Home / Assignment Help / A scientist adds heat to each of the following substances. Which will probably absorb the most heat before its temperature changes significantly? 50 g of solid copper 50 g of solid iron 50 g of liquid water 50 g of sand Question 2(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A drop of water placed on a smooth, dry surface will form a dome-shaped droplet instead of flowing outward in different directions. Which of these best explains this observation? The bonds between hydrogen and oxygen atoms are very strong. The electrons in the atoms attract the electrons in the other atoms. Water molecules at the surface experience fewer hydrogen bonds than water molecules within the liquid. Water molecules near the surface produce more buoyant force than water molecules within the liquid. Question 3(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of these best explains what happens when the ionic substance calcium chloride (CaCl2) dissolves in water? The oxygen atoms in the water molecules are attracted to the Ca2+ ions. The oxygen atoms in the water molecules are attracted to the Cl− ions. The hydrogen atoms in the water molecules are attracted to the Ca2+ ions. The oxygen atoms in the water molecules are attracted to the H+ ions. Question 4(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of these statements about water is true? Its atoms share electrons equally. It can dissolve all known substances. Its molecules are farther apart in the solid state than in the liquid state. It has a lower specific heat than nearly all known metals.

A scientist adds heat to each of the following substances. Which will probably absorb the most heat before its temperature changes significantly? 50 g of solid copper 50 g of solid iron 50 g of liquid water 50 g of sand Question 2(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A drop of water placed on a smooth, dry surface will form a dome-shaped droplet instead of flowing outward in different directions. Which of these best explains this observation? The bonds between hydrogen and oxygen atoms are very strong. The electrons in the atoms attract the electrons in the other atoms. Water molecules at the surface experience fewer hydrogen bonds than water molecules within the liquid. Water molecules near the surface produce more buoyant force than water molecules within the liquid. Question 3(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of these best explains what happens when the ionic substance calcium chloride (CaCl2) dissolves in water? The oxygen atoms in the water molecules are attracted to the Ca2+ ions. The oxygen atoms in the water molecules are attracted to the Cl− ions. The hydrogen atoms in the water molecules are attracted to the Ca2+ ions. The oxygen atoms in the water molecules are attracted to the H+ ions. Question 4(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of these statements about water is true? Its atoms share electrons equally. It can dissolve all known substances. Its molecules are farther apart in the solid state than in the liquid state. It has a lower specific heat than nearly all known metals.

The gravitational force Fg between two objects is given by the equation:

Fg=(G*m₁*m₂)/r₂, where G=6.67*10^-11 m³ kg⁻¹ s⁻² is the gravitational constant, m₁ and m₂ are the masses of the two bodies and r is the distance between those bodies. 

Due to the gravitational attraction the pencil and the eraser will attract if we there is no friction on the surface. 

m₁=10 g=0.01 kg is the mass of the pencil
m₂=20 g=0.02 kg is the mass of the eraser
r=2.5 cm = 0.025 m

First we calculate the Fg:

Fg={(6.67*10^-11)*0.01*0.02}/(0.025²)=2.1344*10^-11 N

To get the velocity v of the pencil:

v²=2as, where a is the acceleration of the pencil and s is the path. In our case s=r so we can write:

v²=2ar

a=Fg/m₁= 2.133*10^-9 m/s²

v²=2*(2.133*10^-9)*0.025=1.0665*10^-10

v=√(1.0665*10^-10)=1.0327*10^-5 m/s

We have the velocity and the acceleration, so we can calculate the time t with the equation:

t=v/a=(1.0327*10^-5)/(2.133*10^-9)=4841.6 s

1 hour has 3600 s so when we divide time t in seconds by 3600 we get time T in hours:

T=t/3600=4841.6/3600=1.3449 h. 

So the time for the pencil and eraser to touch is T=1.3449 hours. 

Also time T can be expressed like T= 1h and 20 mins and 41.64 s

About eduhawks

Check Also

Are the phases of the moon the same everywhere on earth

Are the phases of the moon the same everywhere on earth