1. Consider one of these two sectors: electricity generation or transportation. In both, efforts to increase efficiency can lead to rebound effects. In your selected sector, what are some of the highest risk rebound effects (in terms of frequency of occurrence and/or emissions impact)? How should these rebound effects be quantified? How should efficiency policies account for these rebound effects to prove that they are actually effective at reducing emissions?
Before moving pen about the Rebound effect, it is more important to understand this concept. Rebound effect is define in various ways however it is consider as a percentage of the estimated reduction in the use of energy that is lost because of the market responses and sum of consumer uses. According to the classic thoughts the rebound effect is important phenomena regarding the energy efficiency that compares the achieved reduction in the use of energy with the forecasted reductions about the use of energy by ignoring the market responses and consumer. The market-wide and consumer responses are take place due to the energy efficiency improvement changes relative prices (Andersen, 2013).
To understand the rebound effect the best example is; if there is a home appliance that consumes 100KW energy per year and the other home appliance of same type but with better efficiency cut 10KW per year from the 100 KW per year before accounting for any market response and consumer. Subsequently, if the responses increase 1 KW electricity’ consumption per year, then the rebound effect would be about 10% whereas from 10KW per year the 1 is expected energy saving that would be retaken by the market responses and consumer.
In case if we evaluate the rebound effect in generating power through the lens that tat unalloyed goal of efficiency is to cut the consumption of energy then the rebound effect appears as only a problem. But it is not the case. Subsequently, on the other hand if we think about the efficiency increase in productivity of energy and we expect rebound in demand for energy as we expect from the productivity of labor (Galvin, 2015).
Enhancing the productivity of energy at which we utilize energy assets essentially implies we are attainting more energy out of our assets than any other time in recent memory. This fact enhance the value of energy as well as it makes flawless since that we would need to make significantly more utilization of this important energy resource.
In general, enhancing the productivity of energy is in this way is a considerable thing by paying little respect to whether it reduce energy use, aids us to obtain much more esteem out of the same measure of energy use, or some blend thereof. This reason that justifies why considering bounce back impact is important ought to do nothing to undermine the business case for energy efficiency (Andersen, 2013).
However there is another critique from the individuals who see endeavors to consider bounce back as a danger and attempt to release the reasonable proof for considerable rebound effects at every way.
The efficiency of energy should be linked to observe that don not construct your case for proficiency by belligerence its quality is exclusively in lessening energy use. That is simply not how proficiency functions.
The rebound effects don not undermine the case for productivity, considering rebound that forces us to reevaluate the part of energy effectiveness in going up against environmental change.
People in general open deliberation over rebound effect is convoluted by the way that the extent of bounce back shifts from setting to connection, so it is hard to make speculations regarding the size of bounce back.
Direct rebound and indirect rebound prevails the sector of transportation for the adequacy of residential. Effective utilization of resources towards the rebound effects, the major focus on transportation sectors that how the utility gain by residential. Personal transportation and efficient energy resources of electricity is the most studied areas in the direct rebound that leads to the residential services. While the scope of direct bound is limited. The emerging picture towards the existence of rebound prevail best guess of rebound in the personal transport. The size of the energy efficiency rebound effect evidences demonstrated in the micro economic rebound effects. (Gillingham, Rapson, & Wagner, 2015)
Towards the quantification of rebound effects in the energy efficient resources, the magnitude of rebound differs by the bulb of initial and type of bulb replacement. A third of switches bulbs of is efficient entail for the negative effects of rebound. The rebound of 6% is estimated for the average switch where the efficient energy bulb associated, on the other hand the rebound of ca. 3% is estimated for the main bulb that are specifically used in the rooms. The direct rebound is effective for rebound its direct impact. (Gillingham, Rapson, & Wagner, 2015)
In developed nations, where energy is abundant and interest for energy benefits generally satisfied, in such situations the rebound effects in all probability dissolve from 20 up to 70% of the initial energy investment funds from different proficiency measures (Galvin, 2015).
Considering the significance of rebound effects for atmosphere procedures, the genuine story is in the creating scene. More than 90 percent of energy interest development throughout the following two decades will be powered by the rising economies of the world and so that is the place of interest for energy service is far, a long way from immersed.
On the base of the aforementioned discussion, it is concluded that the increase in the saving that is gained with efficient energy efforts and practices will be balanced with the energy consumption increase is the actual rebound effect.
Andersen, O. (2013). Unintended Consequences of Renewable Energy: Problems to be Solved. Springer Science & Business Media.
Galvin, R. (2015). The Rebound Effect in Home Heating: A Guide for Policymakers and Practitioners. Routledge.
Gillingham, K., Rapson, D., & Wagner, G. (2015). The Rebound Effect and Energy Efficiency Policy. Environmental Economics and Policy .