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El doctor (mirar) la radiografía, yo llamé por teléfono a mi novia. (yo) (estar) mirando la televisión cuando mi mamá se lastimó la mano con la puerta. cuando sandra llegó a la universidad, (tener) un dolor de cabeza terrible. ?de ni?o (tú) (enfermarse) con frecuencia? el verano pasado, luis y olivia (sufrir) una enfermedad exótica. anoche, mi primo y yo (perder) la receta de mi tía.


In Spanish, the preterite tense (el pretérito) is used to describe actions completed at a point in the past. So the Spanish preterite is not used to describe regular or continuous actions in the past with no specific beginning or end. In that case, we use the imperfect. Therefore, we use the preterite to talk about completed actions in the past. So, it is used to talk about beginnings and ends, things that occurred on specific dates or days, at specific times or during specific time periods, and events in a sequence. There are two forms in this verbal tense, namely: Regular Imperfect Forms and Irregular Imperfect Forms.

On the other hand, the imperfect tense (el imperfecto) is used to describe past habitual actions or to talk about what someone was doing when they were interrupted by something else. In general, the imperfect is used to talk about past actions, conditions, or events that occurred regularly or frequently or that were in progress in a moment in the past. It is also used to tell time, talk about dates, give a person’s age, and describe features, conditions, and feelings in the past. As in the preterite tense, there are two forms in this verbal tense, namely: Regular Imperfect Forms and Irregular Imperfect Forms.

The regular verb forms for both the preterite and the imperfect are given in three ways, that is, for ar, er and ir endings. So the conjugation will depend on the pronoun of the sentence and the verb ending. On the other hand, the irregular verb forms don’t have a defined structure. 

1. Los pacientes esperaban
en la sala de espera.

Imperfect tense
Regular Verb:
Esperar
ar ending
Conjugation: Esperaban (For the third-person
plural)

2. Cuando era
pequeño quería ser enfermero.

Imperfect tense
Regular Verb: Querer
er ending
Conjugation: Quería (For the first-person
singular)

3. Anoche me olvidé
de tomar mis antibióticos.

Preterite tense
Regular Verb: Olvidar
ar ending
Conjugation: Olvidé (For the first-person
singular)

4.
Una vez mi
familia y yo tuvimos un accidente de coche.

Preterite tense
Regular Verb: Tener
er ending
Conjugation: Tuvimos (For the first-person
plural)

5. Mientras mi
padre tosía, mi madre dormía profundamente.

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Toser
and Dormir
ar and ir ending
Conjugation: Tosía and dormía (For the third-person
singular)

6. Todas las
semanas el doctor me hacía una radiografía.

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Hacer
er ending
Conjugation: Hacía (For the third-person
singular)

7. Cuando era niño,
todo el tiempo me enfermaba

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Enfermar
ar ending
Conjugation: Enfermaba (For the first-person
singular)

8. Mis padres me llevaban
al consultorio

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Llevar
ar ending
Conjugation: Llevaban (For the third-person
plural)

9. pero nunca era
nada grave.

Imperfect tense
Irregular verb: Ser
Conjugation: Era

10. Una vez,
mientras jugaba en el patio de la escuela yo me caí

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Jugar
ar ending
Conjugation: Jugaba (For the first-person
singular)

11. y me rompí un
brazo.

Preterite tense
Regular verb: Romper
er ending
Conjugation: Rompí (For the first-person
singular)

12.
Mi madre tuvo
que llevarme rápidamente a la sala de emergencia porque me dolía mucho.

Preterite tense
Regular verb: Tener
er ending
Conjugation: Tuvo (For the third-person
singular)

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Llegaron temprano al concierto; (so), consiguieron asientos muy buenos. el accidente fue (rather) grave, pero al conductor no se le rompió ningún hueso. irene y vicente van a comer (less) porque quieren estar más delgados. silvia y david (almost) se cayeron de la motocicleta cerca de su casa. para aprobar (pass) el examen, tienes que contestar (at least) el 75 por ciento de las preguntas. mi mamá (sometimes) se tuerce el tobillo cuando camina mucho.


Name: Soy (your name). [I am ____]

Age: Tengo (age in numbers in Spanish) años. [I have ___ years. -a bit odd, but that’s how it’s said.]

Description 1: Soy (you could ethnicity, or a personality description/physical description?). {americano (American), comico (funny), alto/a (tall), bajo/a (short)} (I am _____)

Description 2: Estoy (you could use a physical condition). {enfermo/a (sick), cansado/a (tired)} (I am ___)

Feelings: Estoy (emotion). {bien, triste, mal, más-o-menos, etc.} [I am_____]

Something you like: Me gusta (something- a sport maybe, or an infinitive (to run, to sing)). {béisbol, baloncesto, correr, cantar} (I like __)

If you don’t understand ser vs estar, you can use this website: http://www.drlemon.com/Grammar/servsestar.html

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4 al teléfono complete this telephone conversation with the correct forms of the verb estar. maría teresa hola, se?ora lópez. (1) ? elisa en casa? sra. lópez hola, ?quién es? maría teresa soy maría teresa. elisa y yo (2) en la misma (same) clase de literatura. sra. lópez ?ah, maría teresa! ?cómo (3) ? maría teresa (4) muy bien, gracias. y usted, ?cómo (5) ? sra. lópez bien, gracias. pues, no, elisa no (6) en casa. ella y su hermano (her brother) (7) en la biblioteca cervantes. maría teresa ?cervantes? sra. lópez es la biblioteca que (8) al lado del café bambú. maría teresa ?ah, sí! gracias, se?ora lópez. sra. lópez hasta luego, maría teresa.



4 al teléfono complete this telephone conversation with the correct forms of the verb estar. maría teresa hola, se?ora lópez. (1) ? elisa en casa? sra. lópez hola, ?quién es? maría teresa soy maría teresa. elisa y yo (2) en la misma (same) clase de literatura. sra. lópez ?ah, maría teresa! ?cómo (3) ? maría teresa (4) muy bien, gracias. y usted, ?cómo (5) ? sra. lópez bien, gracias. pues, no, elisa no (6) en casa. ella y su hermano (her brother) (7) en la biblioteca cervantes. maría teresa ?cervantes? sra. lópez es la biblioteca que (8) al lado del café bambú. maría teresa ?ah, sí! gracias, se?ora lópez. sra. lópez hasta luego, maría teresa.

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Use the verbs “gustar,” “tener,” “ser,” and “estar” to give the following information about yourself and your friend: name, age, two descriptions, feelings, and something that you like.


In Spanish, the preterite tense (el pretérito) is used to describe actions completed at a point in the past. So the Spanish preterite is not used to describe regular or continuous actions in the past with no specific beginning or end. In that case, we use the imperfect. Therefore, we use the preterite to talk about completed actions in the past. So, it is used to talk about beginnings and ends, things that occurred on specific dates or days, at specific times or during specific time periods, and events in a sequence. There are two forms in this verbal tense, namely: Regular Imperfect Forms and Irregular Imperfect Forms.

On the other hand, the imperfect tense (el imperfecto) is used to describe past habitual actions or to talk about what someone was doing when they were interrupted by something else. In general, the imperfect is used to talk about past actions, conditions, or events that occurred regularly or frequently or that were in progress in a moment in the past. It is also used to tell time, talk about dates, give a person’s age, and describe features, conditions, and feelings in the past. As in the preterite tense, there are two forms in this verbal tense, namely: Regular Imperfect Forms and Irregular Imperfect Forms.

The regular verb forms for both the preterite and the imperfect are given in three ways, that is, for ar, er and ir endings. So the conjugation will depend on the pronoun of the sentence and the verb ending. On the other hand, the irregular verb forms don’t have a defined structure. 

1. Los pacientes esperaban
en la sala de espera.

Imperfect tense
Regular Verb:
Esperar
ar ending
Conjugation: Esperaban (For the third-person
plural)

2. Cuando era
pequeño quería ser enfermero.

Imperfect tense
Regular Verb: Querer
er ending
Conjugation: Quería (For the first-person
singular)

3. Anoche me olvidé
de tomar mis antibióticos.

Preterite tense
Regular Verb: Olvidar
ar ending
Conjugation: Olvidé (For the first-person
singular)

4.
Una vez mi
familia y yo tuvimos un accidente de coche.

Preterite tense
Regular Verb: Tener
er ending
Conjugation: Tuvimos (For the first-person
plural)

5. Mientras mi
padre tosía, mi madre dormía profundamente.

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Toser
and Dormir
ar and ir ending
Conjugation: Tosía and dormía (For the third-person
singular)

6. Todas las
semanas el doctor me hacía una radiografía.

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Hacer
er ending
Conjugation: Hacía (For the third-person
singular)

7. Cuando era niño,
todo el tiempo me enfermaba

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Enfermar
ar ending
Conjugation: Enfermaba (For the first-person
singular)

8. Mis padres me llevaban
al consultorio

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Llevar
ar ending
Conjugation: Llevaban (For the third-person
plural)

9. pero nunca era
nada grave.

Imperfect tense
Irregular verb: Ser
Conjugation: Era

10. Una vez,
mientras jugaba en el patio de la escuela yo me caí

Imperfect tense
Regular verb: Jugar
ar ending
Conjugation: Jugaba (For the first-person
singular)

11. y me rompí un
brazo.

Preterite tense
Regular verb: Romper
er ending
Conjugation: Rompí (For the first-person
singular)

12.
Mi madre tuvo
que llevarme rápidamente a la sala de emergencia porque me dolía mucho.

Preterite tense
Regular verb: Tener
er ending
Conjugation: Tuvo (For the third-person
singular)