Table Of Content
Discussing about the interview in the research, which we have done, it is a way of communication in this era. Through interview, we have tried to find out information about the specific person or anything related to him or her. In past interview were mainly done face-to-face but with the advancement in technology now we can also interview any person across the globe either through the phone call or the internet. We have used a specific type of interviews in our research, which will be discussed below. The way of communication has become fast due to which interviews become easier to conduct.
There are four basic types of interview, and each of the types has its specifications. These are listed below:
- Face-to-Face interviews
- Telephone interviews
- Video interviews
- Taped interviews
Each interview has its unique ability and benefits, but we have taken the most famous one, which is still the most effective is the live interview commonly referred to as the Face-to-Face interview. The interview is the basic tool in the media industry (Mike, 2016). Politics and celebrities give interviews it can be based on either some incident or their personal life. Mostly interview is done to extract the information from the person about the current affairs. There are some techniques while doing the interview but before that, a person should do proper research about the person he or she is going to interview. This is thing, which we adopted and done the proper practice before that.
This is the type of an interview that we have used in the Research here the interview is done with one person only which keeps the focus very clear. The interview has given the opportunity to us to become friendly with the corresponding person. On the other hand, this facility is not available in the other interviews that are the reason we have chosen this type of interview. As it can be seen in the video of the YouTube that both persons feel comfortable and confident while having the conversation this was the case with is too we were also comfortable and confident as well.
The approach we had used was professional and the reason is that the person who is going to give interview should know that the other person is professional. That is the reason in our case the boundary limit across both had a borderline of respect. This is very important because due to this there was respect in between us (Opdenakker, 2016). The conversation had started with the formal introduction, as the interviewee knows us so that is out of the question to ask his or her personal introduction.
Other person needs to introduce him and that what how the introduction starts. We have kept the good eye contact in the interview and polite voice was used in the interview to have better approach. Another thing is the questions which interviewee is going to ask the interviewer and for this purpose, a person who is going to take interview must be able to understand the nature of the other person. That is the reason we have taken control and understood with interviewee as well. This requires preparation before going for the original interview. All the questions should be listed in a good manner and that was what happened at the time of interview. There was no question, which diverts the attention of both of us from the actual task. We started the interview with a kind of formal presentation and that is the suitable thing so that whole interview goes smooth in the formal way.
Before the live interviews start, we have defined all the rules of the interview to the interviewee. This actually helped us to create the friendly environment and avoid any misunderstanding. We have made certain rules for the interview, which is listed below:
Rehearsal is the key in live interviews, as we know that what kind of questions we need to ask and we have done that in order to carry out the successful interview. Some interviewers do not get this point because they are over confident but this is very crucial part in the live interviews. We have prepared our self before going for an original interview. We have carried the best outfit and it should be either at home or at office because the first impression is the last impression.
We have not done the research as the instructions were given to us. The research should be about the recent current affairs in the politics and get enough knowledge to talk about the specific topic for the whole time. If the interview is about the personality, then the person should know about the personality, style, and history of another person. However, in our case the interview was an academic person, therefore we have talked about the academia a lot to be comfortable with him. This helps to keep moving the conversation and avoid asking too many questions at the same time because this makes other person feel uncomfortable (Maharjan, 2016). We have adopted the same strategy and that have helped us in this way.
We have kept the body language professional while taking an interview as it is the good way of doing it. Our body language was positive and up to the mark and this is what it is required. If a person who do not know how to sit properly and talk with polite voice it shows he or she has bad body language. That is the reason we have ignored that. The body language of the person tells everything that either the person has ethical and moral values or not because this is what creates the first impression on the person. Looking at all these things in our mind, our body language was positive so that the interview could go smooth.
As it is the integral part of the interview, the rule about this part is that if you are taking professional interview of someone. Therefore, we have stayed classy and showed the professionalism. This is how we have extracted the valuable information. We have not asked too many questions and we have not asked irrelevant questions as in professional interviews it is not the right way. As in the video, it is clear that the reporter does not ask abrupt questions as she first tries to listen to the other person and then politely ask the other question. That is the reason we have done the same thing and copied the professional interview. If we do not agree on some point of the other person, then we have avoided the argument although we can argue a little but there is no use of it.
In general this is very important as the mostly interview goes wrong because the person who is taking interview does not stick to the topic. We have not done this mistake at all. Either he or she becomes friendly which deviates the conversation, and the main theme of the interview does not gets any attention. In the professional field, the friendly manner is not good that is the reason we have avoided that. We have only asked the questions, which were relevant to the topic of the interview. As in the YouTube, the reporter asks the same questions, which can help her in the project. Which shows that they have the clear mind and focus therefore we have attempted the same thing in the interview. We had the proper list of questions in our mind, which shows that we rehearsed about the interview very well. We have also prepared questions, which were relevant and able to give the valuable information.
In any live interview time, limit is the constraints, which everyone has to experience. This should be handle, with care as the personalities and celebrities they don’t have much time to give an interview again and again. Here in the interview we have taken care of it in a well manner. We have prepared our questions according to the time limits. Questions, which were asked they were in a good so that they gave us the strong idea and reasons to get the valuable information. Time management plays an important role in this case because time is always short and information to gather is always long. To balance both things we have asked most important questions at first and then with the help of those questions and background of the person ability we have easily find out the answers to the other minor category questions (Hansen, 2016).
Just as the proper start of the interview is necessary the proper ending matters a lot because there must be professional ending of any interview. That is the reason we have prepared some lines which shows that how we are grateful for the other person to give his precious time for the interview also we have acknowledged the person who done the remarkable job during the interview and helped to make this interview possible. While ending the interview we have made sure that the person who has given the interview is happy and he feels comfortable. If the person does not feel good at the end of the interview, this means the interview did not go well, and they can be the reason of decrease in your reputation in front of people and company (Randall, 2016). We have managed everything in a systematic way. It also helped us to increase the efficiency of the organization and business.
These are some of the rules which should be followed during the live interviews as now a day live interviews usually watched by millions of people so any mishap on the live interview can result in the insult and embarrassing moment. That was the main reason we have taken care of the professionalism in the interview.
- Precise results have gathered
- We were able to understand the point of view of another person
- Allows the person to ask friendly questions
- It has provides the flexibility in the approach
- It capture verbal and non-verbal hints
- Allow the person to have the focus on the topic
- Live interviews are much costly than others
- Quality of data can be effected with the behavior of interviewer
- Sample size gets limit
- Manual Data Entry
- Time limit
- Question limit
While finding the data, there are several things due to which our research becomes limited. As in our case of the live interview, there are also limitations and problems which have an impact on the information of the interviewer. Limitations and problems make us difficult and to handle the time. Our limitations are discussed below in detail.
This is the first problem that we encountered in our research, as the interview does not always give the comprehensive answer of the questions instead interview only gives the bullet points. Now connecting the dot is the crucial task for us because upon this the interview information depends on. That is why incomplete information is always a problem during the live interview, and there are a lot of assumption has to be done from the interviewee side. Same is the case what we have faced in this research. This is the reason because of the incomplete process, which is also the problem that almost every journalist has to face. The incomplete path or the process can lead to the danger and tragedy, which we are afraid of (Gottsman, 2016).
As we know, everyone has right to give a free opinion on the other things. That’s why the two people who is going to face each other in an interview should have the proper mental understanding otherwise the interview can become a bad experience for both of them. During our research, although we have done a thorough study on the personality and behavior of the person of which we are going to take interview but still there was a roadblock in the interview. If the interview reaches the dead end, it means either the reporter or interviewee is unable to handle this or the interviewer does not want to share any information. In our research sometimes we have also come to this position, however it was handled wisely as well.
The spirit of the person of whom we take interview was good, so we were lucky to extract the maximum amount of information from him. However, this does not happen all the time as mostly the celebrities are annoyed when they come to the interview for which they are forced by the other person or companies. In our research, we had to make to clear first that the person who is coming for the interview has the best attitude and ethical values because this can help to keep the interview going.
If the person is not in a good mood this means he or she is not going to share much information and can answer rudely to some of the questions. That is why for some people it is very difficult to handle this kind of problems. The best way to do that is to observe the behavior of the person right from the start of the interview. If a person moves a lot in a chair and his or her facial expression is not pleasant means they show stress and anxiety, then you must be careful while asking questions. That was the thing, which we have noticed in the research and we have taken care of these things.
In the live interview, the record can’t be kept as it becomes difficult for the person to remind each and everything of the interview due to which a little bit data is lost during the interview phase. Although people try to write down what they hear from the other person that still don’t work, but now this problem is solved because of the technology. As now, people don’t need the paper to write about interview all they do either tape it or just save on their video camera. In this way, they can listen to the interview several time and can do analysis on it (Maharjan, 2016). An ideal approach to do that is to watch the conduct of the individual right from the meeting.
This problem is also related to the time limitation. Because we have done research in a specific time for the interview. We do not have all the time to stick around with the person after the interview to understand their personality. Therefore, in a just a couple of hours, we have to gather all the necessary information and then join that information with other research, which we did without an interview. This is the part where problems occurred as sometimes the answer of the questions does not match and cause huge misunderstanding.
The above-mentioned are the real problems, which we faced during the research because people are not willing to help now a day free. Especially when you want to know about some personality personal life information or other valuable information that comes with the heavy prices. That is why live interviews are the only option to get information within the short period. Hence, time is a major constraint in each activity for implementing techniques.
The research we did was successful as it covers our basic objectives and we were able to extract some valuable information through the live interview, but this was not a difficult task. The limitation is enough to give the insight of problems that we faced during this research. There are some of the recommendations, which is important for the person to make while doing the interview.
This is important although in our research we had a proper plan the road map was not available. The advantage of this road map is that once the person enters into the dead end then the road map can help him or her to get out of that situation. In the interview or any kind of research, reaching the dead end is normal but there should be a proper way to get out of this, and this is usually defined in the road map.
That is why this is important because interviewee cannot afford to reach the dead end as it can cause the problem in getting information and this is the waste of time. To make a road map, the meeting with the top management or the leader of the team is required to make sure that it will go well.
During our research, there was a lack of teamwork due to which we were unable to handle the load of work. This is a major drawback and should be minimized in the further studies. Every member of the team must contribute to the research. Any person who is going to take the interview must have some team behind him or her, which can handle the critical situations during the interview. During the live interview, the things get tense when the interviewer and the other person both reach the dead end at that time the team can help to get out of the situation. However it is important that in the preparation of the interview, the team plays a crucial role also (Livecareer.com, 2016).
As we have done research but they were on the topic and they were specific. However, what I think is there should be some kind of questions that needs to be open-ended as well. The reason is that the interviewee can tell us something, which could be useful for us. For this reason, it should not be ignored and added as well. It is important to ask any open ended in the future research.
There are couples of things, which we as the interviewer do not know that what is the exact answer of it and that is the reason we have not asked them as well. However what I recommend in the future for the others is that we should also ask some kind of questions which we do not know as the knowledge will be enhanced and we will come to know about the knowledge of the person we are interviewing (Israel, 2012).
Usually, during the research, people keep on moving in a circle where they focus on the useless information and do not pay focus to the real issue and problem. This happens a lot in the live interview as at one point the both people in an interview get distract from the real idea of the interview and start debating in the useless issue.
This is very wrong a person should avoid this as in our research we experienced this but were able to tackle it at the right time. The authentic information is the key factor to the success of the interview but mostly there is only one or two groundbreaking information in the interview. Even this information is enough to keep the record and connects the dot of the other research. That is why to focus on the authentic information, not the fake or useless debates is always good (Mike, 2016).
We have mentioned some of the recommendation, which should be used in the future to get the precise results of the information and never rely on the incomplete information. As we know, there is nothing danger than the half knowledge about something.
Gottsman, D. (2016). The 10 Rules of Interview Etiquette. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from https://www.themuse.com/advice/the-10-rules-of-interview-etiquette
Hansen, R. S. (2016). 10 Best Job Interview Tips for Job-Seekers. Retrieved from https://www.livecareer.com/quintessential/job-interview-tips
Israel, S. (2012). 9 Tips on Conducting Great Interviews. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/shelisrael/2012/04/14/8-tips-on-conducting-great-interviews/#21133f81387a
Livecareer.com. (2016). International Job Interview. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from https://www.livecareer.com/interview-questions/international-job-interview
Maharjan, P. (2016). Strengths and Limitations of Interview. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from https://www.businesstopia.net/human-resource/strengths-and-limitations-interview
Mike, D. (2016). Different Methods of Interviewing and Different Interview Venues. Retrieved from http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/job-searching-in-six-steps/s12-03-different-methods-of-interview.html
Opdenakker, R. (2016). Advantages and Disadvantages of Four Interview Techniques in Qualitative Research. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from http://www.qualitative-research.net: http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/175/391#g2
Randall, S. (2016). Ten Rules for Job Interview Success. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from https://www.livecareer.com/quintessential/interview-success