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Which of th following best summarizes the impact of the neolithic revolution on the creation of river valley civiliztions ?

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Which of th following best summarizes the impact of the neolithic revolution on the creation of river valley civiliztions ?

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Did agricultural revolution influence the development of human society during the Neolithic age by simplifying human existence and culture?

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Answered by answersmine AT 22/10/2019 – 02:55 AM

I think that agricultural revolution influenced the development of human society during the Neolithic age by simplifying human existence and culture by changing the economy from hunters to gatherers to farmers and agriculturalists. People became more organised and settled. People invented new technologies to simplify their life in agriculture.

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How did european colonies in the americas contribute to the start of the industrial revolution

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How did european colonies in the americas contribute to the start of the industrial revolution

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How did the catholic church respond to the scientific revolution

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Answer:

The church persecuted scientists who challenged religious teachings

Explanation:

The Church felt threatened because it was believed that both its teachings and authority were under attack. as a result, it attacked some prominent scientists. For example, Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake, and Galileo Galilei was made to renounce his beliefs.

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What was one major effect of the spread of railroads throughout Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution?

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What was one major effect of the spread of railroads throughout Great Britain during the Industrial Revolution?

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What was one of the ways that the industrial revolution affected how the united states saw itself in relation to the rest of the world

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What was one of the ways that the industrial revolution affected how the united states saw itself in relation to the rest of the world

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Which of the following could be considered a negative side effect to instant information? A. the creation of the Associated Press B. the Panic of 1857 C. the Industrial Revolution D. the Transcontinental Railroad

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Which of the following could be considered a negative side effect to instant information? A. the creation of the Associated Press B. the Panic of 1857 C. the Industrial Revolution D. the Transcontinental Railroad

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During the Industrial Revolution, artists began concerning themselves with: A. Depicting humans' inner life B. developing museum collections C. improving artistic standards D. showing the struggles of working people (apex)

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During the Industrial Revolution, artists began concerning themselves with: A. Depicting humans’ inner life B. developing museum collections C. improving artistic standards D. showing the struggles of working people (apex)

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Sasha sits on a horse on a carousel 3.5 m from the center of the circle. She makes a revolution once every 8.2 seconds. What is Sasha’s tangential speed?

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Sasha sits on a horse on a carousel 3.5 m from the center of the circle. She makes a revolution once every 8.2 seconds. What is Sasha’s tangential speed?

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How did the middle class profit during the industrial revolution

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Answered by answersmine AT 22/10/2019 – 04:20 AM

The middle class were people who were educated and could have open companies or knew how to run companies for rich investors. The working class was the class that would do the physical part of the manufacturing process in the industrial revolution. This enabled the middle class to earn some wealth and establish itself.

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what causes Daniel Shays to sell off half of this land after the American revolution

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Daniel Shays may have sold off half his land to pay off his debts or his family’s debts. 

Massachusetts was Daniel Shays home. In this area, a lot of farmers were in debt and others find it difficult to pay off their debts. Those who were unable to pay their debts were sent into prison, making life more difficult for the farmers and their families.

Daniel Shays was a leader of a revolt against Massachusetts government. They protested the against the high taxes imposed on their lands as well as the forceful seizure of farmlands by the local sheriffs. The rebellion was identified as Shays’ Rebellion. 

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Calculate the speed with which the moon orbits the earth given the distance from earth to moon as R = 3.84 · 108 m. (Astronomers note that the true orbital period of the moon, is 27.3 Earth days. Interestingly, this would mean that there are approximately 13 months in a year. Use the 27.3 days/month for T – the time required for one revolution in your calculation.)

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This sounds pretty easy, in fact. The orbital motion can be assumed to be circular and with constant speed. Then, the period is the time to do one revolution. The distance is the length of a revolution. That is 2*pi*R, where R is the distance between the Moon and the Earth (the respective centers to be precise). In summary, it’s like a simple motion with constant speed:

v = 2*pi*R/T,

you have R in m and T is days, which multiplied by 86,400 s/day gives T in seconds.

Then v = 2*pi*3.84*10^8/(27.3*86,400) = 1,022.9 m/s ~ 1 km/s (about 3 times the speed of sound 🙂

For the Earth around the Sun, it would be v = 2*pi*149.5*10^9/(365*86,400)~ 29.8 km/s!

I know it’s not in the problem, but it’s interesting to know how fast the Earth moves around the Sun! And yet we do not feel it (that’s one of the reasons some ancient people thought crazy the Earth not being at the center, there would be such strong winds!)

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What was the main cause of the Russian Revolution? A.the tremendous war losses of World War I B.the losses dictated by the Treaty of Versailles C.the protests against the war with Poland D.the protests against the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

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Answer:

Option: A. the tremendous war losses of World War I.

Explanation:

There are many causes for the Russian revolution, the reason for the number of wars by Tsar Nicolas II to expand his empire in the north and west in Europe, led to crises in the Russian Empire. The corruption and inefficiency in the empire affected the lives of the common people in Russia.

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Why was America’s victory at Yorktown among the most significant battles of the American Revolution?

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The Reformation actually started after Columbus’s landing in North America. 

Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 was forced on Spain and Portugal by the Pope. The Pope basically said that all lands in the New World belonged to Spain and all new non-Christian lands in the Eastern Hemisphere belong to Portugal. No other Catholic countries can do anything in those areas without the approval of the owner. 

The pope basically drew two lines on the globe setting the border. The western line started at the north pole cut half way through Greenland and ended at the south pole. The new world was everything to the west. Problem is that it ran through a chunk of Brazil which is why Brazil is an ex-Portuguese colony. 

The Eastern line starts at the North Pole runs through siberia, through the pacific just west of Japan, and cuts Australia in half. Of course, Australia hadn’t been discovered yet. Everything to the the east of this line is the new world. 

Obviously, this treaty didn’t hold up well, but the reformation gave the protestant countries an excuse to explore the new world since they didn’t have to take orders from the Pope. Even so, France, a catholic country, ignored it too. 

Really, the only country that was effected by the reformation in the exploration of the Americas was England. All the other countries, changed their religion once and then went to war with the nearest catholic country. Sweden became Lutheran and stayed that way. The Dutch Republic became Calvinists and stayed that way. 

England kept switching. First it was Catholic. Then, Henry VIII made it protestant. Then, Henry’s daughter Mary I made it catholic again. Henry’s other daughter Elizabeth I (with the two hit movies) made it Protestant again. 

Years latter, Oliver Cromwell over through the monarchy, executed the King Charles I, and established a Protestant fundamentalist religious military dictatorship. He outlawed drinking,smoking, gambling, theater, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and anything generally fun. He would have made Saudi Arabia proud. Basically, all you could do is work, pray, and die. Sex was allowed for creating children, but you couldn’t enjoy it. 

When Cromwell died, the people of England said enough was enough and brought back the King. Charles II kicked out the fundamentalists and brought back drinking, smoking, gambling, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and having fun during sex. Incidentally, those were also all his hobbies. 

This brings us to the famous Pilgrims. They were part of Cromwell’s crowd. They kept agitating a return to the no-fun policy. They annoyed everybody. They weren’t persecuted for practicing their religion, they were persecuted because they kept trying to force their religion on everyone else. Sort of like Southern Baptists. 

Charles II was the most easy going monarch in British history. Do realize how annoying you have to be to get him to throw you out. 

Charles’s brother James II was obsessed with turning Great Britain catholic again. After four years of trying, they kicked him and his followers out. 

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The industrial revolution was dependent on the ____________ system.

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The Civil War that raged across the nation from 1861 to 1865 was the violent conclusion to decades of diversification. Gradually, throughout the beginning of the nineteenth century, the North and South followed different paths, developing into two distinct and very different regions.

North

The northern soil and climate favored smaller farmsteads rather than large plantations. Industry flourished, fueled by more abundant natural resources than in the South, and many large cities were established (New York was the largest city with more than 800,000 inhabitants). By 1860, one quarter of all Northerners lived in urban areas. Between 1800 and 1860, the percentage of laborers working in agricultural pursuits dropped drastically from 70% to only 40%. Slavery had died out, replaced in the cities and factories by immigrant labor from Europe. In fact an overwhelming majority of immigrants, seven out of every eight, settled in the North rather than the South. Transportation was easier in the North, which boasted more than two-thirds of the railroad tracks in the country and the economy was on an upswing.

Far more Northerners than Southerners belonged to the Whig/Republican political party and they were far more likely to have careers in business, medicine, or education. In fact, an engineer was six times as likely to be from the North as from the South. Northern children were slightly more prone to attend school than Southern children.

SouthIn contrast to the factory, the plantation was a central feature of Southern life. (Library of Congress)

The fertile soil and warm climate of the South made it ideal for large-scale farms and crops like tobacco and cotton. Because agriculture was so profitable few Southerners saw a need for industrial development. Eighty percent of the labor force worked on the farm. Although two-thirds of Southerners owned no slaves at all, by 1860 the South’s “peculiar institution” was inextricably tied to the region’s economy and culture. In fact, there were almost as many blacks – but slaves and free – in the South as there were whites (4 million blacks and 5.5 million whites). There were no large cities aside from New Orleans, and most of the ones that did exist were located on rivers and coasts as shipping ports to send agricultural produce to European or Northern destinations.

Only one-tenth of Southerners lived in urban areas and transportation between cities was difficult, except by water.  Only 35% of the nation’s train tracks were located in the South. Also, in 1860, the South’s agricultural economy was beginning to stall while the Northern manufacturers were experiencing a boom.

A slightly smaller percentage of white Southerners were literate than their Northern counterparts, and Southern children tended to spend less time in school. As adults, Southern men tended to belong to the Democratic political party and gravitated toward military careers as well as agriculture.

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After the russian revolution, _____ became leader of russia.

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After the russian revolution, _____ became leader of russia.

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Hurry plz Most jobs moved from the home to the factory and led to _______________. a. factorization c. economic revolution b. urbanization d. all of the above

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Hurry plz Most jobs moved from the home to the factory and led to _______________. a. factorization c. economic revolution b. urbanization d. all of the above

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Which of the following statements describes the Industrial Revolution? a. It was quick and violent and produced few results. b. It took place mostly in rural areas among farmers. c. It depended largely on the development of the factory system. d. It occurred because of years of planning in the United States in the mid-1700s. Please select the best answer from the choices provided

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Answer:

The answer is C. In order to carefully control conditions and confirm or disconfirm a hypothesis about the causes of behavior, one must perform an experiment.

Explanation:

Experimental research allows the researcher to control all the variables in order to create the conditions that can confirm or disconfirm a hypothesis. This method aimes to establish a relation of causality between two variables, which means that one variable is generated and determined by the other; this is posible because all of the other variables that can influence it have been controlled.

When a researcher conducts a survey or engages in naturalistic observation, he can’t control the variables, therefore, he can only establish a correlation between two variables, but not of causality.

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How did the american revolution contribute to the start of the French Revolution

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1- The correct answer is B, as one result of the Great Society was that the lives of many underprivileged Americans improved.

The Great Society was a set of US national reform programs announced by President Lyndon B. Johnson for the first time in a speech at Ohio University on May 7, 1964 and more fully illustrated on May 22, 1964 at the University of Michigan. These reform programs were subsequently presented to the Congress of the United States and largely approved during the 1960s, thanks to the consent of its supporters of the Democratic Party.

Two main goals of social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. During this period new large spending programs were launched in the fields of education, medical care, urban problems and transport. Johnson’s “Great Society” was linked, in its objectives and policies, to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal program.

Some proposals of the Great Society resumed initiatives contained in the New Frontier program, interrupted by the tragic death of President John F. Kennedy. Johnson’s success in promoting and endorsing his reforms depended on his considerable congressional political influence, his persuasion, and the favorable historical circumstances resulting from the 1964 presidential elections, which allowed the Democratic Party to dominate Congress and to elect the House of Representatives with the largest number of exponents of the liberal current since 1938.

The evolution of the Vietnam war and the massive involvement of the American military machine in the conflict, however, partly undermined the success of the “Great Society” program. Growing, huge expenditures for the continuation of the war made more difficult to finance the reform programs. Representatives of the Democratic Party against the war in Vietnam complained that military spending decisively stifled the Great Society program. On the whole, however, despite growing political and economic difficulties, which forced the administration to eliminate or reduce the financing of some projects, President Johnson managed to activate a series of programs of great importance, including Medicare, Medicaid, the Older Americans Act and the federal education funding, which are still active.

2- The correct answer is C, as the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was necessary because the previous existing American immigration policies were discriminatory.

On October 3, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the law into effect, saying: “The [old] system violates the basic principle of American democracy, the principle according to which the valuation and reward of each man should be established on the basis of his merits as a man. It has been anti-American in the highest sense, because it has been unfaithful to the faith that led thousands to these shores, even before we were a country. ”

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What was a result of Mao’s Great Cultural Revolution?

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1- The correct answer is B, as one result of the Great Society was that the lives of many underprivileged Americans improved.

The Great Society was a set of US national reform programs announced by President Lyndon B. Johnson for the first time in a speech at Ohio University on May 7, 1964 and more fully illustrated on May 22, 1964 at the University of Michigan. These reform programs were subsequently presented to the Congress of the United States and largely approved during the 1960s, thanks to the consent of its supporters of the Democratic Party.

Two main goals of social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. During this period new large spending programs were launched in the fields of education, medical care, urban problems and transport. Johnson’s “Great Society” was linked, in its objectives and policies, to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal program.

Some proposals of the Great Society resumed initiatives contained in the New Frontier program, interrupted by the tragic death of President John F. Kennedy. Johnson’s success in promoting and endorsing his reforms depended on his considerable congressional political influence, his persuasion, and the favorable historical circumstances resulting from the 1964 presidential elections, which allowed the Democratic Party to dominate Congress and to elect the House of Representatives with the largest number of exponents of the liberal current since 1938.

The evolution of the Vietnam war and the massive involvement of the American military machine in the conflict, however, partly undermined the success of the “Great Society” program. Growing, huge expenditures for the continuation of the war made more difficult to finance the reform programs. Representatives of the Democratic Party against the war in Vietnam complained that military spending decisively stifled the Great Society program. On the whole, however, despite growing political and economic difficulties, which forced the administration to eliminate or reduce the financing of some projects, President Johnson managed to activate a series of programs of great importance, including Medicare, Medicaid, the Older Americans Act and the federal education funding, which are still active.

2- The correct answer is C, as the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was necessary because the previous existing American immigration policies were discriminatory.

On October 3, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the law into effect, saying: “The [old] system violates the basic principle of American democracy, the principle according to which the valuation and reward of each man should be established on the basis of his merits as a man. It has been anti-American in the highest sense, because it has been unfaithful to the faith that led thousands to these shores, even before we were a country. ”

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How did the creation of a reliable food supply lead to political changes during the Neolithic Revolution?

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Answer:

The Neolithic revolution was a profound change in the life of mankind, in which one moves from a nomadic to a sedentary lifestyle, and an economy of collection and hunting is changed to one of agricultural production.

The cultivation of cereals, especially rye, wheat and barley, characteristic of the Fertile Growing zone, became relevant. It is believed, however, that they were not the first plant species to grow. Legumes date a very old crop and also some fruit trees from Asia. The use of ferments and yeasts, responsible for the production of bread and dairy products and, consequently, of alcoholic beverages, is also recorded.

The first animal to enter the habitat of man was the dog. Sheep, bovine and caprine domestication constitute a fundamental pillar of production today. The domestication of the horse occurred at that time, in the area of ​​Central Asia, along with that of the camelids, which occurred in different sectors.

In the Neolithic there was a demographic increase with respect to the paliolithic, so society was divided between those who plowed the earth, those who harvested, those who polished the stones, the collectors, those who work the ceramics and used the looms – mostly women- , those who built homes and those who looked after livestock. It is necessary to mention the entry into surplus scene. From its appearance, it is possible to exchange goods. This first type of trade is called barter.

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Which correctly analyze why nationalism developed in 19th century Europe? A.Ethnic Groups galvanized around the idea of a single nation in opposition to Napoleons conquest B.French Nationalism that followed the French revolution provided an example for other people in Europe . C.The growth of the Austro-Hugarian Empire and the ottoman empire Gave nations a sense on pride D.Some enlightenment Philosophers Wrote about and encouraged the growth of national self determination HELP AsAP Pick 2 answer choices !

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The Reformation actually started after Columbus’s landing in North America. 

Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 was forced on Spain and Portugal by the Pope. The Pope basically said that all lands in the New World belonged to Spain and all new non-Christian lands in the Eastern Hemisphere belong to Portugal. No other Catholic countries can do anything in those areas without the approval of the owner. 

The pope basically drew two lines on the globe setting the border. The western line started at the north pole cut half way through Greenland and ended at the south pole. The new world was everything to the west. Problem is that it ran through a chunk of Brazil which is why Brazil is an ex-Portuguese colony. 

The Eastern line starts at the North Pole runs through siberia, through the pacific just west of Japan, and cuts Australia in half. Of course, Australia hadn’t been discovered yet. Everything to the the east of this line is the new world. 

Obviously, this treaty didn’t hold up well, but the reformation gave the protestant countries an excuse to explore the new world since they didn’t have to take orders from the Pope. Even so, France, a catholic country, ignored it too. 

Really, the only country that was effected by the reformation in the exploration of the Americas was England. All the other countries, changed their religion once and then went to war with the nearest catholic country. Sweden became Lutheran and stayed that way. The Dutch Republic became Calvinists and stayed that way. 

England kept switching. First it was Catholic. Then, Henry VIII made it protestant. Then, Henry’s daughter Mary I made it catholic again. Henry’s other daughter Elizabeth I (with the two hit movies) made it Protestant again. 

Years latter, Oliver Cromwell over through the monarchy, executed the King Charles I, and established a Protestant fundamentalist religious military dictatorship. He outlawed drinking,smoking, gambling, theater, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and anything generally fun. He would have made Saudi Arabia proud. Basically, all you could do is work, pray, and die. Sex was allowed for creating children, but you couldn’t enjoy it. 

When Cromwell died, the people of England said enough was enough and brought back the King. Charles II kicked out the fundamentalists and brought back drinking, smoking, gambling, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and having fun during sex. Incidentally, those were also all his hobbies. 

This brings us to the famous Pilgrims. They were part of Cromwell’s crowd. They kept agitating a return to the no-fun policy. They annoyed everybody. They weren’t persecuted for practicing their religion, they were persecuted because they kept trying to force their religion on everyone else. Sort of like Southern Baptists. 

Charles II was the most easy going monarch in British history. Do realize how annoying you have to be to get him to throw you out. 

Charles’s brother James II was obsessed with turning Great Britain catholic again. After four years of trying, they kicked him and his followers out. 

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How were the French Revolution and the American Revolution different? A) the French revolutions were protesting a foreign colonial government while the American revolutionaries were fighting against their own government B) the French Revolution was led by powerful aristocrats while the American Revolution was started by the common people C) The American Revolution was a violent military conflict while the American Revolution was an intellectual and political debate led by Enlightenment thinkers D) The American Revolution succeeded in establishing the long-term representative government while the French Revolution eventually produced a dictatorship

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The Reformation actually started after Columbus’s landing in North America. 

Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 was forced on Spain and Portugal by the Pope. The Pope basically said that all lands in the New World belonged to Spain and all new non-Christian lands in the Eastern Hemisphere belong to Portugal. No other Catholic countries can do anything in those areas without the approval of the owner. 

The pope basically drew two lines on the globe setting the border. The western line started at the north pole cut half way through Greenland and ended at the south pole. The new world was everything to the west. Problem is that it ran through a chunk of Brazil which is why Brazil is an ex-Portuguese colony. 

The Eastern line starts at the North Pole runs through siberia, through the pacific just west of Japan, and cuts Australia in half. Of course, Australia hadn’t been discovered yet. Everything to the the east of this line is the new world. 

Obviously, this treaty didn’t hold up well, but the reformation gave the protestant countries an excuse to explore the new world since they didn’t have to take orders from the Pope. Even so, France, a catholic country, ignored it too. 

Really, the only country that was effected by the reformation in the exploration of the Americas was England. All the other countries, changed their religion once and then went to war with the nearest catholic country. Sweden became Lutheran and stayed that way. The Dutch Republic became Calvinists and stayed that way. 

England kept switching. First it was Catholic. Then, Henry VIII made it protestant. Then, Henry’s daughter Mary I made it catholic again. Henry’s other daughter Elizabeth I (with the two hit movies) made it Protestant again. 

Years latter, Oliver Cromwell over through the monarchy, executed the King Charles I, and established a Protestant fundamentalist religious military dictatorship. He outlawed drinking,smoking, gambling, theater, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and anything generally fun. He would have made Saudi Arabia proud. Basically, all you could do is work, pray, and die. Sex was allowed for creating children, but you couldn’t enjoy it. 

When Cromwell died, the people of England said enough was enough and brought back the King. Charles II kicked out the fundamentalists and brought back drinking, smoking, gambling, dirty books, sports, prostitution, and having fun during sex. Incidentally, those were also all his hobbies. 

This brings us to the famous Pilgrims. They were part of Cromwell’s crowd. They kept agitating a return to the no-fun policy. They annoyed everybody. They weren’t persecuted for practicing their religion, they were persecuted because they kept trying to force their religion on everyone else. Sort of like Southern Baptists. 

Charles II was the most easy going monarch in British history. Do realize how annoying you have to be to get him to throw you out. 

Charles’s brother James II was obsessed with turning Great Britain catholic again. After four years of trying, they kicked him and his followers out. 

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In 1793, to solve the controversy around the French Revolution, what did President Washington issue?The Proclamation of NeutralityThe Whiskey TaxThe Monroe DoctrineThe Declaration of Independence

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1- The correct answer is B, as one result of the Great Society was that the lives of many underprivileged Americans improved.

The Great Society was a set of US national reform programs announced by President Lyndon B. Johnson for the first time in a speech at Ohio University on May 7, 1964 and more fully illustrated on May 22, 1964 at the University of Michigan. These reform programs were subsequently presented to the Congress of the United States and largely approved during the 1960s, thanks to the consent of its supporters of the Democratic Party.

Two main goals of social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice. During this period new large spending programs were launched in the fields of education, medical care, urban problems and transport. Johnson’s “Great Society” was linked, in its objectives and policies, to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal program.

Some proposals of the Great Society resumed initiatives contained in the New Frontier program, interrupted by the tragic death of President John F. Kennedy. Johnson’s success in promoting and endorsing his reforms depended on his considerable congressional political influence, his persuasion, and the favorable historical circumstances resulting from the 1964 presidential elections, which allowed the Democratic Party to dominate Congress and to elect the House of Representatives with the largest number of exponents of the liberal current since 1938.

The evolution of the Vietnam war and the massive involvement of the American military machine in the conflict, however, partly undermined the success of the “Great Society” program. Growing, huge expenditures for the continuation of the war made more difficult to finance the reform programs. Representatives of the Democratic Party against the war in Vietnam complained that military spending decisively stifled the Great Society program. On the whole, however, despite growing political and economic difficulties, which forced the administration to eliminate or reduce the financing of some projects, President Johnson managed to activate a series of programs of great importance, including Medicare, Medicaid, the Older Americans Act and the federal education funding, which are still active.

2- The correct answer is C, as the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was necessary because the previous existing American immigration policies were discriminatory.

On October 3, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the law into effect, saying: “The [old] system violates the basic principle of American democracy, the principle according to which the valuation and reward of each man should be established on the basis of his merits as a man. It has been anti-American in the highest sense, because it has been unfaithful to the faith that led thousands to these shores, even before we were a country. ”

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The early river valley civilizations that emerged after the Neolithic Revolution influenced modern-day practices by instituting the ______.

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I can’t really answer your question (as I don’t really know enough about 18th century France), but I just want to clear up an (understandable) misconception about Feudalism in your question.

The French revolution was adamant and explicit in its abolition of ‘feudalism’. However, the ‘feudalism’ it was talking about had nothing at all to do with medieval ‘feudalism’ (which, of course, never existed). What the revolutionaries had in mind, in my own understanding of it, was the legally privileged position of the aristocracy/2nd estate. This type of ‘feudalism’ was a creation of early modern lawyers and, as a result, is better seen as a product of the early-modern monarchical nation-state, than as a precursor to it. It has nothing to do with the pre-nation-state medieval period, or with the Crusades.

Eighteenth-century buffs, feel free to chip in if I’ve misrepresented anything, as this is mostly coming from my readings about the historiographical development of feudalism, not any revolutionary France expertise, so I may well have misinterpreted things.

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