**Solution:**

The Given Rectangle having dimensions

Length = 80 cm

Breadth = 50 cm

Let the Six squares which has been cut from this rectangle have side of length a cm.

Area of each square = (Side)²= a²

Area of 6 Identical Squares = 6 × a²= 6 a²

If four squares are cut from four corners and two along Length,

then , Length of Box = (80 – 3 a)cm, Breadth of Box = (50 – 2 a)cm, Height = a cm

Volume of Box =V = Length × Breadth × Height

V = (80 – 3 a)× (50 – 2 a)× a

V = 4000 a – 310 a² + 6 a³

For Maximum Volume

V’= 0 , where V’ = Derivative of V with respect to a.

V’= 4000 – 620 a + 18 a²

V’ =0

18 a² – 620 a + 4000= 0

9 a² – 310 a + 2000=0

using determinant method

cm

V”=1 8 a – 310 = -ve

which shows , when a = 8.6 cm , volume is maximum.

So, V = 4000×8.6 – 310×(8.6)²+6×(8.6)³=15288.736 cm³

OR

If four squares are cut from four corners and two along Breadth,

then , Length of Box = (80 – 2 a)cm, Breadth of Box = (50 – 3 a)cm, Height = a cm

Volume of Box =V = Length × Breadth × Height

V = (80 – 2 a)× (50 – 3 a)× a

V = 4000 a – 340 a² + 6 a³

For Maximum Volume

V’= 0 , where V’ = Derivative of V with respect to a.

V’= 4000 – 680 a + 18 a²

V’ =0

18 a² – 680 a + 4000= 0

9 a² – 340 a + 2000=0

Using Determinant method

cm

V”=18 a -340= -ve value when a = 7.6 cm, shows volume is maximum when a = 7.6 cm

V= 4000×7.6 -340 × (7.6)² +6× (7.6)³=13395.456 cubic cm