Categories
Assignment Help

PLEASE HELP LAST QUESTION ON TEST Rock layers made of clay have very small particles. The pores between the particles are not well connected. Will a good aquifer form in a layer of clay? A. Yes, because smaller particles tend to increase permeability by increasing the surface area. B. No, because pores that are not well connected have low permeability C. Yes, because smaller particles tend to increase porosity D. both b and c

[ad_1]

PLEASE HELP LAST QUESTION ON TEST Rock layers made of clay have very small particles. The pores between the particles are not well connected. Will a good aquifer form in a layer of clay? A. Yes, because smaller particles tend to increase permeability by increasing the surface area. B. No, because pores that are not well connected have low permeability C. Yes, because smaller particles tend to increase porosity D. both b and c

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Which is the force of repulsion between two positively-charged particles?

[ad_1]

Which is the force of repulsion between two positively-charged particles?

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

To break a chemical bond, particles need to collide with a certain amount of ____?

[ad_1]

Explanation:

To break a chemical bond, it is required that particles must have certain amount of energy so that when they can collide with each other due to this energy.

Therefore, there will exist a certain amount of force between the particles which will help in breaking the chemical bond.

This energy due to the motion of particles is known as kinetic energy.

Thus, we can conclude that to break a chemical bond, particles need to collide with a certain amount of kinetic energy.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Research conducted on what happens when atoms get excited has helped in the identification of the atoms in the universe. What happens when atoms get excited? Atoms change into a particular shape. Atoms lose subatomic particles. Atoms produce a particular odor. Atoms release a particular color of light..

[ad_1]

Answered by answersmine AT 22/10/2019 – 02:54 AM

I believe the correct answer is the last option. When atoms get excited, atoms would release a particular color of light. When atoms gets excited, the electrons would move from a lower level to a higher level. However, this state is only short-lived and happens only in a split second then it goes back to its original level immediately. Going back to the lower level would release some extra amount of energy which is being released as heat or, oftentimes, as light in the form of electromagnetic energy or the particle photons. Thus, it releases a specific color of light depending on the wavelength of the light. 

Post your answer

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Which of the following particles has mass? a. protons only b. electrons only c. both protons and electrons

[ad_1]

Which of the following particles has mass? a. protons only b. electrons only c. both protons and electrons

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

What is the difference between active transport and diffusion in terms of movement of particles?

[ad_1]

Answered by answersmine AT 22/10/2019 – 03:14 AM

Active transport is the movement of dissolved molecules into or out of a cell through the cell membrane, from a region of lower concentration to a region of higher concentration. The particles move against the concentration gradient, using energy released during respiration.

Post your answer

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

How fast do you think the air particles in this room are moving compared to a 50mph car

[ad_1]

How fast do you think the air particles in this room are moving compared to a 50mph car

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Atoms contain charged particles called protons and electrons. Each proton has a charge of +1, and each electron has a charge of –1. A sulfur ion has 16 protons and 18 electrons. Find the net charge.

[ad_1]

Atoms contain charged particles called protons and electrons. Each proton has a charge of +1, and each electron has a charge of –1. A sulfur ion has 16 protons and 18 electrons. Find the net charge.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Match the words in the left-hand column to the appropriate blank in the sentences in the right-hand column. use each word only once. hints helpreset coma plasma tail oort cloud kuiper belt meteor shower nucleus 1. about a trillion comets are thought to be located far, far beyond pluto in the . 2. the bright spherical part of a comet observed when it is close to the sun is the . 3. a comet’s stretches directly away from the sun. 4. a comet’s is the frozen portion of a comet. 5. particles ejected from a comet can cause a(n) on earth. 6. the extends from about beyond the orbit of neptune to about twice the distance of neptune from the sun.

[ad_1]

1. About a trillion comets are thought to be located far, far beyond pluto in the Oort cloud. Oort cloud is theoretical cloud of predominantly icy planetesimals and. Many scientists have a belief that it surrounds the Sun at the distance of approximately between 50,000 and 200,000 AU. Such forces as  passing stars and of the Milky Way usually easily affect the outer Oort cloud and dislodge comets right from their orbits through the Oort the cloud and then they send them to the the inner Solar System.
2. The bright spherical part of a comet observed when it is close to the sun is the coma. When coma is viewed by a telescope it looks quite fuzzy and, unlike the stars, it does not have legible form. Such a phenomenon as the coma is created when a comet comes too close to the sun, then a comet warms and sublimes its parts. These parts are placed  around  the nucleus of a comet forming sort of envelope.
3. A comet’s plasma tail stretches directly away from the sun. Both coma and comet’s tail are visible parts of a comet, and when the comet passes through the inner Solar System we it becomes visible right from Earth. Usually comets have two tails :the blue plasma tail and the red dust tail. The plasma tail is formed by an interaction between the solar wind and the cometary plasma. And the dust tail is caused due to the activity of solar radiation pressure directed to the cometary dust.

4. A comet’s nucleus is the frozen portion of a comet. The conet nucleus is  the solid center of the head of a comet that is also called ”dirty snowball” or an ”icy dirtball” among astronomists. It consists of rock, dust, and frozen gases and when they are heated by the Sun they form a coma (which is an atmosphere that surrounds nucleus) by sublimating of the gases.

5. Particles ejected from a comet can cause a meteor shower on Earth. A meteor shower is a celestial phenomenon during which we can see how meteors radiate. The meteors which we can observe are formed by meteoroids that enter Earth’s atmosphere at extremely high speeds and they usually move in parallel directions. Some of the meteors are too small and often don’t even reach the surface of Earth as they disintegrate during the entering process.

6. The Kuiper Belt extends from about beyond the orbit of neptune to about twice the distance of neptune from the sun.  It is the circumstellar disc that uccurs in the Solar System beyond the already known planets. Its formreminds of asteroid belt, but it is far larger, to be more exact in 20 times. I

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

The movement of particles by diffusion without energy.

[ad_1]

The movement of particles by diffusion without energy.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

When rocks weather into particles, most of the rocks dont stay in place. name three ways that weathered rock particles are carried away?

[ad_1]

When rocks weather into particles, most of the rocks dont stay in place. name three ways that weathered rock particles are carried away?

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Which statement describes the masses of the particles that make up an atom?

[ad_1]

Which statement describes the masses of the particles that make up an atom?

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

The process of pouring a mixture through a filter to catch the large particles while allowing the smaller particles to pass through and collect beneath

[ad_1]

25) Answer is: less metallic and more nonmetallic.

Electronegativity increases from left to right across a period, atoms have tendency to attract electrons.

Electronegativity (χ) is a property that describes the tendency of an atom to attract a shared pair of electrons.

26) Answer is: radioisotope.

Radioisotope has an unstable atomic nucleus and emit energy and particles when it changes to a more stable form.

Francium (Fr) is element with atomic number 87 (87 protons and 87 electrons).

27) Answer is: boils.

Boiling is the temperature at which the vapour pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid by the surrounding atmosphere.

The Celsius scale was based on 0°C for the freezing point of water and 100°C for the boiling point of water at 1 atm pressure.

28) Answer is: endothermic.

There are two types of reaction:  

1) endothermic reaction (chemical reaction that absorbs more energy than it releases, ΔH>0).

2) exothermic reaction (chemical reaction that releases more energy than it absorbs).  

For example, the breakdown of ozone is an endothermic process. Ozone has lower energy than molecular oxygen (O₂) and oxygen atom, so ozone need energy to break bond between oxygen atoms.  

29) Answer is: kinetic.

The average kinetic energy of molecules depends on the temperature.  

As temperature increases, molecules gain more energy from surrounding and move faster.  

Kinetic energy (standard unit is the joule J) depends on speed of the molecule.  

Solid gains kinetic energy to become a liquid and then becomes a gas.

30) Answer is: alpha particles.

This was famous Rutherford’s Gold Foil Experiment: he bombarded thin foil of gold with positive alpha particles.

Rutherford observed the deflection of alpha particles on the photographic film.  

Alpha particles are helium atom particles, consist of two protons and two neutrons.  

According to Rutherford model of the atom: atoms have their charge concentrated in a very small nucleus.  

31) Answer is: highest.

For example, calcium oxide.

Calcium oxide (CaO) has ionic bonds between calcium cations (Ca²⁺) and oxygen anions (O²⁻).

Because it has strong ionic bonds, it has high melting point (around 2600°C).

Ionic bond is the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions (cations and anions).

32) Answer is: a scientific model.

A scientific model is a representation of an idea, an object, a process or a system that is used to describe and explain phenomena that cannot be experienced directly.

33) Answer is: the superscript is mass number and the subscript is atomic number.

Atomic number(Z) is the number of protons, which is characteristic of a chemical element..

Mass number (A) is the total number of protons and neutrons in a nucleus.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Light and sound waves are A.both particles and wave, but sound waves are longitudinal waves that can travel through a vacuum B.both longitudinal waves, but one is electromagnetic (light), while the other is not C.both able to travel through a vacuum, but sound waves aren’t able to be reflected D.both waves, but light is a transverse wave that can travel through a vacuum

[ad_1]

The right answer is Transgenic organisms can produce a desired product that may benefit other organisms.

A transgenic organism contains DNA combining  stably integrated in all its cells. In other words, the organism, be it a plant, an animal or a microorganism, has a new piece of DNA embedded in it. a chromosome in each of its cells. This “new piece” of DNA usually contains a gene from another organism (plant, animal or other) that has been modified to be expressed in the new  organization. A transgenic organism may even possess the DNA of another organism of the same species. The inserted gene can be called the transgene.

Currently, diabetics are treated by injecting insulin from either a healthy human donor or cultures of genetically modified (transgenic) bacteria that secrete the protein.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

25. From left to right across a period in the periodic table, elements become less ___________ and more ______________ in their properties. 26. Francium has 36 isotopes, but only francium-223 occurs in nature. Francium-223 spontaneously emits particles and energy, so francium-223 is a(an) _____________ of francium. 27. At sea level, water ______________ at 100°C. 28. Cooking requires continuous addition of energy to the chemical reactions that are taking place. The chemical reactions involved in cooking can be described as __________________. 29. The ________________ theory of matter states that all particles of matter are in constant motion. 30. In Rutherford’s experiments, some of the _______________ aimed at gold atoms bounced back, suggesting that a solid mass was at the center of the atom. 31. You are given the melting points of three unknown substances and are asked to predict which one is an ionic compound. You would select the compound with the ________________ melting point. 32. A flight simulator that helps astronauts prepare for a shuttle launch is an example of a(an) __________________. 33. In the symbol ■([email protected]) He, the superscript 4 is the _________________ for helium, and the subscript 2 is the ___________________ for helium.

[ad_1]

25) Answer is: less metallic and more nonmetallic.

Electronegativity increases from left to right across a period, atoms have tendency to attract electrons.

Electronegativity (χ) is a property that describes the tendency of an atom to attract a shared pair of electrons.

26) Answer is: radioisotope.

Radioisotope has an unstable atomic nucleus and emit energy and particles when it changes to a more stable form.

Francium (Fr) is element with atomic number 87 (87 protons and 87 electrons).

27) Answer is: boils.

Boiling is the temperature at which the vapour pressure of the liquid is equal to the pressure exerted on the liquid by the surrounding atmosphere.

The Celsius scale was based on 0°C for the freezing point of water and 100°C for the boiling point of water at 1 atm pressure.

28) Answer is: endothermic.

There are two types of reaction:  

1) endothermic reaction (chemical reaction that absorbs more energy than it releases, ΔH>0).

2) exothermic reaction (chemical reaction that releases more energy than it absorbs).  

For example, the breakdown of ozone is an endothermic process. Ozone has lower energy than molecular oxygen (O₂) and oxygen atom, so ozone need energy to break bond between oxygen atoms.  

29) Answer is: kinetic.

The average kinetic energy of molecules depends on the temperature.  

As temperature increases, molecules gain more energy from surrounding and move faster.  

Kinetic energy (standard unit is the joule J) depends on speed of the molecule.  

Solid gains kinetic energy to become a liquid and then becomes a gas.

30) Answer is: alpha particles.

This was famous Rutherford’s Gold Foil Experiment: he bombarded thin foil of gold with positive alpha particles.

Rutherford observed the deflection of alpha particles on the photographic film.  

Alpha particles are helium atom particles, consist of two protons and two neutrons.  

According to Rutherford model of the atom: atoms have their charge concentrated in a very small nucleus.  

31) Answer is: highest.

For example, calcium oxide.

Calcium oxide (CaO) has ionic bonds between calcium cations (Ca²⁺) and oxygen anions (O²⁻).

Because it has strong ionic bonds, it has high melting point (around 2600°C).

Ionic bond is the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions (cations and anions).

32) Answer is: a scientific model.

A scientific model is a representation of an idea, an object, a process or a system that is used to describe and explain phenomena that cannot be experienced directly.

33) Answer is: the superscript is mass number and the subscript is atomic number.

Atomic number(Z) is the number of protons, which is characteristic of a chemical element..

Mass number (A) is the total number of protons and neutrons in a nucleus.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Select the statement that best describes how the forces relate.A. The object on which they are acting and the distance to that object determines the amount of force.B. nuclear and magnetic forces are different because magnetic forces are associated with unmoving charges, and weak nuclear forces are associated with moving charges.C. All forces are related to the mass of the object on which they are acting.The larger the mass, the weaker the forces become. D. Magnetic and electrical forces are similar because they are both related to the interactions between charged particles.

[ad_1]

The gravitational force Fg between two objects is given by the equation:

Fg=(G*m₁*m₂)/r₂, where G=6.67*10^-11 m³ kg⁻¹ s⁻² is the gravitational constant, m₁ and m₂ are the masses of the two bodies and r is the distance between those bodies. 

Due to the gravitational attraction the pencil and the eraser will attract if we there is no friction on the surface. 

m₁=10 g=0.01 kg is the mass of the pencil
m₂=20 g=0.02 kg is the mass of the eraser
r=2.5 cm = 0.025 m

First we calculate the Fg:

Fg={(6.67*10^-11)*0.01*0.02}/(0.025²)=2.1344*10^-11 N

To get the velocity v of the pencil:

v²=2as, where a is the acceleration of the pencil and s is the path. In our case s=r so we can write:

v²=2ar

a=Fg/m₁= 2.133*10^-9 m/s²

v²=2*(2.133*10^-9)*0.025=1.0665*10^-10

v=√(1.0665*10^-10)=1.0327*10^-5 m/s

We have the velocity and the acceleration, so we can calculate the time t with the equation:

t=v/a=(1.0327*10^-5)/(2.133*10^-9)=4841.6 s

1 hour has 3600 s so when we divide time t in seconds by 3600 we get time T in hours:

T=t/3600=4841.6/3600=1.3449 h. 

So the time for the pencil and eraser to touch is T=1.3449 hours. 

Also time T can be expressed like T= 1h and 20 mins and 41.64 s

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Two point particles, one with charge +8 × 10–9 c and the other with charge–2 × 10–9 c, are separated by 4 m. the electric field midway between them is:

[ad_1]

Answer:

a) The time the police officer required to reach the motorist was 15 s.

b) The speed of the officer at the moment she overtakes the motorist is 30 m/s

c) The total distance traveled by the officer was 225 m.

Explanation:

The equations for the position and velocity of an object moving in a straight line are as follows:

x = x0 + v0 · t + 1/2 · a · t²

v = v0 + a · t

Where:

x = position at time t

x0 = initial position

v0 = initial velocity

t = time

a = acceleration

v = velocity at time t

a)When the officer reaches the motorist, the position of the motorist is the same as the position of the officer:

x motorist = x officer

Using the equation for the position:

x motirist = x0 + v · t (since a = 0).

x officer = x0 + v0 · t + 1/2 · a · t²

Let´s place our frame of reference at the point where the officer starts following the motorist so that x0 = 0 for both:

x motorist = x officer

x0 + v · t = x0 + v0 · t + 1/2 · a · t²      (the officer starts form rest, then, v0 = 0)

v · t = 1/2 · a · t²    

Solving for t:

2 v/a = t

t = 2 · 15.0 m/s/ 2.00 m/s² = 15 s

The time the police officer required to reach the motorist was 15 s.

b) Now, we can calculate the speed of the officer using the time calculated in a) and the  equation for velocity:

v = v0 + a · t

v = 0 m/s + 2.00 m/s² · 15 s

v = 30 m/s

The speed of the officer at the moment she overtakes the motorist is 30 m/s

c) Using the equation for the position, we can find the traveled distance in 15 s:

x = x0 + v0 · t + 1/2 · a · t²

x = 1/2 · 2.00 m/s² · (15s)² = 225 m

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

The table describes a gas stored in four different containers. properties of stored gas container properties 1 · low number of collisions with container walls · medium average kinetic energy · large number of particles 2 · large number of collisions with container walls · medium average kinetic energy · small number of particles with little spaces between them 3 · large number of collisions with container walls · high average kinetic energy · large number of particles with large spaces between them 4 · few collisions with container walls · low average kinetic energy · small number of particles which container has gas stored at the highest temperature?

[ad_1]

The equation for how temperature changes the resistance R is: 

R=R₀(1+α(T-T₀)), where R₀ is the resistance at T₀=20°C, T is the temperature for which we want to calculate the resistance and α is the temperature coefficient for resistance. 

The resistance of the copper wire increases by 18% or by 0.18, so the new value for the resistance is R=1.18*R₀.

T₀=20°C
=0.0068
R=1.18*R₀

Now we need to input that into the equation for resistance change and solve for temperature T.  

1.18R₀=R₀(1+α(T-20)), R₀ cancels out,

1.18=1+α(T-20),

1.18-1=α(T-20), we divide by α,

0.18/α=T-20, we put 20 on the left side,

26.47+20=T

T=46.47°C

So the temperature on which the resistance of copper wire will increase by 18% is T=46.47°C. 

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Instructions:Select the correct answer. Why does a solid change to liquid when heat is added? A-The spacing between particles decreases. B-Particles lose energy. C-The spacing between particles increases. D-The temperature decreases.

[ad_1]

There are two systems in the human body that are responsible for the coordination between the functions of different systems to achieve the unity of the living organism’s body. These two systems are the nervous system and the endocrine system. The action of the nervous system is fast and takes a short time, while the action of the endocrine system is slow and takes a long time.

The functional unit of the nervous system is the nerve cell or the neuron. The neuron consists of a cell body and the axon. The cell body starts with the dendrites that receive the messages or the impulses from other neurons or from different sense organs or receptors. These impulses are then transmitted through the cell body. The cell body contains a nucleus and different organelles which help the nerve cell to perform its functions. The nerve impulse is then transmitted to the axon.

The axon is an extension from the cell body. There are some cells called Schwan cells that secrete a myelin sheath to insulate the axon from the surrounding medium. The insulated axons have more ability to conduct the impulses than non-insulated axons. The axon ends with the terminal arborizations. The terminal arborizations of a nerve cell connect to the dendrites of the next cell or to the afferent organ. The gaps between the dendrites and the terminal arborizations are called the synapses.

The nerve impulse is an electrochemical phenomenon i.e. an electrical phenomenon with a chemical nature. The membrane of the axon acts as a barrier between an outside positively charged medium and an inside negatively charged medium. This makes a potential difference of  -70mV. This state is called the resting potential. When the membrane is subjected to a stimulus, the positive charges enter to inside and the negative charges exit to the outside. The potential difference now becomes +40mV. This state is called the depolarization state. The point of stimulation acts as a new stimulus for the next point and so on. The membrane sooner gains its permeability again and the positive charges return to the outside and the negative charges to inside. This state is called repolarization.

The nerve impulse reaches the synapse. There are some neurotransmitters that are excited by the nerve impulse coming and carry the message across the membrane. Some receptors receive theses neurotransmitters on the dendrites of the next neuron. These receptors act as a stimulus for the new cell.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Alpha particles are the most penetrating. true or false

[ad_1]

Answer:

The integumentary system covers the surface of the body is true about the integumentry system.

Explanation:

The integumentary system includes the skin, nails, glands, hairs, and nerves. Its main role is to act as a barrier to protect the body from the outside environment. It also retains body fluids, regulates body temperature, eliminates waste products, and protects against disease.

The integumentary system is the largest organ in the body that covers the surface of the body.

Thus, The integumentary system covers the surface of the body is the true statement about the integumentry system.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Which of the subatomic particles have mass, which have a charge and what is the charge, and where do these particles reside in the atom?

[ad_1]

Answer:

1) Water has very high specific heat.

2) It expands when it freezes

3) ability to dissolve in ionic substances

4) Water molecules at the surface experience fewer hydrogen bonds than water molecules within the liquid.

Explanation:

1) Water molecules due to their high specific heat , undergo relatively less increase in temperature after absorbing heat. So they prevent their adjoining area to experience sharp increase in temperature.

2) Water is an example which expands on freezing. In it , large spaces are left between molecules when it cools. It happens because hydrogen bonds prevent any two molecules to come very close thereby  creating gaps. This gap is filled up when ice melts , which results in overall reduction in volume of water.

3) Uneven distribution of charge results in water molecules becoming polar in nature . A polar substance  can be dissolved in polar solvents only.

4) It is due to property of surface tension. Property  of surface tension results due to molecules of water near the surface experiencing a  net downward  force due to hydrogen bonds . It is due to fewer hydrogen bonds made by them.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Entamoeba histolytica is transmitted by which of the following? a. mosquitoes (bites) b. inhaling contaminated particles c. sexual intercourse d. cysts in feces

[ad_1]

Answer: The correct answer is- Archaea and Eukarya.

As per the information about the (phylogenetic tree) given in the question,

the last branch of the phylogenetic tree begins with the line of Eukarya and then holds the species of the Archaea division, which includes those prokaryotic organisms that live in extremely harsh environmental conditions ( such as Methanobacterium, and extreme halophiles).  

As this last branch holds species of two domains ( from 3 domain system of classification that includes Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya) , which are Archaea and Eukarya as it begins with Eukarya and later on holds the species of Archaea.

Thus, it shows that Archaea and Eukarya are more genetically related.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

The two-slit diffraction experiment shows how light can be treated as particles and how light waves carry the statistical information for the experiment. if we were to use a beam of electrons instead of light in the experiment, how would the results differ?

[ad_1]

The two-slit diffraction experiment shows how light can be treated as particles and how light waves carry the statistical information for the experiment. if we were to use a beam of electrons instead of light in the experiment, how would the results differ?

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

Salim and Medha are comparing results from a two-day lab experiment. On Monday, Salim’s results showed that 0.907 of the particles were charged while Medha’s results showed that 88% of the particles were charged. On Tuesday, Salim’s results showed that 0.733 of the particles were charged while Medha’s results showed that 92% of the particles were charged. Who on what day had the greatest percentage of charged particles in their experiment?

[ad_1]

Answer:

3 hours.          

Step-by-step explanation:

Let x be the time taken by shoe repairman to repair one pair.

We have been given that his assistant, who takes twice as long to repair a pair of shoes. So time taken by his assistant to repair one pair of shoes would be 2x.

The number of pair of shoes repaired by repairman in one hour would be frac{1}{x}.

The number of pair of shoes repaired by assistant in one hour would be frac{1}{2x}.

We have been given that together they can fix 16 pairs of shoes in an eight-hour day. We can represent this information in an equation as:

frac{1}{x}+frac{1}{2x}=frac{8}{16}

frac{1}{x}+frac{1}{2x}=frac{1}{2}

Let us have a common denominator.

frac{2*1}{2*x}+frac{1}{2x}=frac{1}{2}

frac{2}{2x}+frac{1}{2x}=frac{1}{2}

frac{2+1}{2x}=frac{1}{2}

frac{3}{2x}=frac{1}{2}  

Upon cross multiplying our equation we will get,

2x*1=3*2

2x=3*2

frac{2x}{2}=frac{3*2}{2}

x=3

Therefore, it take 3 hours for the repairman to fix one pair of shoes by himself.

[ad_2]

Categories
Assignment Help

What are thermal plasmas? A) Plasmas that have particles that collide infrequently… B) plasmas that reach a temperature equal to their surroundings.. C) plasmas that do not reach thermal equilibrium…D) plasmas that only have a few particles ionized at any given moment.

[ad_1]

Answer is: A. f > d > p > s.

Aufbau principle is a scheme used to reproduce the electron configurations of the ground states of atoms by successively filling subshells (orbitals) with electrons in a specific order.

Filling subshells in the following order: 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p, 5s, 4d, 5p, 6s, 4f, 5d, 6p, 7s, 5f.

The azimuthal quantum number (l) determines its orbital angular momentum and describes the shape of the orbital.  

s-orbitals (for example 1s, 2s) are spherically symmetric around the nucleus of the atom.  

p-orbitals are dumb-bell shaped. l = 0,1…n-1, when l = 1, that is p subshell.  

d-orbitals are butterfly shaped.  

f-orbitals are similar to the d orbital, but cut in half (eight lobes instead of four).

[ad_2]