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This country severely restricted the rights of its nonwhite citizens under a policy called apartheid, but since 1997 has made progress towards equality. The country described in the sentence above is __________. A. Kenya B. Somalia C. South Africa D. Sudan

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The correct answer is C. South Africa

Explanation:

“The apartheid” was a legislation system that promoted racial segregation and that took place from 1948 to 1990 in South Africa. During this period, the country legislation was based on “white supremacy” which is the idea that white people are superior and should dominate people from other races mainly promoted by the National Party of this country. Because of this, “The apartheid” included multiple ways of segregation and oppression to nonwhite citizens who were the majority of the population in contrast to the minority of white people that dominated the country. This included important violations to rights including human and politic rights in all South Africa. However, since the 1990s and especially since 1997 with the end of the National Party the government of this country has gone through multiple changes and negotiations that supported the progress towards equality in South Africa. Thus, the country in which the rights of nonwhite citizens were restricted under the “apartheid” and since 1997 made progress towards equality is South Africa.

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Which list correctly orders events in the rise and fall of apartheid in South Africa? i. Nelson Mandela became the nation’s president. ii. The Soweto Uprising sparked more protests. iii. Frederik W. de Klerk brought about reforms. iv. The Population Registration Act was signed. i. The Population Registration Act was signed. ii. Nelson Mandela became the nation’s president. iii. The Soweto Uprising sparked more protests. iv. Frederik W. de Klerk brought about reforms. i. The Population Registration Act was signed. ii. The Soweto Uprising sparked more protests. iii. Frederik W. de Klerk brought about reforms. iv. Nelson Mandela became the nation’s president. i. Frederik W. de Klerk brought about reforms. ii. Nelson Mandela became the nation’s president. iii. The Population Registration Act was signed. iv. The Soweto Uprising sparked more protests.

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The Reformation actually started after Columbus’s landing in North America. 

Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 was forced on Spain and Portugal by the Pope. The Pope basically said that all lands in the New World belonged to Spain and all new non-Christian lands in the Eastern Hemisphere belong to Portugal. No other Catholic countries can do anything in those areas without the approval of the owner. 

The pope basically drew two lines on the globe setting the border. The western line started at the north pole cut half way through Greenland and ended at the south pole. The new world was everything to the west. Problem is that it ran through a chunk of Brazil which is why Brazil is an ex-Portuguese colony. 

The Eastern line starts at the North Pole runs through siberia, through the pacific just west of Japan, and cuts Australia in half. Of course, Australia hadn’t been discovered yet. Everything to the the east of this line is the new world. 

Obviously, this treaty didn’t hold up well, but the reformation gave the protestant countries an excuse to explore the new world since they didn’t have to take orders from the Pope. Even so, France, a catholic country, ignored it too. 

Really, the only country that was effected by the reformation in the exploration of the Americas was England. All the other countries, changed their religion once and then went to war with the nearest catholic country. Sweden became Lutheran and stayed that way. The Dutch Republic became Calvinists and stayed that way. 

England kept switching. First it was Catholic. Then, Henry VIII made it protestant. Then, Henry’s daughter Mary I made it catholic again. Henry’s other daughter Elizabeth I (with the two hit movies) made it Protestant again. 

Years latter, Oliver Cromwell over through the monarchy, executed the King Charles I, and established a Protestant fundamentalist religious military dictatorship. He outlawed drinking,smoking, gambling, theater, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and anything generally fun. He would have made Saudi Arabia proud. Basically, all you could do is work, pray, and die. Sex was allowed for creating children, but you couldn’t enjoy it. 

When Cromwell died, the people of England said enough was enough and brought back the King. Charles II kicked out the fundamentalists and brought back drinking, smoking, gambling, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and having fun during sex. Incidentally, those were also all his hobbies. 

This brings us to the famous Pilgrims. They were part of Cromwell’s crowd. They kept agitating a return to the no-fun policy. They annoyed everybody. They weren’t persecuted for practicing their religion, they were persecuted because they kept trying to force their religion on everyone else. Sort of like Southern Baptists. 

Charles II was the most easy going monarch in British history. Do realize how annoying you have to be to get him to throw you out. 

Charles’s brother James II was obsessed with turning Great Britain catholic again. After four years of trying, they kicked him and his followers out. 

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How did F.W. de Klerk work for African independence? He died fighting for the cause of freedom. He opposed apartheid and worked for reform. He continued to support independence even while in prison. He became the first president of South Africa.

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The Reformation actually started after Columbus’s landing in North America. 

Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 was forced on Spain and Portugal by the Pope. The Pope basically said that all lands in the New World belonged to Spain and all new non-Christian lands in the Eastern Hemisphere belong to Portugal. No other Catholic countries can do anything in those areas without the approval of the owner. 

The pope basically drew two lines on the globe setting the border. The western line started at the north pole cut half way through Greenland and ended at the south pole. The new world was everything to the west. Problem is that it ran through a chunk of Brazil which is why Brazil is an ex-Portuguese colony. 

The Eastern line starts at the North Pole runs through siberia, through the pacific just west of Japan, and cuts Australia in half. Of course, Australia hadn’t been discovered yet. Everything to the the east of this line is the new world. 

Obviously, this treaty didn’t hold up well, but the reformation gave the protestant countries an excuse to explore the new world since they didn’t have to take orders from the Pope. Even so, France, a catholic country, ignored it too. 

Really, the only country that was effected by the reformation in the exploration of the Americas was England. All the other countries, changed their religion once and then went to war with the nearest catholic country. Sweden became Lutheran and stayed that way. The Dutch Republic became Calvinists and stayed that way. 

England kept switching. First it was Catholic. Then, Henry VIII made it protestant. Then, Henry’s daughter Mary I made it catholic again. Henry’s other daughter Elizabeth I (with the two hit movies) made it Protestant again. 

Years latter, Oliver Cromwell over through the monarchy, executed the King Charles I, and established a Protestant fundamentalist religious military dictatorship. He outlawed drinking,smoking, gambling, theater, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and anything generally fun. He would have made Saudi Arabia proud. Basically, all you could do is work, pray, and die. Sex was allowed for creating children, but you couldn’t enjoy it. 

When Cromwell died, the people of England said enough was enough and brought back the King. Charles II kicked out the fundamentalists and brought back drinking, smoking, gambling, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and having fun during sex. Incidentally, those were also all his hobbies. 

This brings us to the famous Pilgrims. They were part of Cromwell’s crowd. They kept agitating a return to the no-fun policy. They annoyed everybody. They weren’t persecuted for practicing their religion, they were persecuted because they kept trying to force their religion on everyone else. Sort of like Southern Baptists. 

Charles II was the most easy going monarch in British history. Do realize how annoying you have to be to get him to throw you out. 

Charles’s brother James II was obsessed with turning Great Britain catholic again. After four years of trying, they kicked him and his followers out. 

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The first cornerstone of apartheid was the population registration act of 1950, which:

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Answer: B. Prohibiting new Chinese immigrants to enter the country.

Explanation:

Several social conflicts intensified in the US during the 1870s as the country developed as an industrialized nation. With the widespread economic and insecurity, xenophobic feelings started to grow, especially toward Chinese people. In 1882, Congress voted for the Chinese Exclusion Act, Prohibiting new Chinese immigrants to enter the country. It was the first federal law based on race and class but excused students, teachers, merchants, and diplomats to protect US trade and treaty interests.

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