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Make Solar Energy Economical

Make Solar Energy Economical

List of Potential References

Engineeringchallenges.org. (2016). Make Solar Energy Economical. Retrieved October 18, 2016, from http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/challenges/solar.aspx

Pau, D. I., & Uhomoibhi, J. (2012). “Solar power generation for ICT and sustainable development in emerging economies. Campus-Wide Information Systems , 29 (4), 213 – 225.

Stritih, U., Paksoy, H., Turgut, B., Osterman, E., Evliya, H., & Butala, V. (2015). Sustainable energy management Solar energy and thermal storage technologies in two Mediterranean countries. An International journal , 26 (5), 764 – 790.

 

 


Motivation

The energy crisis is becoming crucial every day as the fossil fuel resources are reducing. The price of oil and gas are always fluctuating which is the constant threat to the economy of the country and this world. That’s why now countries are making an effort to generate electricity through other means. The most common are the solar energy as this is the kind of renewable energy. Sun is the massive source of energy, and its energy will last forever. Although solar energy is already utilized in major countries, the production is very low. It is facing many complications because the energy gather from this is not enough that can replace the energy produced by fossil fuels. Currently, there are many solar plants in the world, but no single one is capable of generating energy in the triple figure.

Background and technical issue

Current status

This is the great challenge for the engineers and scientist as for how to increase the production of energy from the sun. Currently, there is only 1% of worlds total energy is produced by the Solar Energy. To make it more feasible and increase the productivity, there are several ways. This field of energy is mainly related to the electrical engineering or commonly known as electronics. Because it contains circuits, battery and PV cells. The knowledge of electrical engineering applies to the solar panel which is discussed further. Software Engineering also plays a role in order to setup the control system of the solar panel through programming and most important mechanical engineering as the construction and setup of the plant are done by the mechanical engineers (Engineeringchallenges.org, 2016).

All these engineering fields will collaborate to deal with the energy production challenge in the solar energy. The main work will start with the electrical engineering. As they have to make sure the energy production is increased and how they can focus the sun heat energy on the solar panels (Stritih, Paksoy, Turgut, Osterman, Evliya, & Butala, 2015).

Limitations

Although there is already a proper system for this it is not that much effective because the heat energy is not sufficient to generate high electric current in the PV cells of the solar panel. Due to intense use of the technology, various tools are invented, which increases the benefits of engineering. On the other hand, it makes life easy and increases the standard of life. Further, technology also helps to utilize resources in more effective and efficient method. Therefore, everyone should help to find new and improved methods of engineering.

Technical goals

The challenge for present engineers is that they have to come up with the system which is best not just in economic terms but also the environmentally friendly. That’s why all the three major fields of engineering Electrical, Software and Mechanical sit together to come up with the unique solution to cultivate the solar energy.

Solutions

As the sun is a major source of energy in entire universe because there is fission reaction always happening on the surface of sun. This fission reaction generates enough energy which can fulfill the need of entire world energy demands. The problem is that there is no proper way to cultivate this energy on a large scale although there are some very big power plants are working in the desert areas. But those solar power plants are not enough to fulfill the requirements of the entire world.

Electrical engineers can solve this issue if they come up with the solar panel that is ten times efficient than the one which is already in use. If the solar panel can handle the high amount of current passage through it only, then it can be useful for the commercial use. Currently, solar panels are used for the emergency lighting purpose and panels are set on the roof of the house. But as mentioned above it is not enough to recover from the energy crisis. Engineers have to come up with the solar panel that can allow high current flow and the batteries which can store the massive voltage in them (Pau & Uhomoibhi, 2012).

The solar panel can be built as per requirement the major problem is the sunlight because we don’t have access to sunlight for 24 hours as it comes only for 10-12 hours. Mechanical Engineers have to select the right place on the earth where the sunlight falls almost more than 12 hours, and its intensity is also high. To make solar energy more economical engineers can use the material whose purity or conductivity is maximum as semi-conductors are best for this purpose but it also depends on the weather conditions.

Engineering disciplines

The solar panel must have enough power to cultivate the maximum solar energy from the radiation, and the conductivity of the material plays a key role in it. One other way to increase the productivity of energy within the solar cell is the correct use of its thickness as the side of the panel through which current has to travel should be thin while the other side which has to absorb should be a bit thick. This makes the perfect combination to produce the high-quality current.

Storage capacity and the way to store solar energy in the form of potential difference matters a lot because the storing capacity should be maximum. As the duration of sunlight matters on the weather condition, so it’s better to keep the maximum storage capacity for summer. There are many systems which provide the mass-storage system for the solar panel, but the problem is that once the current is stored in batteries. Then at night time the potential level shift and if the panel is not controlled through any program, it will lose its energy. The reason behind this is that at night time solar panel becomes the consumer and batteries become the provider due to which the current starts flow from battery to panel which in result cause the loss of energy.

Currently, the big solar power plants store their energy either in the huge generators or they transfer the electricity directly to the transmission lines, which are also economical. Because this reduces the electricity losses as when the energy is stored and then transferred to the consumers, there is a significant amount of energy loss happen in the form of friction and heat dissipation. That’s why it’s better to make a system through which the solar energy is directly utilized in day time although for night time storage is necessary.

Contribution towards solution

This is the most economical way to increase the production of solar energy or to increase the utilization of the solar energy. Solar cars should be made common for the public use as it can be very economical not just for the people but also for the economy of the country. The pollution can be reduced with this act. Transportation can be a great way to make the solar energy economical as there should be buses which operate on the solar energy and also the trains as this will be a great achievement for the mankind. Another way to improve the solar energy is its use in the daily life appliances, especially for the street light. We know that most of the energy consumption is in the form of electricity and if each house of the city is equipped with the proper solar system, then it can be the best way to make this energy economical. Industries consume the energy more than any one so it’s better they should also equip their system with the solar energy to make the system more economical.

The reason to choose this challenge is that this is one of the most trending topics in the world of science. As energy is the fundamental component of human life so, there must be an economical way to use it. The world is already facing the energy crisis many huge wells of crude oil are now dry. This is an alarming situation because sooner or later the world there will be a huge shortage of oil in the world. As currently, our major source of energy is oil and gas, so it’s time to shift the source of energy from fossil fuel to renewable.

Contribution to the solution

To contribute to the solution, every person can make the different by doing the little effort. As we can equip our homes and offices with the solar energy. At first, it looks expensive, but nothing can compare the long-term benefits it provides. The energy crisis is not just the only issue due to which renewable energy is so important. The World is facing the global warming problem which is also a reason that time has come to utilize the renewable energy sources. The best one, in this case, is Sun which is the huge source of energy. So to make this world a better place to live each and every person has to contribute in this field and with the help of government any country can make the difference. So to improve this world a place to experience every single individual needs to contribute in this field.

Personal reflection

 As at present, our significant wellspring of vitality is oil and gas, so it’s a great opportunity to move the wellspring of vitality from fossil fuel to renewable. We realize that a large portion of the vitality utilization is as power and if every place of the city is furnished with the best possible nearby planetary group, then it can be the ideal approach to make this vitality practical.

References

Engineeringchallenges.org. (2016). Make Solar Energy Economical. Retrieved October 18, 2016, from http://www.engineeringchallenges.org/challenges/solar.aspx

Pau, D. I., & Uhomoibhi, J. (2012). “Solar power generation for ICT and sustainable development in emerging economies. Campus-Wide Information Systems , 29 (4), 213 – 225.

Stritih, U., Paksoy, H., Turgut, B., Osterman, E., Evliya, H., & Butala, V. (2015). Sustainable energy management Solar energy and thermal storage technologies in two Mediterranean countries. An International journal , 26 (5), 764 – 790.

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