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Home / Assignment Help / A bag contains 20 candies: 3 cherry, 4 orange, 7 lemon, and 6 grape. if two candies are selected simultaneously, what is the probability that they are both the same flavor?

A bag contains 20 candies: 3 cherry, 4 orange, 7 lemon, and 6 grape. if two candies are selected simultaneously, what is the probability that they are both the same flavor?

You need to determine the number of ways in which 30 competitors from 50 can qualify. First, you have to realize that the order is irrelevant, that is: it is the same competitor_1, competitor _2, competitor _3 than competitor_3, competitor_2, competitor_1, or any combination of those three competitors.

So, the number of ways is which 30 competitors from 50 can qualify is given by the formula of combinations, which is:

C (m,n) = m! / (n! * (m -n)! )

=> C (50,30) = 50! / (30! (50 – 30)! ) = (50!) / [30! (50 – 30)!] = 50! / [30! 20!] =

= 47,129,212,243,960 different ways the qualifiying round of 30 competitors can be selected from the 50 competitors.