a. The angle or perspective from which the story is told: point of view
In a narrative, there is a person who recounts the events, this person is the narrator, and the perspective from which the narrator tells the story is called “point of view.” There are three types of points of view: first, second and third.
b. the story line or action of the story: plot
The plot refers to the events of a play, novel, film or a story, that are related to each other in a sequence and that make up the narrative.
c. the action that follows the climax: falling action
The falling action is the section of a story found right after the climax and before the very end. In this part, the conflict between the protagonist and antagonist unravels, things start to work themselves out, the tensions experimented in the previous section start to decrease, the characters may be more relaxed or relief, probably displaying a trait or new insight that they have acquired along the story or might find themselves processing what just happened in the climax.
d. the introduction to the characters, setting, and situation: exposition
The exposition is the part of a story that introduces important background information about the setting, the characters and the main plot.