The Neolithic revolution was a profound change in the life of mankind, in which one moves from a nomadic to a sedentary lifestyle, and an economy of collection and hunting is changed to one of agricultural production.
The cultivation of cereals, especially rye, wheat and barley, characteristic of the Fertile Growing zone, became relevant. It is believed, however, that they were not the first plant species to grow. Legumes date a very old crop and also some fruit trees from Asia. The use of ferments and yeasts, responsible for the production of bread and dairy products and, consequently, of alcoholic beverages, is also recorded.
The first animal to enter the habitat of man was the dog. Sheep, bovine and caprine domestication constitute a fundamental pillar of production today. The domestication of the horse occurred at that time, in the area of Central Asia, along with that of the camelids, which occurred in different sectors.
In the Neolithic there was a demographic increase with respect to the paliolithic, so society was divided between those who plowed the earth, those who harvested, those who polished the stones, the collectors, those who work the ceramics and used the looms – mostly women- , those who built homes and those who looked after livestock. It is necessary to mention the entry into surplus scene. From its appearance, it is possible to exchange goods. This first type of trade is called barter.