1. I believe the answer is:
a. Freedom of speech was eliminated.
b. Enemies of the state were imprisoned.
d. Cultural identity was destroyed.
The communists policies transferred all the power in society to the hands of the government. This made the citizens to have very little freedom, and the citizens are subjected to the orders made by the government. Since the press in communist regime tend to be owned by the government, it is very easy to paint all of government’s opposition in negative light.
2. I believe the answer is: changing Stalin’s policies
The de-stalinization was initiated when Nikita Khrushchev rose into power. It involves removing all of stalin’s influence in the government (firing all of his followers and backers). It also revert back communism ideology that Stalin implemented and reverse it back to pre-stalin socialism.
3. I believe the answer is: B. Economic issues
The economic policies installed by Krushchev failed to stabilize the russian economy. At that time, the price of basic necessities such as food and housing started to rose rapidly (between 25 – 35 %). This lead to many dissatisfaction among citizens and revolts started to appear opposing Krushchev’s regime.
4.I believe the answer is: d. open the country to foreign visitors.
The purpose of this policy was to increase the national income from tourism industry which previously dead under previous regime. It also invites many investors from other countries to give their investment , which might lead to establishment of many job opportunities.
5. b.They increased censorship of arts and literature.
Both Brezhnev and Stalin believe that arts and literature could very much influence the way people think. Because of this, they increase the censorship of arts and literature in order to ensure that none of them were made to criticise their regime.
6. I believe the answer is: c.The Soviets wanted to reverse democratic reforms.
The previous leaders before Imre Nagy was backed by the Soviet Union. Nagy did not agree with how soviet union conduct its policies and initiated a democratic reform in hungary. Removing nagy from the government would reverse this democratic reform and bring back hungary to soviet’s influence.
7. I believe the answer is: D.The Soviets agreed to make limited concessions.
Before they initiate the rebellion, all territories in Poland and Hungary were fully controlled by the soviet union’s influence. Limited concessions refers to the territories given to each country in which they have a limited autonomy to govern themselves.
8. I believe the answer is: C.People could read about ideas contrary to state policy.
When the soviet union’s impose heavy censorship to all media, they can control the narrative that perceived by its people. The media shall never paint the government in negative ways. When the censorship is eased back, many media would start to appear and criticize the bad things that the government had done, which might weaken the communist party’s influence in the country.
9. I believe the answer is: A. They developed new and powerful weapons
During Khrushchev’s reign, the USSR developed several nuclear weapons that are capable to create havoc to any country on earth. Khrushchev at that time believe that in order to maintain peace , a country need to possess a certain level of threat to others, so other countries do not feel that they could do as they please.