. strong banking system
The industrial revolution intially caused by a Scientific development and a massive surplus in workers and natural resources.
Strong banking system only needed after many people in society implemented the technology in industrial revolution and seek capital injection for their bueinsses, not during the early stage.
. Spinning Jenny
Spinning jenny is the invention in the sewing machine that allows average companies to increse its producitivity up to 8 times more. Because of this development, European countries receive massive demands in clothing, Even until today, The Europeans still dominated the fashion market in the world.
. Solar Power
The solar power actually introduced in 1839, so it’s around mid-1800s. This solar power was first introduced by an inventor named Alexandre Edmond Becquerel. He found out that putting light on an electrode submerged with a conductive component could produce electric current that can be used as a source of energy.
. violence over religious beliefs
The damage that Industrialization created mostly revolve around workplace accidents, social stratification, and unfair treatments to people that belong in bottom social class. Violence over religious beliefs tend to be derived by difference in moral code/principles rather than industrialization.
. decline in worldwide trade
Actually, Imperialism was driven by an increase in worldwide trade. The increase caused european nations to became motivated in seeking cheaper resources and new emerging market. This is why they occupied weaker countries, so they can acquire their resources and used their people as target customers.
. democratic reform
Democratic reform was initiated to give the power to govern a nation to the hands of its people. Imperialism wanted to transfer the power to govern into the hands of a select few. Because of this, democratic reform and imperialism could never work along side one another.
. loss of natural resources
During European imperialism, the people of Africa were forced to sell their natural resoruces at extremely low price.
Overtime, this cause a loss of natural resources in that continent. Since the natural resources were exchange with very little amount of money, the standard of living of the people in those African nations were not improved.
. the Sepoy Mutiny
The sepoy mutini was initiated by Indian troops and collection of supporters who wanted to break free from the British’ colonization.
Even though the mutiny ended up in failure, the british government became extremely cautious and chose to directly rule india for easier millitary mobilization.
. selling opium
Opium is a highly addicting drugs and at that time the people of china did not produce many of this products.
The British obtain a large consumers base in China due to this fact. Since the opium made large portion of chinese population became unproductive, this action created a huge conflict between the British and Chinese government.
. controlling Hong Kong
At that time, Hong Kong was controlled by Japanese and British army who fought over the area due to the strategic location it provided for international trading. Sun Yat-sen aware of this benefit, which is why he intended to start a revolution and regain the control of Hong Kong.
11. C. the need to modernize
Despite having many high skilled labors, japanese territory do not contain many natural resources to support their production. For modernization to happen, Japan realized that they need both skilled labors and certain type of rare natural resources (such as metal)
Because of this, Japanese empire initiated an imperial expansion to obtain the natural resources from other countries in Asia.