sped the rise of democracy. No longer were power and wealth functions of birth; power and wealth could now be created by the industrious. No

Johannes Gutenberg takes the first proof from his printing press. © North Wind Picture Archives

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longer was political discourse limited to accepting the dictates of Crown and Church; printing had given ordinary people a powerful voice.

Tech writer Kevin Kelly connected printing directly to freedom and the rule of law:

When technology shifts, it bends the culture. Once, long ago, culture revolved around the spoken word. The oral skills of memorization, recitation, and rhetoric instilled in societies a reverence for the past, the ambiguous, the ornate, and the subjective. Then, about 500 years ago, orality was overthrown by technology. Gutenberg’s invention of metallic moveable type elevated writing into a central position in the culture. By means of cheap and perfect copies, text became the engine of change and the foundation of stability. From printing came journalism, science and the mathematics of libraries and law. (2008, p. 48)

The Industrial Revolution By the mid-18th century, printing and its libraries of science and mathematics had become one of the engines driving the Industrial Revolution. Print was responsible for building and disseminating bodies of knowledge, leading to scientific and technological developments and the refinement of new machines. In addition, industrialization reduced the time necessary to complete work, and this created something heretofore unknown to most working people— leisure time.

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Industrialization had another effect as well. As workers left their sunrise-to- sunset jobs in agriculture, the crafts, and trades to work in the newly industrialized factories, not only did they have more leisure time but they had more money to spend on their leisure. Farmers, fishermen, and tile makers had to put their profits back into their jobs. But factory workers took their money home; it was spendable. Combine leisure time and expendable cash with the spread of literacy and the result is a large and growing audience for printed information and entertainment. By the mid-19th century a mass audience and the means to reach it existed.

Media Literacy

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Television influences our culture in innumerable ways. One of its effects, according to many people, is that it has encouraged violence in our society. For example, American television viewers overwhelmingly say there is too much violence on television. Yet, almost without exception, the local television news program that has the largest proportion of violence in its nightly newscast is the ratings leader. “If it bleeds, it leads” has become the motto for much of local television news. It leads because people watch.

So, although many of us are quick to condemn improper media performance or to identify and lament its harmful effects, we rarely question our own role in the mass communication process. We overlook it because we participate in mass communication naturally, almost without conscious effort. We possess high-level interpretive and comprehension skills that make even the most sophisticated television show, movie, or magazine story understandable and enjoyable. We are able, through a lifetime of interaction with the media, to read media texts.

Media literacy is a skill we take for granted, but like all skills, it can be improved. And if we consider how important the mass media are in creating and maintaining the culture that helps define us and our lives, it is a skill that must be improved.

Hunter College media professor Stuart Ewen (2000) emphasized this point in comparing media literacy with traditional literacy. “Historically,” he wrote, “links between literacy and democracy are inseparable from the notion of an informed populace, conversant with the issues that touch upon their lives, enabled with tools that allow them to participate actively in public deliberation and social change…. Literacy was about crossing the lines that had historically separated men of ideas from ordinary people, about the enfranchisement of those who had been excluded from the compensations of citizenship” (p. 448). To Ewen, and others committed to media literacy, media literacy represents no less than the means to full participation in the culture.

Elements of Media Literacy Media scholar Art Silverblatt (2008) identifies seven fundamental elements of media literacy. To these we will add an eighth. Media literacy includes these characteristics:

1. A critical thinking skill enabling audience members to develop independent judgments about media content. Thinking critically about the content we consume is the very essence of media literacy. Why do we watch what we watch, read what we read, listen to what we listen to? If we cannot answer these questions, we have taken no responsibility for ourselves or our choices. As such, we have taken no responsibility for the outcome of those choices.

2. An understanding of the process of mass communication. If we know the components of the mass communication process and how they relate to one another, we can form expectations of how they can serve us. How do the

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various media industries operate? What are their obligations to us? What are the obligations of the audience? How do different media limit or enhance messages? Which forms of feedback are most effective, and why?

3. An awareness of the impact of media on the individual and society. Writing and the printing press helped change the world and the people in it. Mass media do the same. If we ignore the impact of media on our lives, we run the risk of being caught up and carried along by that change rather than controlling or leading it.

4. Strategies for analyzing and discussing media messages. To consume media messages thoughtfully, we need a foundation on which to base thought and reflection. If we make

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meaning, we must possess the tools with which to make it (for example, understanding the intent and impact of film and video conventions, such as camera angles and lighting, or the strategy behind the placement of photos on a newspaper page). Otherwise, meaning is made for us; the interpretation of media content will then rest with its creator, not with us.

5. An understanding of media content as a text that provides insight into our culture and our lives. How do we know a culture and its people, attitudes, values, concerns, and myths? We know them through communication. For modern cultures like ours, media messages increasingly dominate that communication, shaping our understanding of and insight into our culture.

6. The ability to enjoy, understand, and appreciate media content. Media literacy does not mean living the life of a grump, liking nothing in the media, or always being suspicious of harmful effects and cultural degradation. We take high school and college classes to enhance our understanding and appreciation of novels; we can do the same for media texts.

Learning to enjoy, understand, and appreciate media content includes the ability to use multiple points of access—to approach media content from a variety of directions and derive from it many levels of meaning. Thus, we control meaning making for our own enjoyment or appreciation. For example, we can enjoy any one of the hit movies from the Hunger Games trilogy as an action-laden adventure full of explosions, danger, and romance, the perfect holiday blockbuster. But as movie buffs we might see it as a David-and-Goliath, underdog-takes-on-the-powerful-villain tale. Or we might read it as an analogy for what’s happening in America’s contemporary economy of growing income inequality and harshness of life for those near the bottom. Maybe it’s a history lesson disguised as dystopian fiction, reminding us that our country was born of revolution against those who would rule us. Or maybe it’s just a cool way to spend a Saturday night, entertained by the same folks who so delighted us with other special-effects extravaganzas, like Constantine, I Am Legend, and Alexander.https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-multiple-points-of-access

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In fact, television programs such as The Middle, The Daily Show, The Simpsons, Game of Thrones, and Family Guy are specifically constructed to take advantage of the media literacy skills of sophisticated viewers while providing entertaining fare for less skilled consumers. The same is true for films such as Birdman, Interstellar, Lucy, The Grand Budapest Hotel, and Blue Jasmine, magazines such as Alarm, and the best of jazz, rap, and rock. The Middle and The Daily Show are produced as television comedies, designed to make people laugh. But they are also intentionally produced to provide more sophisticated, media-literate viewers with opportunities to make personally interesting or relevant meaning. Anyone can laugh while watching these programs, but some people can empathize with the daily travails of a working-class family (The Middle), or they can examine the failings and foibles of contemporary journalism (Daily Show).

7. Development of effective and responsible production skills. Traditional literacy assumes that people who can read can also write. Media literacy also makes this assumption. Our definition of literacy (of either type) calls not only for effective and efficient comprehension of content but for its effective and efficient use. Therefore, media-literate individuals should develop production skills that enable them to create useful media messages. If you have ever tried to make a narrative home video—one that tells a story—you know that producing content is much more difficult than consuming it. Even producing a voicemail message that is not embarrassing is a daunting task for many people.

This element of media literacy may seem relatively unimportant at first glance. After all, if you choose a career in media production, you will get training in school and on the job. If you choose another calling, you may never be in the position of having to produce content. But most professions now employ some form of media to disseminate information: for use in training, to enhance presentations, or to keep in contact with clients and customers. The Internet in particular requires effective production skills of its users—at home, school, and work—because online receivers can and do easily become online creators.

8. An understanding of the ethical and moral obligations of media practitioners. To make informed judgments about the performance of the

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media, we also must be aware of the competing pressures on practitioners as they do their jobs. We must understand the media’s official and unofficial rules of operation. In other words, we must know, respectively, their legal and ethical obligations. Return, for a moment, to the question of televised violence. It is legal for a station to air graphic violence. But is it ethical? If it is unethical, what power, if any, do we have to demand its removal from our screens? Dilemmas such as this are discussed at length in the chapter on media freedom, regulation, and ethics.

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Media Literacy Skills

Family Guy is a cartoon about a typical suburban family. It has all the things you would expect from a television situation comedy—an inept dad, a precocious daughter, a slacker son, a loving wife, and zany situations. Yet it also offers an intellectual, philosopher dog and an evil-genius, scheming baby. Why do you think the producers have gone to the trouble to populate this show with the usual trappings of a sitcom but then add other, bizarre elements? And what’s going on in The Hunger Games? Is it another special-effects, explosion-laden, action-adventure holiday blockbuster? A classic David-and-Goliath movie? An historical allegory? A commentary on growing financial inequality in America? Or maybe it’s just a cool way to spend a Saturday night, entertained by a celebrity-packed action movie. (top) © 20th Century Fox/Courtesy Everett Collection; (bottom) © Photos 12/Alamy

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Consuming media content is simple. Push a button and you have images on a television or music on a radio. Come up with enough cash and you can see a movie or buy a magazine. Media-literate consumption, however, requires a number of specific skills:

1. The ability and willingness to make an effort to understand content, to pay attention, and to filter out noise. As we saw earlier, anything that interferes with successful communication is called noise, and much of the noise in the mass communication process results from our own consumption behavior. When we watch television, often we are also doing other things, such as eating, reading, or chatting on the phone. We drive while we listen to the radio. Obviously, the quality of our meaning making is related to the effort we give it.

2. An understanding of and respect for the power of media messages. The mass media have been around for more than a century and a half. Just about everybody can enjoy them. Their content is either free or relatively inexpensive. Much of the content is banal and a bit silly, so it is easy to dismiss media content as beneath serious consideration or too simple to have any influence.

We also disregard media’s power through the third-person effect—the common attitude that others are influenced by media messages but that we are not. That is, we are media literate enough to understand the influence of mass communication on the attitudes, behaviors, and values of others but not self-aware or honest enough to see its influence on our lives.

3. The ability to distinguish emotional from reasoned reactions when responding to content and to act accordingly. Media content is often designed to touch us at the emotional level. We enjoy losing ourselves in a good song or in a well-crafted movie or television show; this is among our great pleasures. But because we react emotionally to these messages does not mean they don’t have serious meanings and implications for our lives. Television pictures, for example, are intentionally shot and broadcast forhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-third-person-effect

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their emotional impact. Reacting emotionally is appropriate and proper. But then what? What do these pictures tell us about the larger issue at hand? We can use our feelings as a point of departure for meaning making. We can ask, “Why does this content make me feel this way?”

4. Development of heightened expectations of media content. We all use media to tune out, waste a little time, and provide background noise. When we decide to watch television, we are more likely to turn on the set and flip channels until we find something passable than we are to read the listings to find a specific program to view. When we search for online video, we often settle for the “10 most shared today.” When we expect little from the content before us, we tend to give meaning making little effort and attention.

5. A knowledge of genre conventions and the ability to recognize when they are being mixed. The term genre refers to the categories of expression within the different media, such as “evening news,” “documentary,” “horror movie,” or “entertainment magazine.” Each genre is characterized by certain distinctive, standardized style elements—the conventions of that genre. The conventions of the evening news, for example, include a short, upbeat introductory theme and one or two good-looking people sitting at a large, curved desk. When we hear and see these style elements, we expect the evening news. We can tell a documentary film from an entertainment movie by its more serious tone and the number of talking heads. We know by their appearance—the use of color, the types of images, and the amount of text on the cover—which magazines offer serious reading and which provide entertainment.

Knowledge of these conventions is important because they cue or direct our meaning making. For example, we know to accept the details in a documentary film about the sinking of the Titanic as more credible than those found in a Hollywood movie about that disaster.

This skill is also important for another reason. Sometimes, in an effort to maximize audiences (and therefore profits) or for creative reasons, media content makers mix genre conventions. Is Clint Eastwood’s American Sniperhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-genrehttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-conventions

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fact or fiction? Is Meredith Vieira a journalist, a talk show host, or a showperson? Extra! and E! News look increasingly like

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Let’s consider two versions of the same movie scene. In the first, a man is driving a car. Cut to a woman lying tied up on a railroad track. What is the relationship between the man and the woman? Where is he going? With no more information than these two shots, you know automatically that he cares for her and is on his way to save her. Now, here is the second

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CNN’s reporting and the CBS Evening News. Reading media texts becomes more difficult as formats are co-opted.

6. The ability to think critically about media messages, no matter how credible their sources. It is crucial that media be credible in a democracy in which the people govern because the media are central to the governing process. This is why the news media are sometimes referred to as the fourth branch of government, complementing the executive, judicial, and legislative branches. This does not mean, however, that we should believe everything they report. But it is often difficult to arrive at the proper balance between wanting to believe and accepting what we see and hear unquestioningly, especially when frequently we are willing to suspend disbelief and are encouraged by the media themselves to see their content as real and credible.

Consider the New York Times motto “All the News That’s Fit to Print” and the title of ABC’s “Eyewitness News.” If it is all there, it must all be real, and who is more credible than an eyewitness? But if we examine these media, we would learn that the Times in actuality prints all the news that fits (in its pages) and that “Eyewitness News” is a very narrowly selective eyewitness.

7. A knowledge of the internal language of various media and the ability to understand its effects, no matter how complex. Just as each media genre has its own distinctive style and conventions, each medium also has its own specific internal language. This language is expressed in production values —the choice of lighting, editing, special effects, music, camera angle, location on the page, and size and placement of headlines. To be able to read a media text, you must understand its language. We learn the grammar of this language automatically from childhood—for example, we know that when the television image goes “all woosielike,” the character is dreaming.https://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-production-values

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version. The man is driving the car. Fade to black. Fade back up to the woman on the tracks. Now what is the relationship between the man and the woman? Where is he going? It is less clear that these two people even have anything to do with each other. We construct completely different meanings from exactly the same two pictures because the punctuation (the quick cut/fade) differs.

Media texts tend to be more complicated than these two scenes. The better we can handle their grammar, the more we can understand and appreciate texts. The more we understand texts, the more we can be equal partners with media professionals in meaning making.

This television show offers all the conventions we’d expect from the news—background digital graphics, an anchor behind his desk, a well-known interviewee. But it also contains conventions we’d expect from a comedy program—a satirist as host and an unruly, loud audience. Why does Last Week Tonight with John Oliver mix the conventions of these two very different genres? Does your knowledge of those conventions add to your enjoyment of this hit program? © Eric Liebowitz/HBO/Courtesy Everett Collection

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MEDIA LITERACY CHALLENGE Recognizing Cultural Values

Media-literate people develop an understanding of media content as a text that provides insight into our culture and our lives, and they have an awareness of the impact of media on the individual and society. So, challenge your own media literacy skills. You can do this exercise with a parent or another person older than you, or you can speculate after using the Internet to view movies and television shows from 20 years ago. Compare your childhood heroes and heroines with those of someone older. What differences are there between the generations in what you consider heroic qualities? What are some similarities and differences between the heroic qualities you and people from an earlier generation identify? Are the good qualities of your personal heroes something you can find in today’s movies or TV? Perhaps your hero is even a TV character. Either way, where on TV or in film can you find the qualities you consider heroic? Which cultural values, attitudes, and beliefs, if any, do you think have influenced how heroes and heroines have changed throughout the last few decades? How have the media helped establish the values you identify as important qualities in people?

Resources for Review and Discussion

REVIEW POINTS: TYING CONTENT TO LEARNING OUTCOMES

Define communication, mass communication, mass media, and culture.

□ Communication is the process of creating shared meaning.

□ Mass communication is the process of creating shared meaning between the

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mass media and their audiences.

□ Mass media is the plural of mass medium, a technology that carries messages to a large number of people.

□ Culture is the world made meaningful. It resides all around us; it is socially constructed and maintained through communication. It limits as well as liberates us; it differentiates as well as unites us. It defines our realities and shapes the ways we think, feel, and act.

Describe the relationships among communication, mass communication, culture, and those who live in the culture.

□ Mass media are our culture’s dominant storytellers and the forum in which we debate cultural meaning.

Evaluate the impact of technology and economics on those relationships.

□ Technological determinism argues that technology is the predominant agent of social and cultural change. But it is not technology that drives culture; it is how people use technology.

□ With technology, money, too, shapes mass communication. Audiences can be either the consumer or the product in our mass media system.

List the components of media literacy.

□ Media literacy, the ability to effectively and efficiently comprehend and use any form of mediated communication, consists of several components:

Critical thinking skills enabling the development of independent judgments about media content

An understanding of the process of mass communication

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An awareness of the impact of the media on individuals and society

Strategies for analyzing and discussing media messages

An awareness of media content as a “text” providing insight into contemporary culture

A cultivation of enhanced enjoyment, understanding, and appreciation of media content

The development of effective and responsible production skills

The development of an understanding of the ethical and moral obligations of media practitioners

Identify key skills required for developing media literacy.

□ Media skills include

The ability and willingness to make an effort to understand content, to pay attention, and to filter out noise

An understanding of and respect for the power of media messages

The ability to distinguish emotional from reasoned reactions when responding to content and to act accordingly

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KEY TERMS communication, 3 feedback, 4 interpersonal communication, 4 encoding, 4 decoding, 4 noise, 5 medium (pl. media), 5 mass medium, 5 mass communication, 5 inferential feedback, 5 cultural definition of communication, 6 culture, 6 dominant culture (mainstream culture), 10 bounded culture (co-culture), 11 binge viewing, 14 technological determinism, 15 media literacy, 17 literacy, 18 multiple points of access, 21

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The development of heightened expectations of media content

A knowledge of genre conventions and the recognition of their mixing

The ability to think critically about media messages

A knowledge of the internal language of various media and the ability to understand its effectshttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-communicationhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-feedbackhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-interpersonal-communicationhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-encodinghttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-decodinghttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-noisehttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-medium-pl-mediahttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-mass-mediumhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-mass-communicationhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-inferential-feedbackhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-cultural-definition-of-communicationhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-culturehttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-dominant-culture-mainstream-culturehttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-bounded-cultures-co-cultureshttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-binge-viewinghttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-technological-determinismhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-media-literacyhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-literacyhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-multiple-points-of-access

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third-person effect, 23 genre, 23 conventions, 23 production values, 24

QUESTIONS FOR REVIEW

QUESTIONS FOR CRITICAL THINKING AND DISCUSSION

1. What is culture? How does culture define people?

2. What is communication? What is mass communication?

3. What are encoding and decoding? How do they differ when technology enters the communication process?

4. What does it mean to say that communication is a reciprocal process?

5. What is James Carey’s cultural definition of communication? How does it differ from other definitions of that process?

6. What do we mean by mass media as cultural storyteller?

7. What do we mean by mass communication as cultural forum?

8. What is media literacy? What are its components?

9. What are some specific media literacy skills?

10. What is the difference between genres and production conventions? What do these have to do with media literacy?

To maximize your study time, check out CONNECT to access the SmartBook study module for this chapter, watch videos, and explore other resources.

1. Who were your childhood heroes and heroines? Why did you choose them? What cultural lessons did you learn from them?

2. The arrival of the printing press dramatically changed history. Traditionalhttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-third-person-effecthttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-genrehttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-conventionshttps://jigsaw.vitalsource.com/books/1260406946/epub/OPS/s9ml/glossary.xhtml#key-production-values

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REFERENCES

seats of power lost influence, science flourished, and the seeds were planted for capitalism and the growth of a middle class. What effects will the Internet have on our future? Will its impact be less than, equal to, or greater than the impact wrought by the printing press? Defend your answer.

3. How media literate do you think you are? What about those around you— your parents, for example, or your best friend? What are your weaknesses as a media-literate person?

1. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014, June 18). American time use survey summary. Online: http://www.bls.gov/news.release/atus.nr0.htm

2. Carey, J. W. (1975). A cultural approach to communication. Communication, 2, 1-22.

3. Carey, J. W. (1989). Communication as culture. Boston: Unwin Hyman.

4. Cisco Systems. (2014, June 2014). The zettabyte era: Trends and analysis. Cis co.com. Online: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral /service-provider/visual-networking-index-vni/VNI_Hyperconnec tivity_WP.html

5. “Domestic movie theatrical market summary 1995 to 2015.” (2015, February 5). The Numbers. Online: http://www.the-numbers.com/market/

6. Drucker, P. E. (1999, October). Beyond the information revolution. Atlantic Monthly, pp. 47-57.

7. Dugan, A. (2014, June 19). Americans’ confidence in news media remains low. Gallup.com. Online: http://www.gallup.com/poll/171740/ameri cans-confidence-news-media-remains-low.aspx

8. eMarketer. (2014, December 29). Time spent using media. Advertising Age Marketing Fact Pack 2015, p. 17.http://www.bls.gov/news.release/atus.nr0.htmhttp://cisco.com/http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/solutions/collateral/service-provider/visual-networking-index-vni/VNI_Hyperconnectivity_WP.htmlhttp://www.the-numbers.com/market/http://gallup.com/http://www.gallup.com/poll/171740/americans-confidence-news-media-remains-low.aspx

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Categories
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how much work w is done by each horse in a time t?

Two workhorses tow a barge along a straight canal. Each horse exerts a constant force of magnitude F, and the tow ropes make an angle θ with the direction of motion of the horses and the barge. (Figure 1) Each horse is traveling at a constant speed v.

How much work W is done by each horse in a time t?
Express the work in terms of the quantities given in the problem introduction.

How much power P does each horse provide?
Express your answer in terms of the quantities given in the problem introduction.

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A = Theta.
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Eighteen students in a class play baseball. Seventeen students in the class play basketball. Thirty students in the class plau either or both sports.

Select the Venn diagram that shows the number of students who play basketball and baseball.

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the first circle intersects into the second circle. The left side is labeled Baseball and the numbers are 13. The middle doesn’t have a name and the number is 3. The right side says Basketball and the number is 12.

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The circle intersects also. The left side is labeled Baseball and the number is 13. The middle isn’t labeled the number is 6. The right says basketball and the number is 11.

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May 3, 2017
it really is abbb for connexus

2 2
posted by Harper
Feb 1, 2018
yup A B B B r the answers tried A B C B got 3/4

2 2
posted by Anonymous
Feb 2, 2018
Yeah it’s ABBB, I came here to check my answers and my answers were ABCB so glad I came but these questions were confusing as hell.

2 0
posted by Dat Guy
Feb 2, 2018

A
B
B
B
If you want the correct answers here they are.

4 2
posted by Toxic ammonia blood
Feb 7, 2018
The REAL answers are

A
B
B
B

I got 3/4 for trusting the liars. But YOU can get a 100% if you go for ABBB

GOD LOVES YOU!!!

4 2
posted by Valerie
Feb 8, 2018
A
B
B
B

Is correct!

3 2
posted by LittleNoot
Feb 8, 2018
It’s ABBB

3 2
posted by Tisky
Feb 12, 2018
A
B
B
B

Is correct just took the test.

2 2
posted by No Lies
Feb 14, 2018

ITS ABCB YOU IDIOTS SITTIN ACTING LIKE FOOLS

2 2
posted by !@#$%^&
Feb 14, 2018

  1. A
  2. B
  3. B
  4. B

THESE ARE 100 PERCENT CORRECT

2 2
posted by THE TRUTH
Feb 15, 2018
1) A
2) B
3) B
4) B

2 2
posted by Hello
Feb 20, 2018
OK ITS

A
B
C
B
THESE ARE RIGHT I GOT 100% WITH THESE ANSWERS THEY ARE CORRECT!!!!!!!

2 1
posted by silly_willy
Feb 21, 2018
why yall lien its a b b b its not that hard to post the right answers

1 2
posted by blue
Feb 21, 2018

the correct answers is

A. (13)5(12)
B. 18
C. 9
B. 16

3 0
posted by R.I.P
Feb 26, 2018
🙁

1 0
posted by ??
Feb 26, 2018
Abbb I did abcb and it was wrong!!

1 0
posted by Someone
Mar 6, 2018
A
B
C
B
These are the correct answers I just took the quiz and got 100%

3 1
posted by No name
Mar 7, 2018
It’s
A
B
B
B

1 3
posted by Yayyy
Mar 13, 2018

GUYS THE THIRD QUESTION IS DIFFERENT FOR SOME OF YOU THATS WHAT CONNEXUS DOES SO PEOPLE DONT CHEAT JUST CHILL

2 0
posted by Grace
Mar 13, 2018
He’ we go’w with tha pro’blms

0 0
posted by wot a’ ya do’in M8?!
Mar 19, 2018
ABCB just took it I guess it depends on your test

0 1
posted by Love
Mar 22, 2018
abcb for venn diagrams lesson 3 unit3 for conexus so stop posting

0 0
posted by Anonymous
Apr 3, 2018
The answers are
A
B
B
B

1 0
posted by Anonymous
Apr 30, 2018

Its abcb.. just took it and missed one due to the abbb wrong answers given. I dont get people trying to make others fail.. u expect help but want others to fail. Its not funny.

1 1
posted by Wish/ CA mom
Feb 25, 2019
its absolutely abbb i just got a 75 with abcb , yall annoying to post the wrong answers dawg

0 0
posted by joycelyn
Feb 27, 2019
yea it a b b b for lesson 3 unit 3 quick check

0 0
posted by Ms Sue
Mar 1, 2019
ABCB

0 1
posted by The one who always got the answers
Mar 25, 2019
OMG! I listened to anonymous and I got 3/4 the answers are A B C B !!! 100% correct believe me people!

0 0
posted by CraCra
Apr 1, 2019

2019 update
A
B
B
B
Is correct

1 0
posted by helper
Apr 13, 2019

Categories
Assignment Help buy coursework custom dissertation writing write my dissertation for me

what can be inferred by the passage of the black codes

1.What can be inferred by the passage of the Black Codes
A.Many Southerners were willing to allow African-Americans equally
B.Many white Southerners wanted African Americans to remain as slaves
C.Many white Southerners wanted African Americans to receive equal education
D.Southerns lawmakers wanted to separate but equal the rights

  1. Which of the following groups support radical reconstruction
    A.Business people interested in rebuilding
    B.Newly freed African-Americans
    C.Rich white landowners
    D.ScalaWags
  2. After the passage of 13 14 and 15 amendments why did African Americans continue to experience political oppression.
    A. The amendments we’re not intended to exclusively solve African-American problems
    B. Southerners little leatrice trated and Tack Jim Crow laws
    C. Many African Americans did not trust that the Amendments would be upheld
    D. Poor Communications kept African Americans from learning about their rights
  3. Which of the following is a major example of Abraham Lincoln’s policy of Ling see towards the defeat South
    A. President Lincoln will nuses to have a federal government assume responsibility of confederate government debts
    B. President Lincoln choice to have Southerners as his vice president in the 18 64 election
    C. President Lincoln’s decision that Southerners state governments could recognize after 10% of the voters took a loyalty oath in the Union
    D. President Lincoln’s decision to extend the Emancipation Proclamtion to include all states
  4. Arrange the following legalist in that was passed after the Civil War and proper chronological order.
    A. I.,II.,III.,IV
    B. I.,II.,IV.,III
    C. II.,I.,III.,IV
    D. III.,IV.,II.,I.
    Why was President Lincoln unable to persuade Congress to accept his redstruction plan
    A. President Lincoln’s Plan did not follow Northerners to vote on the registration Act
    B. Congress believe that Freedoms Bureau should be responsible for reconstruction
    C. Congress believed President Lincoln’s Plan was too difficult for the South
    D. President Lincoln was assassinated before he was able to persuade Congress
  5. What did President Johnson believed reconstruction should accomplish.
    A. That rich white Southerners landowners would not return to power
    B. That the South would return to its pre-war system without slavery
    C. That politics and civil rights of Freedom would be granted
    D. That the South would remain as conquered Nation
  6. According to the ruling in the Plessy versus freguson case why was segregation acceptable
    A. Segeregation with legal because African Americans were not citizens
    B. Segregegation was legal as long as the finances for Black and Whites Segregation
    C. Segregation was acceptable in private facilities only
    D. Segregation who’s acceptable won a state-by-state basic 1 1 2,681
    asked by Ash
    Feb 7, 2018
    I’ll be glad to check your answers. 0 2
    👩‍🏫
    Ms. Sue
    Feb 7, 2018
    I need answer please if I don’t pass this my grade will a an F 3 0
    posted by Ash
    Feb 7, 2018
    Maybe next time you’ll study so that you actually learn something. 2 30
    👩‍🏫
    Ms. Sue
    Feb 7, 2018
    Omg I’m on the same thing and I need help on the first question lol 0 0
    posted by Ineedanswers
    Feb 9, 2018

What’s 3, the only one I don’t know.

0 1
posted by ok
Feb 9, 2018
Yall are !@#$%^&hhhesss for not sharing ur answers so i’ll do the favor

1.B
2.A,B,&D
3.B
4.C
5.C
6.D
7.A
8.B
9.Essay

41 1
posted by bestanswers
Feb 12, 2018
Thank bestanswers! i hate it when people say they’ll check the answers then never do!

2 0
posted by Giggles
Feb 12, 2018
i swear none of yall share yall answer

1 0
posted by gfutf bjfvyghvhg
Feb 13, 2018
he is right

2 0
posted by gfutf bjfvyghvhg
Feb 13, 2018

YOU ARE THE BEST “BESTANSWERS”

1 0
posted by Ash
Feb 13, 2018
THANK YOU bestanswers! you are truly a saint.

1 0
posted by blueblue
Mar 9, 2018
We teachers are not accepting cheating anymore. We will be 1pting out perfect scores and finding cheaters! Do not use this site or you will flunk the class that is a promise.

0 21
posted by Teacher
Apr 4, 2018
I think “Teachers” can spell a little better than you can Mrs. “Teacher”

10 1
posted by This one here on another level
Apr 9, 2018
Thank dude

1 0
posted by thanks best answers!!
Apr 13, 2018

Stop using this site!

1 21
posted by Mrs. Garner
Jan 31, 2019
those teachers can stop commenting on here

3 0
posted by student
Mar 11, 2019
8 is B

0 0
posted by Fayth
Mar 22, 2019
Contrary to popular belief, Ms. Sue, some kids do study and still need help with tests. Speaking from experience, as I have stayed up for hours upon hours trying to take in chapters upon chapters of dumb history I’ll never need to know!

Ash, if you did study and you still cannot understand, may I suggest a tutor? Ms. Sue is a very discouraging person, and she is a terrible teacher from what I can tell. If you ever do need help with something, do not be afraid to ask someone who will actually help you.

And Ms. Sue. You absolutely suck. Your attitude towards students is cruel, and discouraging. You seem to lack empathy, and apathy. Ash simply needed help to find the answers, and you as a teacher have failed to do that. For someone who is most likely very much older than us all, you have the mentality, Mannerisms, and politeness of a child. Do us all a favor and grow the heck up. Because, despite your advantage of so many more years on this planet than us, you have failed to do so.

6 0
posted by Bug Boy
Apr 12, 2019
You said it Bug Boy

1 0
posted by Unknown
Apr 12, 2019

Bug Boy went off of that thot bruh

5 0
posted by Yikes
Apr 17, 2019
Thanks so much guys. I never can understand history and I study a lot but I still make bad grades. So thanks Bug Boy for standing up for us kids. And thank you Best Answer for helping.

1 0
posted by ThisIsIt
Apr 17, 2019
ms sue a thot

1 0
posted by lmao
Apr 18, 2019

Categories
coursework help custom dissertation writing do my assignment

in what ways were the early state constitutions similar to the us constitution

In what ways were the early state constitutions similar to the U.S. Constitution?
22,808 results
American Government
In what ways were the early state constitutions similar to the U.S. Constitution?

asked by Elise Bedford on April 17, 2017
Civics
Which of the following is true about most state constitutions? A.Delegated powers are thoroughly described in most state constitutions. *** B. Most state constitutions are longer than the U.S. Constitution. C.The Constitution describes the federal

asked by jeje on January 20, 2015
civics
which of the following is true about most state constitutions A. Delegated powers are thoroughly described in most state constitutions** B. most state constitutions are longer than the U.S. constitutions C. the constitution describes the federal government

asked by Ali on January 13, 2016
criminal law
1 Constitutional law The law as expressed in the U.S. Constitution and the various state constitutions. The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land. State constitutions are supreme within state borders to the extent that they do not violate the

asked by Mary on October 28, 2009
English
1 Constitutional law The law as expressed in the U.S. Constitution and the various state constitutions. The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the land. State constitutions are supreme within state borders to the extent that they do not violate the

asked by Mary on October 28, 2009

U.S. History
Compare and contrast the initial formation of two states—Virginia and Pennsylvania—by evaluating and listing the similarities and differences of the first state constitution for each state. •Identify the date of each constitution and consider the

asked by John on March 22, 2010
US History
Compare and contrast the initial formation of two states—Virginia and Pennsylvania—by evaluating and listing the similarities and differences of the first state constitution for each state. Identify the date of each constitution and consider the events

asked by Chris on August 18, 2010
History again
I just need to check if I am right. Thank you. All of the following influenced the Framers in developing the Constitution EXCEPT a. State constitutions b. John Locke’s “Two Treatises of Government” c. Virginia’s royal charter d. British tradition I am

asked by Pat on January 20, 2007
Civics

  1. One main difference between the United States Constitution and state constitutions is that state constitutions A. are much longer. B. don’t provide for a legislature. C. can’t be amended. D. don’t have bills of rights. ? Can’t find it.

asked by Sarah on March 29, 2015
Civics

  1. One main difference between the United States Constitution and state constitutions is that state constitutions A. are much longer. B. don’t provide for a legislature. C. can’t be amended. D. don’t have bills of rights. So your saying it’s D?

asked by Sarah on March 29, 2015
Histroy
Find one difference between the Arizona state constitution and the US Constitution. Explain why you think this difference occurred. One difference that I found between my state constitution (AZ) and the U.S. Constitution is the issue of voting. Things that

asked by acndee on April 3, 2017
More History Check
1.)Which of the following statements is true? =a)Although they differed in form, all State constitutions embodied the same basic ideals. b)Most of the early State constitutions gave great power to the executive branch. c)Some State constitutions were

asked by Unknown on June 25, 2010
socialstudies

  1. Which is an example of checks and balances? The constitution contains a bill of rights that details the basic rights of the state’s citizens. The constitution clearly outlines voting requirements and the qualifications for holding public office. The

asked by boPy on February 14, 2016
social studies 8th

  1. Which is an example of checks and balances? (1 point) The constitution contains a bill of rights that details the basic rights of the state’s citizens. The constitution clearly outlines voting requirements and the qualifications for holding public

asked by XenaGonzalez on March 11, 2015
History
1 which statement best describes why constitutions are needed? A Constitutions are needed so that governments don’t get carried away with taxes B Constitutions are needed because all of the laws have to be written down somewhere C Constitutions are needed

asked by Lafayette on February 9, 2019

georgia history
1 which statement best describes why constitutions are needed? A Constitutions are needed so that governments don’t get carried away with taxes B Constitutions are needed because all of the laws have to be written down somewhere. C Constitutions are needed

asked by jonh reynold on February 13, 2019
SS
Which statement best describes why constitutions are needed. A) Constitutions are needed so that governments don’t get carried away with taxes. B) Constitutions are needed because all the laws have to be written down somewhere. C) Constitutions are

asked by TLSK on February 8, 2019
Social Studies Check Answers
Anyone mind checking these 2 quiz answers please? Which statement best explains why nation-states write constitutions? A: Constitutions give citizens unlimited powers. B: Constitutions establish nation-states. C: Constitutions allow governments to elect

asked by Natalie on December 11, 2016
Civics
The Constitution gives sovereignty only to the _.? A.State legislatures B.national government C.president of the United States D.State constitutions ….i need help, none of them are right?

asked by Sierra on February 14, 2012
Civics

  1. “We, the people of the State of Florida, being grateful to Almighty God for our constitutional liberty, in order to secure its benefits, perfect out government, ensure domestic tranquillity, maintain public order, and guarantee equal civil and political

asked by Baxie on November 12, 2014
History
How does most state constitutions differ from the US Constitution?

asked by Jane on January 27, 2012
History Mid=Term
One of us asked this question yesterday, and we are still not sure whether we were given the correct answer. All of the following influenced the Framers in developing the Constitution EXCEPT a. State constitutions. b. John Locke’s “Two Treatises of

asked by Many Students on January 22, 2007
S.s

  1. Which is an example of checks and balances? (1 point) The constitution contains a bill of rights that details the basic rights of the state’s citizens. The constitution clearly outlines voting requirements and the qualifications for holding public

asked by Unknown on February 21, 2017
Government
Please help me with government 1. The 10th amendment to the Constitution reads as follows: ” The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”

asked by M on December 24, 2016
Social Studies
Which statement best explains why nation-states write constitutions? Constitutions give citizens unlimited powers Constitutions establish nation-states Constitutions allow governments to elect leaders Constitutions help keep government fair Is the answer

asked by Julian on September 28, 2015

GOVERNMENT HELP
The powers of Congress are affected by all of the following EXCEPT what the a. Constitution expressly says Congress may do b. Constitution says only the Sttes may do. c. States’ constitutions say Congress may do d. Constitution is silent about. I believe

asked by Suzi on February 26, 2007
Social Studies
What were the Articles of Confederation? A. a document created by the Continental Congress that served as a governmental plan for the nation as a whole B. a document created after the states had written their constitutions that included the powers and

asked by Kalie on November 21, 2016
Government
could someone check my answers please? for the first one I chose C and the second one I choose A Which power of state legislatures is being described in this excerpt from the textbook? In short, that extraordinarily broad authority is the power to

asked by Extrapeppermint on November 30, 2017
American History
I need help finding the powers and services of local and state governments States have constitutions that enumerate their powers (I’m not sure about services!). http://www.constitution.org/cons/usstcons.htm More local governments can be counties or cities

asked by Cole on November 12, 2006
History
How was the South Carolina constitution of 1868 different from previous state constitutions? A-Woman lost their right to own property. B-Representation was based on population alone. C-Counties and districts were organized into parishes. D-Education became

asked by ? on February 26, 2016
American Government
“No person who may hereafter fight a duel, assist in the same as second, or send, accept, or knowingly carry a challenge therefor, shall hold any office in the State, for a period of ten years….” -Arkansas state constitution, Article 19, Section 2 Why

asked by Elise Bedford on April 17, 2017
American Government
Read the excerpt from the state constitution of Arkansas, which was adopted in 1874. No person who may hereafter fight a duel, assist in the same as second, or send, accept, or knowingly carry a challenge therefor, shall hold any office in the state, for a

asked by Mac on April 4, 2018
U.S. Government
“No person who may hereafter fight a duel, assist in the same as second, or send, accept, or knowingly carry a challenge therefor, shall hold any office in the State, for a period of ten years….” -Arkansas state constitution, Article 19, Section 2 Why

asked by Spencer on April 25, 2017
Social Studies
One of the issues facing the early nation was how to interpret the Constitution. Alexander Hamilton said that the Constitution gave Congress the power “to make all laws necessary and proper.” Which statement best describes Hamilton’s views on how the

asked by justise on December 16, 2016
social studies

  1. Which activity does Louisiana lieutenant governor perform on a day to day basis ? a) appointing committee chairs b) serving as president of the Senate c) participating in meeting with governor d) acting as governor when the governor is unable to serve

asked by victoria on February 20, 2014

english
I have to write a five paragraph essay comparing the US constitution and the Haudenosaunee Great Law of Peace(the iroqouis constitution) does anyone know where I can find a copy of the iroqouis constitution or know of any similarities of the two

asked by cbarnett on October 16, 2006
history
Which of the following are elements of President Johnson’s Reconstruction plan? (Select all that apply.) It authorized military to enroll black voters and begin the constitution-making process. It required new state constitutions to meet conditions

asked by michael on December 12, 2018
American Gov
Under Article V of the U.S. Constitution there are two ways to propose an amendment to the Constitution: by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of both houses of Congress, or by a national convention called by Congress at the request of two-thirds (2/3) of the state

asked by Jason on September 23, 2011
Social Studies
the first state constitutions adopted after independence? A.Placed most authority with the State governors B. provided for lengthy terms for elective offices C. placed most authority with the State legislatures D. extended voting rights to all adult state

asked by MM on March 27, 2012
pol science
Locate indiana state’s constitution and examine the major elements and articles of the constitution. Review its contents and functions. Search for information about the judicial, educational, and social service systems offered in indiana state and the

asked by jamie on March 23, 2012
History
Which of the following is not a way that constitutions grant governments power? A)They explain the purpose of the government. B)They set up the structure of the government. C)They identify from which states federal government leaders will come. D)They name

asked by Mike on November 16, 2015
Constituion: Check? Thanks
After 1788, states had no control over a.local government and education. b.the chartering of corporations. c.the development and administration of civil and criminal law. d.issuing legal currency. c? In Congress’s first session after the ratification of

asked by foreveryoung_9914 on April 30, 2014
Texas history
To what was the 1836 constitution of Texas similar? A.Mexican Constitution of 1824 B. Turtle bayou Resolutions C. Texas declaration of independence D. United States Constitution

asked by Anonymous on October 26, 2018
Texas history
To what was the 1836 constitution of Texas similar? A.Mexican Constitution of 1824 B. Turtle bayou Resolutions C. Texas declaration of independence D. United States Constitution

asked by Anonymous on October 26, 2018
History
To what was the 1836 Constitution of Texas similar? A. Mexican Constitution of 1824 B. Turtle Bayou Resolutions C. Texas Declaration of Independence D. United States Constitution My answer is C

asked by Wednesday_my_dudes on November 2, 2018

History
Which of the following best describes the Framers’ intentions concerning the relationship between state and federal courts? A.Federal courts were to be the primary courts under the Constitution, hearing all important cases, i.e., felony criminal

asked by question2 on July 17, 2015
Texas History
Can someone on connexus help me with this test? 1.What was a big difference between the Texas constitution of 1836 and the Texas Constitution of 1845? A.The constitution of 1845 did not have a separation of powers like that of the constitution of 1836.

asked by Carmen on May 8, 2017
social civics
the articles of conferdation were (a-) a halfway constitution (b) an early attempt at cooperation amoung four new england settlements (c) amendments to the constitution

asked by Linda on April 6, 2009
English
Book: Nickel and Dimed Ehrenreich is somewhat surprised that low-wage workers in Minnesota aren’t treated better than low-wage workers in other states because A. Minnesota has a low unemployment rate B. it is a relatively liberal state and tries more

asked by Matt on January 17, 2019
us history
can someone check my answers, 1. How was South Carolina constitution of 1868 different from previous state constitutions? -B Representation was based on population alone. 2. How did Republicans control of South Carolina affect the state? -C. The

asked by help mom on March 2, 2016
Social studies
How was the South Carolina constitution of 1868 different from previous state constitutions? A) women lost their right to own property B) representation was based on population alone.* C) counties and distracts were organized Into parishes. D)

asked by Help please on March 1, 2016
American Government
“The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” According to the 10th amendment which powers to the state have? (2 answers) a. The powers

asked by RoxJen on April 10, 2017
History
If someone says that Pilgrims didn’t do much for us, what should we say to them? A. Tuxedos were invented because of those black and white outfits the Pilgrims wore. B.That Mayflower Compact they made was the first constitution ever written in North

asked by Jake on December 10, 2008
civics/ minnesota state goverment
how many state constitutions has MN had?

asked by lenny on May 17, 2008
World History (Ms. Sue)
How are a constitutional monarchy and a republic similar? How do they differ? A: A constitutional monarchy and a republic are similar as they have constitutions. However, these two differ because a constitutional monarchy controls head of state, while a

asked by Victoria on October 20, 2014

history
How did state constitutions contribute ot the growth of democracy between 1800 and 1840? Since this is not my area of expertise, I searched Google under the key words “‘state consitution’ 1800” to get these possible sources:

asked by emmy on October 8, 2006
Texas State History/Social Studies
compare the constitution of 1824 with the us constitution in terms of individual rights, religion, power of the president, and the right to posses firearms. This is an essay question. I can’t find any similar questions to this on here. Can someone help

asked by random! on October 29, 2018
Help SS!
In what ways were Federalists and Democratic Republicans similar? Both believed in promoting trade. Both had plans for a national bank. Both were strong supporters of the free market. Both were strong supporters of the Constitution. **??

asked by Stampy on November 12, 2016
American Government

  1. Which of the following describes a major difference between legislators at the federal and state levels? (1 point) Many state legislators are appointed rather than elected. Many state legislators do not live in the districts they represent. Many state

asked by Lord Please Help me on November 29, 2017
7th Grade Civics Help Please
I have a few questions with a multiple choice answers that I do not understand. Can someone please explain it to me more clearly than my lesson is doing? Any answer that I think I know I will surely put asterisk by. 1. Article IV, Section 2 of the U.S.

asked by MusicLover14 on December 20, 2015
America Government
Do you think our country’s history would be different if the Articles of Confederation had remained as our constitution? Yes, I do think our country’s history would be different if the Articles had remained as our constitution. Being that this government

asked by Anonymous on January 24, 2017
political science
Congress must pass what law after a state constitution has been approved by the people or that state in order for a state to be added

asked by brandon on October 31, 2007
English
Read the question from “A Defense of the Constitution of the United States” by John Adams. Are there no robberies, burglaries, murders, adulteries, thefts, nor cheats? This is John Adams’s response to the assertion that “the people never think of

asked by Quinn on December 14, 2018
Honors World History
The U.S. had two constitutions/government after the revolution,the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. How many has France had by the end of the section? Which country do you think was more stable after their revolutions,France or the United

asked by Samiboo on January 12, 2014
history
Despite the provisions in the Constitution for an executive similar to what Hamilton supported in this passage, what provisions did the Constitution make for misuse of the president’s powers?

asked by maria on January 6, 2019

Texas History
How are the Texas constitution and US Constitution similar?

asked by Please help on December 26, 2018
History
1.)Under the Articles of Confederation, _. a)coordination among the States was difficult *b)Congress held both legislative and executive authority c)the national government could not force the States to obey its laws d)All of these answers are correct.

asked by matt on June 26, 2010
government
what are the four common features found in the state constitutions of the thirteen colonies?

asked by misty on January 29, 2008
Texas History
Check my answers? Which of the following shows the influence of the U.S. Constitution on the Texas Constitution? A. the executive branch has the most power B. existence of a bill of rights ** C. provisions promoting legislative over judicial power D.

asked by |-/ on May 1, 2018
world studies
Does the goverment have the right over education? Where in the constitution is education mentioned? Education was not inclued in the US constitution. Therefore, education was left to individual states. Thats what I though….Im doing an essay and that was

asked by Rebecca on April 22, 2007
Texas State History/Social Studies
Compare the Constitution of 1824 with the U.S. Constitution in terms of individual rights, religion, power of the president, and the right to possess firearms. From what I have found, the Constitution of 1824 does not mention anything about the right to

asked by ILTHSM_ on October 30, 2018
criminal justice
Options Menu: Forum Topic: Interpreting the U.S. Constitution Consider the following scenario: The Supreme Court interprets the U.S. Constitution. Thomas Jefferson once argued against the doctrine of judicial review. He believed in the principles of

asked by Lisa on March 25, 2012
Social Studies
I got 3 last questions to ask. 1. Nation state a and nation state b share a border. the two nation-states are arguing over immigration policies regarding the border. what are two ways that the nation-sates could resolve their dispute? 2. How might citizens

asked by Jess on March 24, 2016
social studies
What are some similarities between the government created by Louisiana’s constitutions and by the U.S. Constitution? Choose all that apply. (a) a parliament (b) an executive branch (c) a legislative branch (d) a judicial branch

asked by victoria on January 23, 2014
social studdies
Which event within a state will most likely require the involvement of the federal government A.A corporation is created B.The state constitution is amended C.A boundary with a nearby state is disputed D. The rules for obtaining a drivers licence change

asked by cam on October 19, 2016

SOCIAL STUDIES
Q: How can the Constitution be amended? My answer: The Constitution comes along with an amendment that may be introduced by congress. The way that an amendment could be proposed is if there are two-thirds votes from each house of representatives. The

asked by cAt.ExE HaS sTopPeD wORkInG on September 13, 2018
Social Studies
Which event within a state will most likely require the involvement of the federal government? (PLEASE REVIEW IF IM RIGHT) 1.A corporation is created 2.The state constitution is amended*** 3.A boundary with a nearby state is disputed 4.The rules for

asked by PLEASE HELP ASAP on September 30, 2016
Civics
Which quotation(s) from the united states constitution provides for a federal; system of federal government? Statement I:- “The … Manner of Elections for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed (will be decided by ) each state Legislatures; but

asked by jeje on January 18, 2015
American Goverment
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was NOT _. the location the 1787 Constitutional Convention. the city where the Declaration of Independence was signed the childhood home of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams an important city in colonial America 22. For the

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PSY 100 – Psychology of Adjustment

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 1 of 12

COURSE DESCRIPTION

This course emphasizes how psychological concepts can be applied to everyday life. It covers prominent theories in major areas of psychology and discusses their relevance to one’s life. The course discusses strategies for improving coping skills, handling stress, building self-esteem, enhancing interpersonal communication, and understanding relationships. Workplace issues, human sexuality, mental health, and physical health are also covered.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

Required Resources

Santrock, J. (2006). Human adjustment: 2007 custom edition. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.

Supplemental Resources

American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guide. http://www.apastyle.org/ Purdue Online Writing Lab. (2011). General format. Retrieved from

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES

1. Define psychology and psychological adjustment.

2. Identify contextual variables (e.g., culture) that impact psychological adjustment.

3. Describe self-concept, self-esteem, and identity.

4. Define stress, stressors, and coping strategies, and contemplate their relationship to health and wellness.

5. Identify and describe social psychological phenomena.

6. Describe adult relationships, lifestyles, and issues of parenting and longevity.

7. Identify gender differences and explore gender role stereotypes.

8. Identify and describe the various psychological disorders.

9. Evaluate the multiple approaches to therapy.

10. Use critical thinking skills to reflect on personal experiences with adjustment and identify new strategies for personal growth.

11. Use technology and information resources to support learning issues of psychology adjustment.

12. Write clearly and concisely about psychological adjustment using proper writing mechanics.http://www.apastyle.org/http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

PSY 100 – Psychology of Adjustment

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

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WEEKLY COURSE SCHEDULE

The standard requirement for a 4.5 credit hour course is for students to spend 13.5 hours in weekly work. This includes preparation, activities, and evaluation regardless of delivery mode.

Week Preparation, Activities, and Evaluation Points

1 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 1: Adjusting to Life

 e-Activity

o Read the article titled, “Ecological Systems Theory: You and Your Environment,” located at https://explorable.com/ecological-systems- theory. Be prepared to discuss.

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 None

20

2 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 3: The Self, Identity, and Values

 e-Activity

o Read the article titled, “Six Strategies for Building Your Self- Confidence,” located at http://sourcesofinsight.com/six-guiding- strategies-to-build-up-your-self-confidence/. Be prepared to discuss.

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 1: Chapter 1

20

20

3 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 4: Stress

 e-Activity

o Read the article titled “Stress Management: How to Reduce, Prevent, and Cope with Stress,” located at http://www.helpguide.org/mental/stress_management_relief_coping .htm. Be prepared to discuss.

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 2: Chapter 3

20

20

4 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 5: Copinghttps://explorable.com/ecological-systems-theoryhttps://explorable.com/ecological-systems-theoryhttp://sourcesofinsight.com/six-guiding-strategies-to-build-up-your-self-confidence/http://sourcesofinsight.com/six-guiding-strategies-to-build-up-your-self-confidence/http://www.helpguide.org/mental/stress_management_relief_coping.htmhttp://www.helpguide.org/mental/stress_management_relief_coping.htm

PSY 100 – Psychology of Adjustment

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 3 of 12

 e-Activity

o Read the article titled “How Do You Cope?” located at http://www.semel.ucla.edu/dual-diagnosis- program/News_and_Resources/How_Do_You_Cope. Be prepared to discuss.

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 3: Chapter 4

 Assignment 1: Personal Reflection Journal Entry

20

20

175

5 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 6: Social Thinking, Influence, and Intergroup Relations

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 4: Chapter 5

20

20

6 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 9: Adult Lifestyles

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 5: Chapter 6

20

20

7 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 11: Emerging Adulthood, Adult Development, and Aging

 Self-Assessment: “Can I Live to be 100?” (located in textbook)

 e-Activity

o Watch the video titled, “Nun Study.” (4 min 05 s). Be prepared to discuss. Video source: Etan Rozin (2006, December 28). Nun Study [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nw2lafKIEio. This video can be reviewed from within your online course shell.

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 6: Chapter 9

20

20

8 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 12: Gender

 e-Activity

o Watch the video titled “Top 10 Most Sexist Commercials of Allhttp://www.semel.ucla.edu/dual-diagnosis-program/News_and_Resources/How_Do_You_Copehttp://www.semel.ucla.edu/dual-diagnosis-program/News_and_Resources/How_Do_You_Copehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nw2lafKIEio

PSY 100 – Psychology of Adjustment

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 4 of 12

Time!” (3 min 39 s). Be prepared to discuss. Video Source: Beryl Shereshewsky and Jonathan Tortora. (2012, October 25). Top 10 Most Sexist Commercials of All Time! [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibugG89odt0.

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 7: Chapter 11

 Assignment 2: Adjustment Case Study

20

20

230

9 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders

 e-Activity

o Watch the video titled “The Gestalt Project: Stop the Stigma” (4 min 09 s). Be prepared to discuss. Video Source: Kian Madjedi. (2012, April 10). The Gestalt Project: Stop the Stigma [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QficvVNIxTI. This video can be reviewed from within your online course shell.

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 8: Chapter 12

20

20

10 Preparation

 Reading(s)

o Chapter 15: Therapies

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 9: Chapter 14

20

20

11 Preparation

 Reading(s): None

Activities

 Discussion

Evaluation

 Quiz 10: Chapter 15

20

20

GRADING SCALE – UNDERGRADUATE

Assignment Total Points % of

Grade

Quizzes (open book with a 1-hour time limit per chapter)

(10 quizzes, covering 10 chapters, 10 questions each chapter, worth 2

200

24%http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibugG89odt0https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QficvVNIxTI

PSY 100 – Psychology of Adjustment

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 5 of 12

points apiece)

Assignment 1: Personal Reflection Journal Entry 175 21%

Assignment 2: Adjustment Case Study 230 28%

Participation (11 discussions worth 20 points apiece) 220 27%

Total 825 100%

Points Percentage Grade

743 – 825 90% – 100% A

660 – 742 80% – 89% B

578 – 659 70% – 79% C

495 – 577 60% – 69% D

Below 495 Below 60% F

PSY 100 – Assignments and Rubrics

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 6 of 12

Assignment 1: Personal Reflection Journal Entry

Due in Week 4 and worth 175 points

In this assignment, you will review your current level of adjustment.

Write a one to two (1-2) page paper in which you:

1. Reflect on how well you are:

a. adjusting to your life in terms of subjective well-being, diversity, contexts, and / or thinking critically.

b. balancing your priorities, specifically with home, work, school, recreation, and / or family.

c. developing your identity, specifically self-esteem, self-concept, ethnicity, and / or gender.

d. coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and / or self- control.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

 Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; Since the only resources you will be using for this assignment are the article and your textbook, you need not include a reference page. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

 Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

 Define psychology and psychological adjustment.

 Identify contextual variables (e.g., culture) that impact psychological adjustment.

 Describe self-concept, self-esteem, and identity.

 Define stress, stressors, and coping strategies, and contemplate their relationship to health and wellness.

 Use critical thinking skills to reflect on personal experiences with adjustment and identify new strategies for personal growth.

 Use technology and information resources to research issues in psychology.

 Write clearly and concisely about psychology using proper writing mechanics.

Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.

Points: 175

Assignment 1: Personal Reflection Journal Entry

Criteria

Exemplary 90%-100%

Proficient 80%-89%

Fair

70%-79%

Meets Minimum

Expectations 60%-69% D

Unacceptable Below 60% F

1. Reflect on how well you are adjusting to your life in terms of

Thoroughly reflected on how well you are adjusting to your life in

Satisfactorily reflected on how well you are adjusting to your life in terms of

Partially reflected on how well you are adjusting to your life in terms of subjective well-

Insufficiently reflected on how well you are adjusting to your life in terms of

Did not reflect or incompletely reflected how well you are adjusting to your life in terms of

PSY 100 – Assignments and Rubrics

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 7 of 12

subjective well- being, diversity, contexts, and/or thinking critically.

Weight: 20%

terms of subjective well- being, diversity, contexts, and/or thinking critically.

subjective well- being, diversity, contexts, and/or thinking critically.

being, diversity, contexts, and/or thinking critically.

subjective well- being, diversity, contexts, and/or thinking critically.

subjective well- being, diversity, contexts, and/or thinking critically.

2. Reflect on how well you are balancing your priorities, specifically home, work, school, family, and/or recreation.

Weight: 20%

Thoroughly reflected on how well you are balancing your priorities, specifically home, work, school, family, and/or recreation.

Satisfactorily reflected on how well you are balancing your priorities, specifically home, work, school, family, and/or recreation.

Partially reflected on how well you are balancing your priorities, specifically home, work, school, family, and/or recreation.

Insufficiently reflected on how well you are balancing your priorities, specifically home, work, school, family, and/or recreation.

Did not reflect or incompletely reflected balancing priorities specifically home, work, school, family, and/or recreation.

3. Reflect on how well you are developing your identity, specifically self-esteem, self-concept, ethnicity, and/or gender.

Weight: 20%

Thoroughly reflected on how well you are developing your identity, specifically regarding self- esteem, self- concept, ethnicity, and/or gender.

Satisfactorily reflected on how well you are developing your identity, specifically regarding self- esteem, self- concept, ethnicity, and/or gender.

Partially reflected on how well you are developing your identity, specifically regarding self- esteem, self- concept, ethnicity, and/or gender.

Insufficiently reflected on how well you are developing your identity, specifically regarding self- esteem, self- concept, ethnicity, and/or gender.

Did not reflect or incompletely reflected on how well you are developing your identity, specifically regarding self- esteem, self- concept, ethnicity, and/or gender.

4. Reflect on how well you are coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and/or self- control

Weight: 20%

Thoroughly reflected on how well you are coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and/or self- control.

Satisfactorily reflected on how well you are coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and/or self-control.

Partially reflected on how well you are coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and/or self-control.

Insufficiently reflected on how well you are coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and/or self-control.

Did not reflect or incompletely reflected on how well you are coping with stress, specifically social support, multiple coping strategies, and/or self-control.

5. Writing / Support for ideas

Weight: 10%

Consistently uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

Mostly uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

Partially uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

Rarely uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

Never uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

6. Writing / Grammar and mechanics Weight: 10%

Free of errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Mostly free of errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Partially free of errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Numerous errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Serious and persistent errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

PSY 100 – Assignments and Rubrics

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 8 of 12

Assignment 2: Adjustment Case Study

Due in Week 8 and worth 230 points

Go to NPR’s StoryCorps Website, located at http://www.npr.org/series/4516989/storycorps. Read two (2) articles that were published within the last two (2) months that focus on individuals with major adjustment issues.

Next, use the textbook and / or Strayer Library to research evidence-based strategies to help with adjustment. Consider strategies that relate to stress and coping, gender, stages of life, cultural and social issues, and health.

When referencing the selected stories, please use this format:

 Standard Format:

o Title of the story [Audio file]. (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from website url.

 Example:

A homeless teen finds solace in a teacher and a recording [Audio file]. (2014, March 7). Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2014/03/07/286921391/a-homeless-teen-finds- solace-in-a-teacher-and-a-recording.

 In-Text Citation Format:

o The in-text citation for a selected story is an abbreviated version of the title and the year of publication. The abbreviation contains the first three words of the title.

 Example:

(“A homeless teen,” 2014).

 Textbook Citation Format:

o Author’s Name. (Date of publication). Title of the resource. Publisher information.

 Example:

Santrock, J. (2006). Human adjustment: 2007 custom edition. Boston, MA: McGraw- Hill.

Write a three to six (3-6) page paper in which you:

1. Summarize the two (2) articles you selected from the NPR Website.

2. Describe the major adjustment issues discussed in each story.

3. Examine at least three (3) evidence-based strategies from the selected articles that could help the individuals enhance their adjustment skills.

4. Recommend the evidence-based strategy that is best suited for the people in the selected articles. Provide a rationale for your response.

5. Use at least four (4) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other similar websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

 Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; Since the only resources you will be using for this assignment are the article and yourhttp://www.npr.org/series/4516989/storycorpshttp://www.npr.org/2014/03/07/286921391/a-homeless-teen-finds-solace-in-a-teacher-and-a-recordinghttp://www.npr.org/2014/03/07/286921391/a-homeless-teen-finds-solace-in-a-teacher-and-a-recording

PSY 100 – Assignments and Rubrics

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 9 of 12

textbook, you need not include a reference page. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

 Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

 Identify contextual variables (e.g., culture) that impact psychological adjustment.

 Define stress, stressors, and coping strategies, and contemplate their relationship to health and wellness.

 Identify and describe social psychological phenomena.

 Describe adult relationships, lifestyles, and issues of parenting and longevity.

 Identify gender differences and explore gender role stereotypes.

 Use technology and information resources to research issues in psychology.

 Write clearly and concisely about psychology using proper writing mechanics.

Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic / organization of the presentation, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.

Points: 230

Assignment 2: Adjustment Case Study

Criteria

Exemplary 90%-100%

Proficient 80%-89%

Fair

70%-79%

Meets Minimum

Expectations 60%-69% D

Unacceptable Below 60% F

1. Summarize the two (2) articles you selected from the NPR Website.

Weight: 20%

Thoroughly summarized two (2) articles selected from the NPR Website.

Satisfactorily summarized two (2) articles selected from the NPR Website.

Partially summarized two (2) articles selected from the NPR Website.

Insufficiently summarized two (2) articles selected from the NPR Website.

Did not identify and/or summarize two (2) articles selected from the NPR Website.

2. Describe the major adjustment issues discussed in each story. Weight: 20%

Thoroughly described the major adjustment issues discussed in their story selection.

Satisfactorily described the major adjustment issues discussed in their story selection.

Partially described the major adjustment issues discussed in their story selection.

Insufficiently described the major adjustment issues discussed in their story selection.

Did not describe the major adjustment issues discussed in their story selection.

3. Examine at least three (3) evidence-based strategies from the selected articles that could help the individuals enhance their adjustment skills.

Weight: 20%

Thoroughly examined at least three (3) evidence-based strategies from the selected articles that could help the individuals enhance their adjustment skills.

Satisfactorily examined at least three (3) evidence-based strategies from the selected articles that could help the individuals enhance their adjustment skills.

Partially examined at least three (3) evidence-based strategies from the selected articles that could help the individuals enhance their adjustment skills.

Insufficiently examined at least three (3) evidence-based strategies from the selected articles that could help the individuals enhance their adjustment skills.

Incompletely examined at least three (3) evidence-based strategies from the selected articles that could help the individuals enhance their adjustment skills.

PSY 100 – Assignments and Rubrics

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 10 of 12

4. Recommend the evidence- based strategy that is best suited for the people in the selected articles. Provide a rationale for your response.

Weight: 20%

Thoroughly recommended the evidence- based strategy that is best suited for the people in the selected articles. Provide a rationale for your response.

Satisfactorily recommended the evidence- based strategy that is best suited for the people in the selected articles. Provide a rationale for your response.

Partially recommended the evidence- based strategy that is best suited for the people in the selected articles. Provide a rationale for your response.

Insufficiently recommended the evidence- based strategy that is best suited for the people in the selected articles. Provide a rationale for your response.

Incompletely recommended the evidence- based strategy that is best suited for the people in the selected articles. Provide a rationale for your response.

5. Writing / Support for ideas

Weight: 5%

Consistently uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

Mostly uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

Partially uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

Rarely uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

Never uses explanations, examples, and evidence that logically support ideas.

6. Writing / Grammar and mechanics Weight: 5%

Free of errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Mostly free of errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Partially free of errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Numerous errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

Serious and persistent errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

7. Information Literacy / Crediting Sources in APA Weight: 5%

Consistently shows correct use of In-text citations with matching references using APA format.

Mostly shows correct use of in- text citations with matching references using APA format.

Partially shows correct (or approximately correct) use of in-text citations, with matching references using APA format.

In-text citations and references are given, but not in APA format.

Lack of citations and / or lack of reference section and / or citations don’t correspond to listed references.

8. Information Literacy / Research Weight: 5%

Four (4) or more sources are used and the quality of sources is good.

Three (3) sources are used and the quality of sources is mostly good.

Two (2) sources are used and / or the quality of sources is questionable.

One (1) source is used and / or references are of poor quality.

No sources are used and / or quality of sources are unacceptable.

PSY 100 – Student Notes

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 11 of 12

Weekly Course Schedule

The purpose of the course schedule is to give you, at a glance, the required preparation, activities, and evaluation components of your course. For more information about your course, whether on-ground or online, access your online course shell.

The expectations for a 4.5 credit hour course are for students to spend 13.5 hours in weekly work. This time estimate includes preparation, activities, and evaluation regardless of the delivery mode.

Instructional Materials

In order to be fully prepared, obtain a copy of the required textbooks and other instructional materials prior to the first day of class. When available, Strayer University provides a link to the first three (3) chapters of your textbook(s) in eBook format. Check your online course shell for availability.

Review the online course shell or check with your professor to determine whether Internet-based assignments and activities are used in this course.

Strayer students are encouraged to purchase their course materials through the Strayer Bookstore. http://www.strayerbookstore.com. If a lab is required for the course, the Strayer Bookstore is the only vendor that sells the correct registration code so that Strayer students may access labs successfully.

Discussions

To earn full credit in an online threaded discussion, students must have one original post and a minimum of one other post per discussion thread.

Please note: Material in the online class will be made available three weeks at a time to allow students to work ahead, however, faculty will be focused on and responding only to the current calendar week. As it is always possible that students could lose their work due to unforeseen circumstances, it is a best practice to routinely save a working draft in a separate file before posting in the course discussion area. Professors hold discussions during class time for on-ground students. Check with your professor if any additional discussion participation is required in the online course shell outside of class hours.

Tests

Tests (quizzes, midterm and final exams, essay exams, lab tests, etc.) are available for student access and completion through the online course shell. Check the online course shell to determine how students are expected to take the tests. Do not change these questions or their point values in any way. This disrupts the automated grade book preset in the online course shell.

 Online students are to complete the test by Monday 9:00 a.m. Details regarding due dates are posted in the Blackboard Calendar tool.

 On-ground students are to complete the tests after the material is covered and before the next class session.

Assignments

A standardized performance grading rubric is a tool your professor will use to evaluate your written assignments. Review the rubric before submitting assignments that have grading rubrics associated with them to ensure you have met the performance criteria stated on the rubric.

Grades are based on individual effort. There is no group grading; however, working in groups in the online or on-ground classroom is acceptable.http://www.strayerbookstore.com/

PSY 100 – Student Notes

© 2014 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the expressed written permission of Strayer University.

PSY 100 Student Version 1148 (1263 10-28-2014) Final Page 12 of 12

Assignments for online students are always submitted through the online course shell. On-ground professors will inform students on how to submit assignments, whether in paper format or through the online course shell.

Resources

The Resource Center navigation button in the online course shell contains helpful links. Strayer University Library Resources are available here as well as other important information. You should review this area to find resources and answers to common questions.

Technical support is available for the following:

 For technical questions, please contact Strayer Online Technical Support by logging in to your

iCampus account at https://icampus.strayer.edu/login and submitting a case under “Student

Center,” then “Submit Help Ticket.” If you are unable to log in to your iCampus account, please

contact Technical Support via phone at (877) 642-2999.

 For concerns with your class, please access the Solution Center by logging in to your iCampus

account at https://icampus.strayer.edu/login and submitting a case under “Student Center,” then

“Submit Help Ticket.” If you are unable to log in to your iCampus account, please contact the IT

Help Desk at (866) 610-8123 or at mailto:IThelpdesk@Strayer.edu.

TurnItIn.com is an optional online tool to assess the originality of student written work. Check with your professor for access and use instructions.

The Strayer Policies link on the navigation bar in the online course shell contains academic policies. It is important that students be aware of these policies.

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pre writing graphic organizer

I need help with the highlighted portion

Pre-writing Graphic Organizer

Topic: Narrate a scene where Macbeth and Lady Macbeth prepare for Banquo’s funeral and tell the story of their interaction.

Generating Ideas: Lady Macbeth and the death of Banquo. How everyone reacts to his death. The way everyone sees him. The weird sisters talking to Macduff after everything happened.

Who‭?‬ List and describe the characters involved in the narrative you are creating.‭
Character Name: Macbeth

How would you describe this character‭?
Why‭?‬                       

Physical Appearance
Brave and loyal to king Duncan, and Duncan thought greatly of him.
Because he needs to be loyal to everyone.

Feelings
 Having feelings of guilt, after he killed him he was almost in shock.
 Because he killed someone and he didn’t know it was going to be that way.

Attitude
 He has a worried type of attitude in the beginning but at the play goes on it changes and he’s more confident.
 Because he doesn’t want anyone to find out what he has done so he is very worried. 

Character Name: Lady Macbeth

How would you describe this character‭?
Why‭?‬                       

Physical Appearance
 ambitious, manipulative, cruel and unstable
 She thinks of her husband as a man who desires power, but too weak to achieve his goals, so she takes matters in her hands.

Feelings
 Guilty
 Lady Macbeth feels guilty for her involvement in King Duncan’s murder.

Attitude

Greedy,
 Lady Macbeth thinks what best for Macbeth and that is power.

Character Name: King Duncan

How would you describe this character‭?
Why‭?‬                       

Physical Appearance
 crafted as a sensitive, insightful, and generous father-figure, generous, benevolent, and just a little weepier
 Because he is the king, and he has to be like this.

Feelings

 His feelings, don’t really change because he is only in the play for half of it. He’s a very positive guy who should not have died.
 Because he’s a very good king. And he believes that he is doing a good job.

Attitude

 His attitude is very good. He thinks he has everything under control, but in reality he doesn’t.
 Because he’s a strong guy who didn’t deserve to die.

What‭?‬ ‭ ‬Conflict

Characters
Conflict Experienced
How do they respond‭?

 Where‭?
‬Write some words or phrases that will help you describe the setting of your story.‭ ‬Where do the events take place‭? ‬What does it look like there‭? ‬What does it feel like there‭?

‭In a castle, at a banquet hall.


Organization‭

When‭?
‬Plan the course of events in your narrative.‭

Exposition
Rising Action
Climax
Falling Action
Resolution


Voice‭

‬How‭?
‬Think of the overall effect you would like your narrative to have on the reader.‭ ‬How will you create that effect‭? ‬Brainstorm ways to establish voice.

Point of View:

Tone—What is the attitude of your story‭?
Pace—How fast is your story going to move‭?

Words to describe the tone:

How will you communicate that tone‭?

How do you want readers to feel after they read your story‭?

What pace fits your narrative:

Why‭?

How will you create that pace‭?

Categories
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which sector of the midwest economy is the biggest

  1. Which sector of the Midwest economy is the biggest?
    3,216 results
    History
    Why were the 1920s a tale of two nations? That is why did one sector the economy already experience a depression while another part of the economy boom? Be sure to identify which sector boomed and which sector was already in a depression. Why does the

asked by Taylor Beach on July 8, 2014
Social Studies! 4 questions!

  1. Which sector of the Midwest economy is the biggest? A. agriculture B. industry C. services D. transportation ** 2. Where was the world’s first skyscraper located? A. Detroit B. St. Louis C. Minneapolis** D. Chicago 3. Many Midwestern cities began

asked by Beautiful Galaxy Girl on February 9, 2018
Geography (Ms. Sue)
1). Why is the Northeast one of the most heavily industrialized and urbanized areas? 2). How is the economy of the Midwest changing? 3). What helped the economy of the West to grow? My answers to these questions are the following: 1). The Northeast is one

asked by Anonymous on September 12, 2013
Geography
In general, the most materially advanced and developed countries are focused on extensive development of the _ sector of their economy. A. Secondary B. Tertiary C. Primary D. Quaternary I picked A, because the modern materially wealthy countries

asked by Cassie on February 27, 2014
trig
a. A sector that has been cut out of circular plastic sheet which has a circumference of 12.31 m. If the central angle of the sector is 1/4 of a revolution, find the area of the sector.

asked by rahul patel on January 25, 2012

Geo 7th Grade
What would you say is the biggest influence on Mexico’s economy?

asked by rawr… im a dinosaur…. rawr on November 26, 2012
social studies
what are the biggest contributors to ohio’s economy?

asked by jon on December 14, 2009
History
Which of the following region’s populations grew the slowest during the second half of the 1900’s?) The Midwest The Southwest The Southeast The West Coast my answer is the midwest

asked by Steve on May 15, 2017
American History
what are the biggest challenges facing the average American citizen today? I feel that the biggest challenges facing the average American today include lack of jobs, state of our economy, terrorism, and gun violence. Unfortunately in America today wages

asked by Sue on July 26, 2016
Business
What are groups of occupations arranged by sector of the economy? I’m doing a cross-word thing, so it starts with “C”.

asked by Danni on August 23, 2007
Economics
In not less than 3 pages Explain the process of circular flow of income and product in a 3 sector economy

asked by Favour on March 5, 2018
geometry

  1. Infinitely many different sectors can be cut from a circular piece of paper with a 12-cm radius, and any such sector can be fashioned into a paper cone with a 12-cm slant height. (a) Show that the volume of the cone produced by the 180-degree sector is

asked by Sarah on April 15, 2010
Geometry
Infinitely many different sectors can be cut from a circular piece of paper with a 12-cm radius, and any such sector can be fashioned into a paper cone with a 12-cm slant height. (a) Show that the volume of the cone produced by the 180-degree sector is

asked by Sarah on April 17, 2010
math
sector 2 on a spinner is a 90 digrese (sorry for spelling) sector. if the spinner is spun twice, what is the probability that it will stop in sector 2 both times?

asked by kate on March 10, 2017
How do i do this maths question??
A sector of a circle with radius r cm contains an angle of θ radians between the bounding radii. Given that the perimeter of the sector is 7cm, express θ in terms of r and show that the area is r/2(7-2r)cm square. Hence, find the maximum area of this

asked by Danny on June 19, 2009

Grade 7 Geo Questions thx!!
why is the Midwest is sometimes referred to as the breadbasket? What is the importance of the Mississippi River to the Midwest region??? what is the most important-y major-ish region? oh and thx in advance– 🙂

asked by rawr… im a dinosaur…. rawr on November 15, 2012
history
What type of economy eventually led to the soviet union’s collapse? 1) a devolping world economy 2)a non surplus economy 3)a command economy 4)a demand economy i choose 3

asked by Ciara’s Sister on December 16, 2011
trigonometry
A sector AOB of a circle, centre O, radius r cm, where the acute angle AOB is theta radians. Given that the perimeter of the sector is 14 cm and that the area of the sector is 10 cm^2, evaluate r and theta.

asked by lindsay on March 8, 2013
History
How did rearmament impact Germany’s economy and politics? a.It increased production, which led to new jobs, and allowed fascists to rise to power. b.It caused inflation and prompted France and Britain to invade Germany. c.It did not improve the weak

asked by Anonymous on January 25, 2018
Grammar
Indentify each sentence below with Simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex. Could you pleas tell me if these are correct? 1. After they defeated Germany in World War II, the Allies divided Germany and its capital city, Berlin, into four sectors: a

asked by please help me on November 29, 2008
socialstudies(5Qs)
hi guys could you check my social studies answer thanks.oh and if there wrong could you give me the right answer and some information. —————————————- 1.The climate throughout most of the united states is__________. A.tropical

asked by mat on November 4, 2013
Politics
I’m writing a speech, and it’s about the topic “Private sector investment is preferable to public sector investment for Human Space Exploration” I’m on the con side for this argument, and one of my reasons was that public sector will spur cooperation,

asked by Anna on September 18, 2011
Math
A sector of a circle has a radius 5cm The area of the sector is 5π Work out the arc length

asked by Avza on December 7, 2017
math
area of a sector of a circle of radius 36 cm is 54 pie cm square . find the length of the corresponding arc of the sector

asked by shaikha on March 15, 2015
Social Studies
Which type of economic system has the highest level of government control? A. traditional economy B. market economy C. command economy D. mixed economy

asked by FNAF Girl on September 17, 2018

math:mensuration plane shapes
a cone that has a base diameter-8cm and height-3cm is cut into a circle’s sector, what is the angle of the sector

asked by shegster on April 29, 2014
math
A sector in a circle of radius 8.1 m has an area of 53.5 m^2. The central angle in a sector must be _____o. Round to one decimal place.

asked by Emma on May 25, 2013
economy
what is the difference between a savings-surplus sector and a saving-deficit sector?

asked by navid on November 17, 2009
TRIG HELP ASAP
I really need help on this problem. A sector has area of 15 in^2 and central angle of 0.2 radians. Find the radius of the circle and arc length of the sector

asked by missy on February 6, 2012
History
How did economic reforms in Turkey in the late 1900s improve the Turkish economy? A. Turkey made it easier for people to start new businesses and form private companies. B. Turkey invested in government projects, putting money into the economy. C. Turkey

asked by Unkown on December 6, 2018
differential calculus
a bed is in a form of a circular sector. find its radius if the area of the sector is 1000 centimeter square and its perimeter is a minimum

asked by len on July 31, 2013
math
a circular pizza box logo has a sector with a central angle of 80 degrees and a diameter of 16 inches. Find the area of this sector

asked by G on April 23, 2014
Economics
The biggest disadvantage in a command economy is: A. market forces determine production decisions. B. the lack of incentive for individuals. C. there isn’t enough money to go around. D. there’s no government intervention. E. it’s run by a central planner.

asked by Dave on June 5, 2007
Public administration
I have a paper due on the following topic. Any assistance to get me started would be appreciated How do labor relations practiices in the public sector differ from those in the private sector?

asked by Keith on December 20, 2007
english
How do you write “Some of the biggest fish are sharks the very biggest is the whale shark” correctly?

asked by Anonymous on September 18, 2012

English
Help:Please change show me anthing that I need to do, by placing the correct form at the it the bottom of the essay. Topic: What is your biggest regret in life? My Biggest Regret Everyone have had some regrets about something in life. Some of the regrets

asked by Angel on November 10, 2009
trig
In a circle of radius 12 inches, a sector is formed by a central angle of pie/4 radians. Find the area of the sector to the nearest hundredth of a square inch.

asked by Lisa on March 28, 2011
Math
Bayes’ theorem problem, Struggling with this the whole night, please help.Thank you. Two states of nature exist for a particular situation: a good economy and a poor economy. An economic study may be performed to obtain more information about which of

asked by Queenie on July 4, 2016
math
It is projected that t months from now, the average price per unit for gods in a certain sector of the economy will be P(t) = -t3 +7t2 +200t + 300 dollars. c.Use calculus to estimate the change in the rate of price increase during the first half of the 6th

asked by namuun on November 12, 2011
social studies
which of the following is a reason why turkey has lagged behind european nations on the econimic front A. there are no nature resources in turkey B. there were few trade barriers set up in turkey C. agriculture is a large sector of the turkish economy D.

asked by please help on March 6, 2019
HTT/210
HOW DID YOUR SECTOR BECOME MORE POPULAR OR IMPORTANT TO THE TRAVEL AND TOURISM INDUSTRY? PROVIDE A SIGNIFICANT HISTORICAL OR RECENT DEVELOPMENT. WHAT IS THE COMMON DEMOGRAPHIC OR TARGET GROUP THAT UTILIZES YOUR TRANSPORTATION SECTOR WHEN TRAVELING OR

asked by leonor on March 2, 2011
Geography
Which of the following does NOT accurately describe the informal economy? A. The majority of women’s work occurs in the informal economy.* B. In-kind payments are an important aspect of the informal economy. C. Remittances sent by migrant workers

asked by Anonymous on September 15, 2017
Social Studies
Which statement best us explains the population growth in the five cities shown on the graph between 1870 and 1920? A. Many Urban industrial jobs are available in the Midwest and east regions B. Profits from the gold rush encourage the growth of cities on

asked by Gray Bae on April 23, 2018
math
A circular room has radius equal to 40 feet. Marble is to be laid on a sector of the room. What is the area of the sector if the central angle is 45°?

asked by mariyah on March 3, 2011
maths geomentry help!!!
the area of a sector PQR is a @rad.and the radius of the of the circle is rcm,the area of the sector is 20cm^2 and the perimeter is 26cm.find r?

asked by david on March 22, 2016

Geometry
ƒ¡ is a circle with center O . A and B are points on ƒ¡ such that the sector AOB has perimeter 40 . What is the measure of ÚAOB (in radians) when the area of the sector AOB is maximized

asked by Tony on March 11, 2013
geometry
FIND THE LENGTH OF THE RADIUS OF THE CIRCLE IS 9cm. THE ARC OF THE SECTOR MEASURES 60 DEGREES. FIND THE AREA OF THE SECTOR.

asked by YUSUF ALU on August 24, 2011
Mathmatics
A sector of a circle of radius 9 cm subtends angle 120 at center of the circle find the area of the sector to the nearest cm

asked by Eleazar on June 6, 2017
Geometry
The measure of the central angle of a sector of a circle is 90degrees. The arc length of the sector is 3(pie) cm. What is the radius of the circle?

asked by Courtney on April 15, 2012
civics
“Government is taking 40 percent of the GDP (all the goods and services produced in the country in a year). And that’s at the state, local, and federal level … At some point, you cease being a free economy, and you become a government (command)

asked by Nani on June 1, 2015
Geometry
A piece of paper in the form of a sector of a circle of radius 15 cm is rolled into a cone. Calculate the volume of the cone if the angle of the sector is 240 degrees.

asked by Raven on May 7, 2016
Maths
The angle of a sector of a circle with radius 42cm is 120 degree.if the sector is cut out and used to make a cone,what is the curved surface area of the cone?

asked by Bright ulubi on March 21, 2016
Math
A circular sector has an 6.26-inch radius and a 10.84-inch arc length. There is another sector that has the same area and the same perimeter. What are its measurements?

asked by Jane on February 19, 2017
Law
It is __ private-sector correctional providers, especially of prison facilities, are more effective than public-sector providers. A. doubtful that B. untrue that C. unknown at this time whether D. true that is it D

asked by Amy on June 25, 2014
CORRECTIONAL PRACTICE AND POLICY
It is __ private-sector correctional providers, especially of prison facilities, are more effective than public-sector providers. A. doubtful that B. untrue that C. unknown at this time whether D. true that I think it’s B Or A

asked by Sonoko on September 8, 2014

SS
The Midwestern region of the United States is often referred to as the heartland because it is the agricultural center of the nation. What have technological advances such as drilling equipment for wells, machinery, and computers done for the Midwest? The

asked by Anonymous on March 27, 2018
Economics
This problem is based on the specific factors model. Consider the economy of the Shire that produces cereals and swords. Each industry employs Hobbits, but land is specific to the production of cereals, and metal is a specific factor in the sword industry.

asked by Joy on October 3, 2013
Advance Math
If the radius of the right circular cylinder is 4 cm and the height is 16 cm and the measure of the central angle of the shaded sector is 45 degrees, what is the volume of the slice of the cylinder that has the 45 degree sector as it top surface

asked by prt on September 7, 2016
maths
find the angle of a sector of a circle of radius 35cm is 288′ find the perimeter of the sector

asked by ugochukwu on May 16, 2016
math
If the cone in question 22 is made of paper, and the paper is flattened out into the sector of a circle , what is the angle of the sector

asked by hussaina on May 23, 2017
Louisiana History
I really need help I don’t understand this. What type of economy was supported by bartering among Native Americans? a market economy b traditional economy c mercantile economy d command economy 2. Which of the following conditions made most of Louisiana an

asked by Keek on November 10, 2016
maths
please can some one help me..? Part a – O is the centre of the circle, and P , Q are points on the circumference of the circle, with the angle POQ being a right angle. The radius of the circle is 3 cm. Choose the option that is the area of the smaller

asked by kelly on September 11, 2007
stats 4

  1. RBI is analyzing the total credit flow in the economy and the circulation of money in the economy. In order to formulate its annual Monetary & Credit policy, RBI is assessing the credit off take in the banking sector and has classified as low, moderate

asked by prakash on March 29, 2011
mats
Suppose f(x) is a polynomial with integer coefficients of degree 100. Find the biggest possible number of pairs of integers n

asked by Anonymous on June 23, 2013
American History
Based on the information on the map, what can you infer about industry in the United States? 1. Manufacturing was a key part of the economy in the Northeast. 2. Agriculture was the major industry in the South. 3. Mills in the Northeast had to be close to

asked by Anonymous on January 16, 2018

American History
What are the biggest challenges facing the average American citizen today? Jobs, state of the economy, along with terrorism on our soil. Budgets cuts in our Defense has led to inefficient weapons available to the soldiers to fight wars here in America or

asked by Sue on July 21, 2016
geometry
The sector shown is formed into a cone by joining its two radii. Calculate the volume of the cone correct to the nearest whole number. It shows a diagram with a 240 degree sector or two-thirds of a circle with a radius of 12 cm. How do I do this? Thank you

asked by Lucas on May 15, 2012
college
What were the negatives of the new market economy? What were the positives of the new market economy? How did the creation of a single market economy shape American values and the economy of today?

asked by natasha on September 23, 2009
History/115
Q: What were the negatives of the new market economy? What were the positives of the new market economy? How did the creation of a single market economy shape American values and the economy of today?

asked by Johanna on September 2, 2010
HIS 115
What were the negatives of the new market economy? What were the positives of the new market economy? How did the creation of a single market economy shape American values and the economy of today?

asked by natasha on September 23, 2009
problem solving
What is the maximum area of a sector of a circle with P = 100? (Here is another surprise!!! — could you believe it is r2 when r = 25? How is this similar to a square being the maximum rectangle and the central angle of the maximum sector being 2 radians?)

asked by kakak on December 8, 2014
Public Administration
Does Jiskha have Public Administration or Organizational Behavior experts available? Or. is there an expert on public sector OB and public sector finance? Not exactly. The closest is one person has a Masters in Systems Management (UnivSouthernCal).

asked by San on April 6, 2007
American History
Based on the information on the map, what can you infer about industry in the United States? A. Manufacturing was a key part of the economy in the Northeast*** B. Agriculture was the main industry in the south C. Mills in the Northeast had to be close to

asked by Lol on February 21, 2018
math-precalc
In the shot put, the shot must land within a 40 degree sector. Consider a coordinate system where the vertex of the sector is at the origen, one side lies along the positive x-axis, and the units are meters. If a throw lands at the point with coordinates

asked by Haley on January 29, 2011
Writing
write an annotated bibliography on Franco, L. M., Bennett, S., & Kanfer, R. (2002). Health sector reform and public sector health worker motivation: a conceptual framework. Social Science & Medicine,54(8), 1255-1266

asked by Keyal on November 9, 2017

maths
a paper cone has a base diameter of 8cm a height of 3cm. a)caculate the volume of the cone in terms of pie b)if the cone is cut and opened out into the sector of a circle.what is the angle of the sector

asked by ulubi on June 15, 2016
economics
Briefly describe the main attributes of the following economic systems: market economy, centrally planned economy, and mixed economy.

asked by Anita fields on November 29, 2010
economics
Briefly describe the main attributes of the following economic systems: market economy, centrally planned economy, and mixed economy.

asked by Anita fields on November 29, 2010
Cranborne
In the diagram AOBP is the major sector of a circle centre O.BO=8cm, AOB=156° and the sector is bent to form a right cone. a)Caculate the radius of the cone b)Calculate the vertical angle of the cone

asked by Kudakwashe on October 14, 2015
Hospitality and Tourism
Match the definition with the word(s) Food and Beverage. Food and Beverage Sector, Hospitality, Lodging, Lodging Sector, Logistics, Recreation, Tourism, Travel and (tourism) Also known as accomodation Lodging Business of moving people from place to place

asked by Anonymous on August 27, 2016
social studies
Name the 5 regions that the U.S. is divided into. There are many ways to do this dividing. One would be: far west (including rocky mt. states) midwest (including Texas) south midatlantic New England Another, more based upon topography, would be: Pacific

asked by Courtney on January 2, 2007
geometry!
Γ is a circle with center O. A and B are points on Γ such that the sector AOB has a perimeter of 40. Amongst all circular sectors with a perimeter of 40, what is the central measure of ∠AOB (in radians) of the sector with the largest area?

asked by PLEASE…HELP..ANYONE on March 13, 2013
Math
A paper cone has a base diameter of 8cm and a height of 3cm(a) use Pythagoras theorem to calculate it’s slant height (b)if the cone is cut and opened out into the sector of a circle what is the angel of the sector

asked by Joy on May 30, 2016
us history
after the war of 1812, What were the negative aspects of the new market economy? What were the positive aspects of the new market economy? How did the creation of a single market economy shape American values and the economy of today?

asked by karen on July 17, 2010
geography
What type of economy does each statement describe? Select C for Command economy. Select M for Market economy. Select T for Traditional economy.

asked by Anonymous on March 13, 2017

Math
The difference between the smallest and second smallest angles of a quadrilateral is equal to the difference between the biggest and second biggest angles. If the biggest angle is twice the smallest angle, what is the measure of the smallest angle?

asked by MNHS_HELP on January 26, 2015
geometry
What is the ratio of the area of sector AOB to the area of sector COD? 1/3,1/4,1/9,3/8

asked by jo on March 25, 2016
math
Dana takes a sheet of paper, cuts a 120-degree circular sector from it, then rolls it up and tapes the straight edges together to form a cone. Given that the sector radius is 12 cm, find the height and volume of this paper cone.

asked by hodna on April 11, 2010
econ
1).The unemployment rate inan economy is 8%. The total population of the economy is 250, and the size of te civilian labor force is 150. The number of employed workers in this economy is _20. (IS THIS CORRECT)

asked by Anonymous on July 27, 2009
Algebra 2
If the arc length of a sector in the unit circle is 3π/2 what is the measure of the angle of the sector? 0 radians π/2 radians

asked by Kels on May 16, 2017
social studies
What were the negative aspects of the new market economy? What were the positive aspects of the new market economy? How did the creation of a single market economy shape American values and the economy of today?

asked by karen on July 16, 2010
macroecon – MC
hi guys just having a few torubles with this topic – “THE INCOME EXPENDITURE MODEL AND THE GOODS MARKET”. 1)1. Brilliant economist Sean Wylie Blair, Governor of the Central Bank of the island nation of Chou Gai, decides to build a two sector model of the

asked by milad on March 18, 2007
calculus
A paper cone is to be formed by starting with a disk of radius 9cm, cutting out a circular sector, and gluing the new edges together. The size of the circular sector is chosen to maximize the volume of the resulting cone. How tall is the cone?

asked by lisa on April 25, 2013
calculus
A paper cone is to be formed by starting with a disk of radius 9cm, cutting out a circular sector, and gluing the new edges together. The size of the circular sector is chosen to maximize the volume of the resulting cone. How tall is the cone?

asked by lisa on April 23, 2013
calculus
A paper cone is to be formed by starting with a disk of radius 9cm, cutting out a circular sector, and gluing the new edges together. The size of the circular sector is chosen to maximize the volume of the resulting cone. How tall is the cone?

asked by lisa on April 25, 2013

oc
1 what the importance of public sector ? 2 what is the private sector importance ? 3 conclusion the public sector ? 4 conclusion the private sector ?

asked by manisha on December 19, 2015
Statistics
Option Seminar 2 5.19) According to data from the U.S. Energy information Administration, the 60.0 million U.S. households with personal computers were distributed as shown here with regard to geographic location and access to the Internet. The entries

asked by Lesliam on July 20, 2009
SS
The map shows the areas of New York with more dots than the places by the Ohio River. Based on the information from the map what can you infer about industry in the united states? A- Manufacturing was a key part of the economy in the northeast. B-

asked by Star Lord on January 11, 2018
Econometrics
If the price of 1 pound of cereals is $10 and the price of a sword is $100, what is the wage rate paid to Hobbits in the Shire? How many Hobbits work in the cereal sector? In sword sector?

asked by Joy on October 4, 2013
Maths
A sector of a circle of radius 8cm is bent to form a cone. Find the radius of the cone and it’s vertical angle if the angle substended at the centre by the sector is 280°

asked by Amarachi on June 10, 2018

Categories
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leon kass argues that the primary responsibility of physicians is to:

Leon Kass argues that the primary responsibility of physicians is to: (Points : 1) respect the autonomy of the patient. make decisions on the basis of compassion and good intention. benefit sick by the activity of healing. preserve a patient’s
16,485 results
ethicsand morals
Leon Kass argues that the primary responsibility of physicians is to: (Points : 1) respect the autonomy of the patient. make decisions on the basis of compassion and good intention. benefit sick by the activity of healing. preserve a patient’s life by

asked by Christopher on January 14, 2016
PHI208
According to Leon Kass, the drive to legalize euthanasia can be largely attributed to what? the rise in a largely technical approach to healing. an increase in our sympathy an increased respect for human dignity. the secularization of modern society.

asked by Mike on November 26, 2014
algebra 1
Bushes that bites kass kass had been doing yard work all summer to save for a new bike and ms oleonary had asked her to plant a row of barberry bushes on each side of her drive way. se specified to kass that there should be a 1 foot space between the

asked by marina on September 19, 2010
•teaching in early chldhood programs
Which of the following is a correct statement about exploratory play? A. In exploratory play, children assume primary responsibility. B. In exploratory play, who assumes responsibility depends on which learning center the activity is set up in. C. In

asked by Melinda on August 23, 2014
AP Statistics
Nurse practitioners are nurses with advanced qualifications who often act much like primary care physicians. Medical researchers wnat to design a study to compare the effectiveness of nurse practitioners and physicians. They recruit 1200 volunteer subjects

asked by Becky on December 16, 2011

Lincoln College Of New En
The percentage of physicians who are women is 27.9% in a survey of physicians employed by a large university health system, 45 of 120 randomly selected physicians were women. Is there sufficient evidence at the 0.05 level of significance to conclude that

asked by Paula on April 26, 2013
Psychology
A researcher strongly believes that physicians tend to show female nurses less attention and respect than they show male nurses. She sets up an experimental study involving observations of health clinics in different conditions. In explaining the study to

asked by Margaret on January 13, 2015
psychology
A researcher strongly believes that physicians tend to show female nurses less attention and respect than they show male nurses. She sets up an experimental study involving observations of health clinics in different conditions. In explaining the study to

asked by sonbeach on March 10, 2014
psychology
A researcher strongly believes that physicians tend to show female nurses less attention and respect than they show male nurses. She sets up an experimental study involving observations of health clinics in different conditions. In explaining the study to

asked by Emma on May 12, 2016
Statistics
A clinic employs 9 physicians. 5 of the physicians are female. 4 patients arrive at once. Assuming the doctors are assigned randomly to patients, what is the probability that all of the assigned physicians are female?

asked by John on March 25, 2009
college
A clinic employs 9 physicians. 5 of the physicians are female. 4 patients arrive at once. Assuming the doctors are assigned randomly to patients, what is the probability that all of the assigned physicians are female?

asked by John on March 25, 2009
Texas State History/Social Studies
Explain the difference in opinions that De León and Massanet had about the military presence at the missions. “Alonso De León and Damian Massanet disagreed about the military presence at the missions. Damian disagreed with León about the size of

asked by ILTHSM_ on November 1, 2018
Speech
PLEASE, Can some one please help me complete the SECONDARY SUPPORT for this speech topic outline? Thesis Statement: My failures in high school taught me three important lessons in life. Primary Support 1 : I realized the importance of hard-work Secondary

asked by Angel on September 27, 2009
SOC 120
I did my quiz and need someone to check my answers please. I read the book and came up with these answers. 1. The three classical ethical theories are (Points : 1) ontology, utilitarianism, and radicalism. emotivism, oncology, and virtue ethics.

asked by Rabia on November 27, 2011
Art
An asian sculpture creates an image of the buddha for the local temple.the artists primary responsibility is to

asked by jjiiddss on February 8, 2016

Math
A primary researcher is paid 80,000, two associates each are paid 45,000 a year. Each associate is responsibility for supervising up to eight sites. PT-Research assistants(2) are each paid 6,000 and are only able to support three sites each. The center

asked by Ryan Dee on May 7, 2014
world history
A welfare state is a nation in which the government undertakes primary responsibility for the social well-being of its citizens. True False

asked by Cody on September 18, 2007
Mathematics
A(-4,0) and (-1,4) are two given points.C and d are points which are symmetric to the given points A and B respectively with respect to Y-axis.Calculate the perimeter of Trapezium ABDC.

asked by Chandraprakash on November 29, 2017
MATHS
A(-4,0) and (-1,4) are two given points.C and d are points which are symmetric to the given points A and B respectively with respect to Y-axis.Calculate the perimeter of Trapezium ABDC.

asked by AYUSH on October 31, 2015
psychology
Leon maintains that children have an innate and natural curiosity. If Leon is an educator who wishes to apply his ideas to teaching methods, he has primarily involved himself in the A nature-nurture controversy B active-passive controversy C

asked by ourania on December 16, 2008
science
enumerate ways by wich you can practice 5 Rs the Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Respect and Responsibility.

asked by Charvie on July 27, 2017
Pol 201 American National Goverment
Please help The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation were dramatized by all of the following except My ANSWER is (D) (A) the Newburgh Conspiracy. (B) Shays’ Rebellion. (C) the absence of a centralized authority. (D) the absence of a single

asked by karen on January 20, 2013
business law
With respect to a qualified indorser, which liabilities are eliminated as a result of the qualified indorsement? a/primary signature and secondary signature liability only. b/ secondary signature liability only. c/primary signature liability only d/

asked by Nady on April 30, 2008
Public Speaking
This type of responsibility involves being aware of the consequences of what you speak about and how you say it. A. Thinking responsibility B. Criticizing responsibility C. Ethical responsibility D. Evaluating responsibly This is what I logically know:

asked by Carpe_Diem on March 22, 2016
American Government
What kind of primary does the following scenario describe? A candidate competes in a state’s presidential primary and wins 26 percent of the popular vote. Twenty­six percent of the state’s delegates are officially pledged to vote for that candidate at

asked by Alice Keign on November 7, 2016

Criminal Justice
a judge’s primary responsibility is to? state law plaintiff community law or plantiff ?

asked by Franie on October 9, 2015
epidemiology
In another study, the smoking habits of 34,445 male physicians were obtained by mailed questionnaires. Deaths among these physicians over the subsequent years were identified though contact with the office of the Registrar General. The death rates from

asked by Tracy on April 27, 2014
CRT – agument follow up
Thank you for all your help tonight Ms. Sue – I have a few more questions before I’m done! From the argument I cited – would this be a good explanation of valid/invalid, strong or weak, sound or unsound The author’s argument is invalid, because the

asked by Addie on September 5, 2009
Organizational behavior
Treating others with dignity and respect describes the _ orientation of ethical leadership. A. responsibility and sustainability B. humane C. moderation D. justice

asked by anonymous on July 12, 2018
history
who is juan ponce de leon grave do you mean juan ponce de loen

asked by kate on November 28, 2006
healthcare
Many Americans hospitals have wound up employing family practice physicians or establishing contract management arrangements for their practices. Most hospitals that employ doctors have found that they are losing money on office operations. In essence, the

asked by trelle on June 18, 2014
healthcare
Many Americans hospitals have wound up employing family practice physicians or establishing contract management arrangements for their practices. Most hospitals that employ doctors have found that they are losing money on office operations. In essence, the

asked by trelle on June 18, 2014
american government
Judges who practice what their critics call “judicial activism” argue that judges (Points : 1) have a responsibility to protect individual rights and liberties. have a responsibility to be anti-majoritarian because democracy is not always a good thing.

asked by lee lee on February 21, 2014
English
Thank you very much. I’m doubtful about the verb choice in these three sentences. Can you please have a look at them? 1) The journalist believes that parents should give their teenagers space to find their own identity by letting them make their own

asked by Henry2 on September 9, 2011
ENG 365 Issues in Literature
I have a summary paper to do that is suppose to be 8-10 pages. The problem that I am having is where to get started. This is what the teacher want us to do. Relate your life in work, social responsibility, and/or individual responsibility to a literary

asked by Anonymous on March 1, 2012

Social Responsibility
Social Responsibility at School Explain the importance of social responsibility and independent action. I don’t how to answer this question. I’ve searched on GOOGLE for ‘social responsibility’ but all the results are about corporate social responsibility.

asked by John on October 24, 2009
college geometry
Points A and B have symmetry with respect to point C. Find the coordinates of C given the points: a) A(3, 4) and B(5, 1) c) A(5, 3) and B(2, 1) b) A(0, 2) and B(0, 6) d) A(2a, 0) and B(0, 2b)

asked by Mark on May 28, 2015
Micro Economics
Health maintenance organizations (HMOs): A. are based on the traditional fee-for-service system of paying physicians. B. charge a fixed amount per member, hire many of their own physicians, and provide health services only to members. C. are also known as

asked by Julie on June 6, 2008
budject matrix
you are the medical clinic administrator for three physicians group clinic and you are preparing a budget matrix to be presented to the physicians. The matrix budget consists of line-item, functional, and program budgets pls explain?

asked by olabisi on February 22, 2008
English
I left out a few sentences on family relationships I’d like you to check. Thank you. I think the word choice an be improved. 1) Teenagers sometimes feel as if they are caught in a No-Man’s-Land (synonym?) between childhood and adulthood. On the one hand,

asked by Henry2 on September 9, 2011
WORD PROBLEM
GOING SKIING. LEON DROVE 270 MILES TO THE LODGE IN THE SAME TIME AS PAT DROVE 330 MILES TO THE LODGE. IF PAT DROVE 10 MILES PER HOUR FASTER THAN LEON, THEN HOW FAST DID EACH OF THEM DRIVE? I REALLY NEED HELP ON THIS ONE. PLEASE! IF YOU CAN SHOW THE WORK

asked by leleirvin on August 12, 2005
English 3
Choose the correct relative pronoun in the sentence: I have great respect for _ accepted that responsibility. whoever whomever Is the answer whomever?

asked by Amanda on August 27, 2015
English
Hi, I have to write up paragraphs on these themes from Frankenstein: a) good vs. evil (manichean) b) duty of responsibility c) nature vs. nurture However, I’m confused about what the differences between these points are… For example, in “nature vs.

asked by Candice on December 26, 2011
Statistics
Suppose a random sample of 5790 physicians in Colorado showed that 3141 provided at least some charity care. Let p represent the proportion of all Colorado physicians who provide some charity care. Find a point estimate for p. Round your answer to four

asked by Jared on June 20, 2010
CRT 205- argument
Is this a correct evaluation of an argument, it’s premise and conclusion? Thank you! The author states that “The disability rights movement has a long history of healthy skepticism toward medical professionals, and there’s an established body of research

asked by Addie on September 5, 2009

Math
Leon drove 270 miles to the lodge in the same time as Pat drove 330 miles to the lodge. If Pat drove 10 miles per hour faster than Leon, then how fast did each of them drive?

asked by FCD on March 3, 2011
Science
How are the primary pigments related to the primary colors? The primary pigments are: A. Complementary to the primary colors B. Associated with the primary colors C. Unrelated to the primary colors Is the answer A?

asked by Anonymous on March 15, 2017
Help!!!
Caring,Responsibility,Effort, Respect,Honesty,and Choices…………..What are they? Please Helpp!!!!!!!!!!! Could it be character traits? Political slogans? Abstract nouns? =) Words we can expect to be bombarded with every day from now until Nov 7th??

asked by passion12 on September 6, 2006
Physical Education 16-20

  1. Identical twins often have similar interests even if they were not raised together. This shows how _ influences personality development. modeling. a peer group. the environment. heredity.•• 17. People who lack self-respect likely have (1

asked by Alex on December 3, 2015
Law
Each of the following is a duty or responsibility of the United Nations EXCEPT: A. Promote respect for human rights B. Fight terrorism and drug trafficking C. Assist refugees D. Consumer protection in the United States is it D

asked by Amy on May 31, 2014
statistics
Thirty-two percent of adults did not visit their physicians’ offices last year. The probability, rounded to four decimal places, that in a random sample of 8 adults, exactly 3 will say they did not visit their physicians’ offices last year is:

asked by Vera on October 26, 2013
Science
Sustained increase in the population that makes up all the trophic levels requires an increase in A. primary producers B. primary herbivores C. primary carnivores D. keystone predators

asked by sharon on February 17, 2016
psy.

  1. The salesperson in medication ads dresses to look like a doctor because: (Points: 5) she has tested the product directly. the product was developed by physicians. FCC regulations demand this. the salesperson’s credibility is enhanced.

asked by tg on November 21, 2011
Health (Ms. Sue)
Describe three ways that teens can take on more responsibility at home. A: Teenagers can take on more responsibility at home by taking more responsibility in relationships at home by showing concern for how people are feeling by asking how they are doing,

asked by Anonymous on December 4, 2013
Science
How are the primary pigments related to the primary colors? The primary pigments are: A. Complementary to the primary colors B. Associated with the primary colors C. Unrelated to the primary colors

asked by Anonymous on February 22, 2017

business strategic management
Discuss in specific terms your understanding of ethical business strategies, corporate social responsibility, and environmental responsibility at Best Buy?

asked by lost on November 7, 2011
epidemiology
In another study, the smoking habits of 34,445 male physicians were obtained by mailed questionnaires. Deaths among these physicians over the subsequent years were identified though contact with the office of the Registrar General. The death rates from

asked by Tracy on April 27, 2014
AMERICAN GOVERMENT
Please help The weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation were dramatized by all of the following except My ANSWER is (D) (A) the Newburgh Conspiracy. (B) Shays’ Rebellion. (C) the absence of a centralized authority. (D) the absence of a single

asked by karen on January 20, 2013
Statistics
community physicians clinic is a large clinic with 85 physicians. they treat about 8,600 patients each week. coders are expected to code 100 clinic records each day. how many Full Time Employees are needed to code these records? ( assume a five day work

asked by Anonymous on December 2, 2013
check my work

  1. What kind of primary does the following scenario describe? A candidate competes in a state’s presidential primary and wins 26 percent of the popular vote.

asked by Anonymous on October 20, 2016
accounting
Imagine you have been selected by your manager to present a training session to a group of new employees. The new hires do not have accounting backgrounds and have little or no work history in a responsibility center. The purpose of this training session

asked by scooby9132002 on April 19, 2009
Ethics
In the treatment of terminally ill patients, is it logical to permit physicians to provide palliative sedation that is given with the intent of relieving suffering but that also can be reasonably expected to make a patient die more quickly while

asked by Anonymous on February 26, 2017
Business
Where does personal responsibility end and corporate responsibility begin? How does your response change across specific industries? What role (if any) do you believe the government should play? Develop a rationale for each of your answers.

asked by TM on April 24, 2011
accounting
I have to submit a powerpoint presentation for my class and I am stumped on how to get my presentation into my powerpoint and my speaker notes. I have all of my information written down I just need someone to tell me if I am on the right track? the

asked by Gwen on February 3, 2009
Public policy
. Which of the following is among the impediments to government action on health care? (Points : 1) Frequency of divided government and the resulting decentralization of the legislative process Magnitude of disagreement between citizens and the insurance

asked by Joy on May 10, 2016

soc320
Which of the following is among the impediments to government action on health care? (Points : 1) Frequency of divided government and the resulting decentralization of the legislative process Magnitude of disagreement between citizens and the insurance

asked by PAT on June 17, 2013
statistics
Twenty percent of all adult males did not visit their physicians’ offices last year. The probability that less than 23% of adult males in a sample of 800 did not visit their physicians’ offices last year is approximately:

asked by shasha on December 16, 2011
physics
A wind is blowing directly from east to west. The pilot of a small plane finds that if he points the nose of the plane 30.0 ° north of east, his velocity with respect to the ground is in the direction 55.1 ° north of east. The speed of the plane with

asked by Anonymous on October 21, 2012
math
given the point (-9,6), determine the points that are symmetric to this point with respect to the x-axis,the y-axis, and the origin, respectively. I know what the points are I just don’t know how you figure out what order their in. (9,-6) (9,6) and (-9,-6)

asked by lana on August 26, 2011
phi 208
Which businessmen, according to Friedman, are typically excluded in the rhetoric of the social responsibility of business? (Points : 1) Individual proprietors of small businesses. Corporate executives. CEOs. None of the above.

asked by Anonymous on May 18, 2014
Social
How are you going to respect the right of other people? List some points.

asked by Sitam on June 18, 2018
math
the number of tropical fish Leon has is 3/8 of the number of tropical fish Haru has. Find the ratio of the number of tropical fish Leon has to the number of tropical fish Haru has. What fraction of the number of tropical fish Haru has is the number of

asked by Anonymous on March 13, 2018
speech
Can some one please help me complete PRIMARY SUPPORT and SECONDARY SUPPORT for this speech topic outline? Thesis statement: studying foreign languages has influenced the way i think about people from other countries in 3 main ways..(why?) Primary Support

asked by Angel on September 13, 2009
Meaning?
What does it mean to take responsibility for taking care of someone? What does it mean to take responsibility for someone?

asked by Victoria on June 7, 2016
Social Studies PLS HELP!!!
Jury duty is A: a right because it is discussed in the u.s constitution B: a right because only some citizens are required to do it C: A responsibility because citizens do it to help protect other’s rights D: A responsibility because judges cannot make

asked by Chris on March 24, 2016

Science
If a brake system fails due to lack of fluid, is the lack of fluid a basic, primary, or secondary event in a fault tree analysis? It could be primary, however, usually, it would be secondary, the primary failure being a ruptured hose or O ring. Thanks!

asked by Mary on March 8, 2007
Ethics
What does it mean to have legal corporate social responsibility? Economic corporate social responsibility? Philanthropic corporate social responsibility? Confused!!

asked by me on March 4, 2010
Spanish
Where can you find a large bronze statue of Ponce de León? A. Plaza de San José B. Plaza de Armas C. Plaza del Quinto Centenario I think it’s be because in my book it states, ” ¿Qué hay en Old San Juan? Well, a lot of interesting things to see! There

asked by the unknown on February 24, 2018
medical records
A primary-care physician and her partner, who have just opened their own practice, employ you as a medical assistant. You have been asked by one of the physicians to research information and recommend a quality-control procedure for completing chart audits

asked by therese on February 7, 2011
history
who was juan ponce de leon

asked by mariann on February 6, 2014
his 204
What is Leon Czolgosz most remembered for?

asked by Anonymous on December 1, 2013
CRT 205
Choose two topics from the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center that interest you and locate a set of materials from the database for each topic. If you choose school violence as one of your topics, for example, you might find a magazine article that argues

asked by Anonymous on November 1, 2009
Sociology 101. Can someone please proofread this
Both writers make valid points in their essays regarding moral decline. Robert H Bork points out in his essay, Modern Liberalism and American Decline, that the morals and values have decreased in America due to the increase or movement towards modern

asked by Amy on February 16, 2009
Math
Identify each data source as primary or secondary. State one advantage or each source of data. a) A researcher interviewed 10 students about their study habits – primary b) A sporting goods company searched on the internet for data on how Canadians spend

asked by Anna on August 29, 2014
Math
Identify each data source as primary or secondary. State one advantage or each source of data. a) A researcher interviewed 10 students about their study habits – primary b) A sporting goods company searched on the internet for data on how Canadians spend

asked by Anna on August 30, 2014

college geometry
Points A and B have symmetry with respect to the origin O. Find the coordinates of B if A is the point: a) (3, 4) c) (a, 0) b) (0, 2) d) (b, c)

asked by Mark on May 28, 2015
history
Thomas Jefferson was the primary author for which of the following? (4 points) the Bill of Rights the Constitution the Judiciary Act of 1801 the Declaration of Independence

asked by lexi. on January 10, 2013
Civics
When Hurricane Andrew struck Florida in 1992, many people were responsible for the safety of its citizens. Which was a primary responsibility of the federal government? Researching technology to detect future hurricanes Restoring water and electricity

asked by Ruby 🙂 on January 21, 2015
College Cultural Geography
Can someone explain what this paragraph is talking about? I do not understand it. “But Western universalism, again, has two faces: it also promotes the principles of liberty and equality throughout the world. It is not possible to proclaim global human

asked by Ann on March 2, 2014
spain
is leon a country or city in spain???

asked by Jessica on January 9, 2010
Physics
The output voltage and current of a transformer are determined by the A. number of turns in the primary and secondary coils. B. ferromagnetic material of the rings connecting the coils. C. strength of the DC current in the primary coil. D. direction of the

asked by Saif on January 24, 2017
Social Studies
Jury duty is A right, because it is discussed in the US constitution A right, because only some citizens are required to do it. A responsibility, because citizens citizens do it to help protect people’s rights A responsibility because judges cannot make

asked by Answer quickly please on November 13, 2015
social studies
1.) contrast the up country and the low country. identifiy three diffrences between the two regions (6 points) 2.) describe the primary economic activity for each of the tree colonial regions: The new england colonies, the middle colonies , and the

asked by Hannah on October 3, 2014
Physics
An airplane flies due north at 220 km/h with respect to the air. There is a wind blowing at 65 km/h to the northeast with respect to the ground. What are the plane’s speed and direction with respect to the ground?

asked by Martha on November 9, 2011
Physics
An airplane flies due north at 260 km/h with respect to the air. There is a wind blowing at 60 km/h to the northeast with respect to the ground. What are the plane’s speed and direction with respect to the ground?

asked by Maddie on October 25, 2012

Physics
An airplane flies due north at 260 km/h with respect to the air. There is a wind blowing at 60 km/h to the northeast with respect to the ground. What are the plane’s speed and direction with respect to the ground?

asked by Maddie on October 25, 2012
medical insurance forms
please check my answer thanks When should you submit a cliam to a secondary insurance company ? A when a primary insurance company returns a cliam for correction B when the patient says it is ok C At the smae time you sumbit the claim to the primary

asked by Anonymous on April 16, 2008
history
The Environmental Protection Agency imposes fines on a company whose factories dumped industrial waste into a river. What does this illustrate about the federal government’s reliance on the bureaucracy? a)its creation of regulations b)its refusal of

asked by maria on January 6, 2019
hum/176
In this week’s video, Bill Goodykoontz discusses the effects of violence on audiences and gamers. How much responsibility do filmmakers, game manufacturers, etc. bear when it comes to depicting violence? How much responsibility do parents have in allowing

asked by Darlene on March 9, 2011
PHI 208 Week 3 Reading Quiz
Question 1. 1. It is unfair to criticize the profit-making purpose of business because: (Points : 1) it is in the nature of corporations and in the definition for their existence to form as a means to organize human effort more efficiently in order to

asked by Jamski on April 6, 2014

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what industries in chechnya are key to the russian federation

Who is Ramzan Kadyrov?

He is the former president of the Russian Federation.
He is the most wanted separatist leader in Chechnya.
He is the current president of Chechnya.***
He is the current president of the Russian Federation.

What industries in Chechnya are key to the Russian Federation?

oil***
minerals
timber
all of the above

What type of conflict is apparent in Chechnya?

economic
political***
cultural
religious

0 0 512
asked by Kaai97
May 20, 2016
Yes — for all of your answers.

0 0
👩‍🏫
Ms. Sue
May 20, 2016
Double-check #2. ! and 3 are correct.

0 0
posted by Reed
May 20, 2016
Actually the last two questions were wrong. They were “all of the above” and “economic”

0 0
posted by Kaai97
May 20, 2016
Should I check my work here? These mistakes happened more than once…

0 0
posted by Kaai97
May 20, 2016

We don’t always agree with some of the answers considered correct by some online schools. Your best strategy is to read your text very carefully. For instance, Chechnya has both economic and political conflicts. Oil is Chechnya’s most lucrative resource.

0 0
👩‍🏫
Ms. Sue
May 20, 2016

  1. Ramzan Kadyrov is the current president of Chechnya. He is the son of the former
    president, has close ties to Russia, and has been criticized internationally for his brutal methods of maintaining order.
  2. Chechnya is home to several important industries for Russia. Chief among these is the oil that exists in the region, and the oil that flows through the infrastructure in the region. If not for these resources, some believe that Russia would have cut its losses long ago. 0 0
    posted by This is the answers (CA) 6;3
    Dec 5, 2016
    here is the page 0 0
    posted by page 4 of unit 6 lesson 3
    Dec 5, 2016
    current president, all of the above, and economic 0 0
    posted by no, i’m squidward
    May 10, 2017
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what is the value of x? enter your answer in the box. x =

The triangles are similar.

What is the value of x?

Enter your answer in the box.
x =
two right triangles. the larger triangle has a long leg of 96 units, short leg of 28 units, and the hypotenuse is labeled 6 x plus 28. the smaller triangle has a long leg of 24 units, short leg of 7 units, and hypotenuse of 25 units.

0 0 677
asked by sombody
Jan 25, 2018
the sides of the larger triangle are 4 times the sides of the smaller

6x + 28 = 4 * 25

0 0
posted by Scott
Jan 25, 2018

Categories
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calculate δg∘rxn at 298 k for the following reaction:i2(g)+cl2(g)⇌2icl(g),kp=81.9

Consider the following reaction:
I2(g) + Cl2(g) 2ICl(g) o

Kp = 81.9 at 25 C.
Calculate ∆Grxn for the reaction at 25 C under each of the following conditions:
a Standard conditions.
b At equilibrium.
c PICl = 2.55 atm; PI2 = 0.325 atm; PCl2 = 0.221 atm.

0 0 697
asked by Melanie
Apr 18, 2013
a.
dG = -RTlnK

b.
dG = 0 at equlibrium

c.
Are these equilibrium pressures, initial pressures, or some other point?

0 0
posted by DrBob222
Apr 18, 2013
432

0 0
posted by kjf,hjn
May 4, 2017

Categories
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what exponential function represents the data in the table? x f(x) 2 25 3 125 4 625

Which function rule represents the data in this…
29,646 results
Algebra
Find the next three terms in the sequence? -6,5,16,17 A 38,49,60* B 37,47,57 C 36,45,54 D 36,46,57 3 What are the first four terms of the sequence represented by the expression n(n-1)-5? A -7,-5,-3,1 B -5,-10,-15,-20 C 0,2,6,12 D -5,-3,1,7* 6.Given the

asked by Cindy on April 10, 2018
Math help please
these questions are for practice, they don’t count as points, but i don’t understand how to solve them.. can someone please explain them to me?? which function rule represents the data in the table below? input|1| 2| 3| 4|5 output|9|15|21|27|33 A)y=4+5x

asked by UMACBLACKBELT on June 2, 2015
Math
1.Mia charges $2.25 per hour when she babysits, plus $5.00 for transportation expenses.Which function rule represents the amount y mia charges to babysit for x hours? A)Y = 2.25x + 5.00*** B)X = 5.00y + 2.25 C)Y = 5.00x + 2.25 D)Y = 7.25x 2.(So this one is

asked by Reeses on May 20, 2017
MATH

  1. Write a function rule that represents y is 5 less than the product of 4 and x. 16. Write a function rule that represents 7 less than three fifths of b is a. 17. Write a function rule that represents the almond extract a remaining in an 8 oz bottle

asked by Please help on January 29, 2018
math

  1. Which function is a quadratic function? A. y=3x^2+x B. y=2x-1 C. y=3/x D. y= -|x| Which function rule represents the data in the table? x -3, -2, -1, 0, 1 y 1, -2, -5, -8, -11 A. y=-3x-8 B. y=1/3x -8 C. y=1/3x+8 D. y=3x+8

asked by Anonymous on June 5, 2015

Math
1.Suppose that the function f(x) = 5x + 3 represents the number of cars that drive by in x minutes. How many cars will drive by in 10 minutes? a. 80 b. 53 c. 50 d. 35 2. Buses on your route runs every 8 minutes from 7:00am to 11:00am. You arrive at the bus

asked by Oreo Chips on March 31, 2017
math
Which function rule represents the data in this table? X: -3 -2 -1 0 1 Y: -17 -14 -11 -8 -5

asked by jai on April 21, 2016
Pre algebra
Which function rule represents the data in the table X|-3|-2|-1|0 |1 Y|1 |-2|-5|-8|-11 A. Y=-3x-8 B. Y=1/3x-8***? C. Y=1/3x+8 D. Y=-3x+8

asked by Bunnysayrawr on May 11, 2016
Which function rule represents the data in this…
Which function rule represents the data in this table? X: -3 -2 -1 0 1 Y: -17 -14 -11 -8 -5

asked by InDireNeedOfHelp on June 9, 2014
Pre-Algebra Please do Help !!!
Which function rule represents the data in the table? x= -3,-2,-1,0,1 y= 1,-2,-5,-8,-11 a. y= -3x-8 b. y= 1/3x-8 c. y= 1/3+8 d. y= 3x +8 i don’t know if it is b or c

asked by Beth on May 8, 2015
Math
Which function rule represents the data in the table below. Input (x) 1 2 3 4 5 Output (y) 9 15 21 27 33

asked by Anonymous on March 1, 2019
algebra
Which function rule represents the data in the table? X -3, -2, -1, 0, 1. Y -1, 2, 5, 8, 11. How do I find the answer?

asked by Buddy Boy on January 30, 2019
Algebra 1
EAch set of ordered pairs represents a function. Write a rule that represents the function (2,10),(4,20),(5,25),(7,35),(9,45)

asked by Dorianna on October 23, 2012
pre algebra
Which function rule represents the data in the table? x|-3|-2|-1|0|1 y|-1|2|5|8|11 The answer choices are 1. y=-3x-8 2. y= 1/3x-8 3. y= 1/3x+8 4. y= 3x+8 Please state the answer and how you got it. I want to be able to do this on my own in the future.

asked by olay on February 16, 2017
math
Write a function rule for the data in the table. Input (x) 1 2 3 4 5 Output(y) 6 8 10 12 14 I’ve been looking at this for about an hour now and can’t figure out how to write it. I understand what the rule is, but I dont know how to write it as a function

asked by meow on May 19, 2017

Algebra 1
The ordered pairs 1,4 – 2,16 – 3,64 – 4,256 – 5, 1024 represents a function. What rule represents this function. 1- 4 x power 2- 4x 3- xto the 4th power 4- x+4 my answer is 4x

asked by Steve on December 3, 2014
Math
I have done the work on all of these problems so please don’t give me lectures about cheating, I’m not 8 years old. 1.Given the function rule f(x) = x^2-3x+2, what is the output of f(-2)? A)-8 B)0 C)4 D)12*** 2.The data in the table represents a linear

asked by Reeses on May 17, 2017
Math
Make a table and graph each quadratic function. Use integers from -3 to 3 for inputs. #4- y= -x2 #5- y=2x squared #6- y= -8x squared #7- y= x squared + 2 Make a table and a graph for each function. Use only positive values for x. #10- y= 10/x #11- y= 8/x

asked by Math on May 11, 2016
Math “Need Help Asap”!

  1. Do the data in the table represent a linear function? If so, write a rule for the function. x –3 –2 –1 0 1 y 1 –2 –5 –8 –11 (1 point) yes; y = –3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x + 8 yes; y = 3x + 8 16. Write a quadratic rule

asked by #FreeGucci on April 13, 2016
Math

  1. Do the data in the table represent a linear function? If so, write a rule for the function. x –3 –2 –1 0 1 y 1 –2 –5 –8 –11 (1 point) yes; y = –3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x + 8 yes; y = 3x + 8 16. Write a quadratic rule

asked by #FreeGucci on April 13, 2016
Math help please ASAP

  1. Do the data in the table represent a linear function? If so, write a rule for the function. x –3 –2 –1 0 1 y 1 –2 –5 –8 –11 (1 point) yes; y = –3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x + 8 yes; y = 3x + 8 16. Write a quadratic rule

asked by Delilah on May 2, 2013
Math Test

  1. A rental car company charges $150.00 for a weekly rental and an additional $0.20 for each mile driven. The function rule C=0.20m+150.00 describes the relationship between the number of miles driven m and the total cost C. If the rental car can only be

asked by Kaai97 on November 30, 2015
math
Suppose that a ball has a rebound percentage of 75 and the ball is dropped from a height of 5ft onto the concrete below. Make a table of the data. Write a recursive rule for the data. Write a closed-form function rule for the data. What would the height of

asked by Lola on March 1, 2013
Pre-Algebra

  1. Given the function rule f(x) = x² – 3x + 2, what is the output of f(–2)? 2. Suppose you earn $12 each time you mow the lawn. Write the function describes the relationship between your total earnings E and the number of times you mow the lawn, m? 3.

asked by Anonymous on May 12, 2015
Algebra
The ordered pairs (1,6), (2,36), (3,216), (4,1296), and (5,7776) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function?

asked by Steve on October 17, 2014

Algebra
The ordered pairs (1,1), (2,8), (3,27), (4,64) , and (5,125) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function? My answer is y = x cubed

asked by Steve on October 17, 2014
Math help please

  1. The ordered pairs (1, 1), (2, 8), (3, 27), (4, 64), and (5,125) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function? Y = x Y = 4x Y = x^2 Y = x^3 I don’t know how to solve this please help!

asked by Charlotte on November 7, 2013
Math
The ordered pairs (1, 5), (2, 25), (3, 125), (4, 625), and (5, 3125) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function? A. y = x5 **B. y = 5x C. y = 5x D. y = x + 5

asked by School Rocks on December 19, 2017
algebra
The ordered pairs (1, 81), (2, 100), (3, 121), (4, 144), and (5, 169) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function?

asked by Grace on April 10, 2017
Algebra
Please check my answer The ordered pairs (0,1), (1, 6),(2, 36), (3, 216), and (4, 1,296) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function? A y=x^6*** B y=6x C y=x+6 D y=6x

asked by Matt on May 20, 2016
Math
The ordered pairs (0,-3), (1,2), (2,7), (3,12) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function?

asked by Anonymous on December 19, 2014
ALGEBRA1
The ordered pairs (1, 16), (2, 25), (3, 36), (4, 49), and (5, 64) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function? A. y = x2 B. y = x + 15 C. y = 2(x+3) D. y = (x + 3)2 is it D?

asked by ERICH on October 26, 2017
math
Which quadratic rule represents the data in the table? x: -1 | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 Y: 4 | 5 | 4 | 1 | -4 A. y= -2x^2 + 5 B. y= -x^2 + 5 C. y= x^2 – 4 D. y= x^2 + 5 Is it A or C?

asked by anonymous on May 4, 2015
Pre Algebra Test
Which quadric rule represents the data in the table below? A. y=-2x^2+5 B. y=-x^2+5 C. y=x^2-5 D. y=x^2+5

asked by Summer on March 21, 2016
Pre Algebra
Which quadric rule represents the data in the table below? A. y=-2x^2+5 B. y=-x^2+5 C. y=x^2-5 D. y=x^2+5

asked by Summer on March 21, 2016

Math.
Which quadratic rule represents the data in the table? x: -1 | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 Y: 4 | 5 | 4 | 1 | -4 A. y= -2x^2 + 5 B. y= -x^2 + 5 C. y= x^2 – 4 D. y= x^2 + 5 Is it A or C?

asked by Anonymous on May 4, 2015
Math (Calculus)
Hello, Could somebody please help me with the following question? It asks to differentiate the function below according to derivate rules of calculus such as the power rule (if f(x)=x^n, then f'(x)=nx^n-1), the product rule (if F(x)=f(x)g(x) then

asked by Constantine on August 12, 2015
Algebra 1
The ordered pairs(1,4), (2,16), (3,64), (4,256),(5,1024) represent a function. What is a rule that represents,this function? My answer is y=x to the 4th power

asked by Steve on December 1, 2014
math
x y 0.5 2 1 1 2 0.5 4 0.25 5 ? 10 ? part a complet the 2 missin number? need help part b based on the table, writ a function rule that represents the relationship between x and y. rule need help_________________?

asked by jace on April 7, 2010
Patterns and nonlinear functions(Algebra 1)
The ordered pairs (1,1), (2,8),(3,27),(4,64), and (5,125) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function? (1 point) Y=x Y=4x Y=x^2*** Y=x^3 Reiny, Steve, Ms.Sue… is this correct or is it not?

asked by Gabby on November 4, 2013
Math
Function Table X. Y 0.5. 2 1. 1 2. 0.5 4. 0.25 5 10 What is the function rule that represents the relationship between x and y.

asked by Daniel on August 14, 2012
Math
Isaac and Sakura are both doing a science experiment where they are measuring the temperature of a liquid over time. Graphs that represent each of their data are shown below. mc003-1.jpg mc003-2.jpg Which statement is correct? The slope of the graph that

asked by Samaria on February 27, 2018
Math
Which quadratic rule represents the data in the table? X : -1 | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 Y: 4 | 5 | 4 | 1 | -4 Y = -2x^2 + 5 Y = -x^2 + 5 Y = -x^2 – 5 Y = x^2 + 5 My answer is Y = -x^2 – 5

asked by Cam on May 9, 2016
algebra
The Jackson High School gymnastics team sells calendars for their annual fundraiser. The function rule below describes the amount of money the team can raise, where y is the total amount in dollars, and x is the number of calendars sold. y x = + 3 28 Use

asked by crissy on February 23, 2016
math
Data were recorded for the demand and revenue of a given product. Find the linear regression line which represents the revenue function. Find the quadratic regression curve which represents the revenue function. Data Demand x Revenue y 1 0 100 2 4 139.2 3

asked by Jake on October 15, 2014

pre Algebra
Do the data in the table represent a linear function? If so, write a rule for the function. x –3 –2 –1 0 1 y 1 –2 –5 –8 –11 (1 point) yes; y = –3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x + 8 yes; y = 3x + 8

asked by Summer on March 21, 2016
Math
Do the data in the table represent a linear function? if so, write a rule for the function X= -2,-1,0,1,2 Y= -7, 1,8,17,25 A. yes; y= 8x + 9 B. yes ; y = 8x +8 C. yes ; y = 1/8x+8 D. no*** plz help me

asked by Abby on May 11, 2015
Math help please
Do the data in the table represent a linear function? If so, write a rule for the function. x: –3 –2 –1 0 1 y: 1 –2 –5 –8 –11 yes; y = –3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x – 8 yes; y = 1/3x + 8 yes; y = 3x + 8

asked by Delilah on May 3, 2013
Math
Do the data in the table represent a linear function? if so, write a rule for the function X= -2,-1,0,1,2 Y= -7, 1,8,17,25 A. yes; y= 8x + 9 B. yes ; y = 8x +8 C. yes ; y = 1/8x+8 D. no***

asked by Abby on May 11, 2015
Math Ms. Sue please

  1. Use the function rule ƒ(x) = x2 – 5x + 1. Find the output ƒ(–3). (1 point) 7 –5 25 5 7. Suppose you earn $12 each time you mow the lawn. Use function notation to describe the relationship between your total earnings E and the number of times m

asked by Delilah on May 2, 2013
Math
Write a function rule that represents the sentence. C is 8 more than half of n. c=8+n/2 c+8=n/2 c+8=1/2+n c=n/2-8

asked by Mike on October 25, 2015
ALGEBRA
the ordered pairs pairs (1,36), (2,49), (3,64). (4,81), and (5,100) represent a function. What is a rule that represents this function y=x^2 y=36x y=(x+5)^2**** y=(x=6)^2

asked by BUBBLES on November 5, 2015
Algebra 1
Which rule below represents a quadratic function with vertex (4 ,-5) and passing through the point (0, -1)? y=(x-4)(x+5)-1 y=(x-4)^2-5 y = 0.25 (x – 4)^2 – 5 y = 0.12 (x – 4)^2 – 5

asked by Jamie Ciacico on August 14, 2015
Algebra; HELP PLEASE.
I don’t understand the topic we’re learning in math. /: Provide an explanation, steps on how you figured the answer out, and of course, the answer. Tell whether the table represents an exponential function. If so, write a rule for the function. x: -2, -1,

asked by He’s not all bad like his reputation </3 on February 2, 2012
Algebra; HELP IMMEDIATELY
I don’t understand the topic we’re learning in math. /: Provide an explanation, steps on how you figured the answer out, and of course, the answer. Tell whether the abe represents an exponential function. If so, write a rule for the function. x: -2, -1, 0,

asked by He’s not all bad like his reputation </3 on February 2, 2012

math
wht is the function rule that represents the relationship found in the following ordered pairs (-5,22),(10,-23),(4,-5),(-7,28),(6,-11)

asked by Anonymous on February 8, 2011
Algebra
PLEASE HELP!!! Write a function rule that represents each sentence.: 1. 7 less than three times m is n. 2. 14 more than the quotient of a number t and 10 is u.

asked by Samantha on February 17, 2016
microeconomics
Using MS Excel or a table in MS Word, complete Table-1 (Joseph Farms, Inc., Cost and Revenue Data). Assume that the price is $165. Assume the fixed costs are $125, at an output level of 1. Assume that the data represents a firm in pure competition. Show

asked by lee on September 10, 2014
Calc
I’m creating a “calculu for dummies” project book. I’ve already done most of it, I’m just stuck on these ones. Thank you! -What is the definition of a derivative? -What does the derivative of a function tell you (in english) ? Then I need an example of the

asked by Jill on May 19, 2011
algebra
does the data in the table represent a linear function? if so, wirte a rule for the function. (below is what the table looks like) x | -2| -1| 0 | 1| 2| y | -7| 1| 8 | 17| 25| answer choices yes; y = 8x +9 yes; y = 8x + 8 no yes; y = 1/8x + 8

asked by Emma on June 5, 2014
Math
The following data represents the high-temperature distribution for a summer month in a city for some of the last 130 years. Treat the data as a population. Temperature Days 50-59 4 60-69 309 70-79 1428 80-89 1485 90-99 393 100-109 8 According to the

asked by Kristina on January 27, 2013
HELP MATH !!
Melanie charges $4.50 per hour when she washes cars, plus $5.00 for supplies. Which function rule represents the amount y Melanie charges to wash cars for x hours? (1 point) a) y = 0.50x b) y = 4.50x + 5.00 c) y = 5.00x + 4.50 d) y = 9.50x The sale price

asked by kelsey on May 23, 2014
algebra1
Which of the following functions represents a geometric sequence? Why? Answer Choices The function f(x)=x7 represents a geometric sequence because each term is raised to the seventh power to make it greater. The function f(x)=7x represents a geometric

asked by miyah on October 9, 2017
ALGEBRA
Max charges $3.50 per hour when he mows lawns, plus $6.00 for transportation expenses. Which function rule represents the amount y Max charges to mow lawns for x hours? y = 9.50x y = 6.00x + 3.50 y = 3.50x + 6.00* y = 2.5x The sale price of ground beef

asked by BUBBLES on February 19, 2015
algebra
which data set represents an increasing linear function? a) (1,-2),(3,1),(5,4),(7,7) b) (1,1),(2,0),(3,-1),(4,-2) c) (1,-3),(3,5),(5,11),(7,18) d) (1,17),(2,15),(3,11),(4,3) my answer: c) (1,-3),(3,5),(5,11),(7,18)

asked by gracie on June 3, 2014

Math I need help ASAP!
1) Identify the function rule shown in the table. Function Table n – 3, 4, 5, 6 y – 2, 1, 0, -1 a. y = 2 + n b. y = 5n c. y = 5 – n d. not enough information ** 2) What is the values of the function y = -2x – 4 for x = 0,1,2 and 3? a. 0, -6, -8, -10 b. -4,

asked by Talea on April 7, 2015
MATH help can anyone check my answer plzz!!
1)evaluate the function for x=2f(x)=7x-5 A)9 B)19 C)-9 D)-19 2)Candy is on sale for $0.75 each you have a coupon for $0.25 off your total purchase write a function rule for the coast on n pieces of candy. A)C(n)=0.25n-0.75 B)C(n)=0.75n-0.25 C)C(n)=1.0n

asked by that emo girl! on February 8, 2018
Algebra
Myra uses an inverse variation function to model the data for the ordered pairs below. (2, 30), (3, 20), (4, 15), (5, 12), (6, 10) Which statement best explains whether an inverse variation function is the best model for the data? An inverse function is

asked by Melanie on July 7, 2014
Math help! Hurry Please~

  1. Scientists estimate the rate of the wildebeest running at full speed to be 66 feet per second. Write a function rule to describe the relationship between the time, t, and the distance ,d, a wildebeest travels when running at full speed.(1 point) a. t =

asked by Fluffy Unicorn on March 9, 2017
Math Plz help ASAP
In football, a field goal is worth 3 points. Which function rule relates the number of field goals, f, and the number of points, p? A) f=3p B) p=3f C) 3+f D) p=3+f Which function rule is represented by the table? X[0,1,2,3 Y[3,5,7,9 A)y=x+3 B)y=x+6

asked by ThatOneGuy on February 28, 2017
math
I have the same project as Jill down there… -What is the definition of a derivative? -What does the derivative of a function tell you (in english) ? Then I need an example of the power rule, quotient rule, and chain rule. -What information does the FIRST

asked by Teenie on May 19, 2011
Math
The graph represents function 1 and the equation represents function 2: A graph with numbers 0 to 4 on the x-axis and y-axis at increments of 1. A horizontal straight line is drawn joining the ordered pairs 0, 3 and 4, 3. Function 2 y = 3x + 1 How much

asked by Marc-Anthony on January 11, 2016
Calculus
What would an example of a logarithmic function that contains two trig functions within it where you would need to use chain rule and product rule to take derivative look like? How would taking the derivative of the function in its original form look

asked by Robin on February 12, 2015
Math– algebra 2
write a function rule for the following table– x f(x) 3 9 4 16 5 25 6 36 I know how to find the function rule, it’s just that this is a bit confusing since the f(x) isn’t constant. Thank you so much!

asked by IhaveaQ on July 28, 2017
Calculus
Would someone clarify this for me… Is antiderivatives just another name for intergral and why is intergral of a function is the area under the curve? Antiderivatives is another word for integral. Why area? THink on this…the integral is the sum of all

asked by Jan on September 12, 2006

Algebra (math)
The graph represents function 1 and the equation represents function 2: A graph with numbers 0 to 4 on the x-axis and y-axis at increments of 1. A horizontal straight line is drawn joining the ordered pairs 0, 3 and 4, 3. Function 2 y = 4x + 1 How much

asked by Winchester on January 4, 2017
MATH URGENT!!!!!
The graph represents function 1 and the equation represents function 2: A graph with numbers 0 to 4 on the x-axis and y-axis at increments of 1. A horizontal straight line is drawn joining the ordered pairs 0, 3 and 4, 3. Function 2 y = 2x + 1 How much

asked by Anonymous on December 5, 2016
Algebra
Help Please Write a function rule that represents each sentence. 1. 11 less than the product of a number y and -2 is z. 2. 5 less than the quotient of a number n and 4 is m.

asked by Katie on January 7, 2014
Math
I need some help on this function rule question. 8.) Find the function rule. x: -2 -1 0 1 2 y: 9 4 -1 -6 -11 I’m having a really hard time figuring this out. Thnx

asked by Need Help ASAP!!! on March 16, 2017
Math
I need some help on this function rule question please. 8.) Find the function rule. x: -2 -1 0 1 2 y: 9 4 -1 -6 -11 I’m having a really hard time figuring this out. Thanks to anyone that helps:)

asked by Anonymous on March 16, 2017
Math
If M(t)=29.9t^2+3892, where t=0 represents 1990. How would I describe the transformation of the common function f(t)=t^2. How can I rewrite the function so that t=0 represents 2000.

asked by Caroline on February 9, 2011
Calculus
Find the derivative of [(2+x)/(x-3)]^(2/5) I tried the power of a function rule, quotient rule, the chain rule but keep getting stuck.

asked by Sam on January 28, 2018
Algebra 2
Suppose the polynomial function below represents the power generated by a wind turbine, where x represents the wind speed in meters per second and y represents the kilowatts generated. Interpret f(10) f(x) = 0.08x^3 + x^2 + x + 0.26 ___ Does

asked by Anonymous on January 13, 2018
Math
A rental car company charges $150.00 for a weekly rental and an additional $0.20 for each mile driven. The function rule C=0.20m+150.00 describes the relationship between the number of miles driven m and the total cost C. If the rental car can only be

asked by Kaai97 on November 30, 2015
Science
A researcher is gathering data from four geographical areas designated: South=1;North=2; East=3; West=4. The geographical regions represents a. categorical data b. quantitative data c. directional data d. either quantitative or categorical data

asked by John on May 27, 2011

math help !

  1. Which function rule would help you find the values in the table ? n 2 4 6 m -8 -16 -24 A) m = -2n B) m = n – 2 C) m = n – 4 D) m = -4n 2. Explain how to write a function rule from the table below. Then write a function rule. x 2 4 6 y 1 0 –1

asked by kelsey on May 18, 2014
Simpson’s rule
Is the simpson’s rule always more accurate than the midpoint rule and trapezoidal rule? Not always; it is possible that the midpoint and/or trapezoidal rule determine exact values. 1. Some functions values for a function f are given below. x 0 0.5 1.0 f(x)

asked by 413 on October 24, 2006
Math
Sarah has to go to her brother’s baseball tournament that lasts for 4 days. She eats two-thirds of a hotdog at every game. He plays 2 games a day. Define your variables, write a function rule, find the domain and range, and tell whether the data is

asked by Lynn on October 2, 2016
Calculus
What would an example of a logarithmic function that contains a radical within it and a quotient within it where you would need to use chain rule and quotient rule to take derivative look like? How would taking the derivative of the function in its

asked by Robin on February 12, 2015
Math
Write a function rule to represent the situation. The total cost C for g grams of buffalo meat if each gram costs $3.43 Write a function rule using C and G as variables

asked by clickbait on December 12, 2018
Math Check Answers
Write a rule for the function represented by the table. x y 0 13 1 28 2 43 3 58 y= 15 + 13x y= 14 + 12x y= 13 + 15x** y= 12 + 14x Which function rule would help you find the values in the table? j k 2 -12 4 -24 6 -36 8 -48 k= -12j k= -6j** k= j – 12 k= j –

asked by Amanda on October 24, 2016
Math – Calculus Question.
hey can someone explain to me the relationship between the chain rule and implicit differentiation? It would be very much appreicated, thanks The chain rule is utilized whenever you have a function within a function such as cos^2 x or (5x+1)^1/2. Implicit

asked by Andrew D on December 6, 2006
Algebra
The table below represents a linear function f(x) and the equation represents a function g(x): x f(x) −1 −5 0 −1 1 3 g(x) g(x) = 2x − 7 Part A: Write a sentence to compare the slope of the two functions and show the steps you used to determine the

asked by Anonymous on July 17, 2017
Pre-Calculus
he amount M (in billion of dollars) of mortgage debt outstanding in the US from 1990 to 2001 can be approximated by the function M(t)= 29.9t^2 + 3892 where t=0 represents 1990. Rewrite the function so that t=0 represents 2000.

asked by Tara on February 16, 2015
math
certain superstores will often price match or even beat a competitor’s price by 10%.the function g(x)=0.90x represents the sale price of a piece of merchandise at such a superstore.the function f(x)=0.13x represents the HST owed on a purchase with a

asked by steve on May 23, 2016

MATH 1 QUESTION VERY HARD PLS HELP ASAP!!!!!
PLEASE HELP ASAP!!!!! i don’t know! Explain how to write a function rule from the table below. Then write a function rule. x: 2 4 6 y: 1 0 –1 i know its so simple but im having so much trouble!!!:( pls help!

asked by zumai on May 19, 2014
Math please help
I am looking at this question and I’m completely spacing how to do it I am looking in my book and I still have no idea how I do it. Explain how to write a function rule from the table below. Then write a function rule. |X|2|4| 6| |Y|1|0|-1| Please help

asked by BunnySayRawr on June 1, 2016
math

  1. Geoff planted dahlias in his garden. Dahlias have bulbs that divide and reproduce underground. In the first year, Geoff’s garden produced 6 bulbs. In the second year, it produced 12 bulbs, and in the third year, it produced 24 bulbs. If this pattern

asked by Olive on March 22, 2016
math

  1. Geoff planted dahlias in his garden. Dahlias have bulbs that divide and reproduce underground. In the first year, Geoff’s garden produced 6 bulbs. In the second year, it produced 12 bulbs, and in the third year, it produced 24 bulbs. If this pattern

asked by Olive on March 22, 2016
Managerial Economics
A company has developed the production function of Q=80L.5 K0.6 where L represents labor and K represents Capital. a. If L is increased by 2% with K unchanged, what is the resulting percentage change in output? b. Describe the nature of returns to scale

asked by Patty on August 1, 2014

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a satellite b is 17 000 miles

gEoMeTrY iNsCrIbEd AnGlEs MuLtIpLe ChOiCe QuEsTiOn
A satellite, B, is 17,000 miles from the horizon of Earth. Earth’s radius is about 4,000 miles. Find the approximate distance the satellite is from the Earth’s surface.

{The picture is a circle with point O in the center, point C is on the top center edge of the circle, point a is on the upper left side of the circle and point B is outside of the circle above the circle and point C.}

13,464 miles
17,464 miles
20,957 miles
21,000 miles

Thank You so much! I’m sorry I couldn’t get the picture to post, but i hope the description will help! I would really appreciate your help, I am having a hard time understanding how to solve this.

THank you 🙂

0 0 459
asked by aYaMe 😉
May 11, 2012
I visualize a right triangle, you know two sides: 4000 miles, and 17,000 miles. Solve for the hypotenuse, and subtract 4,000

hypotenuse=sqrt(4^2 + 17^2)=17,464

now subtract 4,000 miles.

0 0
👨‍🏫
bobpursley
May 11, 2012
THank You! you helped a lot 🙂

0 0
posted by aYaMe 😉
May 14, 2012
The answer is A 13,464

0 0
posted by Natica
May 27, 2014

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humans developed antibiotics to fight bacterial infections

Humans developed antibiotics to fight bacterial infections. However, some antibiotics are no longer effective in killing the bacteria they once killed. How does the theory of evolution explain this?

a. The antibiotic mutated the bacteria, which allowed resistance to develop.
b. After being exposed to the antibiotic, individual bacteria acquired the ability to resist the antibiotic.
c. Genetic variation in bacteria made it possible for some individuals to have resistance to the antibiotic, survive and reproduce.*
d. The antibiotic mutated to an ineffective form

Thanks so much 🙂

1 0 2,118
asked by Anonymous
May 12, 2015
Ok anyway thanks:)

0 1
posted by Anonymous
May 12, 2015
After being exposed to the antibiotic, individual bacteria acquired the ability to resist the antibiotic.

0 0
posted by sciencewhiz
Mar 28, 2019

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which of the following would be an example of paraphrasing the third sentence above

The Second Industrial Revolution was not just marked by new inventions. New business practices were invented that transformed America’s economy. Between 1869–1910, the value of American manufacturing rose from $3 billion to $13 billion. The steel industry produced just 68,000 tons in 1870 but 4.2 million tons in 1890.

  1. Which of the following would be an example of paraphrasing the third sentence above?

Between 1869–1910, the value of American manufacturing rose from $3 billion to $13 billion.
“Between 1869–1910, the value of American manufacturing rose from $3 billion to $13 billion” (Connections Education, 2012).
The worth of the manufacturing industry in the United States increased from $3 to $13 billion from 1869–1910 (Connections Education, 2012).
Between 1875–1880, the value of U.S. manufacturing increased by $5 billion.

  1. Which of the following would be an example of plagiarizing the third sentence above?
    Between 1869–1910, the value of American manufacturing rose from $3 billion to $13 billion.
    Between 1869–1910, the value of American manufacturing rose from $3 billion to $13 billion. (Connections Education, 2012).
    The worth of the manufacturing industry in the United States increased from $3 to $13 billion from 1869–1910 (Connections Education, 2012).
    Between 1875–1880, the value of U.S. manufacturing increased by $5 billion.
  2. Which of the following would be an example of quoting the third sentence above?

Between 1869–1910, the value of American manufacturing rose from $3 billion to $13 billion.
“Between 1869–1910, the value of American manufacturing rose from $3 billion to $13 billion” (Connections Education, 2012).
The worth of the manufacturing industry in the United States increased from $3 to $13 billion from 1869–1910 (Connections Education, 2012).
Between 1875–1880, the value of U.S. manufacturing increased by $5 billion.

  1. How can you avoid plagiarizing a source you want to use in writing a paper? Select all that apply.

making sure to cite the source accurately
either paraphrasing or directly quoting the text with a citation
by quoting the source in full
by finding an additional source with a competing point of view

0 0 3,791
asked by Anonymous
Apr 12, 2014
How would you like us to help you with these questions?

0 0
👩‍🏫
Ms. Sue
Apr 12, 2014
can you check my answers?

  1. A

2.?

  1. B

4.A,B

2 0
posted by Anonymous
Apr 12, 2014

  1. No.
  2. http://www.plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/what-is-plagiarism
  3. Yes.
  4. Yes. 1 0
    👩‍🏫
    Ms. Sue
    Apr 12, 2014
    1.? I dunno. B?
    2.A 0 1
    posted by Anonymous
    Apr 12, 2014
  5. What does paraphrasing mean?
  6. Yes. 0 0
    👩‍🏫
    Ms. Sue
    Apr 12, 2014
    express the meaning of (the writer or speaker or something written or spoken) using different words, esp. to achieve greater clarity.

so..C?

0 0
posted by Anonymous
Apr 12, 2014
1-c
2-a
3-b
4-a,b

55 0
posted by Anonymous
Nov 21, 2014
1-c
2-a
3-b
4-a,b

= 100%

44 0
posted by WaffleMustache
Apr 2, 2015
i got 100% thanks CHEATINGS FUN lol

5 3
posted by im just a girl that has no friends
Nov 30, 2015

WaffleMustache is correct, just got 100%.

1 0
posted by _
Feb 1, 2016
̿̿ ̿̿ ̿̿ ̿’̿’\̵͇̿̿\з= ( ▀ ͜͞ʖ▀) =ε/̵͇̿̿/’̿’̿ ̿ ̿̿ ̿̿ ̿̿

5 0
posted by guess
Feb 23, 2016
AAAAAAHHHHH This Guy
(☞゚∀゚)☞ ☜(˚▽˚)☞

7 0
posted by yes
Feb 23, 2016
@im just a girl that has no friends, I don’t think it should matter if you cheat on a useless subject like Ed Tech. Now if we are talking about cheating on bad child/teen acting, that is horrendous!

3 0
posted by Disney Channel
Feb 24, 2016
everyone else was right 100%

0 0
posted by That Girl
Mar 1, 2016

Thx waffle!!! I got 100!!!! 😉

1 0
posted by fox girl
Mar 12, 2016
I don’t consider this “cheating”. I see it as getting help when you don’t know the answer

3 0
posted by Griff
Mar 15, 2016
thanks waffle!! 100

0 0
posted by anonymous
Mar 23, 2016
I like how everyone is thanking waffle when anonymous answered first.

0 0
posted by Shun
Apr 12, 2016
1-c
2-a
3-b
4-a,b

if you go to connexus these are right!!!!!!

0 0
posted by boo
Oct 17, 2016

C
A
B
A B
100%

2 0
posted by Connection whiz
Jan 21, 2017
We come for help not to cheat, remember that, guys

0 0
posted by God’s Girl
Jan 30, 2017
“God’s Girl” I totally agree but most people come on here for the answers. Well you know what in High School and College what the hell are you going to do when you need help with things you were supposed to learn in 7th, 8th, 9th grade? I come on here for people like Mrs. Sue because she doesn’t just come out with the answer she makes you thing and she makes you read so Mrs.Sue if your reading this thank you so much for making people think and not just giving them the answers like most people.

2 0
posted by Cupcakes
Mar 2, 2017
If i could find it on the internet now i can find it on the internet then lol

0 0
posted by Thank You!!
Mar 17, 2017
It’s educational technology it’s not that deep @ Cupcakes chill

0 0
posted by Blooky
Apr 20, 2017

Yall finna graduate high school with only middle school knowledge

Me too tho so I can’t talk

0 0
posted by Jellybeans
Dec 6, 2017
its not cheating if your “checking your answers”

0 0
posted by Audy
Apr 3, 2018
Me
My dad had Gaven up on me when I was 14 so I haven’t had any practice. Judge– so you !@#$%^&ed your dad eh?

0 1
posted by 646260
Apr 11, 2018
Thanks for the answers guys :))) don’t know what I would do without ya!

0 0
posted by Hi
Apr 23, 2018
c
a
b
a,b

2 0
posted by cant say
Apr 25, 2018

c
a
b
ab

3 0
posted by gymnast cheerleader
Sep 24, 2018
Corn on the C.A.B.A.B 🤣🤣🤣

5 0
posted by
Nov 6, 2018
I LOVE CHEATING

1 1
posted by Vaeh <3
Mar 14, 2019
1c
2a
3b
4a,b

1 0
posted by ????
Mar 25, 2019
1c
2a
3b
4a,b

0 0
posted by ????
Mar 25, 2019

1c
2a
3b
4a,b

0 0
posted by ????
Mar 25, 2019
Guys I also do Connexus and I have gotten caught cheating before, if you don’t want to get caught, do you work slowly, as if you don’t have the answers, don’t get %100 all the time, they WILL notice, trust me, they know how fast you are submitting these questions, and if they notice your doing them fast, they will consider you cheating. Just a heads up. 🤝

1 0
posted by taco man
Apr 11, 2019
I once had 101 overdue assignments and I got them all done using this, but all in ONE day, ik kinda dumb, but that’s how they noticed me cheating.

0 0
posted by taco man
Apr 11, 2019

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what is the tone in the following excerpt from the gift of the magi

What is the tone in the following excerpt from “The Gift of the Magi” ?
1,997 results
English
What is the tone in the following excerpt from “The Gift of the Magi” ? There was clearly nothing to do but flop down on the shabby little couch and howl. So Della did it. Which instigates the moral reflection that life is made up of sobs,sniffles, and

asked by Anonymous on May 9, 2018
English
Has anyone here read the Gift of the Magi? I want some confirmation on a few parts.

asked by Anonymous on October 2, 2014
English
What does the story “The Gift of the Magi” say about material possessions?

asked by Anonymous on October 3, 2014
English
Would Della from Gift of the Magi be a round and static character?

asked by Anonymous on October 28, 2014
English
in which of the following resides the irony in the short stories the gift of the magi and the necklace

asked by Steve on May 29, 2015

English
What does this mean in the Gift of the Magi? While the mistress of the house is gradually subsiding from the first stage to the second, take a look at the home. A furnished flat at $8 per week. It did not exactly beggar description, but it certain had that

asked by Anonymous on October 3, 2014
english
Read the excerpt from O. Henry’s “The Gift of the Magi. ” Which three sentences in this passage reflect traditional stereotypes of men and women? A. White fingers and nimble tore at the string and paper. B. And then an ecstatic scream of joy; and then,

asked by catie on March 12, 2017
English

  1. Read the excerpt from Robert Browning’s “My Last Duchess.” “She thanked men-good! But thanked/Somehow-I know not how-as if she ranked/My gift of a nine-hundred-year-old name/With anybody’s gift…” Which of these best describes the speaker’s attitude

asked by Cassie on May 14, 2015
grammar
( The Gift of the Magi ) is O.Henry’s most famous short story. should the () be italized or in quotation marks I think quotation marks please help

asked by kevin on April 13, 2012
English 125 introduction literature
summarize the major similarities and differences between the forms of drama, poetry, and the short story. Demonstrate your ideas with textual examples from the course readings. In your response, include at least one example of each literary form. If you

asked by Ethel on August 20, 2012
writing
In your post, summarize the major similarities and differences between the forms of drama, poetry, and the short story. Demonstrate your ideas with textual examples from the course readings. In your response, include at least one example of each literary

asked by sjrock on June 8, 2011
English
Imagine your friend’s cousin writes a rebuttal argument to her claim in favor of teens owning smartphones. Read his argument excerpt and answer the question that follows: Smartphone ownership among teens is certainly on the rise. Yet there is reason for

asked by T on March 2, 2018
MATH
Plz I do not understand. You and your two sisters bought a gift for your brother. You paid 7.50 for your share (one third of the gift) . What is the total cost of the gift

asked by Abby Marcil on October 9, 2016
English
can you help me with this please You will write a literary analysis on how Mark Twain uses tone in the excerpt by writing a 5-paragraph, double-spaced essay supporting your position.

asked by just a brother who needs help on October 20, 2018
English! – Help!
Can someone help me with these? My answer has a “***” next to it. 1. What do you think the narrator of “The Gift of the Magi” considers as having real value? (1 point) the protagonists’ hard work the protagonists’ wisdom the protagonists’ possessions

asked by Sandy East Ward on June 3, 2014

Math
Six people are playing Secret Santa for Christmas. They will each give one gift to someone, and each receive one gift from someone. They are not allowed to receive their own gift. How many different ways are there to exchange gifts?

asked by Brian on July 1, 2013
maths
6 people are playing Secret Santa for Christmas. They will each give one gift to someone, and each receive one gift from someone. They are not allowed to give their gift to themselves. How many different ways are there to do so?

asked by Anonymous on February 15, 2013
English
English – rfvv, Wednesday, March 8, 2017 at 2:32pm Thank you for your help. One more question… 6. I got a nice gift on my birthday. 7. I got a nice gift for my birthday. (In #6, I received a gift on the date of the birthday. Is it right? In #7, is it

asked by rfvv on March 8, 2017
English

  1. How about making a gift together? What do you say to making a gift together? How do you feel about making a gift together? Why not make a gift together? (Are they all the same? Which ones are commonly used?) 2. Is a green pepper green and is a red

asked by John on May 7, 2009
English
Another question regarding the poem Annabel Lee. Can you check my response for me and help me elaborate on the rhythm explanation please; 1. What is the overall tone of the poem? How does the rhythm of the poem affect the tone? my ans: The tone of the poem

asked by Wendy on May 25, 2015
math
at the end of a soccer game season four families decide to buy the coach of gift certificate to a sporting goods store. each family contributes $35 towards the gift certificate. write and solve a division equation to find how much the gift certificate is

asked by Angelina on April 21, 2015
Algebra 1b
Task 1—Shipping a gift. You have selected a special gift for a cousin or other family member of similar age. You’re not close enough to deliver it by hand, so you will need to ship it to him or her. What did you choose for a gift? What size box will

asked by Diana on December 22, 2016
American Government
Article IV. The people of this commonwealth have the sole and exclusive right of governing themselves, as a free, sovereign, and independent state; and do, and forever hereafter shall, exercise and enjoy every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not,

asked by Elise Bedford on May 18, 2017
Social Studies
Based on the excerpt how does this newspaper article compare to the yellow journalism articles written about the explosion of the battleship Maine in 1898? A.This article is more biased than the yellow journalism articles B.This article is less biased than

asked by Arianne on March 2, 2017
English
One more question related to ‘for’ goes as follows. Thank you for your explanation. 11. The nice gift for my birthday was a dictionary. 12. A nice gift for my birthday was a dictionary. (Q1: Do we have to use ‘the’ or ‘a’ before ‘nice gift’ in the

asked by rfvv on March 8, 2017

math
My Math Problem When wrapping a birthday gift for his mother, Kenji adds an additional 2.5 square feet of gift wrap to allow for overlap. How many square feet of gift wrap will Kenji use to wrap a gift 3.5 feet long, 18 inches wide, and 2 feet high? My

asked by Americal on February 21, 2014
Math
When wrapping a birthday gift in the shape of a rectangular prism for his mother, Kenji adds an additional 2.5 square feet of gift wrap to allow for overlap.How many square feet of gift wrap will Kenji use to wrap a gift 3.5 feet long, 18 inches wide, and

asked by Thomas on March 12, 2017
math
sara spent 20.00 of her money on a gift for her mom, than half of her remaining money on a gift for her dad. sara last gift , for her brother, cost her 15.00. she left with 10.00. how much money did she start with?

asked by Anonymous on December 19, 2012
Math (LCM)
A music store gives every 20th customer a $5 gift card. every 50th customer gets a $10 gift card. Which customer will be the first to receive both types of gift cards? Use prime factorizations.

asked by Kyle on September 30, 2014
english
How does the circumstantial struggle in O. Henry’s “The Gift of the Magi” add to the situational irony in the story? a. Jim and Della’s lack of money is magnified when they sell their priceless possessions for gifts that turn out to be meaningless.

asked by catie on March 11, 2017
Math
I music store gives every 20th customer a five dollar gift card. Every 50th customer gets a $10 gift card. Which customer will be the first to receive both types of gift cards?

asked by Ava on September 18, 2017
math
a music store gives every 20th customer a $5 gift card. Every 50th customer gets a $10 gift card. which customer will be the first to receive both types of gift cards?

asked by teresa on September 21, 2017
Math
A music store gives every 20th customer a $5 gift card. Every 50th customer gets a $10 gift card. Which customer will be the first to receive both types of gift cards?

asked by Nina on September 26, 2016
math
a music store gives every 20th customer a $5 gift card. Every 50th customer gets a $10 gift card. which customer will be the first to receive both types of gift cards?

asked by teresa on September 21, 2017
English
What kind of gift do you want from Australia? (What is the meaning of ‘from Australia? Does he mean the gift made in Australia? Or a gift from a person, the writer, in Australia?)

asked by Tom on September 17, 2009

social studies
How is the tone of the newspaper article different from the tone of the letter Hi there, Does this question refer to a specific newspaper article and letter? If so we would need to see the two examples to note the difference in tone. The purpose of a news

asked by Imar on September 4, 2006
English
the tone of Breaking Through is a respectful b none of these choices are correct c bitter d amused e angry I think a,c,d,e are the right answer and i think the tone of this book is depend on which parts of it. Different parts have different tone.

asked by Rainbow on July 2, 2010
english
december is the month for gift giving.write about a gift that you would like to give to a special person?

asked by komal on December 22, 2010
please show how to set up this problem
Kim, Beth, and Jenny gave money to buy their mother a birthday gift. The gift cost $40. Kim gave 35% of the money for the gift. Beth gave 3/8 of the money for the gift. How much money did Jenny give to buy the gift?

asked by reggie on January 19, 2016
Math
Brady bought a gift that cost 15.99. After a sales tax of 5%, how much did he spend on his gift?

asked by Justin Cassard on December 9, 2014
Physics waves
I am stuck with both of these questions. Thanks in advanced! 1. If one tone has a frequency of 110 Hz and another tone is played near it with a tone of 113 Hz, the beat frequency is _ Hz 2. A standing wave has 3 nodes in a string 20 m long. The

asked by Liz on April 20, 2014
English
In what ways are the sea and the role of Poseidon important in the test prep excerpt? Support your answer with details from the excerpt.

asked by Help me please, and thank you on October 14, 2018
Language Arts
Is this a good analytical paragraph? Edgar Allen Poe’s poem, “The Bells”, uses personification and alliteration in order to establish a new tone for each stanza. Personification is used to create a transition in the stanzas, to differentiate the tone

asked by D on November 18, 2014
English
CHECK PLEASE? Is this a good analytical paragraph? Edgar Allen Poe’s poem, “The Bells”, uses personification and alliteration in order to establish a new tone for each stanza. Personification is used to create a transition in the stanzas, to

asked by D on November 18, 2014
English 4
Describe the tone of the final line in “Anthem for Doomed Youth.” What specific words help to establish this tone? The speaker ends with an image of blinds being drawn before dark. That word “slow” reflects the way the poem has been slowing down

asked by Ciara on April 24, 2015

english- mood/tone
My teacher says that mood and tone are not the same thing, but I have trouble establishing a difference between the two. How can I tell them apart? Mood: http://www.tnellen.com/cybereng/lit_terms/terms/2terms.html#Mood Tone:

asked by Anonymous on September 24, 2006
English
I have 3 more questions that I’m confused on. 1. Read the argument excerpt related to teen use of smartphones and answer the question that follows: People on either side of the smartphones-for-teens debate can’t agree on the evidence. Sure, there’s proof

asked by T on March 2, 2018
math
mark is making gift bags for his friends. there are stickers in 1/4 of the gift bags. If mark makes 12 gift bags. how many wil contain stickers? 1/4×12=3 is this correct

asked by Paul on March 18, 2017
maths
‘A ‘ person gives gift to another person ‘B ‘on an occasion, ‘B ‘ gives the same gift to ‘C ‘, and so on. What is the probability that the gift returns to the person ‘A ‘ again

asked by faizel on January 1, 2013
math
A store gave away a $5 gift card to every sixth customer and a $10 gift card to every tenth customer.Which customer would be the first one to receive both a $5 and a $10 gift card?please help

asked by CeCe on November 5, 2013
business communication
The language style of minutes reflects the type of meeting held. This means: (Points: 5) a) the more formal the meeting, the more informal the wording and tone of the minutes. b) the more informal the meeting, the more formal the wording and tone of the

asked by lisa on June 27, 2011
math
Craig is creating gift baskets for the food pantry to give away. He has 91 canned food items and 52 boxed food items, giving him a total of 143 items. The sum is shown below. He wants to make sure that every gift basket has an equal amount of canned food

asked by Spartans on February 18, 2015
math
Craig is creating gift baskets for the food pantry to give away. He has 91 canned food items and 52 boxed food items, giving him a total of 143 items. The sum is shown below. He wants to make sure that every gift basket has an equal amount of canned food

asked by Spartans on February 18, 2015
Math
you are making identical gift bags using 24 candles and 36 bottles of lotion. What is the greatest number of gift bags you can make with no items left ?

asked by Sha’Marion on September 3, 2015
Math
a cardbord gift-box has a surface area of 478cm2 and a volume of 570cm3. what are the length,width,and height of the carbox gift-box? I Need Help

asked by Sofia on April 9, 2013

math
you are making identical gift bags using 24 candles and 36 bottles of lotion. What is the greatest number of gift bags you can make with no items left over.

asked by teresa on September 19, 2017
Math
Tee received six $25 gift cards for his birthday. If he spends 1/4 of his money from the gift cards on Saturday, how much did he save to spend later?

asked by Joe on November 18, 2010
math
LeAnn wants to gift wrap a present she got for her little brother. How many square inches of gift wrap will be needed to cover a box that is 5in x 7in x 3in?

asked by derek on March 19, 2019
Math
Vidya wants to cover a gift box whose dimensions are 20 cm,30cm and 8cm. She has a piece of paper of area 1 metre square. Will she be able to cover the gift? Explain.

asked by Harjot on January 25, 2018
math
Five children in the Woods family have decided to purchase an anniversary gift for their parents. They estimate the price of the gift to be $170. Each person has already contributed $10. If they have eight weeks to raise the rest of the money, how much

asked by Anonymous on May 13, 2016
Literature4000
How would you describe the tone of this essay? What evidence supports your interpretation? i know its a serious, satiric tone .. but how can i provide examples?

asked by Mark J on November 1, 2011
language
A poem’s underlying message or concept _. 1 poetic diction 2 tone 3 atmosphere 4 all of these 5 none of these I think its the tone? Is this right?

asked by Courtney on June 2, 2010
Music
Pour different amounts of water into three identical glass bottles. Which has the highest tone, which has the lowest tone. Why?

asked by isaiah on October 24, 2008
math
You received a $100 gift certificate to a clothing store. The store sells t-shirts for $15 and dress shirts for $22. You want to spend no more than the amount of the gift certificate. You want to leave at most $10 of the gift certificate unspent. You need

asked by Elizabeth on December 4, 2018
La
How do poets use imagery, connotation,and denotation to contribute to tone in a poem? I don’t really understand tone and such, if someone could explain?

asked by La help on March 8, 2018

English
What are the pros/cons of the short story/short poem in communicating ideas? It is short, and sticks in the mind. Crossing the Bar comes to my mind, I first heard it in Junior High School over fifty years ago. Poe’s The Raven is another. O’Henry’s story

asked by Christo on March 21, 2007
math
Write an equation for each situation using the two given variables.(a) Gwen received a gift card for $400. She uses it each month to treat herself to a mani-pedi for $35. Let D be the money on her gift card after m months.

asked by Anonymous on February 2, 2018
AP physics (simple experiment question)
the 440Hz and the 441 Hz tone bars are to be placed horizontally on stable surface. strike both tone bars with the hammer. 10. what do you hear? report any pattern you hear to the sound generated. 11. when striking a single tone bar sprinkles some powder

asked by Anthony on April 6, 2017
Math
Gayle had 5 1/3pounds of candy.She put 1 1/2 pounds of candy into each gift bag.How many gift bags could she fill completely fill? What fraction of a gift bag will she have left? what fraction of a pound of candy will she have left?

asked by Michelle on September 21, 2011
Math
Gayle had 5 1/3pounds of candy.She put 1 1/2 pounds of candy into each gift bag.How many gift bags could she fill completely fill? What fraction of a gift bag will she have left? what fraction of a pound of candy will she have left?

asked by Michelle on September 21, 2011
English
10.) “Glory be to God for dappled things-/For skies of couple-color as a brinded cow…” Which of these best describes this excerpt from Gerard Manley Hopkins’s “Pied Beauty”? A.) It is an example of sprung rhythm. B.) It is an example of iambic

asked by Cassie on May 14, 2015
english
I having trouble with a question the teacher gave me. “In what tone does the narrator tell the story? How is this tone established?” “The Lottery Ticket” by Anton Chekhov

asked by Joash on March 1, 2017
9th Grade Honors English
In the book Inside the Walls of Troy, what view does the reader get through her eyes? I know that Cassandra loathed her gift of foreseeing the future and that she didn’t want anyone to find out about her gift,in fear of being judged and criticized for it,

asked by Lillith on October 12, 2016
English
The elements of persuasion are? Answers are Pace,volume,tone,repetition,action Pace,volume,tone,repetition,imagery Action,words,facial,expression,tone None of the above I think it is the second one thanks

asked by snow on March 7, 2014
statistics
Simple question I may be over thinking 30. Gift Baskets: The Gift Basket Sore had the following premade gift baskets containing the following combinations in stock. cookies mugs candy ————————————– coffee 20 13 10 tea 12 10 12

asked by Anonymous on February 20, 2014

English
What is the tone of Guy de Maupassant’s short story, “The Necklace?” I cannot find out whether or not this tone is reproving and mocking or realistic and ironic. If anyone could help that would be great as I am completely stuck on this.

asked by Mame on June 1, 2016
Literature
what if I say that the tone of ‘Legal Alien’ is uncomfortable and complicated as she describes the harships being faced? And for Harlem, can I just say that the tone seems calm as he compares the deffered dreams to unpleasant things? ..I really need help

asked by mysterychicken on December 2, 2009
math
if a gift is 42.40 including tax,what is the retail price for the gift if the sales tax is 6% ??

asked by gaby on January 6, 2010
English
please check my answer thanks 🙂 In addition to the information you include in a document, the_________ of your writing sends a message to the reader tone method length phase I picked tone

asked by Anonymous on November 11, 2007
English 4
In the excerpt from Hard Times, Dickens refers to an “adversary.” What is the meaning of this word? In the context of the final paragraph of the excerpt, who or what is the adversary being discussed? An adversary is generally considered to be a person,

asked by Ciara on April 27, 2015
grammar
Hello, I need a grammatical correction in the following excerpt from my essay, “We can see the benefits of having a husband for a woman in the following excerpt…” My teacher circled the phrase “having a husband for a woman” (which means that there is

asked by Tom on March 22, 2009
Math
Michelle has a starting balance on a gift card for $300. She buys several dresses at $40 a piece. After her purchases she has $140 left on the gift card. How many dresses did she buy?

asked by abby on January 12, 2015
algebra
A department store purchases gift boxes that each have a volume of 256 cubic inches. The width of each box is 4 less than the length. The height is twice thw width. What are the dimentions of a gift box?

asked by sheila on February 23, 2008
english
beautiful china figures Are you look for an ideal gift for a friend or loved one?Why not choose one of our beautiful china figures to give to someone special.Each figure comes on a wooden stand with a gold plaque where we will engrave your chosen message.

asked by llp on November 13, 2012
math
Brittany has a gift box in the shape of a cube.Each side of the box measures 15 cm. What is the volume of the gift box?

asked by Anonymous on March 11, 2014

Math
Brittany has a gift box in the shape of a cube. Inside of the box measures 15 cm. What is the volume of the gift box.?

asked by Alana on January 30, 2017
Math
A gift shop buys greeting cards at $3.50 each, and sells them at an 80% markup. At what price does the gift shop sell each greeting card?

asked by ashataie on January 26, 2015
Math
A gift shop buys greeting cards at $3.50 each, and sells them at an 80% markup. At what price does the gift shop sell each greeting card?

asked by Kammi on March 18, 2013
English (Check)
Indicate which aspects of the Puritan Plain Style (short words, direct statements, and references to ordinary, everyday objects) are displayed by each poetry excerpt. 1. If ever two were one, then surely we. If ever man were lov’d by wife, then thee. A:

asked by Victoria on February 20, 2016
CSU
A speaker has a diameter of 0.303 m. (a) Assuming that the speed of sound is 343 m/s, find the diffraction angle è for a 1.80-kHz tone. (b) What speaker diameter D should be used to generate a 3.72-kHz tone whose diffraction angle is as wide as that for

asked by Japhet on January 31, 2016
Physics
A speaker has a diameter of 0.303 m. (a) Assuming that the speed of sound is 343 m/s, find the diffraction angle è for a 1.80-kHz tone. (b) What speaker diameter D should be used to generate a 3.72-kHz tone whose diffraction angle is as wide as that for

asked by Japhet on January 31, 2016
Language Arts
In Chapter 40, Sal receives the gift of a chicken from Ben. The chicken’s name is Blackberry. Explain the irony in Ben’s gift and the name that he gives it.

asked by becky on May 19, 2016
Lang Arts
In Chapter 40, Sal receives the gift of a chicken from Ben. The chicken’s name is Blackberry. Explain the irony in Ben’s gift and the name that he gives it.

asked by Plz Help on February 26, 2018
math
Every cereal box has a gift inside, but you cannot tell from the outside what the gift is. The store manager assures you that 16 of the 58 boxes on the shelf have the secret decoder ring. The other 42 boxes on the shelf have a different gift inside. If you

asked by vicke on November 8, 2015
math
Every cereal box has a gift inside, but you cannot tell from the outside what the gift is. The store manager assures you that 16 of the 58 boxes on the shelf have the secret decoder ring. The other 42 boxes on the shelf have a different gift inside. If you

asked by john on November 8, 2015

English

  1. The _ of an introduction to an essay establishes how you feel about your topic and the relationship with your readers. A. point of view B. focus C. topic D. tone I believe it is D) Tone.

asked by studnet on February 17, 2017
business
What other things besides CAPS can communicate unintentional tone in an email? I am at a lost here all I can think of is your tone and caps brings off a bad message.

asked by april on November 1, 2008
physics
A 10000 Hz tone must have what intensity level to seem as loud as a 50 Hz tone that has a 100 dB sound level? (See Fig. 12-7.) 12_07.gif

asked by Jay on July 15, 2012
math 2
brittany has a gift box in the shape of a cube. each side of the box measures 15 centimeters. what is the volume of the gift box? is the answer 255, 1,250, 3,375, or 3,475 and how did you arrive at that answer

asked by kimmy plus on March 6, 2014
Math
A gift box is 15 inches long, 10 inches wide, and 3 inches high. How much wrapping paper is needed to wrap the gift box? 225 in.2 450 in.2 525 in.2(my answer) 650 in.2

asked by SmartyPants on March 7, 2015

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what is the percentage of water in the hydrate cocl2 • 6h2o

What is the percentage of water in the hydrate CoCl2 • 6H2O? Show work

I’m confused whether it’s 52.17% or 45%

0 0 324
asked by help pls!!!!!!!!
May 25, 2018
mm = molar mass
mm CoCl2.6H2O= (mm CoCl2 + mm H2O x 6)= ??
mm H2O x 6 = ?

%H2O =( mm H2Ox6/mm CoCl2.6H2O)*100 = ?

0 0
posted by DrBob222
May 25, 2018
mm CoCl2.6H2O= (mm CoCl2 + mm H2O x 6)= 108g H2O

%H2O =( mm H2Ox6/mm CoCl2.6H2O)*100 = ?45%?????

0 0
posted by help pls!!!!!!!!
May 25, 2018
(108/237.9)*100 = about 45% but with that many significant digits in the numbers I would have used AT LEAST 3 in the answer)

0 0
posted by DrBob222
May 25, 2018
3 where?

0 0
posted by help pls!!!!!!!!
May 25, 2018

At the end! That means not 45% but 45.1% or 45.2% or 45.3% or whatever that third digit is..

0 0
posted by DrBob222
May 25, 2018

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a 1500-w heater is designed to be plugged into a 120-v outlet.

A current of 4.00 A flows through the heating element of heater converting 500 J of electrical energy into thermal energy every second. What is the voltage across the ends of the heating element?

a. 2000 V
b. 125 V
c. 250 V
d. 0.008 V
e. 0.125 V

0 0 110
asked by John
Mar 1, 2013
Power = 500J/s = 500 Watts.

V*I = 500
V = 500/I = 500/4 = 125 Volts.

0 0
posted by Henry
Mar 3, 2013

Categories
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identify the sentence that contains a word or phrase that should not be in italics

Identify the word or phrase that should be in italics.

1.) Riding the Orient Express toward Istanbul, Tom read the novels of Mark Twain.

A.) Orient Express
B.) Istanbul
C.) Mark Twain
D.) none

2.) He felt like a character in a Steven Spielberg movie as he listened to a Strauss waltz while eating spaghetti in the dining car.

A.) Steven Spielberg
B.) Strauss waltz
C.) spaghetti
D.) none

I think 1 is D and 2 is B…?

0 0 1,577
asked by Cassie
Nov 11, 2013
I disagree with both of your answers.

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/italics.htm

0 1
👩‍🏫
Ms. Sue
Nov 11, 2013
Then I would say 1 is A and 2 is D but I am not sure. These were my other answers. I am not to good at English class.

1 0
posted by Cassie
Nov 11, 2013
I agree with both of your answers, now. Cassie, you’re doing fine. Most of your answers are perfect!

1 0
👩‍🏫
Ms. Sue
Nov 11, 2013
Ok thanks again Ms. Sue!

0 0
posted by Cassie
Nov 11, 2013

I am going to post a few more to check and if you would check them that would be great.

0 0
posted by Cassie
Nov 11, 2013
Great!

Here’s a little secret. I wasn’t sure about the Orient Express because the few online references I saw did not use italics for it. But when the grammar website used it as an example, I was convinced.

1 0
👩‍🏫
Ms. Sue
Nov 11, 2013
Ok Thank you. I posted a couple more to check if you could.

0 0
posted by Cassie
Nov 11, 2013
There is a movie coming out in 2017.
Coming to theatres on November 10th 2017.
Watch the 1974 original that came out in theatres on November 24th, 1974.
This time this is the remake in 2017.
This is gonna be awesome.

0 5
posted by Raven Kolenda
May 9, 2017

Categories
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h3c6h5o7

science
chemical analysis shows that citric acid contains 37.51% C, 420% H, and 58.29% O. What is the empirical formula for citric acid?

asked by john on March 17, 2008

Chemistry
What is the molality of each of the following solutions? 1)Dissolve 0.610 mol of citric acid, C6H8O7, in 1.35 kg of water. 2) Dissolve 0.200 mg of KBr in 5.50 mL of water. 3) Dissolve 4.05 g of aspirin, C9H8O4, in 145 g of dichloromethane, CH2Cl2. For some

asked by Rach on November 19, 2015
Chemistry Dr. Bob
This is in response to the fact that my experiment had me come up with my own.. I was supposed to measure out as close to 1g as possible of sodium bicarbonate as possible.. This is my lab procedures: Plastic Cup A 1. Measure out 50 mL of distilled water

asked by Jennie on March 3, 2015
Chemistry Dr. Bob
Now, I’m going to post how to figure out the theoretical yield of carbon dioxide from 1.00g sodium bicarbonate… The reaction of citric acid and sodium bicarbonate is written as H3C6H5O7(aq) + 3 NaHCO3(aq) → Na3C6H5O7(aq) + 3 H2O(l) + 3 CO2(g) Um.. I

asked by Jennie on March 3, 2015
Chemistry Dr. Bob222
Ok, UMMMM I thought I was good.. Till now.. Ok, For Cup C Mass of cup,water,stirrer: 55.15 Mass of sodium bicarbonate: 2.02g mass of citric acid: 0.77g total mass: 57.94g mass of cup,solution, stirrer after reaction: 57.64 difference (CO2): 0.30g Part B:

asked by Jennie on March 3, 2015
chem
Citric acid, the compound responsible for the sour taste of lemons, has the following elemental composition: C, 37.51%; H, 4.20%; O, 58.29%. Calculate the empirical formula of citric acid. (Type your answer using the format CO2 for CO2.) thanks

asked by hannah on November 14, 2010
chemistry
Use the systematic treatment of equilibrium to determine the pH and concentrations of species in 1.00 L of solution containing 0.065 mol citric acid (H3A), 0.025 mol 8-hydroxyquinoline (HB), and 0.040 mol KOH. Consider just acid-base chemistry. Ignore ion

asked by James on May 23, 2014
chemistry
which stereoisomer of citric acid is produced in the citric acid cycle?

asked by tai on January 24, 2011
Chemistry Dr. Bob222
Ok, For Cup C Mass of cup,water,stirrer: 55.15 Mass of sodium bicarbonate: 2.02g mass of citric acid: 0.77g total mass: 57.94g mass of cup,solution, stirrer after reaction: 57.64 difference (CO2): 0.30g Part B: Limiting Reactants Plastic Cup C 7. Determine

asked by Jennie on March 4, 2015
chem
how do you tell which reactant is limiting reactant with the following information: mass of cup 55.78g mass o/sodium bicarbonate 1.01g mass o/citric acid 1.52g toal mass 58.31g mass of cup,solute after reaction 59.95g mass o/carbon dioxide .42g

asked by jo on March 9, 2012
Chemistry Dr. Bob
Plastic Cup B Mass of cup, water and stirrer: 53.75g mass of sodium bicarbonate: 2.02g mass of citric acid: 1.52g total mass of all: 57.29g mass of cup, solution, stirrer after reaction: 56.59g difference (CO2): 0.70 g Now, Here’s the problems it’s

asked by Jennie on March 3, 2015

Chemistry
Citric acid is a tri-protic acid with a Ka1 =8.4×10-4 Ka2=1.8×10-5 and Ka3=4.0×10-6. calculate the pH at the 2nd equivalence point in the titration of 85.5 mL of a .21 M citric acid solution with .25 M NaOH. Calculate the pH, after 25.8 mL of NaOH have

asked by Jill on December 9, 2015
chemistry
THE QUESTION ASKS TO CALCULATE THE AMOUNT (IN GRAMS) OF CARBON DIOXIDE FROM THE AMOUNT OF SODIUM BICARBONATE THAT YOU USED IN THE REACTION Run 1. The reaction of citric acid and sodium bicarbonate is written as H3C6H5O7(aq) + 3 NaHCO3(aq) → Na3C6H5O7(aq)

asked by JENNIFER on February 28, 2017
Biology
A mutant protist is found in which some mitochondria lack an inner mitochondrial membrane. Whcih of the following pathways would be completely disruped in these mitochondria? a) the citric acid cycle. b) oxidative phosphorylation. c) the citric acid cycle

asked by Terrye on November 13, 2009
ionic or covalent
can you check for me? Calcium Chloride: covalent Citric Acid: ionic Phenyl Salicylate: covalent Potassium Iodide: ionic Sodium Chloride: covalent Sucrose: ionic Thanks so much!!!! You must have some reason for picking ionic or covalent. How did you arrive

asked by Hodgkin on June 19, 2006
Chemistry
How to Prepare 500mL a 50 mM pH 6 Citrate buffer starting from citric acid as the sole source of conjugate base I used the HH equation and got that citric acid concentration would be 0.035M, when converted to moles would be 3.362g. Then I was planning to

asked by Aarya Singh on January 15, 2017
college
how can you differentiate between oxalic acid, citric acid and tartaric acid with CaCl2 test? show the chemical reaction?

asked by Anonymous on November 7, 2009
Chemitry
3moles of sodium hydroxide will neutralize 1mole of citric acid,what volume of 2moles of sodium hydroxide solution will neutralize 50cm of citric acid solution?

asked by Zuhur on January 2, 2012
Chemistry
If a total of 13.5 mol of NaHCO3 and 4.5 mol of C6H8O7 react, how many moles of CO2 and Na3C6H5O7 will be produced? 3NaHCO3(aq) + C6H8O7(aq) > 3CO2(g) + 3H2O(s) + Na3C6H5O7(aq)

asked by Liz on May 6, 2012
chemistry
If a total of 13.5 mol of NaHCO3 and 4.5 mol of C6H8O7 react, how many moles of CO2 and Na3C6H5O7 will be produced? 3NaHCO3(aq) + C6H8O7(aq) ƒ{ƒ®3CO2(g) + 3H2O(s) +Na3C6H5O7(aq)

asked by natasha on July 29, 2008
Chemistry
Citric acid is a triprotic acid with Ka values of 3.14, 5.95, and 6.39. Estimate the pH of a 0.15 M solution of a monosodium salt

asked by lawerence on March 20, 2015

Chemistry
Which reaction had a negative T value: Citric Acid and baking soda or metal and hydrochloric Acid

asked by Anonymous on February 4, 2012
Chemistry
How we differentiate bw citric acid and tartaric acid by identification test?

asked by Rao waqar on May 12, 2018
acids and bases
Give the formula of the conjugate base of each of the following acids: a.) citric acid b.)oxalic acid c.)dihydrogen phosphate ion d.)phenol

asked by jj reddick on November 8, 2010
chemistry
Give the formula of the conjugate base of each of the following acids: a.) citric acid b.)oxalic acid c.)dihydrogen phosphate ion d.)phenol

asked by jj reddick on November 8, 2010
Chemistry
Physical Developer (PD) is a set of solutions used to develop latent fingerprints on different porous and nonporous surfaces. It is often used to develop fingerprints on currency. Below are FBI recipes for PD. Solution 1 serves as a cleaning solution

asked by Kid on March 14, 2018
Wine Chemistry
Is citric acid stronger than tartaric acid?

asked by Rachel on September 28, 2012
Analytical Chem
The following electrochemical cell can be used to calculate the formation constant Kf for a metal and EDTA. The cell has a voltage of -0.262V. The right half cell contains a metal (M^2+) with a standard reduction potential of -0.236V. Calculate the Kf for

asked by Anonymous on October 15, 2014
chemistry
what is the balanced equation of ascorbic acid + citric acid +OH–> water + ascorbate ion+ citrate ion

asked by Anonymous on March 5, 2012
Chemistry
H3C6H5O7(aq) + 3NaHCO3(aq)—-Na3C6H5O7(aq) + 3H2O(i) + 3CO2. NaHCO3 = 2.00g H3C6H5O7 = 0.76 CO2 = 0.07g 1.Determine which reactant is the limiting reactant . describe your reasoning. 2. Calculate the theoretical yield of carbon dioxide in the plastic 3.

asked by Zaza on October 7, 2016
chemistry
I am grouping calcium chloride, citric acid , potassium iodide , sodium chloride ,and sucrose according to their properties. I put sucrose and citric acid in one group and potassium iodide , sodium chloride, and calcium chloride in another group. Is that

asked by ashley on January 19, 2009

chemistry
Is citric acid covalent or ionic?

asked by ashley on January 19, 2009
science
What are the chemical elements in citric acid?

asked by bob on September 13, 2010
Chemistry 12
The following data was obtained after 25.00ml of benzoic acid was titrated with potassium hydroxide. Volume of KOH used: Trial 1: 27.80ml Trial 2: 27.88ml Trial 3: 27.66ml Initial pH: 3.125 pH at 13.92ml: 5.013 Find the Ka for this sample of citric acid

asked by Brian on June 25, 2017
Biochemistry
I have asked for help from other classmates and we are so lost. Any help would be appreciated!! 🙂 Q: What are the major carbon-containing products and the total molar yield of ATP when mammalian cell homogenates are incubated iwth the four fatty acids

asked by Ashley on April 1, 2007
Chemistry 30
How do i do this question?? A 10.00ml Sample was taken from a 2Liter Container of Tropicana Orange juice. This sample was analyzed for its citric acid content by titration with a known 0.1112M NaOH base solution. A Phenoolphthalein indicator was added to

asked by Ellen on March 7, 2017
biology help
What are the regulatory enzymes regulated in the citric acid cycle?

asked by meg on April 16, 2013
chemistry
the equivalence amount of citric acid for 2.00 g of sodium bicarbonate is 1.52 g.

asked by Anonymous on February 28, 2012
biology
What are four negative allosteric effectors in the citric acid cycle

asked by Citric Acid cycle on April 16, 2013
Chemistry
How do you balance the equation when citric acid is added to NaOH?

asked by peter on June 8, 2011
Chemistry
What is the final product of citric acid combined with sodium hydroxide

asked by Amanda on March 10, 2008

Chem
What are the major species in solution during the titration of citric acid with a strong base?

asked by Lyn on November 20, 2016
chemistry
I need an equation for the neutralization of lemon juice (citric acid) with baking soda (sodium hydrogen or sodium bicarbonate) that shows a proton transfer to form carbonic acid and a salt..And an equation for the decomposition of carbonic acid to water

asked by Norma on August 4, 2010
chemitry
show that the equivalence amount of citric acid for 1.00g of sodium bicarbonate is 0.76g

asked by paul on October 11, 2011
Chemistry
What are the major species in a solution during the titration of citric acid with a strong base such as NaOH?

asked by Lyn on November 20, 2016
Chemistry
Calculate the amount of Citric acid monohydrate needed to make 100 mL of 0.1 M solution

asked by Emily on February 7, 2011
Chemistry
Can you check if this is correct please: Reactivity order for these metals (top being most reactive): – Magnesium (I’m not sure if Magnesium or Manganese should be at the top) – Manganese – Zinc – Copper Reactivity order for these acids (top being most

asked by Franky on October 9, 2011
Chemistry
Can you check if this is correct please: Reactivity order for these metals (top being most reactive): – Magnesium (I’m not sure if Magnesium or Manganese should be at the top) – Manganese – Zinc – Copper Reactivity order for these acids (top being most

asked by Franky on October 9, 2011
Chemistry
Explain the difference between a diprotic and triprotic acid. How does each acid ionise in water? – I understand the difference between a diprotic and triprotic acid, though I haven’t found how each acid ionises in water through extensive research. Thanks.

asked by Rik on April 25, 2017
Chemistry
How many milliliters of a 0.1 Molar NaOH solution is needed to neutralize 1 liter of lemonade containing 25% citric acid?

asked by Katie on August 5, 2011
science
How many grams of citric acid is needed to titrate 20ml NaOH 0.05M their mole ratio is 1:3 respectively

asked by Janet on November 28, 2012

Chemistry
How to Prepare a 50 mM pH 6 Citrate buffer starting from citric acid as the sole source of conjugate base.

asked by Quincy on January 17, 2015
Chemistry
How to Prepare a 50 mM pH 6 Citrate buffer starting from citric acid as the sole source of conjugate base.

asked by Charlotte on January 17, 2015
Biology
why is there no production of ATP when detergent is treated in a test tube with mitochondria? in Aerobic and anaerobic respiration what is the final metabolic breakdown of molecule? 1 pyruvic acid 2 acetyl coenzyme A 3 citric acid 4 reduced coenzyme FADH2

asked by sabrina on March 17, 2011
BIOO pleasee help u guys are angellss!!!
why is there no production of ATP when detergent is treated in a test tube with mitochondria? in Aerobic and anaerobic respiration what is the final metabolic breakdown of molecule? 1 pyruvic acid 2 acetyl coenzyme A 3 citric acid 4 reduced coenzyme FADH2

asked by sabrina on March 17, 2011
BIOO
why is there no production of ATP when detergent is treated in a test tube with mitochondria? in Aerobic and anaerobic respiration what is the final metabolic breakdown of molecule? 1 pyruvic acid 2 acetyl coenzyme A 3 citric acid 4 reduced coenzyme FADH2

asked by sabrina on March 17, 2011
Chemistry
In manufacturing a fruit drink, citric acid is added to water in the amount of 0.1 mol/L. What is the pH of the resulting 
solution?



asked by Laura on April 7, 2010
Chemistry
1- Determine the [OH-] and pH of a solution that is .250 M in HCO-3 2- Calculate the [H3O+] and pH of each polyprotic acid solution: a) .125 M H2CO3 b) .125 M H3C6H5O7

asked by Joey on March 14, 2011
Science
Citric acid has the formula C3H3OH(COOH)3. How many atoms of carbon,hydrogen and oxygen are in each molecule? Please help I don’t understand this!! Thank you

asked by Cherie on November 18, 2013
chem
What is the difference between a weak acid and a dilute acid: a strong acid and a concentrated acid? Give an example of each

asked by Vince 11 on November 30, 2012
chem
What is the difference between a weak acid and a dilute acid: a strong acid and a concentrated acid? Give an example of each

asked by Vince 11 on November 30, 2012

Physiology
1.During which stage of cellular respiration is most ATP made? C A. Glycolysis B. Chemiosmosis C. Electron Transport Chain D. Citric acid Cycle

asked by Hayley on January 21, 2018
chemistry
You are given 50 mL of .25 M citric acid. How many moles of NaOH would you need to add to obtain a soln with a pH of 6.7? Assume volume unchanged Ka1=7.4E-4 Ka2=1.7E-5 Ka3=4E-7

asked by megan on July 26, 2012
Biology ( Ms.Sue help)
Which one of the following reactions occurs in the cristae of the mitochondria? A. The prep reaction B. Glycolysis C. The electron transport chain D. The citric acid cycle B?

asked by Brooklyn on June 23, 2015
Biology
Which one of the following reactions occurs in the cristae of the mitochondria? A. The prep reaction B. Glycolysis C. The electron transport chain D. The citric acid cycle B?

asked by Brooklyn on June 22, 2015
biology/chemistry
Determine the net ATP production from one molecule of acetyl CoA through the citric acid cycle and taking the products through oxidative phosphorylation?

asked by meg on April 17, 2013

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the two rectangles are similar. which is the correct proportion

  1. The two rectangles are similar. Which is the correct proportion for corresponding sides?
    37,620 results
    Math
  2. The two rectangles are similar. Which is the correct proportion for corresponding sides? the two rectangles are 4 by 12 and 8 by 24. thanks! A) 12/8=24/4 B) 8/4=24/12 C) 12/4=8/24 D) 4/12=24/8 Is the answer C? I’m not quite sure about it but that’s what

asked by Tim on March 14, 2016
Brain freezer a.k.a. MATH
Please Help! Are all squares similar? I think that they aren’t but i’m not sure. I think this because rectangles can be squares and rectangles can take different forms and shapes. Please help What do you mean by square? A square will always have a 4 sides

asked by Crystal on December 14, 2006
MATH URGENT!
Ok I don’t understand how to find similar figures when using proportions. Can someone explain it to me? Two figures that have the same shape are said to be similar. When two figures are similar, the ratios of the lengths of their corresponding sides are

asked by Ashley on April 24, 2007
Math
graph the data in each table Perimeters of Similar Rectangles x 1 2 3 4 5 P ? ? ? ? ? Graph P 40 30 20 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 X Area of Similar Rectangles X 1 2 3 4 5 A ? ? ? ? ? A 40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 X 1st rectangle is one side x bottom 2x

asked by Stephanie on February 25, 2013
Math HElP!!!!!!!!
A group of students decided to look at rectangles that are spuare. They find that no matter what size square they drew, every square was similar to shape B in the Shapes Set and to all other squares. They found that all squares are similar! They decided to

asked by chemiii on December 4, 2006

Math. Help Me!..please!
How do u find similar figures when using a proportion?’cause I don’t get it dude. **EXAMPLE-On two sides-72m On the other 2-45m The next one says On one side-50m On the other- 80m Determine whether they are similar. I don’t get it. Please help! THANX! it

asked by Fred on April 24, 2007
math
consider pairs of rectangles where the dimensions are doubled (rectangles with all sides X2 and all sides X4, or those with all sides X3 and all sides X6. what happens to the perimeter when you double each of the dimensions of a rectangle?, Then what

asked by chance on February 22, 2011
Geometry

4 Which could be the scale factor of the following similar figures? (1 point) The first triangle’s sides are 9,9,12 The second triangles sides are 6,6,8 A.) 2/3 B.) 3/4 C.) 1 D.) 3/2 E.) 4/3 My answers: b & c ___________________ #5 The

asked by Patty on March 15, 2016
Geometry
Two rectangles are similar the ratio of the lengths of their corresponding sides is 1:2 find the ratio of the peremeters of the two rectangles the find the ratio of the areas explain your answers

asked by Anonymous on March 4, 2012
math
please help out 7. Figures that are Congruent or Similar just check if my answers are correct. What is the correct way to classify the figures shown below? Two triangles are shown. Triangle A B C has edge A C measuring 4 units, edge B C measuring 6 units,

asked by Street fighter on February 14, 2019
Math I really need help!
http://www.jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1165286122 A group of students decided to look at rectangles that are spuare. They find that no matter what size square they drew, every square was similar to shape B in the Shapes Set and to all other squares. They

asked by bobpursley on December 4, 2006
math
On a centimeter dot array, draw all possible rectangles with a perimeter of 16cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters. Label the lengths of two adjacent sides of each. Also the area of each rectangle. Compare the shapes of the rectangles with the

asked by trina on January 29, 2013
math
A Triangle has sides 4,8,and 11. In a similar triangle the shortest side is 8 and the longest side is x. a) Write a proportion that models the situation. b) Solve the proportion for x.

asked by Felicia on March 27, 2013
math
2 rectangles are similar. Which is a correct proprtion for corresponding sides? For one rectangle, the length is 12 and the width is 4. The other rectangle has 8 as the width and x as the length. I think it’s 4/12=x/8. Is this right?

asked by keisha on November 23, 2007
Geometry
the ration if the side lengths of two similar rectangles is 4:3. what is the ratio of the areas of the rectangles?

asked by Amber on January 9, 2013

Alg II
I have a rectangle whose sides are in the proportion b:a, where b is the longer side. I draw a line parallel to a inside the rectangle in order to break it up into a square with sides of length a and a second rectangle. Amazingly, the sides of the new

asked by Peter on January 11, 2011
Math
Here is my problem. I’m to solve the proportion of 4/5=x-8/8. My answer looks like tis: 32=5x-8 add 8 to both sides so then it would look like this: 8+32=5x-8+8 therefore my next step is 40=5x now I divided both sides by 5 and got 8=x. Is this correct?

asked by B.B. on July 15, 2009
math
Two rectangles are similar. One has a length of 10 cm and a width of 8 cm, and the other has a width of 7 cm. Find the length of the second triangle. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. I got 8.8 cm. I made a proportion 8/10=7/x and that’s how I got

asked by keisha on November 23, 2007
math
the lengths of corresponding sides of similar rectangles have a ratio of 7:4 the perimeter of the smaller rectangle is 80 ft. what is the peremiter of the larger rectangle?

asked by walter on February 4, 2011
3 grade math ms sue
Name the lengths of the sides of three rectangles with perimeters of 12 units. Use only whole numbers. My son did -2-4-2-4 And one more 1-5-1-5 And one more 3-3-3-3 And I need one more rectangles number how you can make

asked by Dw on March 8, 2012
pre-algebra
how do i solve proportions??? please help!! And how do i kno what corrisponding sides are??? To solve a proportion, use cross products. For example, the proportion = can be solved as follows: = Write the original proportion. 50 n = 3 180 Find the cross

asked by jaimmers on March 15, 2007
Math
What is the correct way to classify the figures shown below? A. Similar B. Congruent **** C. Neither Which figure is congruent to the figure shown?1416290567.gif A. B. C. Which of the following statements are true? A. All similar figures are also Congruent

asked by Weather on February 11, 2019
geometry easy
The sides of a triangle are 8,15 and 18 the shortest side of a similar triangle is 10 how long are the other sides? Find the scale factor of similar triangles whose sides are 4,12,20 and 5,15,25 Assume that traingle xyz is similar to triangle rpn with

asked by barbie lee on November 17, 2013
GEOMETRY
The sides of a triangle are 8,15 and 18 the shortest side of a similar triangle is 10 how long are the other sides? Find the scale factor of similar triangles whose sides are 4,12,20 and 5,15,25 Assume that traingle xyz is similar to triangle rpn with

asked by BARBIE LEE on November 16, 2013
geometry
The sides of a triangle are 8,15 and 18 the shortest side of a similar triangle is 10 how long are the other sides? Find the scale factor of similar triangles whose sides are 4,12,20 and 5,15,25 Assume that traingle xyz is similar to triangle rpn with

asked by barbie lee on November 17, 2013

geometry triangles
The sides of a triangle are 8,15 and 18 the shortest side of a similar triangle is 10 how long are the other sides? Find the scale factor of similar triangles whose sides are 4,12,20 and 5,15,25 Assume that traingle xyz is similar to triangle rpn with

asked by BARBIE LEE on November 16, 2013
math

  1. An equilateral triangle is similar to a scalene triangle. 2. Two congruent polygons are similar. 3. Two rectangles are similar. Can you please tell me if each of these are always, sometimes, or never true.

asked by Rayden on November 30, 2017
math
Which of the following statements is true? A. all trapezoids are similar B.all isosceles triangles are the same C.all rectangles are similar D.all equilateral triangles are similar

asked by alfonso on December 6, 2012
Geometry
Which statement is true about the following pair of rectangles they are not similar they are not similar because 30 over three equals 60/6 they are not summer because 33/60 is less than 30/60

asked by Me on February 21, 2019
Math Quiz
Math Quiz please help fast Write the following ratio in simplest form: 32 min:36 min (1 point) 8:9 8:36 32:9 128:144 2. Marie saved $51. On Wednesday, she spent $8 of her savings. What ratio represents the portion of her total savings that she still has

asked by Dan on December 12, 2013
physics
The magnitude of each of the charges in the figure below is 8.75 10-12 C. The lengths of the sides of the rectangles are 2.94 cm and 4.80 cm. Find the magnitude of the electric field at the center of the rectangle in the figures below. both pictures are

asked by michelle on January 10, 2011
math
draw a 5cm x 5cm grid in your homework book. your task is to break the grid up into rectangles of the correct size. your grid must contain 6 x 2cm rectangles, 3 x 3cm rectangles and 1 x 4cm rectangle (or square) how do i do this??

asked by chloe on October 20, 2010
math
The ladders shown below are standing against the wall at the same angle. How high up the wall does the longer ladder go? (All measurements are in feet.) ladders 11.25 ft 12.5 ft 14 ft 14 ft 2. The pair of polygons is similar. Find the value of x. polygons

asked by Steve Plzzz Help now !! on December 3, 2012
Maths
Draw a rectangle of perimeter 30cm and length of sides in the ratio 1:2.draw two more rectangles of the same perimeter with the length of sides in the ratio 2:3 and 3:7 compute the areas of all three rectangles?

asked by Gooks chandru on December 19, 2016
math , correction
theres a diagram which in the diagram the points are: (-3,1),(0,3),(2,0), (-1,-2). And the directions say: use the concept of slope to determine if the given figure is a parallelogram or a rectangle: so this is what i did please can someone check it to see

asked by jasmine20 on January 15, 2007

Math
Two rectangles are similar and the ratio of their sides is 1: 4. Find the ratio of their perimeters??? Find the ratio of their areas??? How do I do this?

asked by Kat on May 4, 2011
Math
Tell whether the pair of polygons is similar. Explain why or why not. The polygon A is bigger. The side of the polygon is 10ft and the top sides of the polygon is 11ft. The polygon B is smaller. The side of the polygon is 8.4ft and the top side of the

asked by Enna on November 9, 2018
math
Chen is covering a 12-in. by 10-in. board with 1-inch-square tiles. He uses gray tiles to make six 2-in. by 2-in. squares. He covers the rest of the board with white tiles. How many more white tiles than gray tiles will Chen use? Six small rectangles

asked by Anonymous on June 10, 2015
Math
On a centimter dot grid, draw all pissible rectangles with area of 12 sq cm and sides whose length s are whole centimeters. Label the lengths of two adjacent sides of each rectangle.

asked by Chris on February 9, 2017
Math
A 4-inch-wide by 6-inch-long picture is placed on a solid mat that forms a frame around it. The mat is 8 inches long. The mat and the picture are similar rectangles. What is the area of the mat? I couldn’t find the width of the mat. If the picture and the

asked by cass on February 25, 2016
Calculus
I am in a car and travel for 12 minutes. Below are the speeds in mph, recorded every two minutes. Use trapezoids, right-bound rectangles, and midpoint rectangles to estimate the distance I traveled. Min 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Speed 20 22 35 46 50 50 20

asked by Anonymous on February 8, 2015
Geometry
Which statement is true? A. All squares are rectangles. B. All quadrilaterals are rectangles. C. All parallelograms are rectangles. D. All rectangles are squares. I thought it was B.

asked by Vanessa on August 11, 2014
math
Explain why it is possible to draw more than two different rectangles with an area of 36 square units, but it is not possible to draw more than two different rectangles with an area of 15 square units. The sides of the rectangles are whole numbers. EXPLAIN

asked by Kyle on February 7, 2015
Math
Maya has 5 sheets of paper. She cuts each sheet into 3 equal sized rectangles. The rectangles are shared equally among 6 students. How many rectangles does each student get?

asked by Rakesh on January 21, 2015
Calculus
For the function f described by the following table, estimate ç40 0 f(x)dx using the following. Enter each answer as a sum to show your work. 5 left rectangles 5 right rectangles 5 midpoint rectangles x 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 y 7 -46 -50 45 -7

asked by Robin on July 15, 2013

Math
in the center of the first sheep of graph paper, draw a figure with straight sides that will fit in a 15 by 20 block (the figure can be hard or easy so I was thinking of going with a simple rectangle). On the second sheet of graph paper draw the same

asked by Marie on June 3, 2012
Math
On a centimeter dot array, draw all possible rectangles with a perimeter of 12 cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters. Label the lengths of two adjacent sides of each rectangle.

asked by VauNea on November 25, 2012
Math
On a centimer dot array draw all possible rectangles with perimeter of 16 cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters label the lengths of two adjacent sides of each rectangle

asked by Anonymous on January 26, 2015
geometry
on a centimeter dot array draw all possible rectangles with a perimeter of 22 cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters label the lengths of 2 adjacent sides of each rectangle

asked by mike on October 8, 2014
Math
On a centimeter dot array, draw all possible rectangles with an area of 16 sq cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters. Label the lengths of two adherent sides of each rectangle

asked by Zoey on February 5, 2013
dot array
centimeter dot array draw all possible rectangles with the area of 16 sq cm and sides whose lengths are whole centameters. lable lengths of two adjacent sides of each rectangle?? how do you do this

asked by gage on May 30, 2012
Math
On a centimeter dot grid, draw all the possible rectangles with a perimeter of 14 cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters. Label the lengths of two adjacent sides of each rectangle.

asked by Martha on May 25, 2016
can u help me
Which of the following statements is always true of similar polygons? (1 point) Corresponding angles of similar figures have the same measure. The lengths of corresponding sides form equivalent ratios. The lengths of corresponding sides have the same

asked by tesj on January 17, 2013
Math
Draw all the possible rectangles with a perimeter of 26 cm and whole number lengths of sides. For each rectangle, label the lengths of two adjacent sides

asked by Molly on September 29, 2013
math
Need help! The problem is: draw all the possible rectangles with a perimeter of 26 centimeters and whole number lengths of sides for each rectangle label the lengths of two adjacent sides. Dot array homework sheet. Thanks!

asked by Hannah on October 6, 2014

Optimization (Math)
The mayor of a village wants to build a library of which the windows have a shape of a rectangle on top of a square. The total perimeter of each window is of P meters and varies depending on each windows size. Find the dimensions of the windows in terms of

asked by Tommy on November 1, 2011
geometery
Rectangles ABCD and EFGH are similar. The perimeter of rectangle ABCD is 5 times greater than the perimeter of rectangle EFGH. What is the relationship between the areas of the rectangles?

asked by jessica on June 11, 2012
Calculus
I am in a car and travel for 12 minutes. Below are the speeds in mph, recorded every two minutes. Use trapezoids, right-bound rectangles, and midpoint rectangles to estimate the distance I traveled. Min 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Speed 20 22 35 46 50 50 20

asked by Anonymous on February 5, 2015
Math
Which statement is true about the following pair of rectangles K they are not similar because 6/60 does not equal 38 over three

asked by Me on February 21, 2019
math
The widths of two similar rectangles are 16 cm and 14 cm. What is the ratio of their perimeters? Of their areas?

asked by john on June 16, 2016
math
It is hard to type fractions here, but I will try. My book says I need to “tell why the ratio $0.37 $1.85 _ and _ 1 stamp 5 stamps is not a proportion.” It looks like a correct proportion to me! Is the problem that there is a 1 as a denominator?

asked by Lee on January 5, 2009
Math Help Please!!!!!!
Which figures will always be similar to each other? two rectangles, two trapezoids, two equilateral triangles, or two hexagons.

asked by Bell on February 18, 2013
math need help now
which 2 figures will always be similar 2 each other? A.2 rectangles B. 2 trapezoids C.2 equilateral triangles D.2 hexagons

asked by abbie on February 24, 2017
Math
Which figures will always be similar to each other? A. Two rectangles* B. Two trapezoids C. Two equilateral triangles D. Two hexagons

asked by Lol on March 3, 2016
math
which figures will always be similar to each other? A.two rectangles B.two trapezoids C.two equilateral triangles D.two hexagrams

asked by bonn on February 26, 2014

Geometry
Which figures will always be similar to each other? 1. Two rectangles 2. Two hexagons 3. Two trapezoids 4. Two equalitarel triangles*** I think its D

asked by HALP on March 8, 2019
Math(Connexus 6th)Unit 6
A room has 2 sections as shown in the picture below. Which expression uses the Distributive Property to find the total area of the room? (A rectangle is divided into two smaller rectangles by a vertical line. The vertical height of the rectangles is 14. To

asked by Can you help me please(I need answers fast) on December 6, 2017
7th grade math ASAP please
Help please i don’t understand 2, 4, and 10 quick please thanks 1. Write the following ratio in simplest form: 32 min:36 min 8:9 8:36 32:9 128:144 2. Marie saved $51. On Wednesday, she spent $8 of her savings. What ratio represents the portion of her total

asked by Delilah on October 30, 2012
Geometry
Two similar rectangular prisms have corresponding sides that measure 5 feet and 6 feet. If the measures of two corresponding sides of two similar solids are 3 meters and 5 meters, what is the ratio of the surface areas of the solids?

asked by Bonnie on May 20, 2012
Math
If a rectangle has four congruent sides, it is a square. A square has perpendicular diagonals. Conclusion: A rectangle has diagonals that are always perpendicular. Which of the following is correct The conclusion is valid by the law of syllogism. The

asked by Dylan on October 15, 2015
buckeye elementary
name the lengths of the sides of three rectangles that have perimeters of 14 units

asked by jelica on March 2, 2011
math
Name the lengths of the sides of three rectangles that have perimeters of 14 units.

asked by leslie on April 18, 2011
math
what rectangles with whole-centimetre sides have a perimeter of 44cm

asked by Anonymous on April 24, 2013
math
The ratio of the corresponding sides of two similar triangles is 3:2. The sides of the larger triangle are 15 cm, 24 cm, and 27 cm. What are the lengths of the sides of the smaller triangle?

asked by Kylie on April 11, 2011
MATH
Joelle set up the following proportion to solve for x. Determine if her proportion is correct. If not, explain what is wrong with it.

asked by sexycat211 on March 24, 2015

Geometry: Student Correction (Stuck)
Joelle set up the following proportion: 4/6 = 5/x. Solve for x. Determine if proportion is correct. If not, explain what is wrong with it.

asked by Lydia on March 29, 2013
Math
Name the lengths of the sides of three rectangles with perimeters of 12 units. Use only whole numbers..

asked by Kerri on May 29, 2013
math
name the lengths of the sides of 3 rectangles with perimeters of 12 units using only whole numbers

asked by Anonymous on May 20, 2009
math
name the lengths of the sides of three rectangles with the perimeters of 12 units use only whole numbers

asked by bella on November 21, 2013
Math
Using only sides that are whole numbers, name the dimensions of three rectangles that have perimeters of 14 units.

asked by Lucy on April 5, 2016
Math
Name the lengths of the sides of three rectangles with perimeters of 12 units. use only whole numbers

asked by Mimi on April 14, 2016
math
name the lenths of the sides of three rectangles with perimeters of 12 units. use only whole numbers

asked by derrick mack on March 14, 2011
math
rectangles with the perimeter of 16 centimeters and sides whose lengths a whole centimeters. Label the lengths of two adjacent sides of each rectangle.

asked by unknown on April 18, 2016
math
name the lengths of the sides os three rectangles with the perimeters of 12 units. Use only hole numbers

asked by nicky on April 17, 2013
math
sketch and label all possible rectangles with a perimeter of 30 cm and sides whose lengths are whole numbers

asked by khy on May 4, 2015

Math…Geometry
Hello, Can someone please tell me if I worked this out correct and ended with the right answer? Thank You… I need to find the area and Height of this right triangle ( only knowing the lengths of its sides)side 6,5,11… Is this correct? sides 6, 5, 11 —

asked by Mandi on August 3, 2007
Algebra
Which of the following describes a correct method for solving the equation below? -7/2n + 5 = -16 1. add 5 to both sides, then divide both sides by 2/7 2. subtract 5 from both sides, then multiply both sides by -7/2 3. add -5 to both sides, then multiply

asked by Anon on December 15, 2015
math,algebra
is this correct? solve: 9x^2=14 this is what i did: i divide 9 by both sides x^2=1.6 is this first step right Then take the square root of both sides. x^2=1.6 you said to take the squar root of both sides. so is this correct x = 1.264911

asked by jasmine20 on April 14, 2007
3rd grade
sketch and label all possible rectangles with a perimeter of 30cm and sides whose lengths are whole numbers

asked by Bruna on October 6, 2010
Math

  1. Which ratios form a proportion? (1 point) a. 3/15, 12/55 b. 8/24, 12/35 c. 5/18, 25/90 ***??? d. 4/11, 16/25 2. Which ratio forms a proportion with 9/15? (1 point) a. 6/10 ***??? b. 16/21 c. 36/50 d. 45/70 3. A textbook weighs 2.5 pounds. How many

asked by Ella on November 16, 2017
Math
So I have to draw two rectangles on graph paper that each have to fit in a 15 by 20 block. The first rectangle can be what ever size you want but the second one needs be similar with a 3/5 ratio of the first. I can’t figure out what their sizes should be.

asked by Marie on June 3, 2012
dot array
on centameter dot array draw all possible rectangles with a perimeter of 16 cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters

asked by gage on May 30, 2012
Math
On centimeter dot grid draw all possible rectangles with a perimeter of 16 cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters

asked by Nooreen on April 29, 2017
math
Name the lenghts of the sides of three rectangles with a perimeter of 12 units use whole numbers only. I don’t understand the question

asked by malachi on February 16, 2011
maths(matris)
two sides of a rectangle differ by 3.5cm.find the dimentions of the rectangles if its perimeter is 67cm?

asked by samin on January 25, 2013

math
On a centimeter dot grid, draw all possible rectangles with a perimeter of 14 cm and sides whose lengths are whole centimeters.

asked by Riley on April 1, 2015
Calc.
a)If f(x)= x/(x+2), 1 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 4, find the left and right sums for n= 10, 30, and 50. b)Illustrate by graphing the rectangles in part a. c)Show that the exact area under f lies between 1.603 and 1.624. So this is all I

asked by CMM on January 13, 2011
Math – Help!

  1. What are all the possibly ways to classify a rectangle? A. quadrilateral, parallelogram, rectangle *** ?? B. parallelogram, rectangle (Or this…) C. quadrilateral, rectangle 2. Which property is not a characteristic of a parallelogram? A. Opposite

asked by Petra on March 10, 2016
Are all math answers correct?

  1. What are all the possibly ways to classify a rectangle? A. quadrilateral, parallelogram, rectangle *** ?? B. parallelogram, rectangle (Or this…) C. quadrilateral, rectangle 2. Which property is not a characteristic of a parallelogram? A. Opposite

asked by Petra on March 11, 2016
math
What are parallegrams? A parallelogram is a 4 sided figure where the opposite sides are parallel. Ok…that still might not have helped much. What it means to say, “the opposite sides are parallel” is that if you were to keep extending them out both

asked by john on March 16, 2007

Categories
buy dissertation online custom dissertation writing write my assignment

find all the second partial derivatives. v = xy x − y

Find all partial derivatives?
v = (xy)/(x-y)

vxx=
vxy=
vyx=
vyy=

0 0 299
asked by Becky
Sep 20, 2012
vx = -y^2/(x-y)^2
vy = x^2/(x-y)^2

vxx = 2y^2/(x-y)^3
vyy = 2x^2/(x-y)^3

vxy = vyx = -2xy/(x-y)^3

0 0
posted by Steve
Sep 20, 2012
v=xy/x-y

0 0
posted by Anonymous
Sep 26, 2016