Question 1: Is it wise for managers to evaluate a candidate’s postings on social networking sites such as Facebook as grounds for rejection before even interviewing a promising candidate? Why or Why not? What might be some ethical and legal issues managers should consider? Why?
We cannot ignore the importance of the Social networking sites but in case if manager wants to use it as a source make an image of a candidate and then made it a base to reject a person even before interview, has so may ethical issues.
First of all this should be consider that there are many fake accounts of facebook that put question on the authenticity of the facebook and the information available on its platform. Moreover, because of some privacy and some social threats, usually people do not give proper information on the faceboook and other social media sites that raise questions on the validity of the information provided by the user on his social media account at facebook or twitter.
Moreover, through face book, the situational and behavioral analysis cannot be made about the candidate and his abilities. Therefore, it seems an unethical act to reject a candidate merely on the base of evaluating or analyzing his personality through his/her facebook profile.
On the other hand, it is the ethical responsibility of the HR staff to provide equal chance to the candidate to prove his skills and his ability through interview because interview helps the management to analyze a candidate thoroughly by considering through the Structural interview based by asking relevant questions to evaluate the knowledge of a candidate about the specific vacancy. The Biographical and Behavioral Interview helps the company to understand and evaluate the behavior of the candidate in real time and evaluate his personality traits regarding a specific vacancy.
Moreover, the situational interview also helps the management to understand the professional skills of a candidate in real time according to the situation that reflects the ability of a candidate regarding a specific job and assist the HR staff to make a precise decision.
Controversially if HR just focus on the Facebook to analyze the ability and skills of a candidate, then it seems impossible to make right analyses of a candidate for a specific job because through facebook you cannot organize a candidate’s situational based analysis, behavioral analysis and his professional skills.
Question 2: Do you think leadership is more important or less important in today’s flatter, team-based organizations? Why? Are some leadership styles better suited to such organizations as opposed to traditional hierarchical organizations? Explain.
There is great difference in between the management and leadership as it is said by the Peter Drucker, “Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.” It shows that a manager direct the team members whereas a leader guides and shows ways to go a task to the team member.
In team based organization leadership has great importance. It is because, if there will be no leader, then complicacies will take place especially regarding the decision making process and to show the way to do the work in collaboration.
Therefore, some leadership styles those are effective to lead a team-based organization such as coaching leaders help to develop skills in the people for the future that helps the team members to utilize their abilities into progressive ways and improve their skills within time.
Likewise, the transactional leader is fit for the team-based organizations as he focuses on the management. In the process of management, he manages the resources by setting his focus on the organizational goals and put all his energy and motivates his team members to achieve the goals of the organization.
Transformation leadership is important for the team base- organization because it clarify the tasks for each and every team member that reduces the conflicting issue in team-based tasks. Through this aspect, he defines the job responsibilities of each member of the team and encourages them to work as a family.
A transformational leader improves the productivity of a team-based tasks by the mean of improving the skills of the team member through sharing knowledge and skills in between the collaboration of senior and junior employee’s.
A transformational leader always gives great concern to his team members and appreciated their performances through the performance based rewards system that fives motivation to the employees and increase their productivity and loyalty as well, Moreover a transformational leader is tolerant with the time member and has fair mind.
Question 3: Gallup’s 2011 survey shows that highly educated workers are significantly less likely to be engaged than are those with a high school diploma or less. What might be some reasons for this lower level of engagement among more educated employees? Why? (Chapter 12)
If we compare the engagement of highly educated workers as compare to the Diploma holders or high school workers, we can see that workers with lower education are more engaged in their work according to the Gallup research about the work engagement of employees in highly educated and low educated employees. However, it seems that in America most of the people believe that certification and degree are more important for a successful life but on the other hand, it does not make sure the work engagement.
It is found that the students who have received high education, have to spend more on their academic career and likewise they gain more knowledge about the specific field. On the other hand, it is common practice that academic knowledge can set a foundation but it does not give any practical experience. In this regards, after completing the education in university or colleges, the highly educated students have more expectations from their job whereas the reality is that most of the organizations and professions too concern with the experience rather than the just having knowledge. Th