Read the two passages. Passage One Our school’s mission statement stresses community, cooperation, and personal and intellectual growth. But one of our school’s practices—selecting a valedictorian, or the student with the highest rank in the graduating class—does not support our mission. This practice is divisive, unfair, and archaic. So let’s end it now! Passage Two It is only with great care that administrators consider implementing any system-wide changes to their mission statements. Administrators carefully craft these statements to reflect their school’s fundamental and philosophical approach to education. They take great care in making sure that this mission statement is educationally sound. Based on these two passages, which statement is true? Neither author is open or receptive to opinions contrary to his or her own. Based on an examination of word choice, it is evident that the author of the first passage is someone in administration, while the author of the second is not. Based on an examination of structure, it is clear that both authors reveal their viewpoints most clearly in the last sentence. Both authors are in support of the mission statement.
The correct answer is “Historical argument.”
The historian’s main point is an example of a historical argument.
A historical argument states the reasons to support a certain opinion about historical events that happened in the past. In this case, the historian who is writing the book about the Native Americans Indians’ role in building the United States, has to make the correct arguments to demonstrate its point.
The historian should include more details and factual support.
The historian has to check if the information included is supported by primary or secondary sources. It should include data, names, numbers, statistics, and valid references. This way the historian can have more detailed information for its book.
The correct answers are:
C. If we were left solely to the wordy wit of legislators in Congress for our guidance, uncorrected by the seasonable experience and the effectual complaints of the people, America would not long retain her rank among the nations.
D. Even the Chinese philosopher was wise enough to regard the individual as the basis of the empire.
E. There will never be a really free and enlightened State until the State comes to recognize the individual as a higher and independent power, from which all its own power and authority are derived, and treats him accordingly.
David Thoreau’s “The Civil Disobedience” emphasizes the need to prioritize the conscience of individuals over what laws dictate them to do. He defends and tries to encourage citizens to institute a better government, a government that respects individuals. To do so, Thoreau defends that the government is formed by the people and for the people, this way, when a government abuses its powers people have the right to regain power.
Thoreau refused to submit himself to regulations and taxes that were imposed by the government, he believed that they were unfair to him and all Americans.