1- The correct answer is that the reputation of the Harding administration was bad due to scandals and illegal activity from its officials.
Warren G. Harding was a republican president elected in 1920 during the conservative postwar mood, who promise a ‘return to normalcy’ and whose presidency was known for a pro-business tone and many scandals, the most famous of which was the Teapot Dome Scandal.
2- The correct answer is that the policies of Franklin Roosevelt can be attributed to Hoover and his belief in the private sector.
Roosevelt sought to differentiate himself from his predecessor, President Herbert Hoover, whose ideas and policies of minimal intervention and free-market ended up leading the United States to the Great Depression. In this way, Roosevelt took counter measures (social assistance policies and State participation in the economy and the domestic market) in order to reactivate the country’s economy.
It was obvious that the Americans were not yet ready to fight on their own. Having held to a strict definition of neutrality, the Americans had had virtually no opportunity to learn about modern war. They needed time to learn about trench warfare and modern tactics. They also needed time to build relationships with their French and British allies and to overcome the inefficiencies of their own mobilization. Few doubted that they could do it. The question was whether they would complete these enormous tasks in time to stop the German spring offensive.
The solution came in the form of an agreement signed in mid-December, 1917. It read “in compliance with the request of Great Britain and France, prompted by the expectation of a strong German offensive, the President agrees to the American forces being, if necessary, amalgamated with the French and British units as small as the company.” The final decision on the level of amalgamation was to be Pershing’s.
The decision was undoubtedly the right one and probably saved thousands of American lives. Pershing ultimately decided to amalgamate at the division level, meaning that American soldiers took their orders from American officers up to the level of major general, but overall strategic direction came from more experienced French officers at the corps, army, and army group levels. This system functioned well at the watershed Second Battle of the Marne in July, 1918, and gave the Americans the crucial experiences they needed to fight a coalition war and make their mark on the final victory. It also provided General Dwight Eisenhower with the model he used in building his own coalition in the Second World War.
4- What best defines internationalism is the active involvement in World affairs, as it shows a concern about what is happening all around the globe.
5- All foreigners who wanted to immigrate to the United States were affected by the Emergency Quota Act, as it restricted immigration into the United States.
The Emergency Quota Act restricted the number of immigrants admitted from any country annually to 3% of the number of residents from that same country living in the United States as of the U.S. Census of 1910. Based on that formula, the number of new immigrants admitted fell from 805,228 in 1920 to 309,556 in 1921-22.