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If nitrogen and hydrogen combine in a synthesis reaction, what would the product of the reaction be?

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If nitrogen and hydrogen combine in a synthesis reaction, what would the product of the reaction be?

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The chemical formula for naphthalene is C10H8. It’s used to make mothballs and pesticides. In 4C10H8, the coefficient is blank , the subscript of carbon is blank , and the subscript of hydrogen is blank

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Explanation:

Naphthalene has chemical formula as C_{10}H_{8} and it is an organic compound. It is used as mothballs and pesticides because it has a very characteristic odor which can be found at very low concentrations.

The given naphthalene molecule is 4C_{10}H_{8}. Therefore, it can be described as follows.

  • The coefficient is 4.
  • Subscript of carbon is 10.
  • Subscript of hydrogen is 8.

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Which is a non-polar molecule? A. Hydrogen Chloride (HCI) B.Oxygen Difluoride (OF2) C. Sulfur Hexachloride (SF6) D. Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) E. Trifluoromethane (CHF3)

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Which is a non-polar molecule? A. Hydrogen Chloride (HCI) B.Oxygen Difluoride (OF2) C. Sulfur Hexachloride (SF6) D. Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) E. Trifluoromethane (CHF3)

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What mass of manganese(II) chloride must react with sulfuric acid to release 48.5 mL of hydrogen chloride gas at STP? MnCl2(s)+H2SO4(aq)→MnSO4(aq)+2HCl(g)

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Note that one mole of any gas at STP occupies 22.4 L of volume. We may use this to calculate the moles of hydrogen chloride gas that need to be produced. This is:
0.0485 / 22.4
0.002 mol

Next, we see that the molar ratio between manganese chloride and hydrogen chloride in the equation is:
1 : 2

So the moles of manganese chloride reacting will be:
0.002 / 2 = 0.001 mol

The molecular mass of manganese chloride is 126 g/mol. The mass reacting will be:
0.001 * 126

0.126 grams of manganese (II) chloride will react. 

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When hydrochloric acid reacts with sodium sulfide, hydrogen sulfide gas and sodium chloride are produced. How many moles of H2S will be generated by 2.56 moles of HCl? 2HCl + Na2S → H2S + 2NaCl A 10 liters B 0.1 liters C 40 liters D 20 liters

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When hydrochloric acid reacts with sodium sulfide, hydrogen sulfide gas and sodium chloride are produced. How many moles of H2S will be generated by 2.56 moles of HCl? 2HCl + Na2S → H2S + 2NaCl A 10 liters B 0.1 liters C 40 liters D 20 liters

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Hydrogen bonding is strongest between ____. a. ?guanine and uracil b. ?adenine and guanine c. ?uracil and thymine d. ?cytosine and guanine e. ?adenine and thymine

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Answered by answersmine AT 22/10/2019 – 04:31 AM

The correct option is D. There are four different nitrogenous bases in DNA molecules; these bases are joined together by different forces including hydrogen bonds. In DNA molecules, there are two hydrogen bonds between adenine and thymine while there are three hydrogen bonds between cytosine and guanine. Thus, the hydrogen bonds between cytosine and guanine is the stronger.

Post your answer

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If 1 g of hydrogen combines completely with 8 g of oxygen to form water, how many grams of hydrogen does it take to combine completely with 64 g of oxygen?

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The balanced chemical reaction would be:

2H2 + O2 = 2H2O

We are given the amount of oxygen to react with hydrogen. To determine the amount of hydrogen needed for the oxygen to completely react, we use the balanced reaction to relate the substances. We do as follows:

64 g O2 ( 1 mol / 32 g ) ( 2 mol H2 / 1 mol O2 ) ( 2.02 g / 1 mol ) = 8.08 g of hydrogen gas needed

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– How many moles of NaHCO3 can be produced from 125 mol of NaCl – How many moles Of H2O are produced when 6 mol of O2 is consumed in burning methyl alcohol, CH3OH, according to the following equation? – Solutions of iron(III) chloride, FeCl3, are used in photoengraving and to make ink. This compound can be made by the following reaction. a. How many moles of FeCl3 form from 31 mol of Cl2? b. How many moles of Fe are needed to combine with 5 mol of Cl2 by this reaction? c. If 0.62 mol of Fe is to be used by this reaction, how many moles of FeCl3 form? – Ammonia is produced synthetically by the reaction: a. Is this an exothermic or endothermic process? b. How many moles of NH3 are formed when 1 mol of N2 reacts with hydrogen? c. If 18 x 1023 molecules of H2 react with nitrogen, how many moles of NH3 are produced?

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A positive cahnge of enthalpy, ΔH rxn = + 55 kJ/mol, for the forward reaction means that the reaction is endothermic, i.e. the reactants absorb energy and the products are higher in energy.

Activation energy is the difference in the energy level of the reactants and the peak in the potential energy diagram (the energy of the transition state).

For an endothermic reaction, the products will be closer in energy to the transition state than what the reactans will be; so, the activation energy of the reversed reaction is lower than the activation energy of the forward reaction.

Activation energy of reverse and forward reactions is related by:

Activation energy of reverse rxn = Activation energy of forward rxn – ΔH rxn

=> Activiation energy of reverse rxn = 102 kJ/mol – 55 kJ/mol = 47 kJ/mol

Answer: 47 kJ/mol

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Determine the empirical formula for a compound that is 70.79% carbon, 8.91% hydrogen, 4.59% nitrogen, and 15.72% oxygen.

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Determine the empirical formula for a compound that is 70.79% carbon, 8.91% hydrogen, 4.59% nitrogen, and 15.72% oxygen.

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Silver tarnishes as silver metal reacts with hydrogen sulfide, H2S, in the air. In this reaction, dark silver sulfide, Au2S, covers the surface of silver. When silver is polished, this coating of silver sulfide can be removed from the surface. This makes the silver shiny again. Enter the coefficients that balance the tarnishing reaction equation. (Type 1 for no coefficient.)Ag(s) + H2S(g) → Ag2S(s) + H2(g)

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Explanation :

In the net ionic equations, we are not include the spectator ions in the equations.

Spectator ions : The ions present on reactant and product side which do not participate in a reactions. The same ions present on both the sides.

(a) The given balanced ionic equation is,

Ni(NO_3)_2(aq)+Na_2S(aq)rightarrow NiS(s)+2NaNO_3(aq)

The ionic equation in separated aqueous solution will be,

Ni^{2+}(aq)+2NO_3^-(aq)+2Na^+(aq)+S^{2-}(aq)rightarrow NiS(s)+2Na^+(aq)+2NO_3^-(aq)

In this equation, Na^+text{ and }NO_3^- are the spectator ions.

By removing the spectator ions from the balanced ionic equation, we get the net ionic equation.

The net ionic equation will be,

Ni^{2+}(aq)+S^{2-}(aq)rightarrow NiS(s)

(b) The given balanced ionic equation is,

NaNO_3(aq)+KBr(aq)rightarrow KNO_3(s)+NaBr(aq)

The ionic equation in separated aqueous solution will be,

Na^+(aq)+NO_3^-(aq)+K^+(aq)+Br^-(aq)rightarrow KNO_3(s)+Na^+(aq)+Br^-(aq)

In this equation, Na^+text{ and }Br^- are the spectator ions.

By removing the spectator ions from the balanced ionic equation, we get the net ionic equation.

The net ionic equation will be,

NO_3^-(aq)+K^+(aq)rightarrow KNO_3(s)

(c) The given balanced ionic equation is,

Li_2SO_4(aq)+BaCl_2(aq)rightarrow BaSO_4(s)+2LiCl(aq)

The ionic equation in separated aqueous solution will be,

2Li^+(aq)+SO_4^{2-}(aq)+Ba^{2+}(aq)+2Cl^-(aq)rightarrow BaSO_4(s)+2Li^+(aq)+2Cl^-(aq)

In this equation, Li^+text{ and }Cl^- are the spectator ions.

By removing the spectator ions from the balanced ionic equation, we get the net ionic equation.

The net ionic equation will be,

SO_4^{2-}(aq)+Ba^{2+}(aq)rightarrow BaSO_4(s)

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A hydrogen electron is elevated from level 1 to level 2. Another electron is elevated from level 2 to level 4. The transition requiring the greatest energy change is level 1 to level 2level 2 to level 4both require the same amount of energy

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A positive cahnge of enthalpy, ΔH rxn = + 55 kJ/mol, for the forward reaction means that the reaction is endothermic, i.e. the reactants absorb energy and the products are higher in energy.

Activation energy is the difference in the energy level of the reactants and the peak in the potential energy diagram (the energy of the transition state).

For an endothermic reaction, the products will be closer in energy to the transition state than what the reactans will be; so, the activation energy of the reversed reaction is lower than the activation energy of the forward reaction.

Activation energy of reverse and forward reactions is related by:

Activation energy of reverse rxn = Activation energy of forward rxn – ΔH rxn

=> Activiation energy of reverse rxn = 102 kJ/mol – 55 kJ/mol = 47 kJ/mol

Answer: 47 kJ/mol

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Combustion analysis of an unknown compound provides the following data: 73.5 grams carbon (C), 4.20 grams hydrogen (H) and 72.3 grams chlorine (Cl). What is the percent composition of each element in this compound?

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This problem is to apply Roult’s Law.

Roult’s Law states that the vapor pressure, p, of a solution of a non-volatile solute is equal to the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, Po solv, times the mole fraction of the solvent, Xsolv

p = Xsolv * Po sol

X solv = number of moles of solvent / number of moles of solution

The solvent is water and the solute (not volatile) is glycerin.

Number of moles = mass in grams / molar mass

mass of water = 132 ml * 1 g/ml = 132 g

molar mass of water = 18 g/mol

=> number of moles of water = 132 g / 18 g/mol = 7.33333 mol

mass of glycerin = 27.2 g

molar mass of glycerin:, C3H8O3: 3 * 12 g/mol + 8 * 1 g/mol + 3*16 g/mol = 92 g/mol

number of moles of glycerin = 27.2g / 92 g/mol = 0.29565

total number of moles = 7.33333 moles + 0.29565 moles = 7.62898 moles

=> X solv = 7.33333 / 7.62898 = 0.96125

=> p = 0.96125 * 31.8 torr ≈ 30.57 torr ≈ 30.6 torr.

Answer: 30.6 torr

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If the mass of one mole of hydrogen is 1.01 grams; phosphorus, 30.97 grams; and oxygen, 16.0 grams, what is the molar mass of phosphoric acid (H3PO4)?

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The balanced chemical reaction is as shown below,

                 N₂ + 3H₂  –> 2NH₃

The equation shows that every 3 moles of hydrogen, H2, there would be 2 moles of ammonia, NH3, that is going to be formed. Using this concept, we solve for the unknown in this item. 

Since we are restricted only of the number of hydrogen, it becomes our limiting reactant. 

          (6 moles H2) x (2 moles NH3/3 moles H2) = 4 moles NH3

Therefore, given enough amount of N2, the amount of NH3 that can be formed out of the 6 moles of H2 is equal to 4 moles. 

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When 4.50 L of hydrogen gas react with an excess of nitrogen gas at standard temperature and pressure, how many liters of ammonia gas will be produced?

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When 4.50 L of hydrogen gas react with an excess of nitrogen gas at standard temperature and pressure, how many liters of ammonia gas will be produced?

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Which statement correctly compares the pH of water to that of other substances? a: The pH of water increases as its temperature increases, while other substances have a stable pH. b: The pH of water is neutral; it is higher than the pH of acids and lower than pH of bases c: Water contains more hydrogen ions than most other substances, giving it a higher pH. d: Water is neutral and has a pH of 0; acids have a pH greater than 0 and bases have a pH less than 0

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In tropical rain forest, the animals will have to deal with higher temperatures and greater rainfall. One example of an adaptation they might need is a thin, water-proof coat. This will prevent heat from becoming trapped inside their fur/hair/feathers, and the water-absorbing coating will allow water to stick to the inside of the coat without being absorbed, where the water will absorb the heat instead of themselves, and will cool the through evaporative cooling (heat release through evaporation)

In a deciduous forest, there is much colder temperatures, and significantly less rainfall. These animals would likely want a thicker water-proof coat. This is because the thicker coat would allow heat to become trapped, keeping them warm in the winter, and the water-proof coating prevents water from freezing in their fur, making them colder.

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Which characteristic of water allows its molecules to form hydrogen bonds

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This problem is to apply Roult’s Law.

Roult’s Law states that the vapor pressure, p, of a solution of a non-volatile solute is equal to the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, Po solv, times the mole fraction of the solvent, Xsolv

p = Xsolv * Po sol

X solv = number of moles of solvent / number of moles of solution

The solvent is water and the solute (not volatile) is glycerin.

Number of moles = mass in grams / molar mass

mass of water = 132 ml * 1 g/ml = 132 g

molar mass of water = 18 g/mol

=> number of moles of water = 132 g / 18 g/mol = 7.33333 mol

mass of glycerin = 27.2 g

molar mass of glycerin:, C3H8O3: 3 * 12 g/mol + 8 * 1 g/mol + 3*16 g/mol = 92 g/mol

number of moles of glycerin = 27.2g / 92 g/mol = 0.29565

total number of moles = 7.33333 moles + 0.29565 moles = 7.62898 moles

=> X solv = 7.33333 / 7.62898 = 0.96125

=> p = 0.96125 * 31.8 torr ≈ 30.57 torr ≈ 30.6 torr.

Answer: 30.6 torr

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At 25 °C, what is the hydroxide ion concentration, [OH–], in an aqueous solution with a hydrogen ion concentration of [H ] = 4.2 × 10–9 M? [OH-] = ____ M

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This problem is to apply Roult’s Law.

Roult’s Law states that the vapor pressure, p, of a solution of a non-volatile solute is equal to the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, Po solv, times the mole fraction of the solvent, Xsolv

p = Xsolv * Po sol

X solv = number of moles of solvent / number of moles of solution

The solvent is water and the solute (not volatile) is glycerin.

Number of moles = mass in grams / molar mass

mass of water = 132 ml * 1 g/ml = 132 g

molar mass of water = 18 g/mol

=> number of moles of water = 132 g / 18 g/mol = 7.33333 mol

mass of glycerin = 27.2 g

molar mass of glycerin:, C3H8O3: 3 * 12 g/mol + 8 * 1 g/mol + 3*16 g/mol = 92 g/mol

number of moles of glycerin = 27.2g / 92 g/mol = 0.29565

total number of moles = 7.33333 moles + 0.29565 moles = 7.62898 moles

=> X solv = 7.33333 / 7.62898 = 0.96125

=> p = 0.96125 * 31.8 torr ≈ 30.57 torr ≈ 30.6 torr.

Answer: 30.6 torr

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6. A substance that enters Earth's cycles and does harm to living things is A. oxygen. B. hydrogen. C. freshwater. D. a pollutant.

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6. A substance that enters Earth’s cycles and does harm to living things is A. oxygen. B. hydrogen. C. freshwater. D. a pollutant.

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Zinc and magnesium metal each reacts with hydrochloric acid to make chloride salts of the respective metals, and hydrogen gas. a 11.20-g mixture of zinc and magnesium produces 0.6854 g of hydrogen gas upon being mixed with an excess of hydrochloric acid. determine the percent magnesium by mass in the original mixture.

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The balanced chemical reaction is as shown below,

                 N₂ + 3H₂  –> 2NH₃

The equation shows that every 3 moles of hydrogen, H2, there would be 2 moles of ammonia, NH3, that is going to be formed. Using this concept, we solve for the unknown in this item. 

Since we are restricted only of the number of hydrogen, it becomes our limiting reactant. 

          (6 moles H2) x (2 moles NH3/3 moles H2) = 4 moles NH3

Therefore, given enough amount of N2, the amount of NH3 that can be formed out of the 6 moles of H2 is equal to 4 moles. 

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Silver tarnishes when it comes into contact with hydrogen sulfide in the air. physical property or chemical property

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The balanced chemical reaction is as shown below,

                 N₂ + 3H₂  –> 2NH₃

The equation shows that every 3 moles of hydrogen, H2, there would be 2 moles of ammonia, NH3, that is going to be formed. Using this concept, we solve for the unknown in this item. 

Since we are restricted only of the number of hydrogen, it becomes our limiting reactant. 

          (6 moles H2) x (2 moles NH3/3 moles H2) = 4 moles NH3

Therefore, given enough amount of N2, the amount of NH3 that can be formed out of the 6 moles of H2 is equal to 4 moles. 

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In ammonia, a central nitrogen atom is bonded to three hydrogen atoms. Similarly, boron trifluoride has a central boron atom bonded to three fluorine atoms. However, ammonia is pyramidal and boron trifluoride is trigonal planar in shape. Which statement justifies this difference in their structure?

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The balanced chemical reaction is as shown below,

                 N₂ + 3H₂  –> 2NH₃

The equation shows that every 3 moles of hydrogen, H2, there would be 2 moles of ammonia, NH3, that is going to be formed. Using this concept, we solve for the unknown in this item. 

Since we are restricted only of the number of hydrogen, it becomes our limiting reactant. 

          (6 moles H2) x (2 moles NH3/3 moles H2) = 4 moles NH3

Therefore, given enough amount of N2, the amount of NH3 that can be formed out of the 6 moles of H2 is equal to 4 moles. 

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In the covalent bond between hydrogen and chlorine in the HCl molecule, where will the majority of shared electrons be found? A.near the hydrogen atom B.near the chlorine atom C.equidistant from both atoms D.away from chlorine atom E.away from both atoms

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When ammonia is added with water, it forms a lonely OH- ion and a conjugate acid of HNH3+, or NH4+. Just based on the formula alone, a basic hydroxide is one of the products from NH3 and H2O, which is usually a tall-tale sign of NH3 being basic. Also, the reaction can also be reversed, so that (OH-)+(NH4+) -> H2O+NH3.

If this question has a different chemical formula, with either a H+ (hydrogen atom/proton) or a H3O+ (hydronium) as one of the products, then the compound that is being hydrolyzed (H2O is added to it) is acidic.

Hope this answers the question.

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Which characteristic of water allows its molecules to form hydrogen bonds? The water molecule is polar. Water has a low specific heat. Ionic bonds hold the water molecule together. Water expands as it freezes.

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Answer:

1) Water has very high specific heat.

2) It expands when it freezes

3) ability to dissolve in ionic substances

4) Water molecules at the surface experience fewer hydrogen bonds than water molecules within the liquid.

Explanation:

1) Water molecules due to their high specific heat , undergo relatively less increase in temperature after absorbing heat. So they prevent their adjoining area to experience sharp increase in temperature.

2) Water is an example which expands on freezing. In it , large spaces are left between molecules when it cools. It happens because hydrogen bonds prevent any two molecules to come very close thereby  creating gaps. This gap is filled up when ice melts , which results in overall reduction in volume of water.

3) Uneven distribution of charge results in water molecules becoming polar in nature . A polar substance  can be dissolved in polar solvents only.

4) It is due to property of surface tension. Property  of surface tension results due to molecules of water near the surface experiencing a  net downward  force due to hydrogen bonds . It is due to fewer hydrogen bonds made by them.

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Aqueous magnesium chloride and hydrogen gas are produced when solid magnesium reacts with aqueous hydrochloric acid (HCl). What is the equation for this reaction? Do not worry about balancing this equation.

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Explanation :

In the net ionic equations, we are not include the spectator ions in the equations.

Spectator ions : The ions present on reactant and product side which do not participate in a reactions. The same ions present on both the sides.

(a) The given balanced ionic equation is,

Ni(NO_3)_2(aq)+Na_2S(aq)rightarrow NiS(s)+2NaNO_3(aq)

The ionic equation in separated aqueous solution will be,

Ni^{2+}(aq)+2NO_3^-(aq)+2Na^+(aq)+S^{2-}(aq)rightarrow NiS(s)+2Na^+(aq)+2NO_3^-(aq)

In this equation, Na^+text{ and }NO_3^- are the spectator ions.

By removing the spectator ions from the balanced ionic equation, we get the net ionic equation.

The net ionic equation will be,

Ni^{2+}(aq)+S^{2-}(aq)rightarrow NiS(s)

(b) The given balanced ionic equation is,

NaNO_3(aq)+KBr(aq)rightarrow KNO_3(s)+NaBr(aq)

The ionic equation in separated aqueous solution will be,

Na^+(aq)+NO_3^-(aq)+K^+(aq)+Br^-(aq)rightarrow KNO_3(s)+Na^+(aq)+Br^-(aq)

In this equation, Na^+text{ and }Br^- are the spectator ions.

By removing the spectator ions from the balanced ionic equation, we get the net ionic equation.

The net ionic equation will be,

NO_3^-(aq)+K^+(aq)rightarrow KNO_3(s)

(c) The given balanced ionic equation is,

Li_2SO_4(aq)+BaCl_2(aq)rightarrow BaSO_4(s)+2LiCl(aq)

The ionic equation in separated aqueous solution will be,

2Li^+(aq)+SO_4^{2-}(aq)+Ba^{2+}(aq)+2Cl^-(aq)rightarrow BaSO_4(s)+2Li^+(aq)+2Cl^-(aq)

In this equation, Li^+text{ and }Cl^- are the spectator ions.

By removing the spectator ions from the balanced ionic equation, we get the net ionic equation.

The net ionic equation will be,

SO_4^{2-}(aq)+Ba^{2+}(aq)rightarrow BaSO_4(s)

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Which of the following best predicts the outcome of a fusion reaction involving isotopes of hydrogen?Two hydrogen isotopes form bonds with each other, absorbing a large amount of energy.The nuclei of the hydrogen isotopes join together to form a heavier element, and energy is released.Isotopes of hydrogen absorb electrons, undergo an increase in energy level, and split into fragments.The nuclei of the hydrogen isotopes split, resulting in smaller fragments and the release of a large amount of energy.

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The balanced chemical reaction is as shown below,

                 N₂ + 3H₂  –> 2NH₃

The equation shows that every 3 moles of hydrogen, H2, there would be 2 moles of ammonia, NH3, that is going to be formed. Using this concept, we solve for the unknown in this item. 

Since we are restricted only of the number of hydrogen, it becomes our limiting reactant. 

          (6 moles H2) x (2 moles NH3/3 moles H2) = 4 moles NH3

Therefore, given enough amount of N2, the amount of NH3 that can be formed out of the 6 moles of H2 is equal to 4 moles. 

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