The correct option is “c. It allowed for expansion of Russian territory.”
St. Petersburg It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on May 16 (27) 1703 with the purpose of relocating the capital located in Moscow, and in fact it was the capital of Russia from 1712 to 1918. Therefore, due to its geographic location, gave the nickname of “The window to Europe”. Peter had lived and studied in the Netherlands for some time, so he decided to baptize his new city with a name derived from the Dutch Sint Pietersburg: Sankt Piterburj; but soon it was Germanized to Sankt Petersburg.
At the end of the seventeenth century, Russia saw its economic growth stalled because it did not have access to the sea. The dream of the young Tsar, Peter the Great, was to correct the situation by opening a “window to Europe”. Since it could not do it from the south, because the Ottoman Empire impeded access to the Black Sea, it pointed in the opposite direction, to a Swedish territory near the Baltic. In order to realize his aspirations, in August 1700 he declared war on the Swedes, North War, who at first succeeded in repelling their attacks. But he did not give up, and in October 1702 he made them withdraw from the Ladoga, the largest lake in Europe, which is linked by the Neva to the Baltic, from which it is about 60 kilometers away. Although the Swedes barricaded themselves in the island fortress of Nóteburg, near the point where the river leaves the lake, Pedro managed to take that military square and changed the name to Shlissel’burg (key city).