1. A Spanish slave ship taken over by the slaves it was transporting – Amistad
The event happened in 1839, when 53 illegally purchased African slaves being transported from Cuba in “Amistad”, took over the ship. They were later caught by Americans in the coast of Long Island and sent to jail.
2. Led a slave revolt in which over a hundred people were killed – Nat Turner
Turner (1800-1831) was an slave known for leading a two-day rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton County, Virginia, on August 21, 1831. In the revolt, over 150 people were killed, 60 of which where whites and many other black men that weren’t even involved in the revolt.
3. Ship owner who transported freedmen to Africa – Paul Cuffe
Paul Cuffe (1759-1819), as a very wealthy shipbuilder and son of a freed slave, transported free African-Americans to a Sierra Leone colony in 1815. Cuffe’s efforts help lead to the formation of Liberia, a country founded for freed slaves.
4. His case was heard by the Supreme Court and defended by John Quincy -Joseph Cinque
Joseph Cinqué (1814-1879) was one of the 53 African slaves who led the revolt in the ship “Amistad”. Once they were arrested, he presented the case in the Supreme Court, known as United States v. The Amistad case (1841) where John Quincy Adams defended them. Later on the African men became free.
5. A carpenter in South Carolina who planned a slave revolt – Adams Denmark Vesey
Denmark Vesey, (1767-,1822.) was a black skilled carpenter, known for being an African American leader and for having planned the most extensive slave revolt in U.S. history in Charleston, South Carolina for June 1822.
6. Believed it was the inherent right of every human to be free – John Quincy Adams
Adams advocated slavery abolition, one example of this was in the United States v. The Amistad case, in which he, as a member of the House of Representatives, argued on behalf of the slaves in the U.S. Supreme Court and contributed to their freedom.