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Since the sample size is less than 30, therefore we use

the t statistic.

Let us define the given variables:

N = sample size = 25

X = average score = 76

s = standard deviation = 12

99% Confidence interval

Degrees of freedom = n – 1 = 24

The formula for confidence interval is given as:

CI = X ± t * s / sqrt N

using the standard distribution table, the t value for DF

= 24 and 99% CI is:

t = 2.492

Therefore calculating the CI using the known values:

CI = 76 ± 2.492 * 12 / sqrt 25

CI = 76 ± 5.98

CI = 70.02, 81.98

**Answer: The average score ranges from 70 to 82.**

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