mgt 312 final exam

Question1
The interdisciplinary field dedicated to understanding and managing people at work is called:
Management dynamics
Management theory
Organizational dynamics
Organizational behavior
2. The distinction between flexible and fixed individual differences:
Is that managers have little or no impact on flexible differences
Is that managers should hire people based on their attitudes and emotions
Is that managers have little or no impact on fixed differences
Has no practical value for managers
3. Regarding using personality testing as part of the hiring process, experts have concluded that:
The typical personality test is not a valid predictor of job performance
Only the Big Five should be used as predictors of job performance
The effects of personality on job performance are so large it cannot be ignored by managers
There are many valid instruments available to managers to test for personality types
4. In Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior, ___________ is (are) the key link between _________.
Intentions; attidtudes and planned behavior
Norms; intentions and planned behavior
Intentions; norms and attitudes
Attitudes; intentions and planned behavior
5. According to the Ajzen model, the strongest predictor of an employee’s behavior is (are):
The employee’s intentions
The employee’s attitudes
Social norms
The employee’s values
6. The steps in the process of stereotype formation and maintenance in order are:
Expectations, categorization, inferences, maintenance.
Categorization, inferences, expectations, maintenance.
Inferences, categorization, expectations, maintenance.
Categorization, expectations, inferences, maintenance.
7. Janelle, one of Abdul’s employees, has performed poorly on many aspects of her job since she was hired four months ago. This is likely to be attributed to:
External causes
Fundamental bias
Internal causes
Self-serving bias
8. The potential to understand and regulate oneself is known as:
Naturalist intelligence
Intrapersonal intelligence
Kinesthetic intelligence
Interpersonal intelligence
9. Self-enhancement and self-transcendence are:
Personal attitudes
Endpoints of one of the dimensions of values
Workplace attitudes
Cognitions
10. Organizations with adhocracy cultures are described as:
Externally focused and valuing stability and control
Internally focused and valuing stability and control
Externally focused and valuing flexibility
Internally focused and valuing flexibility
11. Which of the following is the least fixed of a person’s individual differences?
Cognitive abilities
Attitudes
Emotions
Intelligence
12. Camilla, a manager, notes that while Wilhelm’s written reports are very thorough and accurate, his oral presentations are not effective. Camilla is looking at:
Explicit factors
Implicit factors
Distinctiveness
Consistency
13. Stimulation is in the ____________ part of Schwartz’s model.
Conservation
Openness to change
Self-enhancement
Self-transcendence
14. The contingency approach suggests that:
A manager needs to learn a set of hard-and-fast rules.
There is one best way to manage.
OB theories apply to all situations.
The best answer depends on the situation.
15. Research shows that, in general:
Social capital increases group conflict.
Social capital decreases work group integration.
Social capital decreases organizational performance.
Social capital can improve operations.
16. The corporate staff in the accounting department at ABC Corporation went on 12-hour days during the holiday season, just like the regular retail employees do during that season. This is an example of a(n) _________ change.
Product
Radically innovative
Adaptive
Innovative
17. The extent to which an individual identifies with an organization and commits to its goals is called:
Organizational satisfaction
Organizational commitment
Job involvement
Perceived organizational support
18. Joyce finds that the members of the project team to which she has been assigned in her management class are all athletes on the college’s football and basketball teams. She immediately considers dropping the class because she thinks her experience with that team will be negative. Joyce is likely to be reacting to a:
Self-serving bias
Semantic memory
Negativity bias
Stereotype
19. The productive potential of an individual’s knowledge, skills, and experiences is known as:
Soft skills
Ethical capital
Human capital
Social capital
20. Chris, a manager, knows that one of his employees values achievement and power. Chris should assign the employee to a job that includes:
High self-direction
High security
High influence over others
High social value
21. When something is _______, it stands out from its context.
Semantic
Salient
A schema
Stereotypical
22. A person can build his/her social capital by:
Being trained in new skills
Shadowing a higher-level manager
Getting a mentor
Learning a new language
23. Performance on tests like the Scholastic Aptitude Test and the Graduate Management Admissions Test is likely to be most closely related to:
Logical-mathematical intelligence
Interpersonal intelligence
Intrapersonal intelligence
Naturalist intelligence
24. Acme Movers is a company that ships goods and cargo to all locations in the United States. The employees understand that the company’s primary vision of timeliness, efficiency and low-cost services is important to maintain the competitive edge over other movers in the business. They constantly work to ensure that all deliveries reach their destinations on schedule, and the company, in turn, rewards the employees with performance-based awards and profit sharing. Which function of organizational culture is exemplified here? 
Facilitating collective commitment
Giving members an organizational identity
Promoting social system stability
Shaping behavior by helping members make sense of their surroundings
25. The process that enables us to interpret and understand our surroundings is called:
Stereotyping
Perception
Selection
Suppression
26. Sustainable businesses tend to be run by CEOs who are:
Intelligent
Controlling
Target-driven
People-centered
27
___________ is associated with success for managers and salespeople.
Introversion
Emotional stability
Agreeableness
Extraversion
28. Keyshawn is a player on a professional football team. Because of this, his play every week is scrutinized by fans and media, as well as his own coaches. Sometimes, their comments are very negative and even personal. Keyshawn will handle this better if he has a high level of _________ intelligence.
Bodily-kinesthetic
Intrapersonal
Spatial
Interpersonal
29. The two dimensions of the competing values framework are:
Internal-external and group-individual
Internal-external and anticipatory-retrospective
Group-individual and stable-flexible
Internal-external and stable-flexible
30. Which of the following mechanisms for changing organizational culture addresses all three levels of culture?
Deliberate role modeling, training, and coaching
Workflow and organizational structure
Rites and rituals
Organizational goals

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