How did the invasion of the cotton gin in 1793 affect the use of slave labor in the south
The United States invades Panama in an attempt to overthrow military dictator Manuel Noriega, who had been indicted in the United States on drug trafficking charges and was accused of suppressing democracy in Panama and endangering U.S. nationals. Noriega’s Panamanian Defense Forces (PDF) were promptly crushed, forcing the dictator to seek asylum with the Vatican anuncio in Panama City, where he surrendered on January 3, 1990.
What was the significance of the German defeat at the Gothic Line? It drew Nazi attention away from the Battle of Moscow. It was the final battle of the Italian campaign. It led to the invasion of Berlin.
Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 was forced on Spain and Portugal by the Pope. The Pope basically said that all lands in the New World belonged to Spain and all new non-Christian lands in the Eastern Hemisphere belong to Portugal. No other Catholic countries can do anything in those areas without the approval of the owner.
The pope basically drew two lines on the globe setting the border. The western line started at the north pole cut half way through Greenland and ended at the south pole. The new world was everything to the west. Problem is that it ran through a chunk of Brazil which is why Brazil is an ex-Portuguese colony.
The Eastern line starts at the North Pole runs through siberia, through the pacific just west of Japan, and cuts Australia in half. Of course, Australia hadn’t been discovered yet. Everything to the the east of this line is the new world.
Obviously, this treaty didn’t hold up well, but the reformation gave the protestant countries an excuse to explore the new world since they didn’t have to take orders from the Pope. Even so, France, a catholic country, ignored it too.
Really, the only country that was effected by the reformation in the exploration of the Americas was England. All the other countries, changed their religion once and then went to war with the nearest catholic country. Sweden became Lutheran and stayed that way. The Dutch Republic became Calvinists and stayed that way.
England kept switching. First it was Catholic. Then, Henry VIII made it protestant. Then, Henry’s daughter Mary I made it catholic again. Henry’s other daughter Elizabeth I (with the two hit movies) made it Protestant again.
Years latter, Oliver Cromwell over through the monarchy, executed the King Charles I, and established a Protestant fundamentalist religious military dictatorship. He outlawed drinking,smoking, gambling, theater, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and anything generally fun. He would have made Saudi Arabia proud. Basically, all you could do is work, pray, and die. Sex was allowed for creating children, but you couldn’t enjoy it.
When Cromwell died, the people of England said enough was enough and brought back the King. Charles II kicked out the fundamentalists and brought back drinking, smoking, gambling, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and having fun during sex. Incidentally, those were also all his hobbies.
This brings us to the famous Pilgrims. They were part of Cromwell’s crowd. They kept agitating a return to the no-fun policy. They annoyed everybody. They weren’t persecuted for practicing their religion, they were persecuted because they kept trying to force their religion on everyone else. Sort of like Southern Baptists.
Charles II was the most easy going monarch in British history. Do realize how annoying you have to be to get him to throw you out.
Charles’s brother James II was obsessed with turning Great Britain catholic again. After four years of trying, they kicked him and his followers out.
President Polk was willing to go to war with Mexico to A- acquire new territory in the northwest. B- further the concept of Manifest Destiny. C- protect American settlers from a Mexican invasion. D- ensure the independence of the Republic of Texas.
The correct answers are A, B, and E.
A. Many revolutions took years to accomplish.
Most of Latin American independence revolutions started around 1810, taking advantage of the Spanish political turmoil that started when the Spanish King, Fernando VII, was imprisoned by Napoleon, and they finished within the following decade or more.
B. European countries lost valuable lands.
Before the independence revolutions, Spain and Portugal owned most of the lands that form Latin America, and they lost these lands reach in natural resources in the hands of the new Latin American states.
E. Revolutionaries became heroes in their countries.
The leaders of the Latin American revolutions became heroes and the founding fathers of the new Latin American nations, like Simon Bolivar in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Bolivia; Jose de San Martin in Argentina, Chile, and Peru; and the priests Miguel Hidalgo and Jose Maria Morelos in Mexico, to name just a few.
During 1816-1824, the US governement enacted some tariffs at a high rate. This tariffs were widely rejected by some prominent figures like Andrew Jackson, Francis Preston Blair and others.
A prominent man who defended the tariffs, which were enacted with a protectionsist purpose, was John Calhoun. The states and representatives against the tariffs claimed a Nullification over the tariffs as they considered them anti-constitutional. This was known as the Nullification Crisis.
d.) most native americans had the same culture and traditions.
The Southwest district, extending through present-day Arizona and New Mexico and into Colorado, Texas, Utah, and Mexico, was home to an assortment of Indian gatherings and social practices pre-colonization. In this area abided a few gatherings we aggregately call the Pueblo. The Spanish initially gave them this name, which signifies “town” or “village,” since they lived in towns or towns of lasting stone-and-mud structures with covered rooftops. The three principle gatherings of the Pueblo individuals were the Mogollon, Hohokam, and Anasazi.
The Anasazi once in a while called the Ancestral Pueblos, dwelled in the Four Corners locale — where Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona meet; the Mogollon lived for the most part in southwestern New Mexico, and the Hohokam ruled the desert of southern Arizona. Students of history gauge that these three clans ruled over the locale from roughly 200-1500 CE, and either broke up or advanced into the Pueblo Indians—whom the Spanish experienced who still live in current New Mexico. They have additionally changed into the Zuni and Hopi clans. The Apache and Navajo clans landed in the Pueblo locale around 1200 CE from the Pacific Northwest and stayed unmistakable from the Pueblo individuals living in the region.
Answer: A fear that communists and radicals were plotting revolution in the United States.
What historians refer to as the First Red Scare occurred from 1919 to 1921, following the end of World War 1 — but more so following the Bolsvhevik Revolution which brought communism to power in Russia. The Bolsheviks (meaning “the Majority”) were the communist faction that led a successful overthrow of the regime of the tsar in Russia in 1917. They weren’t a “majority” in Russia, but they were the dominant group within the Russian communist movement. Civil war in Russia followed during the next years, from 1917 into the early 1920s, ultimately leading to the establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1922. There was fear in the United States (as there was elsewhere in the world) that communism would begin to spread further, beyond Russia.
The more common reference to “The Red Scare” usually refers to what historically was the Second Red Scare, from the late 1940s to late 1950s in the United States. Following World War 2, as the Cold War developed and the Soviet Union was gathering allies, there was even greater fear — and fear-mongering — in the United States about the threat of communism. The Second Red Scare was when The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was created and when Senator Joseph McCarthy began a campaign of accusations against suspected communists in various sectors of American life.
Ideology is a system of beliefs or ideas that adjusts the social, religious, moral, political, or economic interests possess by a group or by society. Ideology is also called an agenda.
There are pros and cons of the Treaty of Versailles:
Pros of the Treaty of Versailles
1. Military Restrictions on Germany
With the signing of this treaty, Germany’s power to fight again and to cause damage and future wars was limited. Germany has been defused and forced to reduce the number of its troops and only has an army of 100,000 people and no more than this for divisions of seven infantries and three cavalries. Besides, this causes the divisions and units of support of the organization where the General Staff was suspended. The treaty fundamentally prohibited Germany from having an enormous size of people in the military.
2. Payment for Reparations
Followers of the Treaty of Versailles say that this peace treaty causes Germany to compensate war victims and the damage it has caused to the countries they occupied. As part of the treaty, Germany had to pay several countries totaling 132 million Marks or around $ 31.4 billion in 1921. This is about $ 442 billion at today’s exchange rate.
3. Peace and Territorial Concessions
The signing of the treaty ended the war which convinced people that there is no other war threat. It also forced Germany to surrender its territory and return freedom to the countries it had invaded.
List of Cons of the Treaty of Versailles
1. Too Harsh on Germany
Opponents of the treaty claim that the penance is given to Germany and its affiliates were abundant and that the reimbursement figure was too high. They argue that demanding Germany and the nations that supported the Germans to attack territories to accept the full obligation on the war was also over the top.
2. Reparation Not Imposed
Critics of the Treaty of Versailles said that the treaty had no teeth because it took more than 10 years of compromises about paying repairs to Germany and its allies they have to pay. And to make problems worse, in 1932, an unlimited delay in reparations to be made was given to Germany.
3. Germany Targeted
According to those who were not committed by the treaty, the Allied Powers pressed Germany to acknowledge and follow whatever articles the Treaty of Versailles demanded. Additionally, apart from other countries working with Germany, the focus of penance and reparation was exclusively in Germany.
If you’re interested in learning more about this topic, we recommend you to also take a look at the following questions:
• What were two outcomes of the treaty of Versailles? brainly.com/question/7809023
Keywords : treaty of Versailles, Germany
Subject : History
Class : 10-12
Sub-Chapter : German History
1- The correct answer is B.
In 1931, Japan invaded and conquisted Manchuria (northen China). The Japanese claimed that they were liberating the local Manchus from China. Their occupation lasted until the Soviet Union and Mongolia launched the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation in 1945.
In 1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War started after the Marco Polo Bridge Incindent. During this war, the Empire of Japan moved into the territories of Southern China.
2- The correct answer is B.
The Second Sino-Japanese War had caused tension between Japan and the United States, which lead to an overall disaproval of the Empire. That, along with the occupation of French Indochina in the years of 1940–41, and the continuing war in China led to America placing an embargo on strategic materials such as scrap metal and oil. Since the United States was their main exporter, Japan lacked this important materials needed to produce new naval ships and to use them propertly in the war.
3- The correct answer is A.
In 1941, the Empire of Japan made a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. The main purpose was to destroy the US Pacific Fleet and weaken the resolve of the American people. The Japanese people believed that this attack would be so brutal for the United States that they would refrain from interfering in their quest to conquer Southeast Asia.
The correct option is “the plan was unnecessary and might lead to colonial independence.”
The Albany Congress was a meeting convened by the British Chamber of Commerce in 1754 in Albany, New York, United States. In this assembly it was advocated by the union of the English colonies in North America, to guarantee to some extent a defensive alliance against the French before the attack of these and for the Indian Wars.
Besides that, the colonial delegates, various representatives of the Iroquois Confederation, were presented as the leader Mohawk Hendrick.
Among the delegates was Benjamin Franklin, who supported a plan to unify the seven colonies, but was never assumed. The project eventually became a model of proposals made during the War of Independence of the United States.
One of the provisions of the Magna Carta was the right to a trial by jury of peers (OPTION B). It was stated in Chapter 39:
“No free man is to be arrested or imprisoned, or disseised, or outlawed, or exiled, or in any other way ruined, nor will we go against him or send against him, except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.”
The provision aimed to enact a more fair sentence by delegating part of the king’s judicial authority to men who were peers of the person on trial.
Nowadays, the right to a trial by jury is one of the basic safeguards of freedom from arbitrary government and it’s established in most democratic governments.
On this day in 1968, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters battle police in the streets, while the Democratic Party falls apart over an internal disagreement concerning its stance on Vietnam. Over the course of 24 hours, the predominant American line of thought on the Cold War with the Soviet Union was shattered.
Since the end of World War II, the U.S. perspective on the Soviet Union and Soviet-style communism was marked by truculent disapproval. Intent on stopping the spread of communism, the United States developed a policy by which it would intervene in the affairs of countries it deemed susceptible to communist influence. In the early 1960s, this policy led to U.S. involvement in the controversial Vietnam War, during which the United States attempted to keep South Vietnam from falling under the control of communist North Vietnam, at a cost of more than 2 million Vietnamese and nearly 58,000 American lives.
The “Cold War consensus,” in U.S. government, however, fractured during the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968. Democratic delegates from across the country were split on the question of Vietnam. A faction led by Eugene McCarthy, a committed anti-war candidate, began to challenge the long-held assumption that the United States should remain in the war. As the debate intensified, fights broke out on the convention floor, and delegates and reporters were beaten and knocked to the ground. Eventually, the delegates on the side of the status quo, championed by then-Vice President Hubert Humphrey, won out, but the events of the convention had seriously weakened the party, which went on to lose the following election.
Meanwhile, on the streets of Chicago, several thousand anti-war protesters gathered to show their support for McCarthy and the U.S. withdrawal of troops from Vietnam. Chicago Mayor Richard Daley deployed 12,000 police officers and called in another 15,000 state and federal officers to contain the protesters. The situation then rapidly spiraled out of control, with the policemen severely beating and gassing the demonstrators, as well as newsmen and doctors who had come to help.
The ensuing riot, known as the “Battle of Michigan Avenue,” was caught on television, and sparked a large-scale change in American society. For the first time, many Americans came out in virulent opposition to the Vietnam War, which they had begun to feel was pointless and wrongheaded. No longer would people give the national government unrestrained power to pursue its Cold War policies at the expense of the safety of U.S. citizens.
“The Green Revolution” refers to Green Revolution refers to advances in agricultural practices that began in Mexico in the 1940s, and spread from there to other countries around the world in the 1950s and 1960s, The Green Revolution had a huge impact on developing agricultural economies, enabling significantly increased production per acre.
The beginnings of the movement, in Mexico, had support from not only the Mexican government, but also the U.S. government, the United Nations, and other organizations and foundations. A key figure in spearheading new approaches to agriculture in Mexico was Norman Borlaug, an American scientist with a PhD in plant pathology and genetics. He had begun agricultural research in Mexico in the 1940s, developing disease-resistant, high-yield wheat. In 1961, when India was facing the potential of massive famine, Borlaug was invited to India to help with renovation of agricultural methods there.
The high-yield IR8 variety of rice was developed in the 1960s in the Philippines. The Republic of the Philippines government, along with the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation, established the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). IR8 rice was introduced in 1966, and had an enormous impact not only on agriculture in the Philippines, but then India and China and elsewhere also.
The correct answer is: Because the United States supported Iraq in a war with Iran.
On June 6, 1982, the Israel Defense Forces invaded Lebanon with the support of the United States of America, this country provided military support to Israel in the form of weapons and materiel.
As a consequence, on October 23, 1983, two truck bombs hit buildings in Beirut. A group called Islamic Jihad claimed the responsibility for the attacks and said the objective was to force Multinational Force out of Lebanon.
C. It might not be St. Patrick’s Day, but get ready to be pinched! Perhaps the most accessible method for measuring body composition, a skin fold assessment can be done using either three, four or seven sites (meaning parts of the body). The technician pinches the skin and then uses the skin caliper device to measure the thickness of the skin fold for each site.Each protocol has specific sites for testing spread across the body commonly including the chest, arm, abdominals and thigh. Then, after plugging the numbers into a formula, practitioners can estimate body composition.
Although the name might sound a bit intimidating, bioelectrical impedance is far removed from shock therapy. In fact, users won’t even feel a thing. A. Bioelectrical impedance scales range from the simple (a normal scale with electrodes under each foot) to the complex (a scale that has handholds with additional electrodes). Regardless of the machine, the devices work by sending tiny electrical impulses through the body and measuring how quickly those impulses return. Since lean tissue conducts electrical impulses quicker than fatty tissue, a faster response time is correlated with a leaner physique.
D. If the thought of getting dunked underwater suits your fancy, this might be the method for you. Hydrostatic weighing, commonly referred to as underwater weighing, compares a subject’s normal bodyweight (outside the water) to their bodyweight while completely submerged. Using these two numbers and the density of the water, operators can accurately nail down the subject’s density. This number is then used to estimate body composition.