Home / Assignment Help / Areas near oceans or large lakes tend to have more moderate climates than do areas far from large bodies of water. Which of these statements best explains this observation? Hydrogen and oxygen atoms share electrons in a water molecule. Lakes and oceans contain dissolved solids. Water has a very high specific heat. Water produces buoyant forces. Question 2(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A scientist discovers a new substance. The molecules of the substance form hydrogen bonds with each other. When the molecules lose a lot of energy, the hydrogen bonds hold them relatively far apart. Based on this information, what can the scientist infer about the substance? It expands when it freezes. It is highly colored. It exists only as a gas. It does not dissolve ionic compounds. Question 3(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following properties of water is due primarily to the uneven distribution of charge between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms? its color its taste its ability to dissolve ionic substances its ability to produce buoyant forces Question 4(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A drop of water placed on a smooth, dry surface will form a dome-shaped droplet instead of flowing outward in different directions. Which of these best explains this observation? The bonds between hydrogen and oxygen atoms are very strong. The electrons in the atoms attract the electrons in the other atoms. Water molecules at the surface experience fewer hydrogen bonds than water molecules within the liquid. Water molecules near the surface produce more buoyant force than water molecules within the liquid.

Areas near oceans or large lakes tend to have more moderate climates than do areas far from large bodies of water. Which of these statements best explains this observation? Hydrogen and oxygen atoms share electrons in a water molecule. Lakes and oceans contain dissolved solids. Water has a very high specific heat. Water produces buoyant forces. Question 2(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A scientist discovers a new substance. The molecules of the substance form hydrogen bonds with each other. When the molecules lose a lot of energy, the hydrogen bonds hold them relatively far apart. Based on this information, what can the scientist infer about the substance? It expands when it freezes. It is highly colored. It exists only as a gas. It does not dissolve ionic compounds. Question 3(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following properties of water is due primarily to the uneven distribution of charge between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms? its color its taste its ability to dissolve ionic substances its ability to produce buoyant forces Question 4(Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A drop of water placed on a smooth, dry surface will form a dome-shaped droplet instead of flowing outward in different directions. Which of these best explains this observation? The bonds between hydrogen and oxygen atoms are very strong. The electrons in the atoms attract the electrons in the other atoms. Water molecules at the surface experience fewer hydrogen bonds than water molecules within the liquid. Water molecules near the surface produce more buoyant force than water molecules within the liquid.

The gravitational force Fg between two objects is given by the equation:

Fg=(G*m₁*m₂)/r₂, where G=6.67*10^-11 m³ kg⁻¹ s⁻² is the gravitational constant, m₁ and m₂ are the masses of the two bodies and r is the distance between those bodies. 

Due to the gravitational attraction the pencil and the eraser will attract if we there is no friction on the surface. 

m₁=10 g=0.01 kg is the mass of the pencil
m₂=20 g=0.02 kg is the mass of the eraser
r=2.5 cm = 0.025 m

First we calculate the Fg:

Fg={(6.67*10^-11)*0.01*0.02}/(0.025²)=2.1344*10^-11 N

To get the velocity v of the pencil:

v²=2as, where a is the acceleration of the pencil and s is the path. In our case s=r so we can write:

v²=2ar

a=Fg/m₁= 2.133*10^-9 m/s²

v²=2*(2.133*10^-9)*0.025=1.0665*10^-10

v=√(1.0665*10^-10)=1.0327*10^-5 m/s

We have the velocity and the acceleration, so we can calculate the time t with the equation:

t=v/a=(1.0327*10^-5)/(2.133*10^-9)=4841.6 s

1 hour has 3600 s so when we divide time t in seconds by 3600 we get time T in hours:

T=t/3600=4841.6/3600=1.3449 h. 

So the time for the pencil and eraser to touch is T=1.3449 hours. 

Also time T can be expressed like T= 1h and 20 mins and 41.64 s

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