- fleeing the Lotus-Eaters
- fighting the Sirens
- facing Charybdis and Scylla
Odyssey is one of the two main epic poems of Ancient Greece, attributed to Homer. It is a sequence of the Iliad, another work credited to the author, and is a fundamental poem in the Western canon. Historically, it is the second – the first being the Iliad itself – the work of Western literature.
The poem is divided into three major parts:
First part: Telemachus son of Ulysses, following the advice of the goddess Athena, leaves Ithaca occupied by the suitors at the hand of his mother Penelope in search of news of his father
Part Two: This part recalls the last navigation of Ulysses, who decides to leave the nymph Calypso and return to Ithaca. After eighteen days sailing, he faced a terrible storm, sent by Poseidon, who threw him on the coast of the Feacians. Nausicaa, the daughter of the king of the country, Alcinous, meets the shipwrecked man and takes him to the palace of his father, who receives him generously. During a banquet offered in his honor, Ulysses hears a bard sing the episodes of the Trojan War and, unable to hide his identity any longer, confesses who he is and relates his adventures. He begins by talking about his travels since the end of the Trojan War, the clashes with Cyclops, cannibals and the sorceress Circe, as well as the underworld, mermaids, and nymph Calypso.
third part: after that the action of the Odyssey is resumed, and Ulysses returns to Ithaca. Disguised as a beggar, he meets his son Telemachus (already back) and plot the persecution of the suitors to the throne of Ithaca. Still disguised, he arrives at his palace without anyone recognizing him except his dog and his old mistress. It is only when Penelope says that she will marry the one who was able to use the bow of Ulysses that he makes himself known, massacring the suitors. The epic concludes with the meeting of Ulysses and Penelope.