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Assignment 3

Submission Instructions

Please use the following instructions for submitting your assignment to your Open Learning Faculty Member.

As soon as you have completed all parts of Assignment 3, name and save your document. Send it to your Open Learning Faculty Member for marking by using theAssignments link. Be sure to include your name, the course code, assignment number, and the date of submission on the title page of your assignments, so they can be easily identified, and you can get credit for all your work. Use headers in the body of your written assignments to make sure all components of your assignments are clearly identified (course code, your surname, assignment number, date [day, month, year]).

Name your assignment file as follows: course number_your surname_assignment number_date. For example, if your name is John Smith and you are submitting Assignment 3, name your file: HIST 3991_Smith_Assignment3_14June2014.

How to submit your assignment (PDF)


Keep a copy of your assignment before sending it to your Open Learning Faculty Member for evaluation so you can refer to your assignment during a telephone or email discussion with your Open Learning Faculty Member. Also, in the unlikely event that your assignment is lost, you will have an extra copy of your work. Many student writing manuals today suggest that students keep copies of all early drafts of their work as well, to protect themselves against mistaken charges of plagiarism.

As soon as you have submitted your assignment, and while waiting for your Open Learning Faculty Member to return it, begin the next module.

When your marked assignment is returned, review your Open Learning Faculty Member’s comments and queries. Take the time to carefully go over the marked assignment. If necessary, reread sections of the textbook or unit commentary that gave you trouble. What lessons can you apply to your next assignment? Phone your Open Learning Faculty Member if you have any questions or problems.

Your Open Learning Faculty Member is responsible for the grade you receive on an assignment. If you disagree with a mark, discuss it with your Open Learning Faculty Member right away. Also, the Open Learning Faculty Member alone decides whether you may or may not rewrite and assignment. You should know, however, that it is not customary to allow revisions of already graded work unless you make a formal appeal. This is why telephone contact with your Open Learning Faculty Member before assignment submission is important—particularly if you are having difficulty

Assignment Instructions

This assignment is worth 12% of your final grade. There are two parts, short and long answer questions related to your course readings.

Short Answer Questions

In four or five sentences, briefly answer five of the following questions.  Ten marks each.

1. How did Gifford Pinchot’s concept of conservation differ from John Muir’s concept of preservation? John Muir is in Nash Roderick`s “Hetch Hetchy”.

2. From Chapter 9 (Death of the Organic City) of Steinberg’s book, outline the social, cultural, and environmental factors motivated or prompted the conservation movement.

3. Based upon the Peter Gillis’s and Thomas Roach’s article in what ways did U.S. conservationists influence the conservation movement in Canada?

4. From the article by Ted Binnema and Melanie Niemi and the Nathaniel Langford the superintendent of Yellowstone National Park, outline the differing views on “squatters” and aboriginals.

5. Analyze the links between “wilderness” as an idea and the exclusion of Aboriginal and rural Euro-Americans from parks in the nineteenth century in William Cronon’s essay.

6. According to Karl Jacoby how did the conservation movement redefine previously accepted consumptive uses of nature?

7. From Steinberg’s Chapter 9 (Death of the Organic City) and Martin Melois’s ,what were some of the major forces that led to the “Death of the Organic City”? Are there elements of the “organic city” still evident in your own urban environment?

8. From Clay McShane and Joel Tarr’s article, explain how the use of horses influence the shape of urban areas. How did humans and horses coexist in cities?

Long Answer Questions

Answer two of the following questions. 250-350 words per question.  Twenty-five marks each.

1. In what ways did Pinchot’s concept of conservation contradict and/or complement earlier approaches to human interactions with non-human nature through the management of natural resources?

2. The creation of national parks redefined landscapes according to a particular ideal of “wilderness.” Reflecting on your own definition of “squatter,” how did the creation of national parks redefine the activities of humans who used these landscapes? What did “wilderness” include and exclude?

3. How does the story of Earth Abides represent nature in the city? How does this representation reflect or contradict the place of urban nature in your own community? Based on what you read in the documents, in what ways has the place of nature changed in cities over the nineteenth and twentieth centuries?

The following criteria will be used to evaluate your answers.

Your response adequately addresses/answers the question./10
Your response demonstrates critical and thoughtful reflection on the readings, videos, and other course materials. It synthesizes ideas from the course material and includes your own interpretation/response./10
Your response is written in clear, fluent, and technically correct prose. (Note that the writing is less formal than an essay, so you may write in the first person.)/5