1- The correct answer is B. The Treaty of Versailles’ war-guilt clause angered many Germans and set the stage for future conflict.
2- The correct answer is D. During the 1920s, factories didn’t scale back production due to poor economy, as it was a prosper age.
3- The correct answer is C. The Russian Revolution was not a direct cause of the Great Depression.
4- The correct answer is A. An argument against free trade is that it increases the prices for many products.
5- The correct answer is A. A goal of the Great Leap Forward in China was to increase industrial activity.
1- The Treaty of Versailles was subject to multiple criticisms. The frustrations and imbalances that gave birth, had an important role in the decades that followed. Adolf Hitler opposed, since his political ascension began, the Treaty of Versailles, which made all the consequences of the war on the shoulders of Germany. In fact, according to article 231, Germany is considered to be responsible for the war. The British economist John Maynard Keynes, who participated in the negotiations, considered it a “Carthaginian peace”.
2- In the United States, the 1920s was a time of prosperity and economic improvement for the American society, called “roaring twenties”.
This prosperity benefited the whole society and caused the economy to continue growing at a rate that had not been registered before, generating a speculative bubble. But this prosperity would last a short period that would end on October 24, 1929, known as the Black Thursday, and with the arrival of the Crash of 29 that would culminate finally with the advent of the Great Depression.
3- The Russian Revolution had no interference in the economy of the United States. The change of course of a secondary economy in the international context did not affect American business in Europe.
4- An argument against free trade is that it increases the prices for many product, as it generates many goods to be sold abroad at very profitable prices, so the remnants must be matched to be sold in the domestic market.
5- The Great Leap Forward was a campaign of economic, social and political measures implemented in the People’s Republic of China between 1958 and 1961, during the presidency of Mao Zedong, with the aim of transforming the traditional Chinese agrarian economy through rapid industrialization and collectivization.